Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

MEDI4736 (Durvalumab) in Patients With Brain Metastasis From Epithelial-derived Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02669914
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Low accrual, funding withdrawn by AstraZeneca, and change in clinical practice)
First Posted : February 1, 2016
Results First Posted : October 10, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 22, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 1, 2016
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 12, 2018
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE October 10, 2018
Last Update Posted Date November 6, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 12, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date September 21, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2018)
Overall Response Rate of Intracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
-% of subjects who achieve a complete response (CR) or partial response (CR) based on assessment of brain lesions
  • CR: Requires: complete disappearance of all enhancing measurable and nonmeasurable disease sustained for at least 4 weeks; No new lesions; stable or improved nonenhancing (T2/FLAIR) lesions.; off corticosteroids (or on physiologic replacement doses only) and stable or improved clinically.
  • PR: Requires:• ≥ 50% decrease compared with baseline in the sum of products of perpendicular diameters of all measurable enhancing lesions sustained for at least 4 weeks. • No progression of nonmeasurable disease. • Stable or improved nonenhancing (T2/FLAIR) lesions on same or lower dose of corticosteroids compared with baseline scan; the corticosteroid dose at the time of the scan evaluation should be no greater than the dose at time of baseline scan. • Stable or improved clinically
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 27, 2016)
Overall response rate of intracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
  • Defined as the proportion of subjects who achieve a complete response or partial response based on assessment of brain lesions
  • Response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2018)
  • Safety of MEDI4736 in Advanced Solid Epithelial-derived Tumor Patients With Brain Metastases as Measured by Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 30 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 7 months) ]
    -The severity of AEs will be graded by the investigator according to the CTCAE, Version 4.03
  • Overall Disease Control Rate of Intracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the percentage of patients who achieve a complete response, partial response, or stable disease based on assessment of brain lesions
    • CR: Requires: complete disappearance of all enhancing measurable and nonmeasurable disease sustained for at least 4 weeks; No new lesions; stable or improved nonenhancing (T2/FLAIR) lesions.; off corticosteroids (or on physiologic replacement doses only) and stable or improved clinically.
    • PR: Requires:• ≥ 50% decrease compared with baseline in the sum of products of perpendicular diameters of all measurable enhancing lesions sustained for at least 4 weeks. • No progression of nonmeasurable disease. • Stable or improved nonenhancing (T2/FLAIR) lesions on same or lower dose of corticosteroids compared with baseline scan; the corticosteroid dose at the time of the scan evaluation should be no greater than the dose at time of baseline scan. • Stable or improved clinically
  • Overall Response Rate of Extracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the percentage of patients who achieve a complete response or partial response based on assessment of systemic lesions
    • Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions, non-target lesions, and normalization of tumor marker level. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
    • Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters
  • Overall Disease Control Rate of Extracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the percentage of patients who achieve a complete response, partial response, or stable disease based on assessment of systemic lesions
    • Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions, non-target lesions, and normalization of tumor marker level. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
    • Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters
    • Stable disease: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for partial response nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study
  • Overall Response Rate Considering Both Intracranial and Extracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the percentage of patients who achieve a complete response or partial response based on assessment of brain and systemic lesions
    • Intracranial disease
      • Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions, non-target lesions, and normalization of tumor marker level. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
      • Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters
    • Extracranial disease
      • Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions, non-target lesions, and normalization of tumor marker level. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
      • Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters
  • Overall Disease Control Rate Considering Both Intracranial and Extracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the percentage of subjects who achieve a complete response, partial response, or stable disease based on assessment of brain and systemic lesions
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Duration of Response of Intracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the interval from the first documentation of objective response (complete response or partial response) to the earlier of the first documentation of disease progression or death from any cause
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
  • Duration of Response of Extracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the interval from the first documentation of objective response (complete response or partial response) to the earlier of the first documentation of disease progression or death from any cause
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Duration of Response Considering Both Intracranial and Extracranial Disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the interval from the first documentation of objective response (complete response or partial response) to the earlier of the first documentation of disease progression or death from any cause
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of treatment (estimated to be 2 years and 6 months) ]
    • PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first.
    • At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression). Unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of treatment (estimated to be 2 years and 6 months) ]
    -Defined as the interval from the start of study therapy to death from any cause
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 27, 2016)
  • Safety of MEDI4736 in advanced solid epithelial-derived tumor patients with brain metastases as measured by frequency and grade of treatment-emergent adverse events [ Time Frame: 30 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 7 months) ]
    -The severity of AEs will be graded by the investigator according to the CTCAE, Version 4.03
  • Overall disease control rate of intracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the proportion of patients who achieve a complete response, partial response, or stable disease based on assessment of brain lesions
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
  • Overall response rate of extracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the proportion of patients who achieve a complete response or partial response based on assessment of systemic lesions
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Overall disease control rate of extracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the proportion of patients who achieve a complete response, partial response, or stable disease based on assessment of systemic lesions
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Overall response rate considering both intracranial and extracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the proportion of patients who achieve a complete response or partial response based on assessment of brain and systemic lesions
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Overall disease control rate considering both intracranial and extracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the proportion of subjects who achieve a complete response, partial response, or stable disease based on assessment of brain and systemic lesions
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Duration of response of intracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the interval from the first documentation of objective response to the earlier of the first documentation of disease progression or death from any cause
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
  • Duration of response of extracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the interval from the first documentation of objective response to the earlier of the first documentation of disease progression or death from any cause
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Duration of response considering both intracranial and extracranial disease [ Time Frame: Completion of treatment (estimated to be 6 months) ]
    • Defined as the interval from the first documentation of objective response to the earlier of the first documentation of disease progression or death from any cause
    • Intracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the updated response assessment criteria for high-grade gliomas: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group guideline
    • Extracranial disease: response and progression will be evaluated using the new international criteria proposed by the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline (version 1.1)
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of treatment (estimated to be 2 years and 6 months) ]
    -PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first.
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years after completion of treatment (estimated to be 2 years and 6 months) ]
    -Defined as the interval from the start of study therapy to death from any cause
  • Safety of MEDI4736 in patients with intracranial epithelial-derived tumor metastases as measured by frequency and grade of treatment-emergent adverse events [ Time Frame: 30 days after completion of treatment (estimated to be 7 months) ]
    -The severity of AEs will be graded by the investigator according to the CTCAE, Version 4.03
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE MEDI4736 (Durvalumab) in Patients With Brain Metastasis From Epithelial-derived Tumors
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Study of MEDI4736 (Durvalumab) in Patients With Brain Metastasis From Epithelial-derived Tumors
Brief Summary

Brain metastases are the most common intracranial malignancy occurring in 20-40% of all cancers, and the presence of CNS metastases is associated with a poor prognosis. As such, the median overall survival of patients with symptomatic brain lesions is a dismal 2-3 months regardless of tumor type. Because standard chemotherapy largely does not cross the blood brain barrier at a meaningful concentration, standard treatment is limited and usually involves surgical resection and/or stereotactic radiosurgery for isolated lesions and whole brain radiation for multiple lesions. Unfortunately, the median overall survival is only improved by about 6 months with this multimodality approach2, and there is a paucity of second-line therapies to treat recurrence. Furthermore, re-resection and re-radiation are often not feasible options due to concern for increasing complications or neurotoxicity, respectively. Thus, there is a dire clinical need for additional treatment options for this patient population.

Checkpoint blockade therapy, in particular PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibition, has recently shown clinical efficacy in multiple types of solid tumors. The investigators propose to study the efficacy of checkpoint blockade therapy in patients with solid tumors and refractory/recurrent brain metastases. The investigators will assess the efficacy of MEDI4736, a novel PD-L1 inhibitory monoclonal antibody, in this study.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Cancer of Breast
  • Cancer of the Breast
  • Gastroesophageal Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Cancer of the Pancreas
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Colorectal Carcinoma
  • Renal Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Cancer of the Kidney
  • Cancer of Kidney
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Ovary Cancer
  • Cancer of the Ovary
  • Cancer of Ovary
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: MEDI4736
Other Name: Durvalumab
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Cohort A: Non-small cell lung cancer w/o corticosteroids
    -MEDI4736 will be given to all patients > 30 kg actual body weight intravenously at a fixed dose 750 mg every 2 weeks over the course of 60 minutes on an outpatient basis on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle. Patients < 30 kg actual body weight will be dosed at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: MEDI4736
  • Experimental: Cohort B: Epithelial origin solid tumors w/o corticosteroids
    -MEDI4736 will be given to all patients > 30 kg actual body weight intravenously at a fixed dose 750 mg every 2 weeks over the course of 60 minutes on an outpatient basis on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle. Patients < 30 kg actual body weight will be dosed at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: MEDI4736
  • Experimental: Cohort C: NSCLC or non-NSCLC w/corticosteroids
    -MEDI4736 will be given to all patients > 30 kg actual body weight intravenously at a fixed dose 750 mg every 2 weeks over the course of 60 minutes on an outpatient basis on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle. Patients < 30 kg actual body weight will be dosed at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: MEDI4736
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 21, 2017)
4
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 27, 2016)
136
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 11, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date September 21, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cohort A: Histologically confirmed metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (all histologic subtypes allowed) with radiographic evidence by MRI of at least one measurable brain lesion as defined by RANO criteria that does not require corticosteroids for symptomatic control.
  • Cohort B: Histologically confirmed metastatic solid tumor of epithelial origin, excluding NSCLC, including but not limited to ovarian cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, gastric cancer, renal cancer, bladder cancer, or breast cancer with radiographic evidence by MRI of at least one measurable brain lesion as defined by RANO criteria that does not require corticosteroids for symptomatic control.
  • Cohort C: Histologically confirmed metastatic solid tumor of epithelial origin, including both NSCLC and non-NSCLC, with radiographic evidence by MRI of at least one measurable brain lesion as defined by RANO criteria that requires corticosteroids for symptomatic control.
  • At least one prior treatment to a CNS-based lesion is required. Prior therapy must be completed > 2 weeks prior to enrollment. A previously treated lesion must be demonstrated by MRI to have progressed following treatment in order to be eligible. The subsequent development of a new CNS lesion that was not previously treated will be permitted and dose not require treatment followed by progression prior to enrollment. Treatment of a single CNS lesion with local therapy in the context of multifocal disease is permitted as long as at least one untreated lesions meets criteria for measurable disease. Patients should have received minimum of one line of systemic therapy.
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • ECOG performance status of 0 to 2
  • Adequate bone marrow and organ function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x IULN
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 2.5 x IULN
    • Creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min/1.73 m2 by the Cockcroft-Gault formula or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance
  • Negative antiviral serology:

    • Negative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody.
    • Negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and negative hepatitis B core (HBc) antibody or undetectable hepatitis B (HBV) DNA by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing.
    • Negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody or negative HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) by quantitative PCR.
  • Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) < 470 msec calculated from 3 ECGs performed at least 2 minutes apart using Frediricia's Correction.
  • Female subjects must either be of non-reproductive potential (i.e., post-menopausal by history: ≥60 years old and no menses for 1 year without an alternative medical cause; OR history of hysterectomy, OR history of bilateral tubal ligation, OR history of bilateral oophorectomy) or must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon study entry.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document (or that of legally authorized representative, if applicable).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis.
  • Diagnosis of melanoma or other non-epithelial based malignancy such as sarcoma, neuroendocrine tumor, small cell lung cancer.
  • Presence of unstable systemic disease (e.g., visceral crisis or rapid progression) in the judgment of the investigator.
  • A history of other malignancy ≤ 5 years previous with the exception of basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin which were treated with local resection only or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • Currently receiving any other investigational agents.
  • A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MEDI4736 or other agents used in the study.
  • Previous treatment with a PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor, including MEDI4736, or a CTLA-4 inhibitory agent.
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 28 days before the first dose of MEDI4736 with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids, or systemic corticosteroids in Cohort C.
  • Receipt of the last dose of anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, tumor embolization, monoclonal antibodies, other investigational agent) 21 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension (>180/110), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune disease within the past 2 years (Note: subjects with vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) are not excluded).
  • Active or prior documented inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis).
  • History of prior immunodeficiency.
  • History of allogeneic organ transplant.
  • Known history of previous clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis.
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to first dose of MEDI4736.
  • Pregnant and/or breastfeeding or female patients of reproductive potential who are not employing an effective method of birth control.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02669914
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 201602169
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Washington University School of Medicine
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Washington University School of Medicine
Collaborators  ICMJE AstraZeneca
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Ramaswamy Govindan, M.D. Washington University School of Medicine
PRS Account Washington University School of Medicine
Verification Date October 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP