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Efficacy and Safety of Ofatumumab Compared to Teriflunomide in Patients With Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis. (ASCLEPIOS II)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02792231
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 7, 2016
Results First Posted : October 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 22, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 2, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 7, 2016
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 18, 2020
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE October 19, 2020
Last Update Posted Date November 22, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE August 26, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date July 10, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 21, 2021)
Annualized Relapse Rate (ARR) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
ARR was the number of confirmed relapses in a year, calculated as the total number of relapses for all participants in the treatment group divided by the total participant-years of time in study. A confirmed MS relapse was defined as one accompanied by a clinically-relevant change in the EDSS performed by the Independent EDSS rater, i.e. an increase of at least 0.5 points on the EDSS score, or an increase of 1 point on two functional scores or 2 points on one functional score (excluding changes involving bowel/bladder or cerebral functional system). Comparisons were made to the previous rating (the last EDSS rating that did not occur during a relapse).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 2, 2016)
Annualized relapse rate (ARR) [ Time Frame: up to 2.5 years ]
ARR is the number of confirmed relapses in a year calculated based on cumulative number of relapses by patient adjusted for time-in-study by patient
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 21, 2021)
  • 3-month Confirmed Disability Worsening (3mCDW) Based on EDSS - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 3-month confirmed disability worsening (3mCDW) was defined as an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 3 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1.5, for patients with a baseline EDSS of 1 to 5 or ≥5.5, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1 or ≥0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 3-month Confirmed Disability Worsening (3mCDW) Based on EDSS - Study COMB157G2302 [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 3-month confirmed disability worsening (3mCDW) was defined as an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 3 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1.5, for patients with a baseline EDSS of 1 to 5 or ≥5.5, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1 or ≥0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Disability Worsening (6mCDW) Based on EDSS - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability worsening (6mCDW) was defined as an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 6 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1.5, for patients with a baseline EDSS of 1 to 5 or ≥5.5, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1 or ≥0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Disability Worsening (6mCDW) Based on EDSS - Study COMB157G2302 [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability worsening (6mCDW) was defined as an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 6 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1.5, for patients with a baseline EDSS of 1 to 5 or ≥5.5, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1 or ≥0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Disability Improvement (6mCDI ) Based on EDSS - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability improvement (6mCDI) was defined as a decrease from baseline EDSS sustained for at least 6 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0 to 1.5, no disability improvement was possible based on the protocol definition of an improvement; for patients with a baseline EDSS of ≥2 to 6 or ≥6.5 to 9.5, the criterion for disability improvement was a decrease in EDSS of ≤1 or ≤0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Disability Improvement (6mCDI ) Based on EDSS - Study COMB157G2302 [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability improvement (6mCDI) was defined as a decrease from baseline EDSS sustained for at least 6 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0 to 1.5, no disability improvement was possible based on the protocol definition of an improvement; for patients with a baseline EDSS of ≥2 to 6 or ≥6.5 to 9.5, the criterion for disability improvement was a decrease in EDSS of ≤1 or ≤0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • Number of Gadolinium-enhancing T1 Lesions Per MRI Scan [ Time Frame: Baseline, yearly up to 2.5 years ]
    Total number of Gd-enhancing T1 lesions across all scans per patient adjusted for different number of scans due to variable follow-up time in study.
  • Number of New or Enlarging T2 Lesions on MRI Per Year (Annualized Lesion Rate) [ Time Frame: Baseline, yearly up to 2.5 years ]
    Number of new/enlarging T2 lesions on last available MRI scan compared to baseline adjusted for different time of scans versus baseline due to variable follow up time in study
  • Neurofilament Light Chain (NfL) Concentration in Serum [ Time Frame: Month 3, 12 and 24 ]
    The NfL concentration (geometric mean concentration) was estimated by treatment and time point with using a repeated measures model on the basis of all evaluable log-transformed NfL values.
  • Annualized Rate of Brain Volume Loss Based on Assessments of Percent Brain Volume Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 12 and 24 ]
    Percent change from baseline in brain volume loss (BVL) on all MRI scans adjusted for different time of scan versus baseline due to variable follow up time in study
  • Participants With Confirmed Relapse [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    A confirmed MS relapse was defined as one accompanied by a clinically-relevant change in the EDSS performed by the Independent EDSS rater, i.e. an increase of at least 0.5 points on the EDSS score, or an increase of 1 point on two functional scores or 2 points on one functional score (excluding changes involving bowel/bladder or cerebral functional system).
  • Annualized Relapse Rate (ARR) >8 Weeks After Onset of Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    ARR was the number of confirmed relapses in a year, calculated as the total number of relapses for all participants in the treatment group divided by the total participant-years of time in study. A confirmed MS relapse was defined as one accompanied by a clinically-relevant change in the EDSS performed by the Independent EDSS rater, i.e. an increase of at least 0.5 points on the EDSS score, or an increase of 1 point on two functional scores or 2 points on one functional score (excluding changes involving bowel/bladder or cerebral functional system). Comparisons were made to the previous rating (the last EDSS rating that did not occur during a relapse).
  • 3-month Confirmed Disability Worsening (3mCDW) Based on EDSS > 8 Weeks After Onset of Treatment - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    A 3-month confirmed disability worsening (3mCDW) was defined as an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 3 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1.5, for patients with a baseline EDSS of 1 to 5 or ≥5.5, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1 or ≥0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Disability Worsening (6mCDW) Based on EDSS > 8 Weeks After Onset of Treatment - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability worsening (6mCDW) was defined as an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 6 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1.5, for patients with a baseline EDSS of 1 to 5 or ≥5.5, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1 or ≥0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Cognitive Decline on Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 6 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed cognitive decline was defined as a decrease from baseline of at least 4 points in SDMT score sustained for at least 6 months. Processing speed was measured by the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) score. SDMT measures the time to pair abstract symbols with specific numbers. The test requires visuoperceptual processing, working memory, and psychomotor speed. The score is the number of correctly coded items in 90 seconds. (max=110, min=0). Higher scores indicate improvement. Lower scores indicate worsening. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint
  • 6-month Confirmed Disability Worsening (6mCDW) or 6-month Confirmed Cognitive Decline (6mCCD) - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability worsening (6mCDW) was defined as an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 6 months. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1.5, for patients with a baseline EDSS of 1 to 5 or ≥5.5, the criterion for disability worsening was an increase in EDSS of ≥1 or ≥0.5, respectively. A 6-month confirmed cognitive decline (6mCCD) was defined as a 4-point worsening on Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) sustained for at least 6 months. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • Change in Cognitive Performance Measured by the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    Processing speed is being measured by the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) score. SDMT measures the time to pair abstract symbols with specific numbers. The test requires visuoperceptual processing, working memory, and psychomotor speed. The score is the number of correctly coded items in 90 seconds. (max=110, min=0). Higher scores indicate improvement. Lower scores indicate worsening. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Worsening of at Least 20% in the Timed 25-Foot Walk (T25FW) - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    The patient is directed to walk 25 feet quickly and safely as possible from one marked end to the other. The time is calculated from the initiation of the patient instructed to begin, until the patient has reached the 25-foot mark. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Worsening of at Least 20% in the 9-Hole Peg Test (9HPT) - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 6 months up to 2.5 years ]
    9-Hole Peg Test is a test of upper limb function. Participants place 9 pegs on pegboard and remove pegs and this is timed for each hand. Time recorded in seconds. Longer time indicates poorer upper limb function. 20% improvement is defined as 20% shorter time in seconds. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • 6-month Confirmed Disability Improvement (6mCDI) Sustained Until End of Study (EOS) as Measured by EDSS - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability improvement (6mCDI) sustained until EOS was defined as a decrease from baseline EDSS sustained until EOS. For patients with a baseline EDSS of 0 to 1.5, no disability improvement was possible based on the protocol definition of an improvement; for patients with a baseline EDSS of ≥2 to 6 or ≥6.5 to 9.5, the criterion for disability improvement was a decrease in EDSS of ≤1 or ≤0.5, respectively. This study was not powered for the analysis of this endpoint individually. It was pre-specified in the study protocol to combine the data from this study with study COMB157G2301 to address this endpoint.
  • Number of New or Enlarging T2 Lesions on MRI Per Year From Month 12 Until End of Study (EOS) [ Time Frame: Month 12 up to 2.5 years ]
    Number of new/enlarging T2 lesions on the last available MRI scan compared to Month 12 adjusted for different time of scans versus Month 12 due to variable follow up time in study.
  • Percent Change in T2 Lesion Volume Relative to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 12, Month 24 ]
    Percent change from baseline in total T2 lesion volume
  • No Evidence of Disease Activity (NEDA-4) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 12, Month 24 ]
    NEDA-4 was defined as no 3-month confirmed disability worsening, no confirmed MS relapse, no new or enlarging T2 lesions compared to baseline, and the annualized rate of brain atrophy >-0.04%.
  • Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) Physical Impact Score Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 6 months up to 2.5 years ]
    MSIS-29 is a 29-item, self-administered questionnaire that includes 2 domains, physical and psychological. Responses are captured on a 4-point scale ranging from "not at all" (1) to "extremely" (4), where higher scores reflect greater impact on day to day life.
  • Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) Psychological Impact Score Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 6 months up to 2.5 years ]
    MSIS-29 is a 29-item, self-administered questionnaire that includes 2 domains, physical and psychological. Responses are captured on a 4-point scale ranging from "not at all" (1) to "extremely" (4), where higher scores reflect greater impact on day to day life.
  • Annualized Relapse Rates (ARR) by NfL High-low Subgroups - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 2.5 years ]
    ARR was the number of confirmed relapses in a year, calculated as the total number of relapses for all participants in the treatment group divided by the total participant-years of time in study. A confirmed MS relapse was defined as one accompanied by a clinically-relevant change in the EDSS performed by the Independent EDSS rater, i.e. an increase of at least 0.5 points on the EDSS score, or an increase of 1 point on two functional scores or 2 points on one functional score (excluding changes involving bowel/bladder or cerebral functional system).
  • Number of New or Enlarging T2 Lesions Per Year by NfL High-low Subgroups - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, yearly up to 2.5 years ]
    Number of new or enlarging T2 lesions on MRI per year (annualized lesion rate).
  • Brain Volume Loss by NfL High-low Subgroups - Pooled Data [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 12 and 24 ]
    Percent change from baseline in brain volume loss (BVL) on all MRI scans adjusted for different time of scan versus baseline due to variable follow up time in study.
  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) Concentrations of Ofatumumab [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 4, 12, 24, 48, 96 ]
    Summary statistics of pharmacokinetic (PK) concentrations from trough samples collected within a 7-day window prior or at day of dosing.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 2, 2016)
  • Time to 3-month confirmed disability worsening on EDSS [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 3-month confirmed disability worsening is an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at last 3 months.
  • Time to 6-month confirmed disability worsening on EDSS [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability worsening is an increase from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at last 6 months.
  • Time to 6-month confirmed disability improvement on EDSS [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 3 months up to 2.5 years ]
    A 6-month confirmed disability improvement is a decrease from baseline in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score sustained for at least 6 months.
  • Number of gadolinium (Gd)-enhancing lesions per MRI scan [ Time Frame: Baseline, yearly up to 2.5 years ]
    Total number of Gd-enhancing lesions across all scans per patient adjusted for different number of scans due to variable follow up time in study
  • Number of new or enlarging T2 lesions on MRI per year (annualized lesion rate) [ Time Frame: Baseline, yearly up to 2.5 years ]
    Number of new/enlarging T2 lesions on last available MRI scan compared to baseline adjusted for different time of scans versus baseline due to variable follow up time in study
  • Rate of brain volume loss based on assessments of percentage brain volume change from baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, yearly up to 2.5 years ]
    Percent change from baseline in brain volume loss (BVL) on all MRI scans adjusted for different time of scan versus baseline due to variable follow up time in study
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Efficacy and Safety of Ofatumumab Compared to Teriflunomide in Patients With Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis.
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized, Double-blind, Double-dummy, Parallel-group Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Ofatumumab Versus Teriflunomide in Patients With Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis.
Brief Summary To compare the efficacy and safety of ofatumumab administered subcutaneously (sc) every 4 weeks versus teriflunomide administered orally once daily in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis
Detailed Description This was a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active comparatorcontrolled, parallel-group, multi-center study with variable treatment duration in approximately 900 patients with relapsing multiple sclorosis (RMS). The maximal treatment duration in the study for an individual patient was 2.5 years. Eligible patients were randomized to receive either experimental ofatumumab subcutaneous (s.c.) injections every 4 weeks or active comparator teriflunomide orally once daily. The dose regimen for ofatumumab for this study was a loading dose regimen of 20 mg at Day 1, Day 7 and Day 14, followed by a maintenance dose regimen of 20 mg administered every 4 weeks starting at Week 4. In order to blind for the different formulations, double-dummy masking was used, i.e., all patients will take injections (containing either active ofatumumab or placebo) and oral capsules (containing either active teriflunomide or placebo).
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Relapsing Multiple Scelrosis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Ofatumumab subcutaneous injection
    Ofatumumab 20 mg prefilled syringes for subcutaneous injection on days 1, 7, 14, week 4 and every 4 weeks thereafter
  • Drug: Teriflunomide-matching placebo capsules
    Placebo capsule, matching in appearance to teriflunomide, taken orally once daily
  • Drug: Teriflunomide capsule
    Teriflunomide 14 mg oral capsule taken once daily
  • Drug: Matching placebo of ofatumumab subcutaneous injections
    Matching placebo of ofatumumab subcutaneous injections on days 1, 7, 14, week 4 and every 4 weeks thereafter
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: OMG 20 mg

    Ofatumumab 20 mg pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous injectionon on days 1

    ,7 ,14, week 4 and every 4 weeks thereafter and a teriflunomide-matching placebo, taken orally once daily

    Interventions:
    • Drug: Ofatumumab subcutaneous injection
    • Drug: Teriflunomide-matching placebo capsules
  • Active Comparator: TER 14 mg
    Teriflunomide 14 mg oral capsule taken once daily and matching placebo for subcutaneous injections to ofatumumab on days 1, 7, 14, week 4 and every 4 weeks thereafter
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Teriflunomide capsule
    • Drug: Matching placebo of ofatumumab subcutaneous injections
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 21, 2021)
955
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 2, 2016)
900
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 22, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date July 10, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients aged 18 to 55 years at Screening
  • Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Relapsing MS: relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) or secondary progressive MS (SPMS) with disease activity
  • Documentation of at least: 1 relapse during the previous 1 year OR 2 relapses during the previous 2 years OR a positive gadolinium-enhancing MRI scan during the year prior to randomization
  • Disability status at Screening with an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of 0 to 5.5
  • Neurologically stable within 1 month prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with primary progressive MS or SPMS without disease activity
  • Disease duration of more than 10 years in patients with an EDSS score of 2 or less
  • Patients with an active chronic disease of the immune system other than MS
  • Patients at risk of developing or having reactivation of hepatitis
  • Patients with active systemic infections or with neurological findings consistent with PML
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Argentina,   Australia,   Austria,   Belgium,   Bulgaria,   Canada,   Croatia,   Czechia,   Finland,   France,   Germany,   Hungary,   India,   Italy,   Latvia,   Lithuania,   Mexico,   Norway,   Peru,   Poland,   Portugal,   Russian Federation,   Slovakia,   South Africa,   Spain,   Switzerland,   Taiwan,   Turkey,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02792231
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE COMB157G2302
2015-005419-33 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com

Current Responsible Party Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis
PRS Account Novartis
Verification Date October 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP