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Probiotics That Moderate pH and Antagonize Pathogens to Promote Oral Health

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02999230
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Colgate Palmolive Co.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

December 13, 2016
December 21, 2016
November 19, 2018
February 22, 2017
March 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Levels of the arginine deiminase system (ADS) in oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from baseline to week 2 [ Time Frame: Changes from baseline to 2 weeks (Screening) ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the baseline and week 2 study visits. The amount of ammonia and/or citrulline produced via the ADS by oral bacteria present in the collected oral samples will be measured and compared using standardized protocols.
  • Levels of the arginine deiminase system (ADS) in oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from week 2 to week 4 [ Time Frame: Changes from week 2 to week 4 (Baseline) ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the week 2 and week 4 study visits. The amount of citrulline and/or ammonia produced via the ADS by oral bacteria present in the collected oral samples will be measured and compared using standardized protocols.
  • Levels of the arginine deiminase system (ADS) in oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from week 4 to week 8 [ Time Frame: Changes from week 4 to week 8 (Washout) ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the week 4 and week 8 study visits. The amount of ammonia and/or citrulline produced via the ADS by oral bacteria present in the collected oral samples will be measured and compared using standardized protocols.
  • Levels of the arginine deiminase system (ADS) in oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from week 8 to week 12 [ Time Frame: Changes from week 8 to week 12 (Evaluation) ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the week 8 and week 12 visits. The amount of ammonia produced via the ADS by oral bacteria present in the collected oral samples will be measured and compared using standardized protocols
  • Levels of the arginine deiminase system (ADS) in oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from baseline to week 12. [ Time Frame: Changes from baseline to week 12 (Evaluation) ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the baseline and week 12 study visits. The amount of ammonia produced via the ADS by oral bacteria present in the collected oral samples will be measured and compared using standardized protocols.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02999230 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Bacteria collected from oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from baseline to week 2 [ Time Frame: Changes from baseline to week 2 ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the baseline and week 2 study visits.Bacteria present in these oral samples will be isolated and identified. The capacity of the bacteria to produce ammonia from arginine in different environmental conditions will be measured.
  • Bacteria collected from oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from week 2 to week 4 [ Time Frame: Changes from week 2 to week 4 ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the week 2 and week 4 study visits. Bacteria present in these oral samples will be isolated and identified. The capacity of the bacteria to produce ammonia from arginine in different environmental conditions will be measured.
  • Bacteria collected from oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from week 4 to week 8 [ Time Frame: Changes from week 4 to week 8 ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the week 4 to week 8 study visits. Bacteria present in these oral samples will be isolated and identified. The capacity of the bacteria to produce ammonia from arginine in different environmental conditions will be measured.
  • Bacteria collected from oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from week 8 to week 12 [ Time Frame: Changes from week 8 to week 12 ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the week 8 and week 12 study visits. Bacteria present in these oral samples will be isolated and identified. The capacity of the bacteria to produce ammonia from arginine in different environmental conditions will be measured.
  • Bacteria collected from oral samples of healthy and caries-active subjects changes from baseline to week 12 [ Time Frame: Changes from baseline to week 12 ]
    Saliva and dental plaque will be collected during the baseline and week 12 study visits. Bacteria present in these oral samples will be isolated and identified. The capacity of the bacteria to produce ammonia from arginine in different environmental conditions will be measured.
Same as current
Salivary factors present in healthy and caries-active subjects during the research study. [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
Saliva will be collected from healthy and caries-active subjects during the research study. The differences in salivary factors between the healthy and caries-active groups will be compared.
Same as current
 
Probiotics That Moderate pH and Antagonize Pathogens to Promote Oral Health
Probiotics That Moderate pH and Antagonize Pathogens to Promote Oral Health
This study will examine the mechanisms of action of probiotics and synbiotics for control of oral diseases, with a particular focus on exploring new strategies for caries prevention and treatment.

Subjects recruited in years 1, 2, and 4 will only be seen for one study visit and will follow the research visit protocol listed below:

Pre-Screening - If the subject chooses to be pre-screened for this study they will be asked to fill out a study registration form and an oral habits/medical history form. They will be asked to sign an Informed Consent. The subject will then have their teeth and gums examined. At this visit, the investigator will assess whether or not the subject is a good candidate for the study. During the phone interview each subject was asked not to brush or floss their teeth and not to eat or drink anything other than water for 8 hours prior to the pre-screening visit (Visit 0). If the subject was compliant with these requests, oral samples will be collected at this pre-screening visit and will now be considered Visit 1 (Baseline). If not, they will be asked to return to the clinic for another visit and asked not to brush or floss their teeth and not to eat or drink anything other than water 8 hours prior to that appointment. This visit will then be consider Visit 1 (Baseline).

Visit 1 (Baseline) - The subject will have their medical and dental history reviewed. They will have their teeth and gums examined. Saliva and plaque will be collected. This will be the end of the study for subjects recruited in years 1, 2, and 4.

Subjects will be grouped by the year they participate in the study. Subjects recruited in year 3 will follow the research visit protocol outlined below:

Pre-Screening - If the subject chooses to be pre-screened for this study they will be asked to fill out a study registration form and an oral habits/medical history form. They will be asked to sign an Informed Consent. The subject will then have their teeth and gums examined. At this visit, the investigator will assess whether or not the subject is a good candidate for the study. During the phone interview each subject was asked not to brush or floss their teeth and not to eat or drink anything other than water for 8 hours prior to the pre-screening visit (Visit 0). If the subject was compliant with these requests, oral samples will be collected at this pre-screening visit and will now be considered Visit 1 (Baseline). If not, they will be asked to return to the clinic for another visit and asked not to brush or floss their teeth and not to eat or drink anything other than water 8 hours prior to that appointment. This visit will then be considered Visit 1 (Baseline).

Visit 1 (Baseline) - The subject will have their medical and dental history reviewed. They will have their teeth and gums examined. Saliva and plaque will be collected. Each subject will be given a toothbrush and toothpaste and instructed to not use any other dental products. This will be considered the "washout" period.

Visit 2 - The subject will be asked to return the unused toothpaste. Their medical and dental history will be reviewed and they will have their teeth examined. Saliva and plaque will be collected at this visit. The subjects will then be randomly assigned (by chance, like the flip of a coin) to the group that will use a marketed fluoride-containing toothpaste or to the group that will use a marketed arginine containing toothpaste. The subject will also be instructed not to brush or floss their teeth or eat or drink anything other than water for 8 hours prior to the next appointment.

Visits 3, 4, and 5 - Subjects will not be allowed to brush or floss their teeth or eat or drink anything other than water 8 hours prior to these visits. Saliva and plaque will be collected. On the 5th visit subjects will be asked to return the unused toothpaste tube. At this time participation in this research study will end and they will be instructed to return to their regular oral hygiene regiments.

Interventional
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Dental Caries
  • Other: Caries Free 1.5% Arginine
    Study toothpaste assigned containing 1.5% Arginine. Subjects will also receive a Colgate Wave Comfort Adult Toothbrush to brush their teeth with twice a day.
    Other Name: 1.5% Arginine
  • Other: Caries Free Placebo Sodium Fluoride
    Marketed Toothpaste containing 1100 ppm F as Sodium Fluoride will be assigned. Subjects will also receive a Colgate Wave Comfort Adult Toothbrush to brush their teeth with twice a day.
    Other Name: Sodium Fluoride
  • Other: Caries Active 1.5% Arginine
    Study toothpaste assigned containing 1.5% Arginine. Subjects will also receive a Colgate Wave Comfort Adult Toothbrush to brush their teeth with twice a day.
    Other Name: 1.5% Arginine
  • Other: Caries Active- Placebo Sodium Fluoride
    Marketed Toothpaste containing 1100 ppm F as Sodium Fluoride will be assigned. Subjects will also receive a Colgate Wave Comfort Adult Toothbrush to brush their teeth with twice a day.
    Other Name: Sodium Fluoride
  • Active Comparator: Caries Free
    Gums will be examined and caries assessment performed. On some visits Saliva and supragingival plaque will be collected. Study toothpaste will be assigned.
    Intervention: Other: Caries Free 1.5% Arginine
  • Placebo Comparator: Caries Free- Placebo
    Gums will be examined and caries assessment performed. On some visits Saliva and supragingival plaque will be collected. Marketed Toothpaste will be assigned.
    Intervention: Other: Caries Free Placebo Sodium Fluoride
  • Active Comparator: Caries Active
    Gums will be examined and caries assessment performed. On some visits Saliva and plaque will be collected. Study toothpaste will be assigned.
    Intervention: Other: Caries Active 1.5% Arginine
  • Placebo Comparator: Caries Active- Placebo
    Gums will be examined and caries assessment performed. On some visits Saliva and supragingival plaque will be collected. Marketed Toothpaste will be assigned.
    Intervention: Other: Caries Active- Placebo Sodium Fluoride
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
190
260
October 2021
March 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Twenty natural teeth excluding third molars
  • No contraindications to dental treatment
  • Caries Free-(with no clinical evidence of past or present caries)
  • Caries Active- (At least two active sites)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Less than 20 teeth
  • Systemic disease that can cause xerostomia
  • Taking medication known to cause xerostomia
  • Have been treated with antibiotics within the past 3 months
  • Advanced periodontal disease
  • Removable or fixed dental appliances
  • Bleeding disorders or taking anticoagulant medications
  • Immune compromised individuals
  • Uses tobacco products
  • Unwilling or unable to provide informed consent and follow plaque/saliva collection instructions
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Yes
Contact: Renita Jenkins, CDA 352-273-6933 rjenkins@dental.ufl.edu
Contact: Janice Braddy, CCRC 353-273-6669 jbraddy@dental.ufl.edu
United States
 
 
NCT02999230
IRB201602471-N
R01DE025832-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Plan to Share IPD: No
University of Florida
University of Florida
  • National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
  • Colgate Palmolive Co.
Principal Investigator: Marcelle Nascimento, DDS, MS PhD University of Florida
University of Florida
November 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP