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A Study Comparing Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02076009
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 3, 2014
Results First Posted : February 10, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 27, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 3, 2014
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 20, 2016
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE February 10, 2017
Last Update Posted Date January 9, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE May 23, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date March 7, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 20, 2016)
Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to either disease progression or death whichever occurs first until 3 years ]
PFS was defined as duration from date of randomization to either progressive disease (PD)/death, whichever occurred first. PD was defined as meeting any one of following criteria: Increase of greater than equal to (>=)25 percent (%) in level of serum M-protein from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >=0.5 gram per deciliter (g/dL); Increase of >=25% in 24-hour urinary light chain excretion (urine M-protein) from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >=200 mg/24hours; Only in participants without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels: increase of >=25% in difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >10 mg/dL; Definite increase in size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas; Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas; Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium >11.5 mg/dL) that can be attributed solely to PC proliferative disorder.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 27, 2014)
Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 12 months (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
PFS is defined as the duration from the time of randomization to either progressive disease or death, whichever occurs first.
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02076009 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 20, 2016)
  • Time to Disease Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: From randomization to disease progression until 3 years ]
    TTP was defined as time from date of randomization to date of first documented evidence of progressive disease (PD). PD was defined as meeting any one of following criteria: Increase of >=25% in level of serum M-protein from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >=0.5 g/dL; Increase of >=25% in 24-hour urinary light chain excretion (urine M-protein) from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >=200 mg/24hours; Only in participants without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels: increase of >=25% in difference between involved and uninvolved free light chain (FLC) levels from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >10 milligram per deciliter (mg/dL); Definite increase in size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas; Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas; Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium >11.5 mg/dL) that can be attributed solely to Plasma Cell (PC) proliferative disorder.
  • Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) or Better [ Time Frame: From randomization to disease progression (approximately up to 3 years) ]
    VGPR or better is defined as the percentage of participants who achieved VGPR, complete response (CR) and stringent complete response (sCR) according to the International Myeloma Working Group criteria (IMWG). IMWG criteria for VGPR: Serum and urine M-component detectable by immunofixation but not on electrophoresis, or >=90% reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein <100 mg/24 hours, if the serum and urine M-protein are not measurable, a decrease of >90% in the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels is required in place of the M-protein criteria. In addition to the above criteria, if present at baseline, a >=50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas is also required; CR: Negative immunofixation on the serum and urine, disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas, and <5% PCs in bone marrow; sCR: CR and normal FLC ratio, absence of clonal PCs by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence or 2- to 4 color flow cytometry.
  • Percentage of Participants With Negative Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) [ Time Frame: From randomization to the date of first documented evidence of PD until 3 years ]
    Minimal residual disease was assessed for all participants who achieved a complete response (CR) or stringent complete response (sCR). The MRD negativity rate was defined as the percentage of participants who had negative MRD assessment at any time point after the first dose of study drugs by evaluation of bone marrow aspirates or whole blood at 10^- 4 threshold.
  • Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: From randomization to disease progression (approximately up to 3 years) ]
    Overall response rate was defined as the percentage of participants who achieved a partial response (PR) or better according to the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria, during or after study treatment. IMWG criteria for PR: >=50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24-hour urinary M-protein by >=90% or to <200 mg/24 hours, if the serum and urine M-protein are not measurable, a decrease of >=50% in the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels is required in place of the M-protein criteria, in addition to the above criteria, if present at baseline, a >=50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas is also required.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5 years (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
    Overall survival was measured from the date of randomization to the date of the participant's death.
  • Time to Response [ Time Frame: From randomization up to first documented CR or PR until 3 years ]
    Time to response was defined as the time between the date of randomization and the first efficacy evaluation that the participant met all criteria for partial response (PR) or better.
  • Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From randomization to the date of first documented evidence of PD until 3 years ]
    DOR was defined for participants with confirmed response (PR or better) as time between first documentation of response and disease progression/death due to PD, whichever occurs first. PD was defined as meeting any one of following criteria: Increase of >=25% in level of serum M-protein from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >=0.5g/dL; Increase of >=25% in 24-hour urinary light chain excretion (urine M-protein) from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >=200mg/24hours; Only in participants without measurable serum and urine M-protein levels: increase of >=25% in difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels from lowest response value and absolute increase must be >10mg/dL; Definite increase in size of existing bone lesions/soft tissue plasmacytomas; Definite development of new bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas; Development of hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium >11.5mg/dL) that can be attributed solely to PC proliferative disorder.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 27, 2014)
  • Time to disease progression (PD) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 12 months (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
    Time to disease progression is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of first documented evidence of PD.
  • Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 12 months (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
    Overall response rate is defined as the percentage of participants who achieve complete response or partial response according to the International Myeloma Working Group criteria, during or after study treatment.
  • Number of participants who acheive very good partial response (VGPR) or better [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 12 months (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
    "VGPR or better" is defined as the number of participants who acheive VGPR and complete response (CR) (including stringent CR) according to the International Myeloma Working Group criteria
  • Time to complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 12 months (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5 years (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
    Overall survival is measured from the date of randomization to the date of the participant's death.
  • Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 12 months (anticipated) after the last participant is randomized ]
    Duration of response will be calculated from the date of initial documentation of a response (complete response or partial response) to the date of first documented evidence of progressive disease.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study Comparing Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Official Title  ICMJE Phase 3 Study Comparing Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone (DRd) vs Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Rd) in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of daratumumab when combined with lenalidomide and dexamethasone (DRd) to that of lenalidomide and dexamethasone (Rd), in terms of progression-free survival in participants with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.
Detailed Description This is a randomized (participants will be assigned by chance to study treatments), open-label (all participants and study personnel will know the identity of the study treatments), active-controlled (none of the study treatments are placebo), parallel-group (both treatment arms will run at the same time), multicenter study. In this study, daratumumab, lenalidomide, and low-dose dexamethasone (DRd) will be compared with lenalidomide and low dose dexamethasone (Rd) in participants with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either DRd or Rd. The study will include a Screening Phase, a Treatment Phase (involving treatment cycles of approximately 28 days in length), and a Follow-up Phase. The Treatment Phase will extend from the administration of the first dose of study medication until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Participants will also discontinue study treatment if: they become pregnant; have their dose held for more than 28 days (or if 3 consecutive planned doses of daratumumab are missed for reasons other than toxicity); or for safety reasons (for example, adverse event). The Follow-up Phase will begin at the end of treatment and will continue until death, loss to follow-up, consent withdrawal for study participation, or study end, whichever occurs first. Eligible participants from Rd group who have had sponsor-confirmed disease progression will be offered the option for treatment with daratumumab monotherapy (of 28 days cycle). The primary endpoint will be progression-free survival (PFS). Analysis of the primary endpoint is anticipated to be performed at approximately 18 months after participant's first dose. Study end is anticipated at approximately 6 years after the last participant is randomized. Blood and urine samples will be obtained at time points during the study, together with bone marrow aspirates/biopsies and skeletal surveys. Participant safety will be assessed throughout the study.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Multiple Myeloma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Daratumumab
    Daratumumab 16mg/kg will be administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion (into the vein) as per the following schedule: once a week during treatment cycles 1 and 2; every 2 weeks during treatment cycles 3 to 6; and every 4 weeks for cycles 7 and onwards.
  • Drug: Lenalidomide
    Lenalidomide will be administered at a dose of 25 mg orally (by mouth) on Days 1 through 21 of each treatment cycle.
  • Drug: Dexamethasone
    Dexamethasone (or equivalent in accordance with local standards) will be administered as a total dose of 40 mg weekly (or 20 mg weekly for participants > 75 years old or with a body mass index < 18.5).
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Daratumumab + lenalidomide + dexamethasone
    During each 28-day treatment cycle, participants will receive daratumumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Daratumumab
    • Drug: Lenalidomide
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Active Comparator: Lenalidomide + dexamethasone
    During each 28-day treatment cycle, participants will receive lenalidomide and dexamethasone.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Lenalidomide
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Active Comparator: Daratumumab monotherapy
    During each 28-day treatment cycle, participants will receive daratumumab alone in daratumumab monotherapy group.
    Intervention: Drug: Daratumumab
Publications * Dimopoulos MA, Oriol A, Nahi H, San-Miguel J, Bahlis NJ, Usmani SZ, Rabin N, Orlowski RZ, Komarnicki M, Suzuki K, Plesner T, Yoon SS, Ben Yehuda D, Richardson PG, Goldschmidt H, Reece D, Lisby S, Khokhar NZ, O'Rourke L, Chiu C, Qin X, Guckert M, Ahmadi T, Moreau P; POLLUX Investigators. Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Multiple Myeloma. N Engl J Med. 2016 Oct 6;375(14):1319-1331.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 13, 2019)
569
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 27, 2014)
500
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 15, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date March 7, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must have documented multiple myeloma and measurable disease
  • Must have received at least 1 prior line of therapy for multiple myeloma and achieved a response (partial response or better) to at least one prior regimen
  • Must have documented evidence of progressive disease as defined by the International Myeloma Working Group criteria on or after their last regimen
  • Must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status score of 0, 1, or 2
  • If a participant has received subsequent anticancer therapy (salvage therapy), the participant must have a "wash-out period" defined as 2 weeks or 5 pharmacokinetic half-lives of the treatment, whichever is longer, before the planned start date of daratumumab monotherapy. The only exception is the emergency use of a short course of corticosteroids (equivalent of dexamethasone 40 milligram per day for a maximum of 4 days) before Daratumumab monotherapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has received any of the following therapies: daratumumab or other anti-CD38 therapies
  • Has received anti-myeloma treatment within 2 weeks or 5 pharmacokinetic half-lives of the treatment
  • Disease shows evidence of refractoriness or intolerance to lenalidomide or if previously treated with a lenalidomide-containing regimen the participant is excluded if he or she discontinued due to any adverse event related to prior lenalidomide treatment
  • Has received autologous stem cell transplantation within 12 weeks before the date of randomization, or previously received an allogenic stem cell transplant (regardless of timing), or planning to undergo a stem cell transplant prior to progression of disease
  • History of malignancy (other than multiple myeloma) within 5 years before the first dose of daratumumab monotherapy (exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or breast, or other non-invasive lesion, that in the opinion of the investigator, with concurrence with the sponsor's medical monitor, is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within 5 years)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia,   Belgium,   Canada,   Denmark,   France,   Germany,   Greece,   Israel,   Japan,   Korea, Republic of,   Netherlands,   Poland,   Russian Federation,   Spain,   Sweden,   Taiwan,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02076009
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CR103663
54767414MMY3003 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2013-005525-23 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
PRS Account Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Verification Date January 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP