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Novel Dose Escalation to Predict Treatment With Hydroxyurea (NDEPTH)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02042222
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2020
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Titilope Fasipe, Baylor College of Medicine

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 20, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 22, 2014
Last Update Posted Date November 18, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date July 31, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 20, 2014)
Time to patients reaching the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the medication [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Compare the time required to achieve maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the medication in a patient group treated using a MTD dose-prediction equation to that in a group on the standard dose escalation equation as measured in weeks for each study arm.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 20, 2014)
Safety Analysis [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Compare the frequency and severity of adverse events among patients in the dose-titration group to that among patients in the dose-prediction group. This as measured by the frequency and severity of excessive marrow suppression, renal or hepatic dysfunction, and skin and hair changes. Collect clinical and laboratory data on subjects in both groups to retrospectively refine and modify current dose-prediction equations. This by the collection of basic biometric and laboratory data on patients, including baseline blood counts, markers of kidney function, and baseline and final hemoglobin F levels. Determine the longitudinal effect of hydroxyurea therapy on laboratory measures of sickle cell pathophysiology such as blood viscosity and biomarkers of inflammation and vascular dysfunction. Measured by collection and comparison of baseline and final laboratory measures of the above parameters.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Novel Dose Escalation to Predict Treatment With Hydroxyurea
Official Title  ICMJE Novel Dose Escalation to Predict Treatment With Hydroxyurea
Brief Summary

Sickle cell disease is a disorder in which red blood cells (RBCs) are abnormally shaped. This can result in painful episodes, serious infections, chronic anemia (a decrease in the number of red blood cells), and damage to body organs. Hydroxyurea therapy offers significant benefits for infants, children, and adolescents with sickle cell anemia. These include a reduction in the frequency of pain crises and acute chest syndrome (inflammation of the lungs) and an increase in hemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein) in the blood. Patients on hydroxyurea who receive a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) that is specific for them have greater clinical benefit than those who receive a standard lower dose. There is, however, no way currently to predict the MTD for individual patients. As such, MTD for each patient is currently determined by gradual increases in the dose over several months. This process is time-consuming, requires monthly clinic visits, and delays the benefits of hydroxyurea therapy.

Our research group has come up with an equation that could be used to predict each patient's MTD using baseline clinical and laboratory measures before starting hydroxyurea treatment. The purpose of this research study is to compare the use of our equation for predicting MTD to the current standard practice of gradually increasing the hydroxyurea dose until MTD is reached. We want to see if the use of our predictive equation will allow us to achieve MTD faster and with no more side effects than with the standard practice.

Detailed Description

To be eligible to participate in this study, patients must have decided that they want to begin hydroxyurea therapy. Patients choosing to participate in this study will be assigned randomly (like flipping a coin) to one of two hydroxyurea treatment groups. Both groups of patients will receive hydroxyurea treatment, but the determination of the starting hydroxyurea dose will be different between the two groups:

  1. Group 1: The standard (dose increase) group: Patients assigned to this group will be treated following the method that is currently standard for all patients starting hydroxyurea at our institution. All patients will be started at a dose of 20 milligrams per kilogram of body weight. Dose changes will be made every eight weeks until the patient is judged to be at his or her MTD.
  2. Group 2: The alternative (dose-prediction) group: Patients assigned to this group will have their predicted MTD determined using our dose-prediction equation and will be started directly at this dose.

Patients in both groups will be assessed monthly to see if they are having any side effects to hydroxyurea. We will also check to see if the MTD has been reached. Once it is decided that the patient has reached their maximum dose, they will continue to be monitored for two additional clinic visits (approximately eight additional weeks) to complete collection of end-of-study biological blood and urine samples and to ensure that there is no late harmful effects from hydroxyurea. The maximum time the patient will be on the study is 12 months after starting hydroxyurea therapy.

Patients will also be asked to participate in optional associated studies.

Biologic studies: The purpose of these studies is to determine the effect of hydroxyurea therapy on blood and urine markers that may be increased or decreased because of sickle cell disease. Patients participating in these studies will have one blood sample of 2 teaspoons (10 milliliters) and a urine sample collected before starting hydroxyurea therapy. Another blood and urine sample will be collected when they complete the study. These samples will be used to analyze markers associated with the following disease processes in sickle cell disease:

  1. inflammation, blood vessel damage and oxidative stress.
  2. blood viscosity.
  3. early kidney disease.
  4. early brain disease.
  5. altered function of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Early Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Sickle Cell Disease
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Hydroxyurea
Other Name: Siklos
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Standard Arm
    Half of the subjects initiating hydroxyurea will be randomly assigned to the standard treatment arm, consisting of escalation to the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of hydroxyurea utilizing a previously published algorithm. Hydroxyurea dosing will commence at 20+/-2.5 mg/kg/day, given as a single daily oral dose. All patients will be offered the choice of a liquid formulation of hydroxyurea or hydroxyurea tablets, with the exact dose rounded up or down to the closest practical dose based on the chosen formulation but not differing from the intended dose by more than 2.5 mg/kg. It should take approximately 6 to 12 months for subjects to reach the MTD on this arm.
    Intervention: Drug: Hydroxyurea
  • Active Comparator: Alternative Treatment Arm

    Half of the subjects initiating hydroxyurea therapy will be assigned to the alternative treatment arm of the study. In this arm, the predicted hydroxyurea MTD will be calculated for each subject.

    As in the dose-escalation arm, the exact dose will be rounded up or down to the closest practical dose based on the chosen formulation of hydroxyurea. Since the most common toxicity associated with hydroxyurea use is excessive myelosuppression, the maximum dose at which a subject in the dose-prediction arm will be started will be 30 mg/kg/day or 2000 mg/day. Patients with a higher predicted MTD will subsequently be escalated to this higher dose after four weeks on therapy if there is no evidence of toxicity.

    Intervention: Drug: Hydroxyurea
Publications * Ware RE, Despotovic JM, Mortier NA, Flanagan JM, He J, Smeltzer MP, Kimble AC, Aygun B, Wu S, Howard T, Sparreboom A. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacogenetics of hydroxyurea treatment for children with sickle cell anemia. Blood. 2011 Nov 3;118(18):4985-91. doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-07-364190. Epub 2011 Aug 29.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 17, 2019)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 20, 2014)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 31, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date July 31, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. A severe form of sickle cell disease (HbSS or HbS beta-zero thalassemia)
  2. Age range of 1.0-15.99 years, inclusive, at the time of enrollment
  3. A decision by the subject's family and primary clinician to initiate hydroxyurea therapy, made independently of recruitment for the study (not applicable for the biological arm patients)
  4. Informed consent and assent (as applicable) obtained from parent/guardian and child.
  5. Ability to comply with all study related treatments, evaluations, and follow-up/study exit

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Documented clinical stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).
  2. Known severe vasculopathy or moya-moya disease on brain imaging studies
  3. Asparagine aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than three times upper limit of normal or serum creatinine greater than 0.8 mg/dl
  4. Current participation in other interventional trials. Subjects must have been off any alternative therapy for at least three months prior to enrollment in this study
  5. Erythrocyte transfusion within the prior 2 months
  6. Any condition or chronic illness that in the opinion of the primary clinician makes participation in the trial ill advised
  7. Inability or unwillingness to complete required studies
  8. Pregnancy or unwillingness to use a medically acceptable form of contraception if sexually active (male OR female)

Patients excluded from participation due to laboratory abnormalities, participation in other interventional trials, or recent transfusions may be re-screened at a later date

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 1 Year to 16 Years   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02042222
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE H-32003 NDEPTH
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Titilope Fasipe, Baylor College of Medicine
Original Responsible Party Alex George, Baylor College of Medicine, Assistant Professor
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Baylor College of Medicine
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Alex George, MD, PhD Baylor College of Medicine
PRS Account Baylor College of Medicine
Verification Date November 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP