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Efficacy of Ustekinumab Followed by Abatacept for the Treatment of Psoriasis Vulgaris (PAUSE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01999868
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 3, 2013
Results First Posted : December 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 15, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 26, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 3, 2013
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 4, 2018
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE December 26, 2018
Last Update Posted Date January 15, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE March 19, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date December 7, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 4, 2018)
Percentage of Participants Who Experienced Psoriasis Relapse (Treating Drop-Outs as Relapse) [ Time Frame: Post-randomization (Week 12 to 88) ]
The percentage of participants who experienced psoriasis relapse in the interval from Week 12 to 88. Psoriasis relapse is defined as loss of ≥ 50% of the initial Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) improvement measured at Week 12. This occurs if the participant obtains a PASI score at any evaluation during the specified time interval that is ≥ Week 12 PASI + [(Baseline PASI -Week 12 PASI)/2]). Participants who terminated early from the study (drop-outs) were considered to have experienced relapse at time of drop-out. PASI is an assessment for psoriasis severity based on 4 body areas: Head and Neck, Upper Extremities, Trunk, and Lower Extremities. Psoriasis severity within each body area is assessed for Redness (score 0-4), Thickness (score 0-4) and Scaling (score 0-4). Scores for each body area are summed and weighted by the affected Body Surface Area (score 0-6) to produce the total score. The score ranges from 0 (no psoriasis present) to 72 (very severe psoriasis).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2013)
The proportion of participants who experience a psoriasis relapse at any time between week 12 and week 88 [ Time Frame: Week 88 ]
Psoriasis relapse is defined as loss of > 50% of the initial Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) improvement measured at week 12. The primary endpoint will be assessed in all randomized participants.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 4, 2018)
  • Percentage of Participants Who Experienced Psoriasis Relapse (Treating Drop-Outs as No Relapse) [ Time Frame: Post-randomization (Week 12 to 88) ]
    The percentage of participants who experienced psoriasis relapse in the interval from Week 12 to 88. Psoriasis relapse is defined as loss of ≥ 50% of the initial Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) improvement measured at Week 12 (Baseline PASI -Week 12 PASI). Participants who terminated early from the study due to reasons other than psoriasis relapse or worsening psoriasis (drop-outs) were considered to have not experienced relapse at time of drop-out. PASI is an assessment for psoriasis severity based on 4 body areas: Head and Neck, Upper Extremities, Trunk, and Lower Extremities. Psoriasis severity within each body area is assessed for Redness (score 0-4), Thickness (score 0-4) and Scaling (score 0-4). Scores for each body area are summed and weighted by the affected Body Surface Area (score 0-6) to produce the total score. The score ranges from 0 (no psoriasis present) to 72 (very severe psoriasis).
  • Percentage of Participants Who Experienced Psoriasis Relapse (Treating Drop-Outs as Missing Relapse Status) [ Time Frame: Post-randomization (Week 12 to 88) ]
    The percentage of participants who experienced psoriasis relapse in the interval from Week 12 to 88. Psoriasis relapse is defined as loss of ≥ 50% of the initial Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) improvement measured at Week 12 (Baseline PASI -Week 12 PASI). Participants who terminated early due to reasons other than psoriasis relapse or worsening psoriasis were considered to have a missing relapse status at time of drop-out and were excluded from the analyses. PASI is an assessment for psoriasis severity based on 4 body areas: Head and Neck, Upper Extremities, Trunk, and Lower Extremities. Psoriasis severity within each body area is assessed for Redness (score 0-4), Thickness (score 0-4) and Scaling (score 0-4). Scores for each body area are summed and weighted by the affected Body Surface Area (score 0-6) to produce the total score. The score ranges from 0 (no psoriasis present) to 72 (very severe psoriasis).
  • Time to Psoriasis Relapse (Treating Drop-Outs as Relapse) [ Time Frame: Post-randomization (Week 12 to 88) ]
    Time in weeks from Week 12 to psoriasis relapse. Psoriasis relapse is defined as loss of ≥ 50% of the initial Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) improvement measured at Week 12. This occurs if the participant obtains a PASI score at any evaluation during the specified time interval that is ≥ Week 12 PASI + [(Baseline PASI -Week 12 PASI)/2]). Participants who terminated early from the study (drop-outs) were considered to have experienced relapse at time of drop-out. PASI is an assessment for psoriasis severity based on 4 body areas: Head and Neck, Upper Extremities, Trunk, and Lower Extremities. Psoriasis severity within each body area is assessed for Redness (score 0-4), Thickness (score 0-4) and Scaling (score 0-4). Scores for each body area are summed and weighted by the affected Body Surface Area (score 0-6) to produce the total score. The score ranges from 0 (no psoriasis present) to 72 (very severe psoriasis).
  • Time to Psoriasis Relapse (Treating Drop-Outs as Censored) [ Time Frame: Post-randomization (Week 12 to 88) ]
    Time in weeks from Week 12 to psoriasis relapse. Psoriasis relapse is defined as loss of ≥ 50% of the initial Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) improvement measured at Week 12. This occurs if the participant obtains a PASI score at any evaluation during the specified time interval that is ≥ Week 12 PASI + [(Baseline PASI -Week 12 PASI)/2]). Participants who terminated early from the study due to reasons other than psoriasis relapse or worsening psoriasis (drop-outs) were censored at the time of drop-out. PASI is an assessment for psoriasis severity based on 4 body areas: Head and Neck, Upper Extremities, Trunk, and Lower Extremities. Psoriasis severity within each body area is assessed for Redness (score 0-4), Thickness (score 0-4) and Scaling (score 0-4). Scores for each body area are summed and weighted by the affected Body Surface Area (score 0-6) to produce the total score. The score ranges from 0 (no psoriasis present) to 72 (very severe psoriasis).
  • Percentage of Participants Who Were Cleared or Minimal in the Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) [ Time Frame: Week 40, Week 88 ]
    Percentage of participants who were classified as cleared or minimal in the Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) average score at the specified post-randomization time point. The PGA assesses the severity of the psoriasis in 3 components: induration, erythema and scaling. Each component is given a score ranging from 0 to 5 based on the majority of the participant's psoriasis lesions, with higher scores indicating worse disease. A PGA average score < 1.5 was classified as "cleared or minimal."
  • Change in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) [ Time Frame: Week 40, Week 88 ]
    Change in the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score from Week 12 to the specified post-randomization time point. DLQI is a 10-question, participant-reported questionnaire that assesses quality of life with respect to skin conditions in the areas of symptoms and feelings, daily activities, leisure, work and school, personal relationships and treatment. Each question measures the level of effect that the skin condition has on quality of life, and responses range from 'Not at all' (score = 0) to 'Very much' (score = 3). The overall score is the sum of the scores for all 10 questions and ranges from 0-30, with higher scores indicating worse quality of life.
  • Frequency and Severity of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events (By Participant, Lead-in Phase) [ Time Frame: Lead-In Phase (Week 0 to 12) ]
    Number of participants who experienced adverse events (AEs) during the lead-in phase (Week 0 to 12), classified by severity and type. AEs were classified by grade according to the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03, and all Grade 2 or greater AEs were collected in the database. In addition, new onset or worsening psoriatic arthritis was separately collected and graded from 1 to 3 along a study-specific functional scale. AEs were also classified based on relatedness to study drug, whether they led to study drug discontinuation, and whether they were AEs of special interest as specified in the protocol.
  • Frequency and Severity of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events (By Event, Lead-in Phase) [ Time Frame: Lead-In Phase (Week 0 to 12) ]
    Number of adverse events (AEs) that occurred during the lead-in phase (Week 0 to 12), classified by severity and type. AEs were classified by grade according to the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03, and all Grade 2 or greater AEs were collected in the database. In addition, new onset or worsening psoriatic arthritis was separately collected and graded from 1 to 3 along a study-specific functional scale. AEs were also classified based on relatedness to study drug, whether they led to study drug discontinuation, and whether they were AEs of special interest as specified in the protocol.
  • Frequency and Severity of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events (By Participant, Post-Randomization) [ Time Frame: From randomization (Week 12) to last safety follow-up visit (up to Week 100) ]
    Number of participants who experienced adverse events (AEs) during the post-randomization phase (Week 12 to 100), classified by severity and type. AEs were classified by grade according to the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03, and all Grade 2 or greater AEs were collected in the database. In addition, new onset or worsening psoriatic arthritis was separately collected and graded from 1 to 3 along a study-specific functional scale. AEs were also classified based on relatedness to study drug, whether they led to study drug discontinuation, and whether they were AEs of special interest as specified in the protocol. AEs that started prior to randomization but became serious after randomization were included in the counts for the post-randomization time period.
  • Frequency and Severity of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events (By Event, Post-Randomization) [ Time Frame: From randomization (Week 12) to last safety follow-up visit (up to Week 100) ]
    Number of adverse events (AEs) that occurred during the post-randomization phase (Week 12 to 100), classified by severity and type. AEs were classified by grade according to the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03, and all Grade 2 or greater AEs were collected in the database. In addition, new onset or worsening psoriatic arthritis was separately collected and graded from 1 to 3 along a study-specific functional scale. AEs were also classified based on relatedness to study drug, whether they led to study drug discontinuation, and whether they were AEs of special interest as specified in the protocol. AEs that started prior to randomization but became serious after randomization were included in the counts for the post-randomization time period.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2013)
  • The proportion of randomized participants who experience a psoriasis disease relapse prior to week 40 [ Time Frame: Week 40 ]
  • The proportion of participants who experience a psoriasis disease relapse between week 28 and week 88 [ Time Frame: Week 88 ]
  • The proportion of participants who experience a psoriasis disease relapse between week 40 and week 88 [ Time Frame: Week 88 ]
  • Mean length of time after week 12 to psoriasis relapse. [ Time Frame: Week 88 ]
  • Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) of cleared or minimal at week 40 and week 88 [ Time Frame: Week 88 ]
  • Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) [ Time Frame: Weeks 40 and 88 ]
  • Frequency and severity of all AEs and SAEs. [ Time Frame: Week 88 ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Efficacy of Ustekinumab Followed by Abatacept for the Treatment of Psoriasis Vulgaris
Official Title  ICMJE Efficacy of Ustekinumab (Anti-IL-12/23) Followed by Abatacept (CTLA4-Ig) for the Treatment of Psoriasis Vulgaris (ITN059AI)
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to determine if the use of ustekinumab, followed by abatacept, will prevent relapse in people with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.
Detailed Description

Psoriasis is a chronic immune disease of the skin and joints that affects about 2% of the population. The most common form of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis, also called psoriasis vulgaris. A variety of drugs, including biologics, are available for treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis. When biologic agents are stopped, psoriasis can return (relapse) and often requires the biologic to be restarted and continued. No treatment program has been identified to prevent relapse of psoriasis.

The study design has a lead-in period of weight-based ustekinumab treatment, with all participants receiving either 45 mg ustekinumab (<= 100 kg) or 90 mg ustekinumab (> 100 kg) administered subcutaneously at weeks 0 and 4. At week 12, participants will be assessed for a Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75 response to ustekinumab. Participants who do not achieve a PASI 75 score will be discontinued from the investigation and permitted to seek standard therapy.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Psoriasis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Ustekinumab

    Ustekinumab interferes with the actions of proteins, interleukin 12 (IL12) and interleukin 23 (IL23), which reduces inflammation (swelling) in the skin. Stelara™ is the trade name for ustekinumab and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat psoriasis.

    Dose:

    Participants who weigh <= 100 kg at study entry will receive 45 mg of ustekinumab.

    Participants who weigh > 100 kg at study entry will receive 90 mg of ustekinumab.

    Other Names:
    • anti-IL-12/23
    • Stelara
  • Biological: Abatacept

    Abatacept (one form of the protein called CTLA4-Ig) interacts with the immune system, reducing the activity of T-cells and may prevent relapse. Orencia™ is the trade name for abatacept, and it is approved by the FDA to treat rheumatoid arthritis in adults.

    Dose:

    125 mg sub-cutaneous injection

    Other Names:
    • CTLA4-Ig
    • cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen immunoglobulin fusion protein
    • Orencia
  • Drug: UST Placebo
    The abatacept treatment group will also receive subcutaneous placebo for ustekinumab (sterile normal saline) at week 16 and week 28, corresponding to the ustekinumab dosing regimen.
    Other Names:
    • Placebo for Ustekinumab
    • Ustekinumab Placebo
  • Drug: ABA Placebo
    The ustekinumab treatment group will also receive weekly subcutaneous injections of placebo for abatacept from week 12 to week 39, corresponding to the abatacept dosing regimen.
    Other Names:
    • Placebo for Abatacept
    • Abatacept Placebo
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: UST, ABA/UST Placebo
    Participants received 2 subcutaneous injections of open-label ustekinumab (UST) (45 mg for participants weighing <=100 kg at study entry or 90 mg for those weighing >100 kg at study entry), at Weeks 0 and 4 during the lead-in phase and were then randomized to receive blinded (masked) treatment of abatacept (ABA) (125 mg) subcutaneous injections weekly from Week 12 to 39, in addition to ustekinumab placebo subcutaneous injections at Weeks 16 and 28.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Ustekinumab
    • Biological: Abatacept
    • Drug: UST Placebo
  • Active Comparator: UST, UST/ABA Placebo
    Participants received 2 subcutaneous injections of open-label ustekinumab (UST) (45 mg for participants weighing <=100 kg at study entry or 90 mg for those weighing >100 kg at study entry), at Weeks 0 and 4 during the lead-in phase and were then randomized to receive blinded (masked) treatment of ustekinumab (45 mg if <=100 kg or 90 mg if >100 kg at study entry) subcutaneous injections at Weeks 16 and 28, in addition to abatacept (ABA) placebo subcutaneous injections weekly from Week 12 to 39.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Ustekinumab
    • Drug: ABA Placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 12, 2016)
108
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2013)
140
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date December 7, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A diagnosis of plaque psoriasis for at least 6 months
  • Baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score >= 12
  • >=10% body surface area psoriasis involvement
  • Willingness to forgo other available psoriasis therapies, live vaccines, and pregnancy during the trial
  • Ability and willingness to provide informed consent and comply with study requirements

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non-plaque forms of psoriasis
  • Grade 2 or 3 moderate to severe psoriatic arthritis not adequately managed with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Myocardial infarction, unstable angina, cerebrovascular accident, or other significant cardiovascular event within the previous one year
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Comorbid condition that requires regular systemic corticosteroid treatment
  • History of malignancy, except treated basal cell skin carcinoma
  • Treated basal cell skin carcinoma within the previous 5 years
  • Severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, cardiac, or neurological disease, or any other medical condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the participant at risk by participating in this study
  • History of recent or ongoing uncontrolled bacterial, viral, fungal, or other opportunistic infections
  • Evidence of infection with Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold test. Purified Protein Derivative (PPD) tuberculin test may be substituted for QuantiFERON-TB Gold test.
  • Severe reaction or anaphylaxis to any human monoclonal antibody
  • Any previous treatment with agents targeting Interleukin (IL)-12 or IL-23, including ustekinumab
  • Any previous treatment with abatacept
  • Treatment with biologic agents within previous 3 months, including adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab
  • Treatment with immunosuppressive medications, including methotrexate, cyclosporine, oral retinoids, prednisone, or phototherapy within previous 4 weeks
  • Topical psoriasis treatment within previous 2 weeks, including topical corticosteroids, vitamin D analogues, retinoids, calcineurin inhibitors, salicylic acid, and coal tar
  • Investigational study medication within previous 6 months
  • Liver function test (aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alanine aminotransferase [ALT], or alkaline phosphatase) results that are >/= 2x the upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Serum creatinine >= 2x the ULN.
  • Any of the following hematologic abnormalities, confirmed by repeat test at least 1 week apart:

    1. White blood count <3,000/μL or >14,000/μL;
    2. Lymphocyte count <1,000/μL;
    3. Neutrophil count <1,500/μL;
    4. Platelet count <150,000 /μL; or
    5. Hemoglobin <10 g/dL.
  • Females who are pregnant, lactating, planning on pregnancy during the study period, or unwilling to use FDA-approved method of birth control
  • Receipt of a live vaccine (e.g., varicella, measles, mumps, rubella, cold-attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine, and smallpox) in the 6 weeks before enrollment
  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) vaccine one year prior to enrollment
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01999868
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE DAIT ITN059AI
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Collaborators  ICMJE Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: James Krueger, MD, PhD The Rockefeller University
PRS Account National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Verification Date December 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP