Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

The Effects of the Proton Pump Inhibitor Esomeprazole on the Bioavailability of Regorafenib (REGORA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02800330
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof. R.H.J. Mathijssen, MD, PhD, Erasmus Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 25, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 15, 2016
Last Update Posted Date August 2, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 10, 2016)
As primary endpoint, AUC of regorafenib alone and AUC of regorafenib with esomeprazole (concomitantly and 3 hours before regorafenib intake, respectively) will be related. [ Time Frame: T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77 ]
The AUC of regorafenib will be determined by multiple blood samples at T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02800330 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 10, 2016)
  • The Cmax of regorafenib alone and regorafenib with esomeprazole (concomitantly and 3 hours before regorafenib intake respectively) will be related [ Time Frame: T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77 ]
    The Cmax of regorafenib will be determined by multiple blood samples at T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77
  • Number of participants with treatment related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 in absence and presence of esomeprazole [ Time Frame: Through study completion, approximately 0.5 year ]
  • The Tmax of regorafenib alone and regorafenib with esomeprazole (concomitantly and 3 hours before regorafenib intake respectively) will be related [ Time Frame: T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77 ]
    The Tmax of regorafenib will be determined by multiple blood samples at T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77
  • The clearance of regorafenib alone and regorafenib with esomeprazole (concomitantly and 3 hours before regorafenib intake respectively) will be related [ Time Frame: T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77 ]
    The clearance of regorafenib will be determined by multiple blood samples at T=0, 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2h, 2.5h, 3h, 3.5h, 4h, 6h, 8h, 12h, 24h at day 21, day 49 and day 77
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE The Effects of the Proton Pump Inhibitor Esomeprazole on the Bioavailability of Regorafenib
Official Title  ICMJE The Effects of the Proton Pump Inhibitor Esomeprazole on the Bioavailability of Regorafenib in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) or Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour (GIST)
Brief Summary Regorafenib is a novel oral multi-kinase inhibitor which targets angiogenic, stromal and oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinases. It is currently registered for GIST and mCRC. When regorafenib is co-administered with an acid suppressive agent, the intra-gastric pH increases, and as a result the equilibrium of ionized/non-ionized regorafenib may shift to the less soluble non-ionized form which reduces regorafenib bioavailability and exposure. Since proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are often used during regorafenib therapy, this drug-drug interaction (DDI) confronts pharmacists and oncologists with challenges in clinical practice. In this study the investigators will therefore evaluate the impact of PPI-induced intra-gastric pH elevation on regorafenib pharmacokinetics in patients with GIST and mCRC.
Detailed Description Patients will start with regorafenib in a loading phase of 21 days and will be admitted for 24 hours to the hospital for pharmacokinetic blood sampling on day 21, 49 and 77 (± 1-2 days). Patients will be randomized into 2 sequence groups (respectively sequences phase A-B-C or phase C-B-A). The patient will use regorafenib alone (phase A) or with esomeprazole for five days (phases B and C). To (completely) rule out a pH-dependent DDI between regorafenib and esomeprazole, during phase B of the study regorafenib is given concomitantly for five days, while during phase C regorafenib is given 3 hours after esomeprazole intake for five days (when the intragastric pH is maximally elevated by esomeprazole).
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 4
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Colorectal Neoplasms
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Esomeprazole 40mg concomitantly
    During phase B the patients will use esomeprazole 40mg concomitantly with regorafenib for 5 days.
    Other Name: phase B
  • Drug: Esomeprazole 40mg before
    During phase C the patients will use esomeprazole 40mg 3 hours before regorafenib for 5 days.
    Other Name: phase C
  • Drug: Regorafenib 160mg or 120mg
    Patients will use regorafenib 160mg or 120mg during all phases (A, B, C)
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Arm A (e.g. sequence phase A-B-C)
    In this arm patients will use regorafenib alone in the first cycle (treatment A), then regorafenib with esomeprazole concomitantly in the second cycle (treatment B) and at last they will use regorafenib with esomeprazole 3 hours before (treatment C)
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Esomeprazole 40mg concomitantly
    • Drug: Esomeprazole 40mg before
    • Drug: Regorafenib 160mg or 120mg
  • Arm B (e.q. sequence phase C-B-A)
    In this arm patients will use regorafenib with esomeprazole 3 hours before (treatment C), then regorafenib with esomeprazole concomitantly in the second cycle (treatment B) and at last they will use regorafenib alone (treatment A),
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Esomeprazole 40mg concomitantly
    • Drug: Esomeprazole 40mg before
    • Drug: Regorafenib 160mg or 120mg
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 31, 2018)
31
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 10, 2016)
14
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years
  2. Histological or cytological confirmed diagnosis of mCRC or GIST and prior treatment specific:

    1. mCRC-patients who have been previously treated with, or are not considered candidates for, available therapies according to common practice.
    2. Irresectable or metastatic GIST who progressed on or are intolerant to prior treatment with imatinib and sunitinib.
  3. ECOG Performance Status ≤ 1
  4. Able and willing to sign the Informed Consent Form
  5. No concurrent (over the counter) use of other acid reducing drugs (PPIs, H2As and/or antacids), other than esomeprazole 40mg once daily during the study.
  6. No concurrent medication or supplements which can interact with esomeprazole or regorafenib during the study period.
  7. Abstain from grapefruit, grapefruit juice, herbal dietary supplements, and herbal tea during the study period.
  8. Adequate baseline patient characteristics (complete blood count, and serum biochemistry which involves sodium, potassium, creatinin, calculation of creatinin clearance (MDRD), AST, ALT, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, lipase, lactate dehydrogenase, ALP, total bilirubin, albumin, glucose, INR, thyroid function tests, and PTT or APTT within two weeks prior to the study).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant or lactating patients.
  2. Patients with known impaired drug absorption (e.g. gastrectomy and achlorhydria).
  3. Known serious illness or medical unstable conditions that could interfere with this study; requiring treatment (e.g. infection, bleedings, uncontrolled hypertension despite optimal medical management, HIV, hepatitis, organ transplants, kidney, cardiac and respiratory diseases).
  4. Non-healing wound, non-healing ulcer, or non-healing bone fracture
  5. Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days before start of study medication.
  6. Patients with evidence or history of any bleeding diathesis, irrespective of severity
  7. Any hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks prior to the start of study medication.
  8. Arterial or venous thrombotic or embolic events such as cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks), deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 6 month before the start of study medication (except for adequately treated catheter-related venous thrombosis occurring more than one month before the start of study medication)
  9. Unstable angina (angina symptoms at rest), new-onset angina (begun within the last 3 months)
  10. Myocardial infarction less than 6 months before start of study drug.
  11. Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias
  12. Symptomatic CNS metastases or history of psychiatric disorder that would prohibit the understanding and giving of informed consent.
  13. Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed consent
  14. Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug classes, or excipients in the formulation.
  15. Known history of HIV infection, active hepatitis B or C, or chronic hepatitis B or C requiring treatment with antiviral therapy.
  16. Patients on strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers are not eligible for the study (see appendix B).
  17. The use of BCRP or P-glycoprotein substrates which leads to a clinically relevant drug-drug interaction concerning the pharmacokinetics of regorafenib.
  18. Unwillingness to abstain from grapefruit (juice), (herbal) dietary supplements, herbals, over-the-counter medication (except for paracetamol and ibuprofen) and other drugs known to seriously interact with esomeprazole and regorafenib during the study period.
  19. Unwillingness to abstain from acid beverages such as orange juice and other acidic beverages (e.g. Coca-Cola, 7-UP etc.) in the morning (between 06.00-14.00u AM) during regorafenib treatment in this study.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Netherlands
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02800330
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE EMC16-165
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Responsible Party Prof. R.H.J. Mathijssen, MD, PhD, Erasmus Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Erasmus Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: R.H.J. Mathijssen, MD, PhD EMC
PRS Account Erasmus Medical Center
Verification Date July 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP