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AMP-224, a PD-1 Inhibitor, With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02298946
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 24, 2014
Results First Posted : February 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tim Greten, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 21, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 24, 2014
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 4, 2018
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE February 22, 2019
Last Update Posted Date February 22, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE November 21, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date July 13, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 12, 2019)
Count of Participants With Serious and Non-serious Adverse Events Assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0) [ Time Frame: Date treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 24 months and 8 days ]
Here is the count of participants with serious and non-serious adverse events assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0). A non-serious adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence. A serious adverse event is an adverse event or suspected adverse reaction that results in death, a life threatening adverse drug experience, hospitalization, disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions, congenital anomaly/birth defect or important medical events that jeopardize the patient or subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the previous outcomes mentioned.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 21, 2014)
To assess safety, tolerability and feasibility of AMP-224 in combination with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02298946 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 12, 2019)
  • Duration of Response in Patients With Colorectal Cancer During and Following Treatment With AMP-224 in Combination With SBRT [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Duration of overall response is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) (whichever is recorded first) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented (taking as reference for progressive disease the smallest measurements recorded since the treatment started). Response was assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Complete response is complete disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Partial response is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters.
  • Number of Participants in Which Specimens Were Collected for Pre and Post Pharmacokinetic (PK) AMP-224 Analyses [ Time Frame: Baseline and post infusion AMP-224 (e.g. 15 minutes after infusion ended) ]
    This outcome measure only represents the number of participants with metastatic colorectal cancer who had specimens collected for pre and post pharmacokinetic (PK) AMP-224 analyses.
  • Overall Survival in Patients With Colorectal Cancer Following Treatment With AMP-224 in Combination With SBRT [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study, which is date of death. Average time participants were followed was 10.6 months. ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from treatment start date until date of death or date last known alive.
  • Count of Participants With Post-Treatment Biopsies [ Time Frame: Post treatment, day 29 +/- 7 days ]
    Mandatory post treatment biopsies of the tumor were attempted on all patients.
  • Median Progression-free Survival in Patients With Colorectal Cancer [ Time Frame: Baseline to disease progression, an average of 2.6 months. ]
    Progression free survival is defined as the time interval from start of treatment to documented evidence of disease progression. Disease progression was evaluated by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 and is at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progressions).
  • Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: Restaging was done every 8 weeks for an average of 2.6 months. ]
    Objective response will be evaluated according to the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 and is defined as Complete Response + Partial Response. Briefly, complete response (CR) is defined as the disappearance of all target lesions, and Partial Response is defined as "at least" 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of the target lesions from baseline measurement.
  • Immunogenicity of AMP-224 as Measured by Human Anti-Murine Antibodies (HAMA) and Human Anti-Chimeric Antibodies (HACA) Concentrations [ Time Frame: Baseline, D1, D29, and D57 (pre-infusion), D79, D85 and 90 days post last dose (D169) ]
    Blood samples were collected to measure HAMA and HACA concentrations using the ELISA method in all patients.
  • Terminal Elimination Half-Life of AMP-224 [ Time Frame: 10 days ]
    Plasma decay half-life is the time measured for the plasma concentration of the drug to decrease by one half.
  • Area of the Curve (AUC) of AMP-224 [ Time Frame: Pre and post-infusion with all the AMP infusion and Day 1 at 8, 15, 29, 43, 57, and 71 hours. ]
    The AUC is a measure of the serum concentration of the drug over time. It is used to characterize drug absorption. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) is the smallest concentration of the drug that can be reliably measured.
  • Time to Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of AMP-224 [ Time Frame: 12.7 hours following intravenous (IV) infusion. ]
    Time maximum drug absorption is reached in the blood following administration of AMP-224.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 21, 2014)
  • To evaluate response rate, progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with colorectal cancer during and following treatment with AMP-224 in combination with SBRT [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  • To characterize the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of AMP-224 in combination with SBRT in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE AMP-224, a PD-1 Inhibitor, With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Pilot Study of AMP-224, a PD-1 Inhibitor, in Combination With Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Brief Summary

Background:

- T-cells are white blood cells that can find and kill germs and tumors. Cancer can keep T-cells from working. Researchers think a new drug called AMP-224 might help the T-cells in people with cancer. They think the drug might work even better when combined with a certain type of radiation therapy.

Objective:

- To study the safety and effectiveness of AMP-224 together with 1 or 3 days of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) directed to the liver.

Eligibility:

- People age 18 and older with metastatic colorectal cancer. Their cancer must have spread to the liver and not be responding to treatment.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, and blood and urine tests. Their tumors will be measured with computerized tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest, stomach, and pelvis. They will have an electrocardiogram (ECG) heart test.
  • Participants will have a small part of their tumor removed by needle (biopsy).
  • Participants will have 8 study visits over about 10 weeks.
  • At 1 visit, they will have another tumor biopsy.
  • At 1 visit, they will get a chemotherapy drug through a vein (intravenous (IV)).
  • At 6 visits, they will receive AMP-224 through an IV.
  • At 1 or 3 visits, they will have SBRT. Computed tomography (CT) scans will map the position of their tumor. Radiation beams of different intensities at different angles will be directed to the tumor.
  • At all visits, some screening procedures may be repeated.
  • After treatment ends, participants will have 7 follow-up visits over about 5 months. Blood will be drawn. Some screening procedures may be repeated.
Detailed Description

Background:

  • Colorectal cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer death in western countries with a median survival of approximately 24 months despite recent advances in systemic treatment.
  • Several preclinical studies have documented an increase in peripheral antitumor immunity following radiation, a phenomenon known as the abscopal effect. Tumor PDL1 expression has also been shown to be induced by radiation, which can suppress the anti-tumor immune response. Inhibition of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand-1(PDL-1) axis has been shown to improve anti-tumor immunity by blocking the tumor-mediated suppression of cytotoxic T cells.
  • AMP-224, a B7-DC Fc fusion protein, binds to PD-1, an inhibitory receptor that is present on the cell surface of exhausted, activated, effector, and memory T cells. AMP- 224 has a unique mechanism of action in that it binds specifically to PD-1HI T cells (chronically stimulated / exhausted T cells) but not to PD-1LO cells which represent the normal activated T cells population
  • The aim of the study is to evaluate whether the anti-tumor immunity of anti-PD1 therapy (with AMP-224) can be enhanced by radiation therapy.

Objectives:

- To assess safety, tolerability and feasibility of AMP-224 in combination with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Eligibility:

  • Histologically confirmed metastatic colorectal cancer.
  • Patient must have progressed on or been intolerant of prior oxaliplatin- and irinotecan containing regimen and have metastatic lesions that are not amenable to curative resection.
  • Patient must have one focus of metastatic disease in the liver that is amenable to SBRT.
  • Patient must have at least one measurable metastatic lesion by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria outside the radiation field.
  • Patients must be willing to undergo mandatory pre and post treatment tumor biopsy.

Design:

  • This is a pilot study whereby all patients will receive SBRT to one liver lesion and concomitant AMP-224. A single treatment of low dose/cyclophosphamide will be administered in conjunction with the SBRT therapy prior to the first AMP-224 treatment.
  • Hypofractionated radiation will be administered to a metastatic disease site at a dose and schedule of 8Gy for 1 or 3 days in dose levels (DL)1 or 2 respectively. The day of first administration of AMP-224 will be designated as Day 1. In DL1 the SBRT will be administered on Day 0. In DL2 the SBRT will be administered from D-2 to D0. The study will begin with DL1 and escalate to DL2 once all subjects enrolled at DL1 have remained on study for 4 weeks, which is the DLT period.
  • AMP-224 therapy will be given as an intravenous infusion beginning on Day 1 and then every 14 days for a total of 6 treatments only. Optional continuation of treatment q2- weekly until progressive disease (PD) will be considered in responding patients.
  • Cyclophosphamide 200 mg/m(2) intravenous will be given on Day 0, prior to the first dose of AMP-224.
  • Correlative studies: Peripheral blood will be collected (pre-dose) on days 1, 29, 57 and 93 for immune studies (including immunogenicity, circulating PD plasma samples, immune monitoring for phenotyping and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) for T-cell activation). Tumor biopsies (formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) + Frozen) of an irradiated and non-irradiated liver lesion will be collected on day 1 and day 29, which will be analyzed by immunohistochemistry for tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in addition to ribonucleic acid (RNA) analysis.
  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) samples will be collected on Days 1, 15, 29, 43, 57, 71 in addition to up to 5 post treatment dates (if feasible).
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Colorectal Neoplasms
  • Colorectal Carcinoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: AMP-224
    10mg/kg on day 1 then every 14 days for a total of 6 doses.
  • Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy(SBRT)
    Dose Level 1: 8Gy x 1 day. Dose Level 2: 8Gy x 3 days
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    200mg/m(2) IV on day 0.
    Other Name: CTX
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: DL1 - CTX, SBRTx1 day, & AMP-224
    Dose Level 1 (DL1) Cyclophosphamide (CTX) 200mg/m(2) intravenous (IV) on day 0. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) 8 (gray)Gy x 1 day on day 0, AMP-224 10mg/kg on day 1 then every (q)14 days for a total of 6 doses
    Interventions:
    • Drug: AMP-224
    • Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy(SBRT)
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
  • Experimental: DL2 - CTX, SBRTx3 days, and AMP-224
    Dose Level 2 (DL2) CTX 200mg/m(2) IV on day 0, SBRT 8Gy x 3 day on days -2, -1, and 0. AMP-224 10mg/kg on day 1 then q14 days.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: AMP-224
    • Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy(SBRT)
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 29, 2015)
17
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 21, 2014)
15
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 7, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date July 13, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

-Inclusion Criteria

  1. Patients must have histopathological confirmation of Colorectal Carcinoma (CRC) by the Laboratory of Pathology of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) prior to entering this study.
  2. Patients must have progressed on or been intolerant of prior oxaliplatin and irinotecan containing chemotherapeutic regimen and have disease that is not amenable to potentially curative resection. Patients who have a known KRAS wild type tumor must have progressed or been intolerant to cetuximab or panitumumab-based chemotherapy.
  3. Patients must have one focus of metastatic disease in the liver that is amenable to stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in the opinion of radiation oncology.
  4. All patients enrolled will be required to have measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria outside the radiation field.
  5. Study patients must have disease that is amenable to pre and post treatment biopsy and be willing to undergo this.
  6. Age greater than or equal 18 years
  7. Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  9. Patients must have acceptable organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes less than or equal to 3,000/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count less than or equal 1,500/mcL
    • platelets less than or equal 100,000/mcL
    • total bilirubin greater than or equal 1.5X institution upper limit of normal
    • Patients are eligible with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) measuring up to 5 x ULN given the presence of liver metastasis.
    • creatinine greater than 1.5X institution upper limit of normal

    Or

    -creatinine clearance less than or equal 45 mL/min/1.73 m(2), as calculated below, for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal

  10. Patients must have recovered from any acute toxicity related to prior therapy, including surgery. Toxicity should be less than or equal to grade 1 or returned to baseline.
  11. Patients must not have other invasive malignancies within the past 3 years (with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers, localized prostate cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix and non-invasive bladder cancer that has had successful curative treatment).
  12. Patient must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Prior immune checkpoint inhibition with anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD1)/programmed death ligand-1(PD-L1) or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) therapy or other specific T cell targeting agents.
  2. Patients who have had chemotherapy (or so-called targeted systemic therapy), large field radiotherapy, or major surgery must wait 4 weeks after completing treatment prior to entering the study.
  3. Patients with known brain metastases will be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  4. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, hypertension (systolic blood pressure (BP) greater than 160, diastolic BP greater than 100), ongoing or active systemic infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled diabetes or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  5. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from this study due to the possibility of pharmacokinetic interactions between antiretroviral medications and the investigational agent.
  6. History of chronic autoimmune disease (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus or Wegener's granulomatosis, Addison's disease, multiple sclerosis, Graves disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, hypophysitis, etc.) with symptomatic disease within the 3 years before randomization. Note: Active vitiligo or a history of vitiligo will not be a basis for exclusion. In addition, a past history of certain autoimmunity eg rheumatoid arthritis or thyroiditis may be allowed per principal investigator (PI) discretion provided it has been quiescent for a minimum of three years.
  7. Active or history of inflammatory bowel disease (colitis, Crohn's), irritable bowel disease, celiac disease, or other serious, chronic, gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea.
  8. Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of Information and Consent and compliance with the requirements of the protocol.
  9. Currently receiving immunosuppressive doses of steroids or other immunosuppressive medications (inhaled and topical steroids are permitted)
  10. History of sarcoidosis syndrome
  11. History of hypersensitivity reaction to human or mouse antibody products.
  12. Pregnancy and breast feeding are exclusion factors. The effects of AMP-224 on the developing human fetus are unknown. Enrolled patients must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, the duration of study participation and 3 months after the end of the treatment. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  13. Patients with unhealed surgical wounds for more than 30 days.
  14. Patients with known sensitivity or allergy to any components of AMP-224.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02298946
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 150021
15-C-0021
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Responsible Party Tim Greten, M.D., National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Tim F Greten, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date February 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP