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Simultaneous Resection of Colorectal Cancer With Synchronous Liver Metastases (RESECT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02954913
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 4, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pablo Serrano, Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 2, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 4, 2016
Last Update Posted Date February 21, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 14, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 3, 2016)
Comprehensive Complication Index [ Time Frame: 90 days from the Index Operation ]
Postoperative complications used to calculate the Comprehensive Complication Index will be recorded during and following each patient's hospital stay up to 90 days from the index operation and classified according to Clavien-Dindo.(Slankamenac 2013; Dindo; Slankamenac 2014)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02954913 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 3, 2016)
  • Perioperative Mortality [ Time Frame: 90 days from the Index Operation ] The proportion with its 95% CI of patients who die at 90 days or during the hospital stay for the index operation (perioperative mortality) will be calculated.
  • Accrual Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months from the study's start date ] The proportion of eligible patients enrolled in the study over a 12-month period and the proportion of patients who complete the colorectal resection will be assessed.
  • Global Health-Related Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Baseline to 3 months following index surgery ]
    QoL will be measured using the EORTC-QLQ-C30 (Aaronson; Groenvold) instrument and will be administered at baseline, at 1 and 3 months following surgery.
  • Cost Analysis [ Time Frame: 90 days from the Index Operation ]
    Health Resource Utilization forms will be used at each patient assessment to determine the number of health related hospital, emergency department or clinic visits, physician appointments and imaging performed. A costing model will be performed by including all factors that drive cost in this patient population.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Simultaneous Resection of Colorectal Cancer With Synchronous Liver Metastases
Official Title  ICMJE Simultaneous RESEction of Colorectal Cancer With Synchronous Liver MeTastases (RESECT): A Feasibility Study
Brief Summary

Synchronous colorectal cancer with liver metastases, defined as the diagnosis of a primary colorectal tumour and liver metastases within 12 months, is a common problem faced by colorectal and hepatobiliary surgeons.(Adam) The "traditional approach" is to perform staged resections unless the liver resection required is limited (i.e. small wedges of peripheral lesions). The downside of performing staged vs. simultaneous resections is that patients must undergo two major operations instead of one, which limits a patient's ability to return to their pre-surgical state of health in a timely fashion, increasing health care costs (Ejaz) and delaying the start of adjuvant chemotherapy. The disadvantages of a simultaneous approach include longer operating room times potentially increasing the major postoperative complication rate including blood transfusions, surgical site infections, anastomotic leaks and post-hepatectomy liver failure. Recent data from tertiary cancer centres suggest that simultaneous resection of the colon and rectum along with liver resection of any magnitude is feasible and safe.(Silberhumer) Although encouraging, this data comes from specific patients from a highly selected institution, results that are perhaps not generalizable.

This proposal is a feasibility study consisting of a pilot single arm prospective study at two different large-volume Hepatobiliary Centres of patients with synchronous colorectal cancer with liver metastases undergoing simultaneous resection of the colon or rectum and liver to evaluate their complication rates (including the calculation of the comprehensive complication index), quality of life, cost evaluation, and proportion of eligible patients recruited over a 12-month period. The results of this pilot study will provide us with the information necessary to build a large multicentre randomized controlled trial comparing staged vs. simultaneous resection for synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastases.

Detailed Description

Approximately 30% of patients with colorectal cancer and liver metastases present with synchronous disease.(Manfredi) Resection of colorectal cancer metastases confined to the liver has been shown to offer long-term survival.(Norlinger; Robertson; Nordlinger) However, the optimal timing of surgical resection of synchronous liver metastases in relation to the primary tumour is not well defined. Prior retrospective cohorts and meta-analyses suggest that the simultaneous approach carries similar postoperative complication and perioperative mortality rates.(Slesser; Yin; Martin; Chua; Feng; Reddy; Jarnagin; Capussotti) Most of these reports however, carry a significant selection bias, as surgeons tend to combine limited liver resections and "straightforward" colorectal resections as opposed to complex resections. Recent studies suggest that the postoperative complication risk is similar even in the case of complex liver resections as well as complex colon resections and rectal cancer resections.(Silberhumer; Vigano) Rectal resections when compared to colon resections are thought to be more complex, due to: a higher risk of anastomotic leakage,(Rullier) the use of specific surgical procedures, such as total mesorectal excision (Heald, MacFarlane) and laparoscopic surgery(Bonjer) and the involvement of a multidisciplinary team to determine the use and timing of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.(Jeong; Kapiteijn) The conclusion of these studies was that further data from prospective randomized studies is needed in order to determine whether simultaneous resection is efficient and safe. Improvements in anesthesia, critical care and surgical resection techniques for both liver and colorectal surgery have enabled innovative surgeons and institutions to perform simultaneous resections in complex liver and colorectal cases in a safe manner, and the simultaneous approach has been adopted by many surgeons despite the lack of studies with rigorous methodology to provide good quality data.

Simultaneous colorectal and liver resection has the potential advantage to decrease the total number of complications following surgery, avoiding a second operation thereby improving patient's quality of life, decreasing overall health care costs and avoiding delays in the administration of postoperative chemotherapy. Although the total number of complications can be reduced by performing a single operation, the operating room time is higher which could lead to a higher proportion of major postoperative complications due to hypothermia, prolonged hypovolemia and higher blood loss.

The decision to perform simultaneous resection varies greatly between surgeons and institutions, with some institutions mostly performing simultaneous resections, to others that only perform staged resection and others that perform a combination of staged and simultaneous resections depending on patients' and tumour characteristics, usually performing larger and more complex resections in a staged approach. There is certainly no standard approach to this problem and it continues to be a topic of debate amongst surgeons, medical oncologists and radiation oncologists.

The investigators propose to undertake a feasibility study, including a prospective single arm trial of patients with synchronous colorectal cancer and liver metastases undergoing simultaneous resection to provide us with important information to prepare a large randomized controlled study of simultaneous vs. staged resection. This feasibility study will provide valuable data on the type and proportion of postoperative complications at 90 days following surgery as measured by the comprehensive complication index(Slankamenac 2013) which will help us better understand the postoperative complication rate of the simultaneous approach and also calculate a sample size for a randomized controlled trial based on this primary outcome. This study will also help define the population that should be included in such a trial (all liver resections vs. only major liver resections, etc.). Set criteria for success of this feasibility study will be clearly stated in this proposal in order to determine if it is possible and ethical to move forward with a larger trial. The results of this study could lead to changes in surgical practice by introducing an innovative approach to treat this disease, in a way that could improve patient's quality of life by decreasing postoperative complications and the number of surgical procedures and at the same time lead to cost savings to the health care system.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • ColoRectal Cancer
  • Liver Metastases
  • Liver Metastasis Colon Cancer
  • Surgery
  • Complication
Intervention  ICMJE Procedure: Simultaneous Resection
Resections of 3 or more segments of the liver will be considered a major liver resection.(Reddy) The anesthetic technique and the order of liver resection or rectal resection will be determined by each surgeon's standards. It is recommended that a low central venous pressure be maintained in order to decrease intraoperative blood loss (Chen; Hughes) and that liver resection be performed prior to colorectal resection in order to keep a low central venous pressure during that part of the case.
Other Names:
  • Synchronous Colorectal and Liver Resections
  • Simultaneous Colorectal and Liver Resections
  • Synchronous Resection
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Simultaneous Resection
Patients will undergo resection of the colon or rectum and liver in the same anesthetic setting. The type of colorectal and liver resection will be decided by the treating physician. The type of liver resection will be described according to the Couinaud classification and the Brisbane terminology of liver anatomy.
Intervention: Procedure: Simultaneous Resection
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 3, 2016)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who present with resectable synchronous colorectal adenocarcinoma and liver metastases.
  2. Patients who have a planned resection of their colorectal adenocarcinoma and liver metastases.
  3. Patients who are able to provide informed consent.

Note: The primary tumour or the liver metastases may require neoadjuvant therapy to become resectable. Patients with the following histology are eligible for the study: adenocarcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, mixed adenocarcinoma-neuroendocrine tumour (adenocarcinoma with neuroendocrine differentiation). Patients with suspicious colorectal mass with probably liver metastases in which pathology only shows high grade dysplasia are also eligible as long as a liver resection is contemplated as part of the operative plan.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Extrahepatic disease other than lung.
  2. Tumours treated with local transanal excision (patients undergoing transanal total mesorectal excision are eligible).
  3. Patients who require a two stage liver resection, prior liver resection.
  4. Pregnant or lactating female
  5. Absolute contraindications for general anesthesia
  6. Patients who require a complex multi-organ pelvic resection, i.e. pelvic exenteration: including bladder, female or male reproductive organs; patients who only require resection of another pelvic organ (including bladder or female reproductive organs or prostate and seminal vesicles) are eligible.
  7. Patients undergoing urgent resection of the primary tumour due to bleeding or obstruction in which a simultaneous liver resection is not planned are not eligible for the study, patients who undergo diverting stoma (loop ileostomy or colostomy) prior to resection are eligible.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Pablo E Serrano Aybar, MD, MPH, MSc, FACS 905-521-2100 ext 43872
Contact: Marlie G Valencia, BHSc 905-521-2100 ext 43921
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02954913
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE RESECT
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Pablo Serrano, Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Pablo E Serrano Aybar, MD, MPH, MSc, FACS Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
PRS Account Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
Verification Date February 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP