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Pilates and Muscle Strength Respiratory

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02189044
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 14, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 14, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lislei Jorge Patrizzi, Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 15, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 14, 2014
Last Update Posted Date July 14, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE August 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 10, 2014)
Pulmonary function test (spirometry). [ Time Frame: The results were obtained at the end of the eleven weeks of intervention ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 10, 2014)
Respiratory muscle strength [ Time Frame: The results were obtained at the end of the eleven weeks of intervention ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Pilates and Muscle Strength Respiratory
Official Title  ICMJE Effects of the Method Pilates Exercises in Muscle Strength Respiratory of Elderly Women: a Clinical Trial
Brief Summary Introduction: Among the systems of the organism, it is believed that the respiratory system is the one which gets older faster due to the greater exposure to environmental pollutants over the years.The Pilates method has emerged as a form of fitness particularly providing general welfare to the individual. Objective: To evaluate the effects of Pilates' exercises on respiratory muscle strength in elderly women. Methods: The investigators have studied 07 women aged 60 and over, with preserved autonomy and cognitive skills. The Pulmonary Function Test (Spirometry) was performed using the Vitalograph® spirometer, model 8600. Respiratory muscle strength was obtained by technical measurements of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), through an analog Gerar manometer. The experiment lasted eleven (11) weeks. For comparative analysis of the data obtained in the evaluations, the investigators applied the paired t test and a significance level of 5%.
Detailed Description

METHODOLOGY This study is a clinical, longitudinal, prospective trial conducted at the Laboratory of Kinesiology and Cinesioterapia of Physiotherapy, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro - UFTM. All participants signed an informed consent. The research started after approval by the Ethics Committee UFTM Research Protocol (2147-2012).

Subject Initially the invitation was made to all students enrolled in the Open University of Third Age - UATI / UFTM from August to October 2012.

The selection was based on the following inclusion criteria: (1) age and above 60 years, (2) non-practicing regular physical activity, (3) availability to attend Pilates classes twice a week (in addition to the time UATI ) and (4) with preserved cognitive autonomy and exclusion criteria: history (1) diseases that directly affect the posture (disc herniation and angular deformities of the spine), (2) cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological diseases that prevent attainment of Pilates exercises, (3) impaired cognitive capacity limited autonomy or self-determination, (4) withdrawal of participation during the assessment process, and (5) two consecutive absences or a total of three absences during the proposed time for the training set.

Thus, the proposed methodology for this study was applied in seven women with a mean age of 64 ± 6 years.

Review / Procedures The assessment instruments were used: (1) Initial Assessment Sheet, (2) spirometer and (3) manometer.

The record initial assessment and spirometry were applied for the selection of participants. Through the initial evaluation form was possible to assess aspects of health status of participants (associated diseases, blood pressure, respiratory and heart rate, postural assessment) as well as information on personal history, family history and current medication .

A pulmonary function test (spirometry) was performed using the Vitalograph ® spirometer brand model 8600. Equipment was calibrated, and the tests were performed by a single trained and qualified examiner with instructions and standardized voice commands, as I standards advocated by Consensus Brazilian on Espirometria.12 Spirometry was performed to rule out any lung disease that affects the performance of the proposed exercises.

To assess respiratory muscle strength, the volunteers remained in the standing position using a nose clip. Respiratory muscle strength was obtained by the techniques of measurements of maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), by means of an analog manometer Generate brand, scaled to ± 300 cmH2O, equipped with nozzle adapter, containing a hole 2 mm in diameter, serving as relief of muscles bocais.4 MIP valve was obtained with the maximal inspiration preceded by maximal expiration to residual volume level and MEP through the maximal expiration preceded by a maximal inspiration, to total lung capacity. Were performed at least three maneuvers maximal inspiratory pressure and maximal expiratory pressure, in order to obtain the greatest value from three acceptable.

The measurement of respiratory muscle strength occurred through an analog manometer (Ger-Air ®, São Paulo, Brazil), with scales - 300 to +300 cmH2O (calibrated), equipped with plastic trachea 16 cm long and 2.4 cm internal diameter, hard plastic mouthpiece and drain hole approximately 2 mm in diameter to dissipate the pressures generated by the muscles of the face and orofaringe.13 the maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and expiratory pressures were obtained maximum (MEP), carried a maximum of five times, acceptable and reproducible, and in the standing position, using a nose clip, for a time of sustained three seconds. The value of MIP was obtained from residual volume, and MEP from total lung capacity. Volunteers were due verbal encouragement and if there were more than 10% between a measure and another, a new difference maneuver was performed, considering the highest value since this was not the último.14 Therapeutic Intervention - Pilates Method The training through the Pilates exercises were performed in eleven weeks. The participants were instructed not to miss and attend classes twice a week. Each class consisted of five exercises lasting 40 minutes each lesson.

During the first four weeks (1 st to 4 th week) exercises performed were: Cat, Coffee Table, Single legcircle, pelvic movements, contraction of the glutes and closure was performed with posterior chain elongation range.

In the next four weeks (5th to 8th weeks) began a new series of exercises, which are: Bridge, Side Table, Bridge hip roll with legextension, Abdominal - halfhollup, obliques, and ultimately Stretching - Series of William's.

In the last four weeks of training (9th to 11th weeks) proposed a new series of exercises involving: Beaststroke, Support heel Bridge - hip roll with leg extension, and Hundred Squats with bat on the wall.

All exercises were performed during expiration. Statistical Analysis Descriptive data analysis was performed, with a mean and standard deviation. For comparative analysis of the data obtained in the pre-and post-intervention, the paired t test was applied (after confirmed the normal distribution of the sample - Shapiro Wilk test). The level of significance was set at 5%. The statistical program used was 18.0 SSPSS.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Condition  ICMJE Conditions
Intervention  ICMJE Other: Pilates Exercise

The training through the Pilates exercises were performed in eleven weeks. Each class consisted of five exercises lasting 40 minutes each lesson.

During the first four weeks exercises performed were: Cat, Coffee Table, Single legcircle, pelvic movements, contraction of the glutes and closure was performed with posterior chain elongation range.

In the next four weeks began a new series of exercises, which are: Bridge, Side Table, Bridge hip roll with legextension, Abdominal - halfhollup, obliques, and ultimately Stretching - Series of William's.

In the last four weeks of training proposed a new series of exercises involving: Beaststroke, Support heel Bridge - hip roll with leg extension, and Hundred Squats with bat on the wall.

Study Arms  ICMJE exercises; muscle strength
Evaluate the effects of Pilates exercises on respiratory muscle strength in elderly women before and after eleven weeks of training
Intervention: Other: Pilates Exercise
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 10, 2014)
7
Original Actual Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age and above 60 years,
  • non-practicing regular physical activity
  • availability to attend Pilates classes twice a week (in addition to the time UATI)
  • with preserved cognitive autonomy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • history of diseases that directly affect the posture (disc herniation and angular deformities of the spine)
  • cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological diseases that prevent attainment of Pilates exercises
  • impaired cognitive autonomy or limited capacity for self-determination
  • withdrawal of participation during the assessment process
  • two consecutive absences or a total of three absences during the proposed training set for the time.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 60 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Brazil
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02189044
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE UFTM2014
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Lislei Jorge Patrizzi, Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Lislei Patrizzi Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro
PRS Account Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro
Verification Date July 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP