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PROSpective Assessment of Post EmR Recurrence (PROSPER)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02957058
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 7, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Professor Michael Bourke, Western Sydney Local Health District

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 3, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 7, 2016
Last Update Posted Date February 26, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 26, 2017)
Adenoma recurrence [ Time Frame: Variable dependent on SERT score ]
Recurrence of adenoma at first and second surveillance colonoscopy
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 4, 2016)
Adenoma recurrence [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
Recurrence of adenoma at 18 months
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02957058 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 4, 2016)
  • Need for surgery [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    need for surgery due to adenoma recurrence or complication
  • Bleeding after EMR [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
  • Pain after EMR [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
  • Delayed perforation after EMR [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE PROSpective Assessment of Post EmR Recurrence
Official Title  ICMJE A Prospective Study Stratifying Patients to Follow up Intervals Based on Risk of Recurrence Post Wide Field Colonic EMR
Brief Summary To prospectively validate the SERT (Sydney EMR Recurrence Tool) scoring system for adenoma recurrence rates around the endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) scar after wide field-EMR with thermal treatment applied to the defect margin. The primary aim of the study will be to ensure the safety of this approach and there will be constant monitoring to ensure that this is the case.
Detailed Description

Colonoscopy and polypectomy reduces the anticipated incidence of colorectal malignancy in patients with significant adenomatous polyps by approximately 80% in long term follow up. Most endoscopists routinely perform removal of small polyps. However, removal of flat colonic neoplasia 20mm in size or larger is more complex and requires specific endoscopic techniques, one such technique being termed wide field endoscopic mucosal resection (WF-EMR). Traditionally these lesions were treated surgically at significant expense to the healthcare system. Endoscopic treatment of large colonic polyps reduces health care costs by approximately $11,000 per patient treated, saves bed days and avoids surgery in more than 90% of patients.

EMR describes the endoscopic technique of treating colorectal adenomatous polyps with submucosal lifting and careful piecemeal snare resection. This procedure has been shown to be safe and effective at resecting lesions limited to the mucosa. Clearly the importance of predicting lesions that are unlikely to have invaded the deeper layers is of the utmost importance here, and significant improvements in our ability to assess this have been made in large volume centres such as Westmead

An important longer-term complication of EMR of large flat colonic neoplasia is the phenomenon of residual polyp tissue or polyp recurrence, which will be the focus of the proposed research study. Recurrence is detected by surveillance colonoscopies (SC), which are performed at defined intervals after the index procedure. Our current standard for safe surveillance interval at Westmead after >= 20mm EMR is 5 months (SC1). In the largest study to date, the Australian Colonic EMR (ACE) study, recurrence at SC1 stands at 16.5% for all patients.

We have recently come to the end of a randomised trial (SCAR) of thermal treatment (snare tip soft coagulation, STSC) of the EMR defect margin (SCAR technique), with the findings to be presented at the Digestive Diseases Week in San Diego. The results of this trial (n=353) are promising with a risk of adenoma recurrence in the treated group of 6.4% vs 20.7% in the non-treated group (relative risk 0.3, p < .001). There have been no adverse events related to this treatment. The investigators plan to perform this intervention on all patients in the proposed study.

In addition, there is increasing evidence, both in the scientific literature and at our institution, that there are identifiable factors at the initial EMR that predict recurrence at SC1. Current data from the ACE cohort suggests that increasing size of lesion (>=40mm), presence of high grade dysplasia (HGD) in the resection specimen and intra-procedural bleeding requiring endoscopic control predict greater likelihood of recurrence. The investigators have created, and have submitted for publication, a risk score for recurrence after EMR known as the Sydney EMR Recurrence Tool (SERT), (figure 1). SERT was created by binomial logistic regression analysis (figure 2) on 692 patients (model cohort) from the ACE study and validated on the remaining 691 patients (validation cohort) who had undergone SC1. Kaplan Meier curves (figure 3) were used to determine the predicted incidence of recurrence at various points in time after EMR on the validation cohort (figure 4). The strength of SERT lies in predicting the absence of recurrence, with negative predictive value of 92.6% at first surveillance colonoscopy. While this score was not derived from patients treated with SCAR technique, it is expected that the stratification of lesions by SERT will continue to be valid with lower overall rates.

Crucial in ensuring the absence of polyp recurrence in the long term is surveillance colonoscopy. In the endoscopy department at Westmead the current standard of follow-up is SC1 at 5 months. This short interval is costly and inconvenient for patients, but has been thought necessary due to previous anxiety over recurrence rates.

The investigators therefore propose a study to prospectively evaluate recurrence after WF-EMR by triaging follow up based on SERT, with all lesions treated by SCAR technique. Patients with SERT 0 lesions would be triaged to first follow up at 18 months (the usual time for SC2) since their rate of recurrence until this point is predicted to be very low (8.5%) and such recurrence is likely to be easily treated endoscopically after this time (in the validation cohort recurrence was commonly diminutive (<5mm, 67%), uni-focal (75%), with no high grade dysplasia (HGD). All recurrences were treatable endoscopically. This compares favourably to the 90.3% successful endoscopic treatment of recurrence rate in a recent meta-analysis.

Higher risk lesions (SERT 1-4) would be triaged to earlier follow up at 6 then 18 months, since their predicted risk of recurrence at 6 months is 14.8% and at 18 months is 31.8%. All lesions would require a follow up procedure at approximately 36 months after the original EMR since both groups rate of recurrence increases by this time (figure 4) and this will be suggested to the referring specialist.

Risk factor Score Laterally Spreading lesion Size >= 40, score 2 Intraprocedural bleeding requiring endoscopic control, score 1 High grade dysplasia, score 1

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Colonic Adenoma
  • Colonic Polyp
Intervention  ICMJE Procedure: SCAR technique
Thermal ablation of the EMR margin using ERBE Soft Coagulation (Effect 4, 80 watts) and the operator choice of endoscopic resection snare
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: SERT 0, SCAR (low risk)
    Patients with Sydney EMR Recurrence Tool (SERT scoring) score 0. These patients will be invited to return for follow up at 18 months and will have thermal ablation (SCAR technique) of the endoscopic resection defect margin.
    Intervention: Procedure: SCAR technique
  • Active Comparator: SERT 1-4, SCAR (high risk)
    Patients with Sydney EMR Recurrence Tool score 1-4 (SERT scoring). These patients will be invited to return for follow up at 4-6 months and will have thermal ablation (SCAR technique) of the endoscopic resection defect margin.
    Intervention: Procedure: SCAR technique
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 4, 2016)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All laterally spreading lesions >= 20mm referred to the named tertiary referral centres
  • Must consent to involvement

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Histology other than specified
  • Lesion involving the ileocaecal valve
  • Pregnancy: currently pregnant or attempting to become pregnant
  • Lactation: currently breastfeeding
  • Taken clopidogrel within 7 days
  • Taken warfarin within 5 days
  • Had full therapeutic dose unfractionated heparin within 6 hours
  • Had full therapeutic dose low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) within 12 hours
  • Known clotting disorder
  • Previous attempt at EMR of the polyp referred for resection
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Michael Bourke +61296335953
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02957058
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE AU RED HREC/16/WMEAD/130
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Professor Michael Bourke, Western Sydney Local Health District
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Western Sydney Local Health District
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Western Sydney Local Health District
Verification Date February 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP