Modulation of Immune Activation by Aspirin
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02155985|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 4, 2014
Results First Posted : July 7, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 12, 2017
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||June 3, 2014|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||June 4, 2014|
|Results First Submitted Date ICMJE||May 27, 2016|
|Results First Posted Date ICMJE||July 7, 2016|
|Last Update Posted Date||June 12, 2017|
|Study Start Date ICMJE||August 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Change in sCD14 From Baseline to Week 11/12 [ Time Frame: Pre-entry and entry to weeks 11 and 12 ]
Baseline is defined as the average of the Pre-Entry and Entry values. Week 11/12 is defined as the average of the Week 11 and Week 12 values. All values were log10 transformed prior to calculating change and conducting analyses. Values obtained within 6 days after the influenza vaccination were excluded. Absolute change was calculated as the value at week 11/12 minus the value at baseline. Mean changes were exponentiated to be back on the untransformed scale and corresponds to a mean fold change. Differences between arms are expressed as the percent difference between mean fold changes.
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Change in sCD14 from baseline to week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Modulation of Immune Activation by Aspirin|
|Official Title ICMJE||Modulation of Immune Activation by Aspirin|
Since people started taking HIV medications, illness from AIDS has decreased, but other serious diseases like heart disease, cancer, and kidney, and liver disease have increased. HIV causes inflammation (irritation) inside the body that cannot be felt but can be measured by blood. Inflammation can lead to diseases that have become some of the leading causes of death in people with HIV. HIV therapy can partially lower levels of inflammation measured in blood, however, levels of inflammation in people who have HIV may remain high compared with people not infected with HIV.
Aspirin is a drug that is commonly used for pain relief but is also approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for preventing heart attacks and stroke in those who are at increased risk for heart attack and stroke. Aspirin also is used (but is not approved by the FDA) to decrease the risk of some cancers in people who are at increased risk. Aspirin is thought to decrease risk of heart attack and stroke because it blocks the activation of platelets and prevents blood clots from clogging narrowed blood vessels, a disease called atherosclerosis. It is unknown how aspirin might decrease the chance of developing cancer in some people at higher risk, but aspirin has been shown to modulate (or change) the immune system. In HIV-infected people who have been taking antiretroviral therapy and have an undetectable HIV viral load it was recently shown that low-dose aspirin 81 mg (baby aspirin), given for one week, lowers platelet activation and reduces blood markers of inflammation which may improve the function of the immune system.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether aspirin improves inflammation and immune activation when compared to a placebo (inactive medication like a dummy pill) and to determine if 12 weeks of aspirin 300 mg and aspirin 100 mg is safe for HIV-infected persons on antiretroviral therapy. Additionally, it studied whether a higher dose and longer duration of aspirin provides further anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating benefit. This was done using blood and urine tests that measure inflammation and also with a test that uses ultrasound to measure the flow of blood in your arm, called flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) of the brachial artery (BART). This is a painless test that bounces sound waves off of a blood vessel in your arm.
This was a phase II prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled 3-arm clinical trial to study whether aspirin improves inflammation and immune activation. At study entry, participants were randomized between the three study arms: aspirin 300 mg, aspirin 100 mg and placebo. The study treatment duration was 12 weeks, followed by a 4 week washout period. The study duration was 16 weeks.
The study clinic visits included pre-entry (within 7 days prior to entry), entry, on treatment visits at weeks 2, 11 and 12, and final study visit at the end of the wash-out period at week 16. The samples for the primary and secondary outcomes were collected at pre-entry, entry, and weeks 2, 11 and 12. The evaluations of safety (clinical assessment for signs and symptoms, diagnoses, laboratory tests) were done at entry and weeks 2, 11, 12 and 16.
The co-primary objectives used pair-wise comparisons to assess the effects of 300 mg and 100 mg of daily aspirin for 12 weeks on plasma sCD14 levels.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||HIV-1 Infection|
|Study Arms ICMJE||
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Actual Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Estimated Enrollment ICMJE
|Actual Study Completion Date ICMJE||July 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
NOTE: Modifications of ART dosing during within the 12 weeks prior to entry are permitted. In addition, the change in formulation (eg, from standard formulation to fixed dose combination or single tablet regimen) or dosing (eg, from once a day to twice a day) is allowed within 12 weeks prior to entry. Within-class single drug substitution (eg, switch from nevirapine to efavirenz or from atazanavir to darunavir), are not allowed within 12 weeks prior to entry. No other changes in ART in the 12 weeks prior to entry are permitted.
A. At least one HIV-1 RNA test result obtained at any time point greater than 48 weeks prior to study entry must be BLQ and must be performed by any FDA-approved assay at a CLIA-certified laboratory or its equivalent.
B. All HIV-1 RNA tests reported during the 48 weeks prior to study entry must be BLQ and must be performed by any FDA-approved assay at a CLIA-certified laboratory or its equivalent.
NOTE: A single RNA "blip" of ≤500 copies/mL is permissible if RNA levels most recent before and after (may include the screening HIV-1 RNA test) are below the level of quantification (BLQ) for the assay. If the RNA level after the blip is the screening HIV-1 RNA test, the result must be <50 copies/mL.
If the female volunteer is not of reproductive potential (women who are menopausal, defined as not having had a menses for at least 12 months with an FSH of greater than 40 IU/L, or if FSH testing is not available, have had amenorrhea for 24 consecutive months, or women who have undergone surgical sterilization, (eg, hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, tubal ligation or salpingectomy)), she is eligible without requiring the use of a contraceptive method. Acceptable documentation of sterilization is subject reported history of hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, tubal ligation, tubal micro-insert, menopause, or the partner with vasectomy/azoospermia.
- If participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy, the female study volunteer must be willing to use contraception while receiving protocol-specified medication(s) and for the washout period of 4 weeks. At least one of the following methods MUST be used:
As hormone-based contraceptives (oral, transdermal, or subdermal) can affect coagulopathy biomarkers, subjects who plan on using such a contraceptive during the study must be taking the same product for ≥4 weeks prior to screening and be encouraged to continue throughout the duration of the study, if medically feasible.
NOTE: Acetaminophen-based products may be used before and during the trial when analgesics are required.
- Current malignancy (except non-melanoma cancer of the skin not requiring systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy).
NOTE: Carcinoma in situ of the cervix or anus is not considered exclusionary.
NOTE: Lipid-lowering medication includes: statins, fibrates, niacin (dose ≥250 mg daily), and fish-oil/omega 3 fatty acids (dose >1000 mg of marine oils daily).
NOTE: Routine standard of care, including hepatitis A and/or B, human papilloma virus, influenza, pneumococcal, and tetanus vaccines are permitted if administered at least 7 days before study entry and before biomarker/peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) blood collections.
NOTE: Recurrent herpes simplex virus (HSV) is not exclusionary. Subjects on antiviral prophylaxis for HSV or VZV are encouraged to remain on treatment for the duration of the study if medically feasible.
|Ages ICMJE||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT02155985|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||ACTG A5331
UM1AI068636 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||AIDS Clinical Trials Group|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||AIDS Clinical Trials Group|
|Collaborators ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|PRS Account||AIDS Clinical Trials Group|
|Verification Date||May 2017|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP