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Effectiveness of Paclitaxel-coated Luminor® Balloon Catheter Versus Uncoated Balloon Catheter in the Arteria Femoralis Superficialis (EffPac)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02540018
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 3, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
iVascular S.L.U.
KKS Netzwerk
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ulf Teichgräber, Jena University Hospital

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 17, 2015
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 3, 2015
Last Update Posted Date April 29, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 15, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 31, 2015)
Change in Late Lumen Loss (LLL) [ Time Frame: at baseline and after 6 months ]
Change in Late Lumen Loss (LLL), defined as difference between the diameters (in mm) at 6 months follow-up minus post-procedure.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 31, 2015)
  • Revascularisation of TVR [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Freedom of target vessel revascularization (TVR)
  • Revascularisation of TLR [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR)
  • Change in Rutherford classification [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Change of Rutherford stage to baseline at Follow-up
  • Change of ABI [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Decrease in the ankle-brachial-index
  • Change of Life Quality [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Improvement of life quality according to the Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) and the EQ5D questionnaire to baseline at Follow-up
  • Absence of amputation [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Major and minor amputation rate at the index limb
  • Bailouts [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Number of bailouts
  • Mortality [ Time Frame: after 6 months and 12 months ]
    Mortality rate independently of the direct cause
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Effectiveness of Paclitaxel-coated Luminor® Balloon Catheter Versus Uncoated Balloon Catheter in the Arteria Femoralis Superficialis
Official Title  ICMJE Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Effectiveness of Paclitaxel-coated Luminor® Balloon Catheter Versus Uncoated Balloon Catheter in the Superficial Femoral and Popliteal Arteries to Prevent Vessel Restenosis or Reocclusion
Brief Summary The aim of this clinical trial is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the novel Luminor® paclitaxel drug-eluting balloon (iVascular, S.L.U., Barcelona, Spain) in inhibiting restenosis and in ensuring long-term patency.
Detailed Description

The investigational medical device represents the Paclitaxel drug-eluting Luminor®-35 balloon catheter which is based on a proprietary transfertech coating technology. This has been engineered to improve clinical efficacy by optimizing coating properties and device functionalities. This allows a homogeneous and precise Paclitaxel concentration of 3 μg/mm2 on the PTA balloon surface. The balloon dilatation procedure, including deployment to the target lesion and balloon inflation, deflation and retrieval, is performed under fluoroscopic observation. All sites shall have access to an emergency unit to perform also interventions as bypass surgery e.g. in case of failed percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). The patient is positioned on the angiographic table and draped in a sterile fashion. The standard vascular access represents the ipsilateral or contralateral femoral artery in accordance to the target vessel. The endovascular procedure can be performed in a direct antegrade or a cross-over retrograde technique.

An introducer sheath will be inserted over a guidewire. 5.000 I.U. heparin is injected i.a. to pre-vent peri-procedural thrombotic events. Alternative peri-procedural anti-coagulation regimens may be applied if justified by individual patient requirements. An endoluminal guidewire passage of the stenotic and occlusive femoro-popliteal lesion is mandatory for study inclusion.

A POBA PTA balloon of appropriate balloon diameter and length, and catheter working length is selected according to the characteristics of the target vessel and lesion for the pre-dilation and assessed by angiography (DSA or XA). A ruler has to be adjacent to the target vessel. After pre-dilatation of the target lesion an angiographic assessment will be performed (DSA or XA). A ruler has to be adjacent to the target vessel.

Randomization will be performed by envelope pull. The treatment group represents the Lumi-nor® DEB and the control group POBA applying a CE-marked non-drug-eluting PTA balloon catheter. In patients with peripheral artery disease, quantitative vascular angiography (QVA) is essential for the analysis of the degree of the arterial stenosis. For quantitative assessment of stenotic lesions, the residual lumen at the lesion site is compared with the lumen at a reference site.

QVA will be assessed by an independent core lab. The assessment during the angioplasty is performed pre- and post-procedure, at 6 months follow-up and any unscheduled procedure if necessary. Follow-up (FU) assessments will occur at pre-discharge, 6, 12 and 24 months following the study procedure.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Peripheral Arterial Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Device: Transluminal Angioplasty with Paclitaxel-coated Luminor® Balloon Catheter in the Superficial Femoral and Popliteal Arteries

    Endoluminal guidewire passage of the stenotic and occlusive femoro-popliteal lesion must be performed. A pre-dilatation follows. Then the investigational procedure (DEB) is assigned by randomization.

    Luminor35®-DEB PTA catheter is applied.

    Other Name: DEB
  • Device: Transluminal Angioplasty with and non-coated (CE-marked) plain old angioplasty balloon (POBA) catheter
    Endoluminal guidewire passage of the stenotic and occlusive femoro-popliteal lesion must be performed. A pre-dilatation follows. Then the investigational procedure is assigned by randomization. POBA catheter is applied.
    Other Name: POBA
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Paclitaxel-coated Luminor® Balloon Catheter
    The balloon dilatation procedure, including deployment to the target lesion and balloon inflation, deflation and retrieval, is performed under fluoroscopic observation. An endoluminal guidewire passage of the stenotic and occlusive femoro-popliteal lesion is mandatory. After pre-dilatation of the target lesion an angiographic assessment will be performed (DSA or XA). Randomization will be performed by envelope pull. The treatment group represents the Luminor® DEB PTA. After dilation of the target lesion, the PTA catheter is withdrawn through the introducer sheath, and a post-PTA angiography is performed (DSA or XA) to evaluate the technical result and possible procedural complications. A final run-off angiography (DSA or XA) of the BTK arteries is required.
    Intervention: Device: Transluminal Angioplasty with Paclitaxel-coated Luminor® Balloon Catheter in the Superficial Femoral and Popliteal Arteries
  • Active Comparator: Uncoated Balloon Catheter
    Identical procedure also for control arm with PTA balloon (see below): After pre-dilatation, randomization will be performed by envelope pull. The control group requires an uncoated balloon catheter. After dilation of the target lesion, the PTA catheter is withdrawn and a post-PTA angiography is performed (DSA or XA) to evaluate the technical result and possible procedural complications. A final run-off angiography (DSA or XA) of the BTK arteries is required.
    Intervention: Device: Transluminal Angioplasty with and non-coated (CE-marked) plain old angioplasty balloon (POBA) catheter
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 31, 2015)
172
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2024
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥18 years
  2. Subject must agree to undergo the 6-month angiographic and clinical follow-up (at 12 month post-procedure)
  3. Peripheral vascular disease Rutherford class 2-4
  4. De novo stenotic/re-stenotic lesion or occlusive lesions in the superficial femoral (SFA) and/or popliteal arteries (PA)
  5. If the index lesion is re-stenotic, the prior PTA must have been >30 days prior to treatment in the current study
  6. ≥70% diameter stenosis or occlusion
  7. Target lesion length: ≤15 cm (TASC II A and B)
  8. Only one lesion per limb and per patient can be treated (see definition chapter 6.5)
  9. ≥ one patent intrapopliteal run-off artery to the foot of the index limb
  10. Successful endoluminal guidewire passage through the target lesion
  11. Predilatation prior to randomization
  12. Life expectancy, in the investigators opinion of at least one year
  13. Subject is able to verbally acknowledge and understand the aim of this trial and is willing and able to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous surgery in the target vessel
  2. Major amputation in the same limb as the target lesion
  3. Presence of aneurysm in the target vessel
  4. Acute myocardial infarction within 30 days before intervention
  5. Severely calcified target lesions in the SFA/PA resistant to PTA
  6. Subjects requiring different treatment or raising serious safety concern regarding the procedure or the required medication
  7. Women of childbearing potential expect women with the following criteria:

    • post-menopausal (12 month natural amenorrhea or 6 month amenorrhea with serum FSH > 40mlU/ml)
    • sterilization 86 weeks after bilateral ovariectomy with or without hysterectomy
    • using an effective method of birth control for the duration of the trial: implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, intrauterine device (in place for a period of at least 2 months prior to screening) and with negative serum pregnancy test
    • sexual abstinence
    • vasectomy partner
  8. Pregnant and nursing women
  9. Acute thrombus, stent or aneurysm in the index limb or vessel
  10. Renal insufficiency with a serum creatinine >2.0 mg/dL at baseline
  11. Platelet count <50 G/l or >600 G/l at baseline
  12. Known hypersensitivity or contraindication to contrast agent that cannot be adequately pre-medicated
  13. Subjects with known allergies against Paclitaxel
  14. Subjects with intolerance to antiplatelet, anticoagulant, or thrombolytic medications that would be administered during the trial
  15. Dialysis or immunosuppressant therapy
  16. Current participation (or within the last 3 months) in another interventional study
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Germany
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02540018
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CIV-15-03-013204
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Ulf Teichgräber, Jena University Hospital
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Jena University Hospital
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • iVascular S.L.U.
  • KKS Netzwerk
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: René Aschenbach, PD Dr. med. University Hospital Jena, Radiology
PRS Account Jena University Hospital
Verification Date April 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP