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Pazopanib Paediatric Phase II Trial Children's Oncology Group (COG) in Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01956669
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 8, 2013
Results First Posted : August 12, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Children's Oncology Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 1, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 8, 2013
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 4, 2020
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE August 12, 2020
Last Update Posted Date August 12, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 8, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date November 5, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 27, 2020)
Percentage of Participants Achieving Objective Response Rate (ORR) in Subjects' With Tumors of Primary Interest (RMS, NRSTS or Ewing Sarcoma/pPNET) [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 55 months ]
ORR was defined as the percentage of participants achieving either a Complete Response (CR) or partial Response (PR) based on the Investigator review. The responses were assessed by CT or MRI based on Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST1.1). CR, disappearance of all target and non-target lesions; PR, at least a 30% decrease in the disease measurement, taking as reference the disease measurement done to confirm measurable disease at study enrollment, also no new lesion or progression of any non-target measurable lesion. Confirmation was based on the disease assessment at 1 cycle or at the next scheduled visit after the initial response. Only descriptive analysis performed.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 4, 2013)
The investigator assessed objective response rate (ORR) in subjects' with tumors of primary interest [ Time Frame: Up to 24 cycles from the start of treatment ]
ORR is defined as the percentage of subjects with tumors of rhabdomyosarcoma, non-rhabdomyosarcomatous soft tissue sarcoma, or Ewing's sarcoma achieving either a complete or partial tumor response as per response criteria (RECIST1.1). The response rate will be calculated based on the investigator review.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 27, 2020)
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving Objective Response Rate (ORR) in Subjects' With Tumors of Secondary Interest (Osteosarcoma, mNeuroblastoma, eNeuroblastoma or Hepatoblastoma) [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 55 months ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants achieving either a Complete Response (CR) or partial Response (PR) based on the Investigator review. For solid tumors with measurable diseases, such as osteosarcoma, the responses was based on RECIST1.1. CR, disappearance of all target and non target lesions; PR, at least a 30% decrease in the disease measurement, taking as reference the disease measurement done to confirm measurable disease at study enrollment, also no new lesion or progression of any non-target measurable lesion. For neuroblastoma with bone marrow response, morphology was determined by hematoxylin and eosin staining of the marrow and aspirates. For neuroblastoma MIBG+ only, the responses was assessed using Curie scale for lesion scoring; For hepatoblastoma, assessment may have included the serum AFP response, in addition to the RECIST1.1 methodology. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by the Investigator by Cohort [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 59 months ]
    PFS was defined as the interval between the date of first dose of study medication and the earliest date of disease progression or death due to any cause. Disease progression was based on radiographic evidence, and assessments made by the investigator. According to RECIST1.1, disease progression was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the disease measurements for measurable lesions, taking as reference the smallest disease measurement recorded since the start of treatment, or the appearance of one or more new lesions. For participants who did not progress or die, PFS was censored at the date of last adequate assessment or date of last adequate assessment prior to initiation of new anti-cancer therapy. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Time to Progression (TTP) by Cohort [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 59 months ]
    The TTP was defined as the interval between the date of first dose of protocol therapy and the earliest date of disease progression or death due to disease under study. Subjects were considered to have progressive disease if they had documented progression based on radiologic assessment as determined by investigator review. According to RECIST1.1, disease progression was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the disease measurements for measurable lesions, taking as reference the smallest disease measurement recorded since the start of treatment, or the appearance of one or more new lesions. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) by Cohort [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 55 months ]
    CBR was defined as the percentage of participants achieving either a confirmed complete response (CR) or confirmed partial response (PR) or Stable Disease (SD) for at least two protocol scheduled disease assessments based on RECIST1.1. CR, disappearance of all target and non-target lesions; PR, at least a 30% decrease in the disease measurement, taking as reference the disease measurement done to confirm measurable disease at study enrollment, also no new lesion or progression of any non-target measurable lesion; SD, neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Duration of Response (DOR) by Cohort [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 59 months ]
    DoR was defined as the time from initial response to the first documented disease progression or death due to any cause, and was determined only for those participants from the mITT population with a confirmed response (CR or PR). Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Overall Survival (OS) by Cohort [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 61 months ]
    OS was defined as the time from the first dose of the study medication until death due to any cause. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve Calculated From Time 0 to 8 h Postdose (AUC0-8h) and Calculated to the Last Quantifiable Concentration Point (AUClast) of Pazopanib by Cohort [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1 (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours post-dose); Cycle 1 Day 15 ± 1 day (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours post-dose) ]
    AUC0-8h and AUClast were calculated using a validated liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and the LLOQ was 0.100 µg/mL. PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Observed Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Pazopanib by Cohort [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1 (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours post-dose); Cycle 1 Day 15 ± 1 day (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours post-dose) ]
    Cmax was calculated using a validated liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and the LLOQ was 0.100 µg/mL. PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Time to Reach Peak or Maximum Concentration (Tmax) of Pazopanib by Cohort [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1 (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours post-dose); Cycle 1 Day 15 ± 1 day (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours post-dose) ]
    Tmax was calculated using a validated liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and the LLOQ was 0.100 µg/mL. PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Pazopanib Steady-state Trough (Ctrough) Levels for Participants With Drug-related Grade 2 and Above Hypertension [ Time Frame: From date of first dose of study treatment up to 61 months ]
    The relationship between toxicity (including hypertension) and pharmacokinetic parameters (pazopanib trough concentration) was analyzed. Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Number of Participants With Genetic Alterations by Low and High Values of VEGFA and VEGFR1 [ Time Frame: predose Cycle 1 Day 1, Cycle 2 Day 1 ]
    The frequency of genetic alterations observed in participants was presented by high and low baseline plasma levels for Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR-1) biomarkers. The VEGFA and VEGFR1 levels above the median were classified as high and participants with median levels or below were classified as low. Only descriptive analysis performed for participants presenting with a genetic alteration.
  • Summary for Plasma Biomarkers Levels on Cycle 1 Day 1 and Cycle 2 Day 1 by Cohort [ Time Frame: predose Cycle 1 Day 1, Cycle 2 Day 1 ]
    The following biomarker parameters were analyzed: proto-oncogene c-KIT (c-KIT), Fibroblast growth factor (FGF), Placental growth factor PGF), Angiopoietin-1 receptor (TIE2), Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), Vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D), Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR-1) and Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2)). Only descriptive analysis performed.
  • Summary for Change From Baseline Levels of Plasma Biomarkers by High and Low Pazopanib Steady State Trough Concentration and Cohort [ Time Frame: predose Cycle 1 Day 1, Cycle 2 Day 1 ]
    Participants with steady state trough concentration median levels for the following biomarker parameters (proto-oncogene c-KIT (c-KIT), Fibroblast growth factor (FGF), Placental growth factor PGF), Angiopoietin-1 receptor (TIE2), Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), Vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D), Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR-1) and Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2)) above the median levels were classified as high or below median levels were classified as low. Only descriptive analysis performed.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 4, 2013)
  • The investigator assessed ORR for the tumor types of secondary interest. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    The ORR will be computed for subjects with tumors of secondary interest which include the following 4 tumor types Osteosarcoma, Neuroblastoma (measurable), Neuroblastoma (evaluable), and Hepatoblastoma.
  • Toxicities of oral pazopanib [ Time Frame: Upto 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    All subjects who receive at least one dose of pazopanib will be considered in the evaluation of toxicity.
  • Progression free survival (PFS) as assessed by the Investigator in subjects with relapsed or refractory solid tumors [ Time Frame: Upto 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    PFS is defined as the interval of time between the date of study entry and the earliest date of disease progression or death due to any cause. Disease progression is based on radiographic evidence, and assessments made by the investigator according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. For participants who do not progress or die, PFS will be censored at the time of initiation of alternative anticancer therapy or date of last adequate assessment.
  • The time to progression (TTP) in subjects with relapsed or refractory solid tumors [ Time Frame: Upto 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    The TTP is defined as the interval between the date of study entry and the earliest date of disease progression or death due to disease under study. Subjects are considered to have progressive disease if they have documented progression based on radiologic assessment as determined by investigator review
  • The therapeutic activity (a confirmed complete or partial response or stable disease for at least 4 cycles) per stratum [ Time Frame: Upto 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    Number of participants with a best overall response of confirmed complete response (CR) or confirmed partial response (PR) as assessed by the Investigator.
  • The relationship between tumor response and angiogenic cytokines. [ Time Frame: Upto 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    Examination of the relationship between tumor response and angiogenic cytokines will be conducted using a common logistic regression modeling strategy. Changes in blood levels of angiogenic cytokines will be measured. Tumor response will be measured by CT scan
  • VEGF and KDR genotype/phenotype relationships in subjects with cancer treated with pazopanib. [ Time Frame: Upto 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    KDR polymorphism and pazopanib-induced change in VEGFR2 will be assessed. KDR is the gene that encodes VEGFR2.
  • Pazopanib pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationships with biomarkers and clinical outcomes [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years from the start of treatment ]
    The relationship between toxicity (including hypertension) and pharmacokinetic parameters (pazopanib trough concentration, Cmax and/or AUC) will be investigated as data permit. Data initially will be analyzed graphically. Models such as a simple linear or maximum effect (Emax) model may be fit to the data if the data warrant.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Pazopanib Paediatric Phase II Trial Children's Oncology Group (COG) in Solid Tumors
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Study of Pazopanib GW786034, NSC# 737754 in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults With Refractory Solid Tumors
Brief Summary The study design was an open-label Phase II pediatric clinical study. The purpose of Study X2203 was to identify any efficacy signal in subjects with the disease subtypes under study, when treated with pazopanib monotherapy. Furthermore, it was to define the toxicities of pazopanib in children, as well as examine biological markers, e.g. cytokines and angiogenic factors, that could help further characterize any response of pazopanib in children. Pazopanib was administered as monotherapy in tablet and powder suspension formulations at daily doses of 450 mg/m2/dose or 225 mg/m2/dose, respectively. The first 6 enrolled subjects receiving oral suspension formulation were assessed for tolerability and extended PK sampling; and, only if pazopanib was tolerated, subsequent subjects were enrolled at the same starting dose with the suspension. Dose escalation was not permitted. For the tablet, a dosing nomogram was used based on the subject's BSA. Dose reduction was dependent upon the toxicity of pazopanib and disease status of the infants, toddlers, children, adolescents, and young adults. Subjects could be as young as 1 year-old infants to screen for enrollment. Subjects were assessed for initial response after 8 weeks of treatment prior to Cycle 3. A cycle was defined as 28 days of pazopanib treatment with no rest period between cycles. Treatment was administered continuously once daily. Treatment was to be discontinued if there was evidence of disease progression, unacceptable treatment-related toxicity, pregnancy. Histological classification was an important diagnostic inclusion in these subjects with a wide variety of refractory solid tumors, i.e. 7 different tumor types and each being a cohort.
Detailed Description The study design included a hierarchical 2-stage tumor response assessment with each cohort independent from one other. First, an initial 10 subjects were enrolled into each cohort. In the event of ≥ 1 response in any of these initial subjects, an additional 10 subjects may be enrolled in that cohort to proceed. In the event of ≥ 3 responses, the agent was considered effective. However after end of-stage 1, study enrollment stopped due to insufficient antitumor activity. Subjects who discontinued study treatment were followed for survival status. The study was to continue accruing data and thus, remained open for approximately 1 year from Last Subject Last Visit (LSLV).
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

The study design included a hierarchical 2-stage tumor response assessment with each cohort independent from one other.

  • Cohort 1: rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS)
  • Cohort 2: non-rhabdomyosarcomatous soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS)
  • Cohort 3: Ewing sarcoma/pPNET
  • Cohort 4: osteosarcoma
  • Cohort 5: measurable neuroblastoma (mNeuroblastoma)
  • Cohort 6: evaluable neuroblastoma (eNeuroblastma)
  • Cohort 7: hepatoblastoma
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Solid Tumours
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Pazopanib
Pazopanib was supplied as a series of aqueous film-coated tablets containing 200 mg (oval-shaped, white, packaged in bottles containing 34 tablets each), and 400 mg (oval-shaped, white, packaged in bottles containing 68 tablets each). Pazopanib Powder for Oral Suspension was a white to slightly colour powder supplied to the clinical sites in amber glass (United State Pharmacopeia (USP) Type III) bottles with child-resistant closures. Each bottle contains 5 g of pazopanib.
Other Name: GW786034
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Pazopanib
All subjects were treated with pazopanib GW786034 tablets at a dose of 450 mg/m^2/dose or as a powder in suspension at a dose of 225 mg/m^2/dose. The maximum daily dose administered was to be 800 mg for the tablet and 400 mg for suspension. If 225 mg/m^2/dose was not tolerated (>=2 DLTs in 6 evaluable subjects), the dose for subjects who required suspension was reduced to 160 mg/m^2/dose. A cycle was defined as 28 days with no rest periods between cycles.
Intervention: Drug: Pazopanib
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 27, 2020)
57
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 4, 2013)
154
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE November 5, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date November 5, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be at least 1 and less than or equal to 18 years of age at the time of study entry.
  • Patients must have had histologic verification of one of the malignancies listed below at original diagnosis or at relapse - a) Rhabdomyosarcoma, b) Non-rhabdomyosarcomatous Soft Tissue Sarcoma (including desmoplastic small round cell tumor), c) Ewing Sarcoma / Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (PNET), d) Osteosarcoma, e) Neuroblastoma (Measurable), f) Neuroblastoma (Evaluable), g) Hepatoblastoma.
  • Patient must have disease that has either relapsed or is refractory to prior therap
  • Patients who will be receiving the tablet formulation must have a body surface area (BSA) >= 0.84 m^2 (square meter) at baseline.
  • Patients must have radiographically measurable disease (with the exception of neuroblastoma), Measurable disease is defined as the presence of at least one lesion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan that can be accurately measured with the longest diameter a minimum of 10 mm in at least one dimension (CT scan slice thickness no greater than 5 mm).
  • Patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have iodine-131 - meta-iodobenzylguanidine positive (MIBG+) evaluable disease are eligible.
  • Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky performance status score of >= 50, corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) categories 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for subjects >= 16 years of age and Lansky for subjects <= 16 years of age.
  • Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.
  • Patients must not have received myelosuppressive chemotherapy within 3 weeks of enrollment onto this study (6 weeks if prior nitrosourea).
  • At least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a growth factor that supports platelet or white cell number or function. At least 14 days must have elapsed after receiving peg-filgrastim.
  • At least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent. For biologic agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, the period prior to enrollment must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur.
  • Subjects may have received bevacizumab, VEGF-Trap, or other VEGF blocking tyrosine kinase inhibitors, provided that they did not progress while receiving one of these agents. Subjects may not have previously received pazopanib.
  • At least 21 days must have elapsed since the completion of the last dose of VEGF-Trap, and at least 7 days since a VEGF blocking tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Subjects must have recovered from any VEGF blocking drug-related toxicity (e.g., proteinuria).
  • > = 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must have recovered to Grade <= 1.
  • Radiotherapy: >=2 weeks must have elapsed since local palliative radiotherapy (XRT) (small port); >=3 months must have elapsed if prior Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), craniospinal XRT or if >=50% radiation of pelvis; >=6 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow irradiation was given.
  • No evidence of active graft versus host disease and >=2 months must have elapsed since transplant or rescue
  • Adequate Bone Marrow Function defined as peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1000/ microlitre (µL), platelet count >= 75,000/µL (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment); and hemoglobin >= 8.0 grams (g)/decilitre (dL), may receive red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. Subjects with bone marrow involvement will be eligible for study (provided they meet the criteria) but will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity.
  • Adequate Renal and Metabolic Function defined as creatinine clearance or radioisotope Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 millilitre (mL)/ (min)/1.73 meter (m)^2 or A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows, age 1 to < 2 years (male-0.6 milligrams (mg)/dL, female-0.6 mg/dL), age 2 to < 6 years (male-0.8 mg/dL, female-0.8 mg/dL), age 6 to < 10 years (male-1 mg/dL, female-1 mg/dL), age 10 to < 13 years (male-1.2 mg/dL, female-1.2 mg/dL), age 13 to < 16 years (male-1.5 mg/dL, female-1.4 mg/dL), age >= 16 years (male-1.7 mg/dL, female-1.4 mg/dL), urine creatinine ratio of <1 or a urinalysis that is negative for protein; or, 24-hour urine protein level < 1000 mg/dL, adequate thyroid function ,no more than Grade 1 abnormalities of potassium, calcium (confirmed by ionized calcium), magnesium and phosphorous.
  • Adequate Liver Function defined as total bilirubin <=1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) Alanine transaminase (ALT) <=2.5 x ULN (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L), Serum albumin >=2 g/dL. Must not have active liver or biliary disease (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones, liver metastases or otherwise stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment). NOTE: Stable chronic liver disease should generally be defined by the absence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminaemia, oesophageal or gastric varices, persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis. No known positivity of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or of positive hepatitis C antibody.
  • Adequate Cardiac Function defined as shortening fraction of >=27% by echocardiogram (while not receiving medications for cardiac function), or ejection fraction of >= 50% by gated radionuclide study (while not receiving medications for cardiac function), the corrected QTc interval by Bazett's formula (QTcB) <450 milliseconds (msec), and must not have a history of myocardial infarction, severe or unstable angina, peripheral vascular disease or familial QTc prolongation.
  • Adequate Blood Pressure Control defined as a blood pressure (BP) <= the 95th percentile for age, height, and gender measured, subjects on stable doses of no more than one anti-hypertensive medication, with a baseline BP <= 95th percentile for age, height and gender, will be eligible.
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) Function defined as subjects with a known history of seizures must have well-controlled seizures and may not be receiving enzyme-inducing anti-convulsants, CNS toxicity <= Grade 2.
  • Adequate Coagulation defined as prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) <= 1.2 x upper limit of normal and an international normalized ratio (INR) <= 1.2.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women are not eligible for this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies. Negative pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method beginning at the signing of the informed consent until at least 2 weeks after the last dose of the study drug. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate. Study drug may also potentially be secreted in milk and therefore breastfeeding women are excluded.

Males (including those who have had vasectomies) with partners who can become pregnant will need to use birth control while on this study, as will their partner. Men are advised to use condoms during sexual intercourse while on study drug and continue to use adequate contraception for at least 2 weeks after the last dose of protocol therapy.

  • Patients requiring corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for the 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible.
  • Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible.
  • Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents or radiation therapy are not eligible.
  • Patients who are currently receiving more than one anti-hypertensive medication (Grade 3) or whose blood pressure is not well controlled are not eligible for study enrollment.
  • Patients must not be on therapeutic anticoagulation (Warfarin [coumadin] and/or low molecular weight heparin are prohibited). Prophylactic anticoagulation (i.e. intraluminal heparin) of venous or arterial access devices is allowed.
  • Patients receiving drugs with a known risk of torsades de pointes are not eligible.
  • Patients who require thyroid replacement therapy are not eligible if they have not been receiving a stable replacement dose for at least 4 weeks prior to study enrollment.
  • Patients who are unable to swallow tablets or liquid are not eligible.
  • Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible.
  • Patients will be excluded if any of the following are present, evidence of active bleeding, intratumoral hemorrhage, or bleeding diathesis; History (within 6 months prior to study enrollment) of arterial thromboembolic events, including transient ischemic attack (TIA) or cerebrovascular accident (CVA); history (within 6 months prior to study enrollment) of pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), or other venous thromboembolic event; history of clinically significant bleeding within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment.
  • Patients with known involvement of the CNS by malignancy will be excluded.
  • Patients who have had or are planning to have the following invasive procedures will be excluded- Major surgical procedure, laparoscopic procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 1 therapy (Subcutaneous port placement or central line placement is not considered major surgery but must be placed greater than 48 hours from planned Day 1 of therapy); Core biopsy within 7 days prior to Day 1 therapy; Fine needle aspirate or central line placement within 48 hours prior to Day 1therapy.
  • Patients with serious or non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days of study enrollment.
  • Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 1 Year to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada,   Czechia,   France,   Hungary,   Slovakia,   Spain,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01956669
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 116731
2013-003595-12 ( EudraCT Number )
CPZP034X2203 ( Other Identifier: Novartis )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com

Current Responsible Party Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
Original Responsible Party GlaxoSmithKline
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE GlaxoSmithKline
Collaborators  ICMJE Children's Oncology Group
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
PRS Account Novartis
Verification Date July 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP