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CD34+ (Non-Malignant) Stem Cell Selection for Patients Receiving Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01966367
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 21, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Diane George, Columbia University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 17, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 21, 2013
Last Update Posted Date June 19, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 17, 2013)
Incidence of acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) [ Time Frame: 100 days ]
Determine the incidence and severity of acute GVHD.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 17, 2013)
  • Incidence of primary graft failure [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Quantify the incidence of primary and secondary graft failure.
  • Survival Rate [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To assess event free survival and overall survival
  • Time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To determine the time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment
  • Time to immune reconstitution [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To determine the time to immune reconstitution (including normalization of T, B and NK cell repertoire and Immunoglobulin G production)
  • Incidence of infectious complications [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To establish the incidence of infectious complications including bacterial, viral, fungal and atypical mycobacterial and other infections
  • Incidence of secondary graft failure [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Quantify the incidence of primary and secondary graft failure.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE CD34+ (Non-Malignant) Stem Cell Selection for Patients Receiving Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation
Official Title  ICMJE CD34+ Stem Cell Selection for Patients Receiving a Matched or Partially Matched Family or Unrelated Adult Donor Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Non-Malignant Disease
Brief Summary This study's goal is to determine the frequency and severity of acute graft versus host disease, to evaluate incidence of primary and secondary graft rejection, to assess event free survival and overall survival, to determine the time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment, to determine the time to immune reconstitution (including normalization of T, B and natural killer (NK) cell repertoire and Immunoglobulin G production), and to establish the incidence of infectious complications including bacterial, viral, fungal and atypical mycobacterial and other infections following CD34+ selection in children, adolescents and young adults receiving an allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplant from a family member or unrelated adult donor for a non-malignant disease.
Detailed Description

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a condition that results from a reaction of transplanted donor T-lymphocytes against the body and organs of the patient receiving the transplanted cells. There are two forms: acute (early) and chronic (late). Acute GVHD may produce skin rashes, liver disease, diarrhea, and an increased risk of infection. Chronic GVHD can appear in patients without prior acute GVHD. Chronic GVHD may also produce skin rashes, liver disease, diarrhea and an increased risk of infection. GVHD can make patients very sick, and have GVHD can make it more likely that patients will not survive their transplant. In this study, the investigators are offering to treat the donor peripheral blood stem cells in the hope that it will make it less likely for the patient who receives them from having GVHD.

Patients on this study are being offered an experimental treatment involving the use of the CliniMACS® Reagent System (Miltenyi Biotec, Germany), a CD34+ selection device to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic GVHD. CD34+ stem cells are selected from the donor's peripheral blood stem cells. In doing this, T-cells are also removed. T-cells are the cells which are responsible for graft versus host disease (GVHD). This study is a clinical trial for patients diagnosed with a non-malignant disease who will receive a peripheral blood stem cell transplant. Patients with the following types of non-malignant diseases can participate in this study: Bone marrow failure syndromes (including Severe Aplastic Anemia, Severe Congenital Neutropenia, Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia (Kostmann's Syndrome), Diamond-Blackfan Anemia, Schwachman Diamond Syndrome, Primary Immunodeficiency Syndromes, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes, and Histiocytic Disorders) and Hemoglobinopathies (including Sickle Cell Anemia and Sickle/Beta Thalassemia). Patients on this study will be given standard transplant therapy with either high doses of chemotherapy drugs or lower doses of chemotherapy drugs, depending on their disease. Diseases within each disease group will receive chemotherapy that is standard for that condition.

Some patients on this study will receive an allogeneic stem cell transplant (AlloSCT) from a matched related donor. If a patient does not have a matched related donor, a bone marrow search will be done at all of the bone marrow banks in the world. The patient will then go on to receive an AlloSCT from either a partially matched family member or an unrelated adult stem cell transplant donor. The transplanted cells will allow all the normal parts of the patient's blood system to recover. The experimental portion of this treatment involves the use of a Miltenyi CliniMACS CD34+ selection device to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic GVHD. CD34+ stem cell selection AlloSCT has been studied in adults with the malignant and non-malignant disease with successful engraftment and has shown some improvement in GVHD. It is unknown if CD34+ stem cell selection will work to prevent severe GVHD in children and adolescents.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Bone Marrow Failure Syndrome
  • Severe Aplastic Anemia
  • Severe Congenital Neutropenia
  • Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia
  • Diamond-Blackfan Anemia
  • Schwachman Diamond Syndrome
  • Primary Immunodeficiency Syndromes
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes
  • Histiocytic Syndrome
  • Familial Hemophagocytic Lymphocytosis
  • Lymphohistiocytosis
  • Macrophage Activation Syndrome
  • Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH)
  • Hemoglobinopathies
  • Sickle Cell Disease
  • Sickle Cell-beta-thalassemia
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: CD34 Stem Cell Selection Therapy
The CliniMACS (PLUS) Reagent System (Miltenyi CliniMACS CD34+ Cell Selection Device) will be used to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD).
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: CliniMACS PLUS followed by chemotherapy
Patients will receive a pre-transplant conditioning regimen of Busulfan Fludarabine and Alemtuzumab. For patients with pre-transplant hepatic dysfunction, Melphalan will be substituted for the Busulfan. For patients receiving a second transplant or a "boost", pre-transplant conditioning based on the clinical condition of the patient will be determined by the Principal Investigator and the patient's bone marrow transplantation (BMT) physician. The donor peripheral blood stem cells will undergo CD34+ selection (Biological/Vaccine: CD34 Stem Cell Selection Therapy). The CliniMACS (PLUS) Reagent System will be used to remove T-cells from the peripheral blood stem cell transplant in order to decrease the risk of acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD).
Intervention: Biological: CD34 Stem Cell Selection Therapy
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 17, 2020)
37
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 17, 2013)
25
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 2030
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • General Eligibility (All Patients)

    • Patient must be < or = 40 years of age. Patients with sickle cell anemia must be at least 2 years of age.
    • Patient or the patient's legally authorized guardian must be fully informed about their illness and the investigational nature of the study protocol (including foreseeable risks and possible side effects) and must sign an informed consent in accordance with the institutional policies approved by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
    • Approval for the use of this treatment protocol by the individual institution's Human Rights Committee must be obtained, in accordance with the institutional assurance policies of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services.
    • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing will be performed by high-resolution molecular DNA typing for HLA Class I A, B, and C and HLA Class II DRB1 and DQB1 alleles.

      • Unrelated donor: An 8/10, 9/10 or 10/10 matched unrelated adult donor (MUD) will be required for study entry.
      • Related Donor: A 5/10, 6/10, 7/10, 8/10, 9/10 or 10/10 matched (or partially matched) family donor will be required for study entry.
    • Non-malignant Disorders per protocol.
    • Hemoglobinopathies per protocol.
    • Requirement for CD34+ stem cell selection for a second infusion of stem cells following an allogeneic stem cell transplant from a related or unrelated adult donor.
  • Additional eligibility for patients with non-malignant disorders receiving myeloablative conditioning

    • Adequate renal function as determined by the institutional normal range.
    • Adequate liver function per protocol.
    • Adequate cardiac function defined by radionucleotide angiogram or echocardiogram.
    • Adequate pulmonary function by pulmonary function test. For children who are uncooperative, no evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry >94% on room air.
  • Additional eligibility for patients with non-malignant disorders receiving reduced intensity conditioning

    • Adequate renal function as determined by the institutional normal range.
    • Adequate liver function per protocol.
    • Adequate cardiac function per protocol.
    • Adequate pulmonary function per protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with documented uncontrolled infection at the time of study entry are not eligible.
  • Pregnancy/Breast-Feeding Females who are pregnant or breast feeding at the time of study entry are not eligible.

    -- The following additional exclusion criteria for patients with sickle cell anemia the following exclusion criteria also apply

  • Patients with bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infection in the past month.
  • Seropositivity for HIV.
  • Patients who have received prior hematocrit (HCT) within three months of enrollment for reduced intensity regimen and within six months for myeloablative regimen/reduced toxicity regimens.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE up to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01966367
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE AAAL0156
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Responsible Party Diane George, Columbia University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Diane George
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Diane George, MD Columbia University
PRS Account Columbia University
Verification Date June 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP