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Stem Cell Gene Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02247843
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 25, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Donald B. Kohn, M.D., University of California, Los Angeles

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 20, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 25, 2014
Last Update Posted Date October 18, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date February 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 23, 2014)
Evaluation of Safety [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
  1. Clinical toxicity: Absence of grade 3-4 SAEs
  2. Absence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL):
  3. Absence of monoclonal expansion or leukoproliferative disorder from vector insertional effects: To monitor for monoclonal expansion or leukoproliferative complications, LAM-PCR will be performed.
  4. Event-free survival. Event-free survival will be determined for each subject over the 24 months after gene therapy. An event is defined as death or performance of an allogeneic HSCT.
  5. Absence of humoral immune response to novel epitopes of βAS3-globin protein
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Stem Cell Gene Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease
Official Title  ICMJE Clinical Research Study of Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Using Peripheral Blood CD34+ Cells Modified With the Lenti/G-βAS3-FB Lentiviral Vector
Brief Summary This Phase I clinical trial will assess the safety and initial evidence for efficacy of an autologous transplant of lentiviral vector modified peripheral blood for adults with severe sickle cell disease.
Detailed Description

Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects ~90,000 people in the U.S. who suffer significant neurological, lung, and kidney damage, as well as severe chronic pain episodes that adversely impact on quality of life. While current medical therapies for SCD can reduce short-term morbidity, the inevitable progressive deterioration in organ function results in a significant decrease in quality of health with early mortality. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) can benefit patients with SCD, by providing a source for life-long production of normal red blood cells. However, allogeneic HSCT is limited by the availability of well-matched donors and immunological complications, especially for the more than 80% of patients who lack an HLA-identical sibling donor. Autologous HSCT using a patient's own peripheral blood stem cells that have been corrected by transfer of a modified human beta-globin gene that inhibits polymerization of the HbS (stem cell gene therapy) may provide a better therapeutic alternative, as it would avoid the immunologic complications and donor limitations of allogeneic HSCT.

Up to 6 subjects with SCD meeting eligibility criteria for disease severity and adequacy of organ function will be enrolled.

Following informed consent, enrolled subjects will be screened to confirm full eligibility for participation. A chronic red blood cell transfusions regimen will be given prior to stem cell collection and transplant. Subjects will undergo peripheral blood stem cell collection using plerixafor mobilization and apheresis. A portion of their stem cells will be cryopreserved as "back-up," with the remaining portion used to prepare the gene-modified Final Cellular Product: autologous peripheral blood CD34+ cells transduced ex vivo by the Lenti/G-βAS3-FB lentiviral vector to express an anti-sickling (βAS3) gene. The subject will receive marrow cytoreduction with busulfan prior to infusion of the gene-modified cells. The follow-up period will include an initial 2 years of active follow-up, where the subjects will be seen at intervals of no more than 3 months, followed by offer for enrollment into a long-term follow-up study during years 3-15.

The primary objectives of the Phase I study are to assess safety and feasibility, with secondary objectives to assess efficacy (engraftment, βAS3-globin gene expression, and effects on red blood cells function and clinical hematologic and disease parameters).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Sickle Cell Disease
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: βAS3-FB vector transduced peripheral blood CD34+ cells
CD34+ from the peripheral blood of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are transduced ex-vivo with the Lenti/βAS3-FB lentiviral vector. The transduced cells are then infused into the patient.
Other Name: Lenti/βAS3-FB
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: βAS3-FB vector transduced peripheral blood CD34+ cells
This is a single arm study without randomization. All subjects will receive the intervention of BetaAS3 lentiviral vector-modified autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant.
Intervention: Biological: βAS3-FB vector transduced peripheral blood CD34+ cells
Publications * Romero Z, Urbinati F, Geiger S, Cooper AR, Wherley J, Kaufman ML, Hollis RP, de Assin RR, Senadheera S, Sahagian A, Jin X, Gellis A, Wang X, Gjertson D, Deoliveira S, Kempert P, Shupien S, Abdel-Azim H, Walters MC, Meiselman HJ, Wenby RB, Gruber T, Marder V, Coates TD, Kohn DB. β-globin gene transfer to human bone marrow for sickle cell disease. J Clin Invest. 2013 Jul 1. pii: 67930. doi: 10.1172/JCI67930. [Epub ahead of print]

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 23, 2014)
6
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date February 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

PARTICIPANT INCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Age ≥18 by time of enrollment
  • Diagnosis of SCD documented by genetic analysis (S/S, S/β-thalassemia-zero)
  • Must not have medically eligible and available HLA-identical sibling donor or 10/10 allele-matched unrelated donor (within a year prior to harvest) (or refuses to have an allogeneic HSCT)
  • Inadequate clinical response to hydroxyurea (HU), defined as any one of the following outcomes, while on HU for at least 3 months:

    • 2 or more acute sickle pain crises requiring hospitalization
    • no rise in Hb >1.5 gm/dl from pre-HU baseline or requires transfusion to maintain Hb > 6.0 gm/dL
    • Has an episode of acute chest syndrome defined as development of a new pulmonary alveolar consolidation involving at least one complete lung segment associated with acute symptoms including: fever >38.5, chest pain, tachypnea, intercostal retractions, nasal flaring, use of accessory muscles of respiration, wheezing, rales, or cough not attributable to asthma or bronchiolitis) in the preceding two year period prior to enrollment. The acute chest syndrome event occurred despite adequate supportive care measures.
    • Or medical decision for other therapy (e.g. chronic transfusion program), or subject refusal to take HU.
  • The patient must be off HU for at least 30 days (+/- 5 days) before PBSC collection.
  • Must have one or more of the following clinical complications demonstrating disease severity:

    • Clinically-significant neurologic event: stroke or any central nervous system deficit lasting >24 hours.
    • Abnormal head CT or brain MRI demonstrating previous stroke
    • Administration of regular RBC transfusions for equal or longer than 1 year to prevent vaso- occlusive crises or other sickle cell disease complications or to maintain Hb >6.
    • Pulmonary arterial hypertension with tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity > 2.5 m/sec within 1 year prior to enrollment
    • At least one episode of acute chest syndrome that required hospitalization, within the 2 years prior to enrollment
    • At least 2 acute sickle pain crises requiring hospitalization within the 2 years prior to enrollment
    • Severe osteonecrosis
    • History of acute dactylitis during childhood
    • Recurrent priapism (2 or more episodes)
  • Karnofsky performance score ≥60%

PARTICIPANT EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Patient has a medically eligible and available HLA-identical sibling donor or 10/10 allele-matched unrelated donor (unless they refuse to have an allogeneic HSCT).
  • Cardiac evaluation: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% or LV shortening fraction < 26% by cardiac echocardiogram or by MUGA scan or clinically significant ECG abnormalities.
  • Poorly controlled hypertension as determined by BP with systolic >135 or diastolic >95 mmHg despite treatment.
  • Pulmonary evaluation: baseline oxygen saturation of <85% or DLCO< 40% (corrected for Hb)
  • Renal evaluation: serum creatinine >1.5x upper limit of normal for age or GFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2 within 90 days prior to PBSC collection.
  • Hepatic evaluation: serum conjugated (direct) bilirubin > 2x upper limit of normal for age as per local laboratory or ALT and AST > 5 times upper limit of normal as per local laboratory within 90 days prior to PBSC collection.
  • Hematologic evaluation: Leukopenia (WBC< 3x103/uL) or neutropenia (ANC < 1.0x103/uL) or thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100x103/uL) within 90 days prior to PBSC collection.
  • PT/INR or PTT >1.5x upper limit of normal or other clinically significant bleeding disorder to
  • Liver Iron >10mg/g by T2* MRI (within 1 year prior to PBSC collection).
  • Seropositivity for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), HCV (Hepatitis C Virus), HTLV-1 (Human T-Lymphotropic Virus), or active Hepatitis B Virus, or active infection by CMV or parvovirus B19, based on positive blood PCR.
  • Pregnancy
  • Patient must not have any known cancer or other malignant disease or active infection by CT or MRI of head, chest or ultrasound of abdomen
  • Abnormal karyotype by cytogenetic or other appropriate tests.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Gary Schiller, MD 310-206-5755 gschiller@mednet.ucla.edu
Contact: Donald Kohn, MD 310-794-1964 dkohn1@mednet.ucla.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02247843
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE Lenti/βAS3-FB
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Donald B. Kohn, M.D., University of California, Los Angeles
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Donald B. Kohn, M.D.
Collaborators  ICMJE California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM)
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Giulia Parisi, PhD University of California, Los Angeles
Principal Investigator: Gary Schiller, MD University of California, Los Angeles
PRS Account University of California, Los Angeles
Verification Date October 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP