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Phase Ib/II Study Evaluating Orteronel (Without Prednisone) Combined With Itraconazole In Men With Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02054793
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (This study was never able to open due to lack of funding from the pharmaceutical company.)
First Posted : February 4, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2014
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Emmanuel Antonarakis, MD, Johns Hopkins University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 30, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 4, 2014
Last Update Posted Date July 23, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 3, 2014)
Maximum Tolerated Dose [ Time Frame: 12 months after study initiation ]
This is a dose escalation phase I trial where 3 subjects will be enrolled at each dose level. If no dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) are seen at a dose level, the study moves to the next dose level. If 1 DLT is seen, 3 additional subjects must be enrolled at the current dose level. If 2-3 DLTs are seen, we will stop accrual to that particular dose level, and the previous dose level becomes the maximum tolerated dose.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02054793 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 3, 2014)
Grade and severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: up to 25 months ]
To determine the safety and tolerability of the combination regimen: orteronel + itraconazole. The grade and severity of adverse events will be assessed using CTCAE v4.0
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Phase Ib/II Study Evaluating Orteronel (Without Prednisone) Combined With Itraconazole In Men With Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC)
Official Title  ICMJE Phase Ib/II Study Evaluating Orteronel (Without Prednisone) Combined With Itraconazole In Men With Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC)
Brief Summary

This research is being done to test the safety and anti-cancer activity of the combination of an investigational drug called orteronel, with a drug called itraconazole in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Orteronel is an investigational drug known as a 17,20-lyase enzyme inhibitor, meaning that it blocks the formation of male sex hormones.

Itraconazole is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of various fungal infections such as fingernail/toenail infections and other more serious fungal infections. While it has shown evidence of activity against prostate cancer in prior studies, it is not approved for use in cancer. The FDA is allowing the use of orteronel and itraconazole in this research study. In addition to its antifungal properties, itraconazole was discovered to function to block angiogenesis (blood vessel formation to tumors) to block a cellular pathway thought to be important in prostate cancer known as the Hedgehog pathway.

Investigators hypothesize that blocking male sex hormone production with orteronel will increase reliance on the Hedgehog pathway in prostate cancer cells which can then be blocked with itraconazole and that the combination of these two drugs will be more effective than either alone.

Detailed Description

Hedgehog (Hh) pathway signaling may be important in prostate cancer progression and this pathway is upregulated in the castration-resistant state. More potent (maximal) castration achievable by CYP17 inhibition, using orteronel, may further upregulate Hh pathway activation. Itraconazole administered at high doses (600 mg/day) may function as a modest Hh inhibitor. In a pilot phase II trial, investigators have shown that single-agent high-dose itraconazole produced PSA reductions in 29% of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), reduced circulating tumor cell counts in 62% of patients with unfavorable baseline counts, and prolonged progression-free survival compared to historical data. Moreover, clinical responses to itraconazole appeared to correlate with Hh pathway suppression, as measured by GLI1 mRNA analysis from serial skin biopsies.

Investigators propose to evaluate the potent CYP17/lyase inhibitor, orteronel, in combination with itraconazole at escalating dose levels (100 mg BID, 200 mg BID, 300 mg BID) in men with non-metastatic or metastatic CRPC by conducting an open-label phase Ib/II trial. Importantly, unlike the related compound, ketoconazole, itraconazole very rarely results in adrenal suppression. Side effects previously seen at the highest dose of itraconazole (600 mg/day) were mild and included nausea, rash, diarrhea, vomiting, hypokalemia, edema, headache, hypertension, fever, pruritis, and abnormal liver function tests. Of note, orteronel will be given without concurrent prednisone in this trial. This is because the combination of itraconazole and corticosteroids can lead to Cushing's syndrome (hypercortisolism) by impairing corticosteroid metabolism through CYP3A4.

Therefore, this study provides an opportunity to evaluate a steroid-free orteronel combination regimen. If this combination is safe and tolerable, subsequent studies would aim to compare the clinical efficacy of orteronel-itraconazole versus orteronel alone using a randomized phase II trial design.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Itraconazole
    100 mg 200 mg 300 mg
    Other Name: Sporanox
  • Drug: Orteronel
    300 mg
    Other Name: TAK 700
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Withdrawn
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 22, 2014)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 3, 2014)
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • > 18 years of age
  • must provide written consent
  • must agree to use contraception
  • has a diagnosis of castrate resistant prostate cancer
  • normal clinical lab values ALT and AST must be ≤ 2.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN). Total bilirubin must be ≤ 1.5 x ULN. Estimated creatinine clearance using the Cockcroft-Gault formula must be > 40 mL/minute Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) must be ≥ 1500/uL Platelet count must be ≥ 100,000/uL
  • has stable medical conditions (including absence of acute exacerbations of chronic illnesses, serious infections or major surgery within 4 weeks before first dose of drug
  • castrate level of testosterone (< 50ng/dL)
  • screening calculated ejection fraction of > 50% by ECHO.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • received prior therapy with orteronel, ketoconazole, aminoglutethimide, or abiraterone. Prior enzalutamide treatment is permitted.
  • prior use of docetaxel for CRPC
  • symptomatic metastatic disease with signs of rapid progression per investigator's clinical judgment or hepatic metastases
  • currently receiving corticosteroids
  • concurrent use of acid-lowering drugs (histamine antagonists, proton pump inhibitors)
  • known hypersensitivity to compounds related to orteronel, orteronel excipients, itraconazole or related compounds including other azole antifungals
  • concurrent administration of other drugs that significantly interact with CYP450 3A4 isoenzyme
  • known brain metastases
  • treatment with any investigational products within one month before the first dose of study drug
  • diagnosis of or treatment for another systemic malignancy within 2 years before the first dose of study drug, or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease
  • history of myocardial infarction, unstable symptomatic ischemic heart disease, ongoing arrhythmias of Grade >2 (NCI CTCAE version 4.0, effective dates 14 June 2010), thromboembolic events (e.g. deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or symptomatic cerebrovascular events), or any other cardiac condition (e.g. pericardial effusion, restrictive
  • has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure
  • uncontrolled hypertension despite appropriate medical therapy (systolic blood pressure >160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg) at 2 separate measurements no more than 60 minutes apart during the Screening visit).
  • has known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the GI absorption or tolerance of orteronel, including difficulty swallowing tablets
  • likely unable to comply with the protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator and site personnel
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02054793
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE Itraconazole/Orteronel
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Emmanuel Antonarakis, MD, Johns Hopkins University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Emmanuel Antonarakis, MD
Collaborators  ICMJE Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: EMMANUEL ANTONARAKIS, MD Johns Hopkins University
PRS Account Johns Hopkins University
Verification Date July 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP