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Omega Loop Versus Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (YOMEGA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02139813
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 15, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hospices Civils de Lyon

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 12, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 15, 2014
Last Update Posted Date April 25, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 13, 2014)
Weight loss assessment according to Excess BMI Loss percentage (EBL%) [ Time Frame: 2 years after surgery ]
Weight loss assessment according to Excess BMI Loss percentage (EBL%), calculated using the following formula: ((BMI 2 years after surgery - initial BMI) / (initial BMI - 22.5)) X 100
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 13, 2014)
  • Weight loss according to absolute weight loss (aWL in kg), Excess Weight Loss percentage (EWL%), EBL% [ Time Frame: 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after surgery ]
  • Waist size reduction according to absolute waist size (in cm) [ Time Frame: 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after surgery ]
  • Medical and surgical complication rates [ Time Frame: 1, 12 and 24 months after surgery ]
    Medical and surgical complication rates (anastomotic leaks, biliary reflux, bowel obstruction, anastomotic ulcers, anastomotic stenosis, internal hernia, chronic gastritis, esophagitis, iron deficiency anemia …)
  • Type and severity of complications [ Time Frame: During the month following surgery (for early complications) and from one month to 24 months postoperatively (for late complications) ]
    Type and severity of early and late complications for each procedure, according to the Dindo-Clavien classification
  • Operative time [ Time Frame: Recorded on the day of surgery (Day 0) ]
    Operative time (expressed in minutes)
  • Mean length of stay [ Time Frame: Average period of 5 days from surgery (Day of surgery = D0) until the end of hospitalization, recorded on Visit 4 (Month1 +/- 10 days) ]
    Mean length of stay based on the number of days of hospitalization from surgery (Day of surgery = D0) until the end of hospitalization
  • Patient's quality of life [ Time Frame: The day before surgery (D-1) and 6, 12 and 24 months after surgery ]
    Patient's quality of life score according to the IWQOL questionnaire and the BAROS questionnaire adapted to bariatric surgery
  • Metabolic and lipid profile [ Time Frame: During the period of inclusion (D-60 to D-2) and at 6, 12 and 24 months after surgery ]
    Metabolic profile of glucose homeostasis and the lipid profile according to antidiabetic and anitilipidemic treatments, HbA1c level, fasting glycemia, HDL, LDL and TG.
  • Dumping syndrome and hypoglycemia symptoms [ Time Frame: At 1, 3,6,12,18 and 24 months after surgery ]
    Dumping syndrome and hypoglycemia symptoms will be assessed using the Sigstad questionnaire
  • Gastroesophageal reflux [ Time Frame: The day before surgery (Day-1) and 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery ]
    Gastroesophageal reflux assessed by items 5 and 27 of the GIQLI questionnaire
  • Modifications of the gastric and esophageal mucosa [ Time Frame: 2 years after surgery ]
    Histological modifications of the gastric and esophageal mucosa, based on upper GI endoscopy with biopsies
  • Frequency of diarrhea [ Time Frame: The day before surgery (day-1) and 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery ]
    Frequency of diarrhea based on items 7, 30, 31 and 36 of the GIQLI questionnaire
  • Nutritional status [ Time Frame: During the period of inclusion (D-60 to D-2) and 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery (The 24-hour steatorrhea will be quantified at 6 months). ]
    Nutritional status, assessed by PTH, vitamin B1, B9, B12, and D levels before and 12 and 24 months after surgery and assessed by hemoglobin, albumin, prealbumin, ferritin, saturation coefficient, before and 6, 12 and 24 months after surgery .
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Omega Loop Versus Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Official Title  ICMJE Prospective Multicentric Randomized Trial of Efficiency and Safety of Laparoscopic Omega Loop Bypass Versus Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Brief Summary

Several prospective trials and metaanalysis have demonstrated the superiority of bariatric surgery on the medical treatment of obesity. The Roux-en-Y Gastric ByPass (RYGBP) procedure has been practiced for more than 30 years, and is the procedure of choice for morbidly obese with metabolic disorders in most of the reference centers. Nevertheless, the RYGBP is a technically demanding procedure with a learning curve of more than 75 cases. The complication rate is around 10% in expert centers.

More recently another procedure has been described which seems as efficient on weight loss and co-morbidities as the RYGBP, with the advantage of being less technically difficult and less morbid, especially for multi-complicated obese and/or the super obese. It consists of a unique gastro-jejunal anastomosis between a long gastric pouch and a jejunal Omega loop. However, this procedure could be at risk of biliary reflux and anastomotic ulcers with dysplastic changes of the gastric and esophageal mucosa. As a result, the Omega loop bypass (OLB) has only been developed by a few teams and remains a controversial subject, particularly as only one monocentric randomized trial has compared it to the RYGBP, which is remains the gold standard. The first litterature results show similar or even better weight loss efficiency than RYGBP with a better feasibility. The early complication rate seems lower, but there are still insufficient data on long term morbidity and biliary reflux consequences.

By performing a randomized and prospective comparison of OLB to RYGBP, the aim of the investigators study is to analyze the weight loss efficiency, the morbidity and mortality, the feasibility, and the quality of life of both techniques, in order to validate the Omega loop bypass as a procedure of choice in bariatric surgery

Hypothesis :

The OLB, while being as efficient as RYGBP on weight loss and metabolic complications, could be less morbid.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Obesity
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Procedure: Laparoscopic Mini-gastric bypass

    The laparoscopic Omega Loop Bypass will consist of:

    • a long gastric tube, stapled approximately 1.5 cm from the left of the lesser curvature of the antrum to the angle of His
    • a narrow gastric tube will be calibrated to be approximately 1.5 cm wide
    • an Omega loop of 200 cm
    • a unique gastro-jejunal anatomosis of 200cm from the ligament of Treitz, using a linear stapler
  • Procedure: Procedure of reference in bariatric surgery

    The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass will consist of:

    • a small gastric pouch (about 30cc)
    • an antecolic alimentary limb
    • a gastro-jejunal anastomosis using a linear stapler
    • a 150cm long alimentary limb
    • a 50cm biliary limb
    • a latero-lateral jejuno-jejunal anastomosis
    • closure of the mesenteric defects
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Laparoscopic Omega Loop Bypass
    Laparoscopic Mini-gastric bypass
    Intervention: Procedure: Laparoscopic Mini-gastric bypass
  • Active Comparator: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric ByPass
    Procedure of reference in bariatric surgery
    Intervention: Procedure: Procedure of reference in bariatric surgery
Publications * Robert M, Espalieu P, Pelascini E, Caiazzo R, Sterkers A, Khamphommala L, Poghosyan T, Chevallier JM, Malherbe V, Chouillard E, Reche F, Torcivia A, Maucort-Boulch D, Bin-Dorel S, Langlois-Jacques C, Delaunay D, Pattou F, Disse E. Efficacy and safety of one anastomosis gastric bypass versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for obesity (YOMEGA): a multicentre, randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2019 Mar 30;393(10178):1299-1309. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30475-1. Epub 2019 Mar 6. Erratum in: Lancet. 2019 Mar 30;393(10178):1298.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 13, 2014)
256
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged between 18 and 65 years old
  • Morbid obesity with BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 or BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 associated with one or more co-morbidities (type 2 diabetes, arterial hypertension, sleep apnea, dyslipidemia, arthritis)
  • Patient who has benefited from an upper GI endoscopy with biopsies
  • Patient who has benefited from a pluridisciplinary evaluation, with a favorable opinion for a gastric bypass
  • Patient who understands and accepts the need for a long term follow-up
  • Patient who agrees to be included in the study and who signs the informed consent form
  • Patient affiliated to a healthcare insurance plan

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of esophagitis on upper GI endoscopy (Los Angeles classification)
  • Severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), resistant to medical treatment
  • Presence of dysplastic modifications of the gastric mucosa or a history of gastric cancer, on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
  • Presence of Helicobacter Pylori resistant to medical treatment
  • Presence of an unhealed gastro-duodenal ulcer or an ulcer diagnosed less than 2 months previously
  • History of previous bariatric surgery (gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy, vertical banded gastroplasty)
  • Presence of a severe and evolutive life threatening pathology, unrelated to obesity
  • Presence of chronic diarrhea (≥ 3 loose or liquid stools per day, over a period of more than 4 weeks)
  • Pregnancy or desire to be pregnant during the study
  • Binge eating disorders or other eating disorders according to DSM V criteria
  • Mentally unbalanced patients, under supervision or guardianship
  • Patient who does not understand French/is unable to give consent
  • Patient not affiliated to a French or European healthcare insurance
  • Patient who has already been included in a trial which has a conflict of interests with the present study
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE France
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02139813
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2014.851
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Hospices Civils de Lyon
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Hospices Civils de Lyon
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Maud ROBERT, MD Service de Chirurgie Digestive - Hôpital Edouard Herriot - Hospices Civils de Lyon - France
PRS Account Hospices Civils de Lyon
Verification Date April 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP