Feasibility Study Into Adjustment of the Radiation Beam to Account for Prostate Motion During Radiotherapy. (CALYPSO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02033343
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 10, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 24, 2019
University of Sydney
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Associate Professor Thomas Eade, Royal North Shore Hospital

January 9, 2014
January 10, 2014
January 24, 2019
October 2013
February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Percentage of fractions being successfully delivered with Calypso-guided tracking. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
The primary endpoint of this Pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility of implementing realtime adaptive radiotherapy using DMLC. This will be assessed as greater than 95% of fractions being successfully delivered (no equipment failures and tracking MLC follows beacons) with Calypso-guided tracking.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02033343 on Archive Site
  • Improvement in overall beam-target geometric alignment. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Geometric alignment will be measured as average difference between beacon centroid and shifted MLC against original MLC.
  • Improvement in dosimetric coverage of prostate and normal healthy structures. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Dosimetric improvement will be assessed by applying the methods of Poulsen to reconstruct delivered dose distributions for each fraction of patient cohort and summed total dose. Preliminary data demonstrates dose reconstruction to follow the planned dose distribution, potentially even for ultrahypofractionated cases with longer treatment duration and Flattening Filter Free (FFF) delivery with larger potential delivery error per time increment.
  • Acute toxicity [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 12 weeks post treatment ]
    Portion of patients with grade 3 or greater genitourinary or gastrointestinal toxicity assessed using the Modified Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) Toxicity Scale.
  • Late toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]
    Ongoing reporting of gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity of the DMLC tracking cohort will be compared to matched pair controls using the modified RTOG scale.
  • Biochemical control [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]
    Ongoing biochemical control of the DMLC tracking cohort will be compared to matched pair controls using Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA).
Same as current
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Feasibility Study Into Adjustment of the Radiation Beam to Account for Prostate Motion During Radiotherapy.
Phase I Feasibility Study of Prostate Cancer Radiotherapy Using Realtime Dynamic Multileaf Collimator Adaptation and Radiofrequency Tracking (Calypso)
The purpose of this study is to monitor movement of the prostate during radiotherapy and adjust the radiation beam to account for any motion seen. This will increase the radiation dose to the prostate and decrease the dose to the rectum and bladder.

Prostate cancer now accounts for one third of all new cancer diagnoses in men and approximately 30% of men will have external beam radiotherapy as their primary local therapy. Prostate motion during radiotherapy can be divided into interfraction and intrafraction motion. Interfraction motion has been well established and has been largely overcome by daily online image verification with either ultrasound, online CT or implanted fiducial markers, however motion during the radiation beam on time (intrafraction motion) is not corrected and can be the cause of significant errors in radiation dose delivery.

The most common technology utilised in 2012 to allow prostate gating is the Calypso system. The Calypso system consists of implantable electromagnetic transponders, an array that contains source and receiver coils, computers for data analysis and display purposes, and an infrared camera system to localise the electromagnetic array in the treatment room. The array is placed over the patient, and the source coil in the array emit an electromagnetic signal that excites the transponders. Once the transponders are excited, the source coils are turned off and the receiver coils detect the signal emitted from the excited transponders. This process is repeated at a rate of 10 Hz, providing a realtime radiofrequency localisation of the prostate triangulating three implanted beacons. The current study will investigate using the continuous prostate positioning data from Calypso to integrate with the treatment beam delivery and allow real-time adaptation based on the prostate motion. This is called Realtime Dynamic Multileaf Collimator (DMLC) tracking. In this technique the multileaf collimator motion is altered in the gantry head in real time during beam delivery to account for the measured prostate motion.

The proposed study is examining the dosimetric impact of accounting for intrafraction motion with Calypso and DMLC tracking. We hypothesise the improvements in delivered prostate dose with DMLC tracking will be even greater than gating. This improved treatment delivery will ensure that the prostate cancer receives the appropriate dose and that normal tissues are spared from extra radiation.

Not Applicable
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Prostate Cancer
Radiation: Prostate cancer radiotherapy using real-time tracking
Radiotherapy delivered using Calypso radiofrequency emitting beacon guided real-time prostate localisation and beam adjustment using Dynamic Multi-leaf Collimator tracking software.
Experimental: Real-time tracking & beam adjustment
Prostate cancer radiotherapy using real-time tracking
Intervention: Radiation: Prostate cancer radiotherapy using real-time tracking

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
February 2018
February 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients undergoing external beam radiotherapy at Northern Sydney Cancer Centre
  • Histologically proven prostate adenocarcinoma
  • Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) obtained within 3 months prior to enrolment.
  • Patient must be able to have Varian Calypso beacons placed in the prostate (if on anticoagulants, must be cleared by Local Medical Officer or cardiologist).
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Body habitus enabling Calypso tracking (as per Calypso Determining a Patient's Localisation Designation & Orientation before implantation)
  • Prostate dimension that allows leaf span with tracking margin of ±8mm

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous pelvic radiotherapy
  • Prior total prostatectomy
  • Pacemaker
  • Implantable defibrillator
  • Insulin infusion pump
  • Hip prosthesis
  • Unwilling or unable to give informed consent
  • Unwilling or unable to complete quality of life questionnaires.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
35 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
Associate Professor Thomas Eade, Royal North Shore Hospital
Royal North Shore Hospital
University of Sydney
Principal Investigator: Thomas N Eade, MBBS Royal North Shore Hospital
Royal North Shore Hospital
January 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP