COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Eradication of CRE

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03167398
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 30, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2020
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rambam Health Care Campus

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 24, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 30, 2017
Last Update Posted Date January 27, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date December 30, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 28, 2017)
CRE eradication on rectal stool samples [ Time Frame: 1 month after intervention ]
3 consecutive negative rectal samples for CRE
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 24, 2017)
CRE Decolonization [ Time Frame: 1 month after intervention ]
3 consecutive negative rectal samples for CRE
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Eradication of CRE
Official Title  ICMJE Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Eradication of Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae Colonization
Brief Summary

Antibiotic resistance has emerged world wide and is of major concern. Multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria is widely spread and is now a major factor in morbidity and mortality in health-care settings. Among MDRs, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are of special concern, receiving the highest classification of "urgent threat level" in the US President Report. Consistent mortality rates of 40-50% are observed among inpatients with infections caused by CRE in hospitals worldwide, related mainly to unavailable, delayed or ineffective antibiotic treatment options.

The extremely high mortality rates of patients with CRE infections have driven efforts to prevent the acquisition and spread of these bacteria in hospitals. These include screening for carriage, contact isolation of carriers, cohorting, dedicated healthcare staff and other infection control measures. These strategies have been proven as effective but are cumbersome and expensive. In most locations these strategies failed to completely eradicate CRE endemicity.

CRE decolonization (eradication of colonization) might offer a double benefit - reducing the risk for the individual carrier to develop an infection due to the resistant strain (by that, potentially lowering the mortality risk) and preventing the bacteria from spreading to other patients, exposing them to the same hazard.

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), in which fecal material enriched with commensal microorganisms is transferred from a healthy donor, have proven efficacy in the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in multiple trails. Major adverse events that has been reported so far are mostly related to the route of administration (aspiration during nasogastric tube administration/colonoscopy). Other adverse events include mostly GI related symptoms (diarrhea, nausea, belching) and are self limited and resolve in few hours. FMT seems to be safe and effective both in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients.

The high efficacy of FMT in the treatment of a multi-drug resistant pathogen such as Clostridium difficile, suggest that it might be an efficient tool for other MDR pathogens (e.g. CRE).

The authors aim to assess the effects of FMT on colonization and clinical infections with CRE. The potential of FMT to restore the gut microbiome and compete with residual resistant strains offer a novel way to fight the current MDR epidemic.

The authors will apply FMT on a cohort of CRE carriers in a single center in Israel. FMT will be given by capsules for 2 consecutive days followed by rectal sampling at predefined timepoint in the following 6 months.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Antibiotic Resistant Strain
  • Microbial Colonization
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
Patients able to swallow will be given capsulized FMT using 15 capsules a day for two consecutive days. Patients will be treated concomitantly with omeprazole 20mg once in the evening before FMT and daily for the next 2 days.
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: CRE carriers
Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
Intervention: Biological: Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 22, 2020)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 24, 2017)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 30, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date December 30, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult inpatients ≥18 years positive for CRE of any strain and resistance mechanism in rectal surveillance stool samples, with or without CRE clinical samples. A positive rectal swab within one week before randomization will be mandatory.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women
  • Patients with severe neutropenia (<100/µl)
  • Surgical patients with perfurated viscous
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Israel
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03167398
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 0215-17-RMB-CTIL
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Rambam Health Care Campus
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Rambam Health Care Campus
Collaborators  ICMJE Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Rambam Health Care Campus
Verification Date January 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP