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Study of Efficacy and Safety of Pirfenidone in Patients With Fibrotic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02958917
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 8, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 17, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Evans Fernandez Perez, National Jewish Health

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 31, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 8, 2016
Last Update Posted Date May 17, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE March 4, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date December 31, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 22, 2020)
Mean change from baseline to week 52 in %FVC. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 4, 2016)
Mean change from baseline to week 52 in %FVC. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 22, 2020)
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) defined as the time from study treatment randomization to the first occurrence of any of the following events: [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
    a. Relative decline from baseline in ≥10% in FVC and/or DLCO b. Acute exacerbation of FHP defined as acute respiratory declined leading to hospitalization or ER or Urgent care evaluation; or evidence of all of the following criteria within a 4-week period in the outpatient setting: i. Increase from baseline FIO2 ≥1 L O2. ii. Clinically significant worsening of dyspnea and/or cough. iii. New, superimposed ground-glass opacities or consolidation or new alveolar opacities on chest x-ray or CT. c. A decrease from baseline of at least 50 meters in 6mw distance. d. Change in background therapy (need for a new course of PO or IV steroids or for the patient receiving maintenance prednisone, as a need to increase the dose by 10 mg or more; and/or addition of cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, or mycophenolic acid). e. Death
  • Slope of FVC over treatment period. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
  • Mean change in %DLCO. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
  • Proportion of patients with all-cause mortality. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
  • Proportion of patients with all-cause hospitalization. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
  • Proportion of patients with hospitalization for a respiratory cause. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
  • Proportion of patients with respiratory exacerbations requiring hospitalizations. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
  • Proportion of patients with evidence of progression in fibrosis on visual comparison of baseline and week 52 HRCT scans. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 4, 2016)
Progression-free survival (PFS) defined as the time from study treatment randomization to the first occurrence of any of the following events: [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks ]
  • ≥5% mean change from baseline to week 52 in %FVC.
  • Evidence of progression in fibrosis on visual comparison of baseline and week 52 HRCT scans.
  • Acute exacerbation of FHP defined as acute respiratory declined leading to hospitalization or ER or Urgent care evaluation; or evidence of all of the following criteria within a 4-week period in the outpatient setting:
    • Increase from baseline FIO2 ≥1 L O2.
    • Clinically significant worsening of dyspnea and/or cough.
    • New, superimposed ground-glass opacities or consolidation or new alveolar opacities on chest x-ray or CT.
  • Primary: if all other causes excluded (e.g., acute gastro-esophageal aspiration, pneumothorax, infection, left heart failure, pulmonary embolism, or identifiable cause of acute lung injury).
  • A decrease from baseline of at least 50 meters in 6-minute walk distance.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 23, 2020)
  • Mean change from baseline in health-related quality of life, measured by St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
    The total score ranges from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating worse health-related quality of life.
  • Mean change from baseline in health-related quality of life, measured by A Tool to Assess Quality of Life Questionnaire. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
    Scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater impairment
  • Mean change from Baseline to Week 52 in dyspnea as measured by the University of California at San Diego Shortness-of-Breath Questionnaire score. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
    Scores range from 0 to 120, with higher scores indicating greater breathlessness.
  • Proportion of patients with evidence of progression, stability or improvement in fibrosis on texture-based quantitative analysis of CT. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
  • Candidate biomarker expression in the peripheral blood of patients with HP. [ Time Frame: Up to 52 weeks. ]
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study of Efficacy and Safety of Pirfenidone in Patients With Fibrotic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Study of Efficacy and Safety of Pirfenidone in Patients With Fibrotic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
Brief Summary

Patients are being offered participation in this pirfenidone trial because They have been diagnosed with fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (FHP), a type of interstitial lung disease (ILD). This is a disease where scarring of lung tissue occurs as the result of inhaling substances called antigens. These antigens can be substances such as molds, chemicals or dust. As a result of this scarring the lungs are is not able to move oxygen into the bloodstream to reach other organs.

Currently over 1400 subjects have been treated with pirfenidone in 15 clinical trials. This drug has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, a different type of ILD, but requires special permission for use in your condition. The use of pirfenidone has not been approved for the treatment of FHP. It is considered experimental treatment in this study.

Detailed Description

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential benefits and the safety of treatment with pirfenidone compared to placebo in subjects with FHP.

STUDY SUMMARY This study will include about 42 subjects at National Jewish Health. This is a "double-blind study" which means neither the subject nor the study staff will know if the subject is getting pirfenidone or placebo during the study. This is done to be sure that no one knows who is getting pirfenidone or placebo and the effects of the treatment can be measured objectively, without bias. Subject's that enroll in this study will have an equal chance of getting pirfenidone or placebo. The decision about which treatment the subject will receive (randomization) is made through a central organization.

Subjects in the study will receive either pirfenidone (2403 mg every day) or placebo capsules (a safe, inactive substance that will look the same as the pirfenidone capsules). Both the placebo and pirfenidone will be supplied in opaque, hard, white gelatin capsules and will be taken as 3 capsules by mouth, 3 times a day (a total of 9 capsules per day) and should be taken with food.

Subjects who participate in this study will be asked to take the capsules as prescribed every day for 52 weeks (12 months).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Interstitial Lung Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Pirfenidone
    This is a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, efficacy and safety study of pirfenidone in subjects with FHP. Approximately 40 subjects will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive pirfenidone 2403 mg/d or placebo for 52 weeks.
  • Other: Placebo controlled
    This is a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, efficacy and safety study of pirfenidone in subjects with FHP. Approximately 40 subjects will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive pirfenidone 2403 mg/d or placebo for 52 weeks.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: pirfenidone 2403 mg/d
    Subjects will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive either pirfenidone 2403 mg/d or a placebo equivalent.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Pirfenidone
    • Other: Placebo controlled
  • Active Comparator: Placebo
    The placebo will be visually similar to pirfenidone.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Pirfenidone
    • Other: Placebo controlled
Publications * Fernández Pérez ER, Crooks JL, Swigris JJ, Solomon JJ, Mohning MP, Huie TJ, Koslow M, Lynch DA, Groshong SD, Fier K. Design and rationale of a randomised, double-blind trial of the efficacy and safety of pirfenidone in patients with fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis. ERJ Open Res. 2021 Jun 7;7(2). pii: 00054-2021. doi: 10.1183/23120541.00054-2021. eCollection 2021 Apr.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 4, 2016)
40
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date December 31, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Multidisciplinary consensus diagnosis of FHP, defined from the first instance in which a patient was informed of having FHP for at least 3 to 6 months.
  2. Age 18 through 80 years at randomization.
  3. Diagnosis of typical or compatible FHP by HRCT according to pre-specified criteria (Note: HRCT scan performed within 6 months of the start of screening may be used if it meets image acquisition guidelines):

    a. Typical FHP: Evidence of lung fibrosis (reticular abnormality and/or, traction bronchiectasis and/or, architectural distortion, and/or honeycombing) with either of the following: i. Profuse poorly defined centrilobular nodules of ground-glass opacity affecting all lung zones.

    ii. Inspiratory mosaic attenuation with the three-density sign. AND iii. Lack of features suggesting an alternative diagnosis.

    b. Compatible FHP: Evidence of lung fibrosis (as above) with any of the following: i. Patchy or diffuse ground-glass opacity. ii. Patchy, non-profuse centrilobular nodules of ground-glass attenuation iii. Mosaic attenuation and lobular air-trapping that do not meet the criteria for typical fibrotic HP.

    AND iv. Lack of features suggesting an alternative diagnosis.

    c. Indeterminate FHP: CT signs of fibrosis without other features suggestive of HP and lack of features suggesting an alternative diagnosis. These patients are required to have a known antigen exposure and BAL lymphocytosis (≥20%) or transbronchial biopsies demonstrating non-necrotizing granuloma(s) or lymphocytosis, or surgical lung histology consistent with HP.

    FHP Disease Severity and Progression

  4. FVC ≥40%, DLCO ≥30% based either on historical pulmonary function tests obtained in the 30 days prior to screening or on tests obtained during screening
  5. In the investigator's opinion, evidence of disease progression: worsening respiratory symptoms and an increased in the extent of fibrosis on HRCT or relative decline in the FVC% of at least 5%.
  6. Able to walk ≥100 m during the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) at Screening.

    Informed Consent and Protocol Adherence

  7. Able to understand and sign a written informed consent form.
  8. Able to understand the importance of adherence to study treatment and the study protocol and willing to follow all study requirements, including the concomitant medication restrictions, throughout the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Disease-Related Exclusions

    1. Not a suitable candidate for enrollment or unlikely to comply with the requirements of this study, in the opinion of the investigator
    2. Cigarette smoking at Screening or unwilling to avoid tobacco products throughout the study
    3. Known explanation for the interstitial lung disease, including but not limited to radiation, drug toxicity, sarcoidosis, pneumoconiosis.
    4. Clinical diagnosis of any connective tissue disease, including but not limited to scleroderma, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
    5. Expected to receive a lung transplant within 6 to12 months from randomization or on a lung transplant waiting list at randomization.

      Medical Exclusions

    6. Any condition other than FHP that, in the opinion of the investigator, is likely to result in the death of the patient within 6 to12 months.
    7. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, might be significantly exacerbated by the known side effects associated with the administration of pirfenidone.
    8. Pregnancy or lactation. Women of childbearing capacity are required to have a negative serum pregnancy test before treatment and must agree to maintain highly effective contraception by practicing abstinence or by using at least two methods of birth control from the date of consent through the end of the study. If abstinence is not practiced, one of the two methods of birth control should be an oral contraceptive (e.g., oral contraceptive and a spermicide).
    9. History of ongoing alcohol or substance abuse.
    10. History of severe hepatic impairment or end-stage liver disease.
    11. History of end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis.
    12. Clinical evidence of active infection including, but not limited to, bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, or urinary tract infection.
    13. Unstable or deteriorating cardiac disease, including but not limited to the following:

      1. Unstable angina pectoris or myocardial infarction.
      2. Congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization.
      3. Uncontrolled clinically significant arrhythmias.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02958917
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE HS-3034
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Evans Fernandez Perez, National Jewish Health
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Evans Fernandez Perez
Collaborators  ICMJE Genentech, Inc.
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Evans Fernández, MD, MS National Jewish Health
PRS Account National Jewish Health
Verification Date May 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP