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Comparing the Effectiveness of Combined Hyperthermia and External Beam Radiation (EBRT) Versus EBRT Alone in Treating Patients With Painful Bone Metastases

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01842048
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2016 by Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : April 29, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 13, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 24, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 29, 2013
Last Update Posted Date October 13, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE July 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 26, 2013)
Complete response rate [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
Complete response rate defined with Brief Pain Inventory score of zero plus no concomitant increase analgesic intake within 3 months after radiotherapy.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 26, 2013)
  • Adverse events [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Incidence of treatment-related adverse events from hyperthermia and RT.
  • Tumor response [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    To determine the difference of radiological tumor response in measurable indicated lesions on week 12.
  • Pain relief [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    To determine the difference in response of pain relief by Brief Pain Inventory score. To determine time and duration to pain relief on indicated lesion.
  • Quality-of-life [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    To compare the impact on quality-of-life using EORTC-C30 questionares.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Comparing the Effectiveness of Combined Hyperthermia and External Beam Radiation (EBRT) Versus EBRT Alone in Treating Patients With Painful Bone Metastases
Official Title  ICMJE Not Provided
Brief Summary The main goals of deep hyperthermia combined with external beam radiation (EBRT) on bone metastases are the response on pain relief, duration of response and time to achieve complete pain relief.
Detailed Description

The goal of this study is to conduct comparative data on the efficacy of low temperature (40-43℃ range) deep hyperthermia adding on external beam radiation for treatment of metastatic bone tumors. There are 3 reasons of conducting this clinical trial. Firstly, radiotherapy is most effective modality for bony metastases treatment, but only limited radiation dose can be delivered to metastatic bony metastatic sites with relatively short response duration observed clinically. Since it is a palliative treatment for pain relief, some patients develop recurrent pain at the same lesions a few months later. Most patients must accept their hopeless conditions and accept toward the end of their lives due to difficulty of reirradiation. There is urgently need for more effective treatment. Secondly, most combination of hyperthermia and radiation trials were relatively high dose of radiation, with the basic idea of hyperthermic radiosensitization, the combination of hyperthermia and radiotherapy on bone metastasis is warrant. Clinical trials experiences on relatively less deep tumors such as breast, head and neck cancers, extremity sarcoma or melanoma may not be applied on deep seated tumors. Bony metastases are usually deep seated lesions with hard cortex bone surrounded. The real benefit of hyperthermia can be highlighted on bony metastases. Thirdly, metastatic bony microenvironment are critical for the providing of bone marrow-derived immune suppressor cells circulating to systemic tumor microenvironment, mild thermal therapy to metastatic bony microenvironment may have dual immunomodulatory effects: direct enhancement of immune cell activity through thermally sensitive molecular pathways associated with immune cell function/activation, and, indirect enhancement of immunosurveillance through a reduction in hypoxia-induced immune suppressor cells around metastatic foci via improved tumor vascular perfusion. An unexpected survival benefit may demonstrated from this study.

Patients are stratified according to solitary or multiple sites, primary cancer type (Breast or prostate vs others), and severity of pain (i.e., worst pain score in the last 24-hour period) (4-6 vs 7-10). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Treatment protocol A was designed to compare the response of matched tumors in the same patient treated by radiation alone or by radiation combined with hyperthermia when the patient had multiple tumors. Two tumors of comparable size were treated with either protocol A or B, and the responses were compared. The tumor size was computed as the product of maximum length times maximum width.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Condition  ICMJE All Type of Cancers With Bony Metastasis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Other: Hyperthermia
  • Radiation: External-beam radiotherapy
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: External-beam radiotherapy combine hyperthermia
    Hyperthermia 42℃ ± 0.5℃ for 40min, 2 times/week within 2hr after irradiation. Radiation protocol are 3Gy 5 times a week for a total of 30Gy/10fx/2 weeks
    • Other: Hyperthermia
    • Radiation: External-beam radiotherapy
  • Active Comparator: External-beam radiotherapy alone
    External-beam radiotherapy alone comprising 30Gy/10 fractions, 5 times a week, administered with 2 weeks.
    Intervention: Radiation: External-beam radiotherapy
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 26, 2013)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or clinically confirmed solid tumor metastasis with index lesion involving or abutting bone. *Index lesion means an irradiated field covered lesions contoured from CT-Simulation which may generally less than 20cm, include 4-5 vertebra bodies, sacrum plus adjacent iliac lesions or a segment of femerol bone. Each patient can only have one index lesion for this study.
  • Index lesion with bone destruction either osteolytic or osteoblastic in nature as assessed on CT or MRI imaging
  • If the nature of the metastatic disease has been previously documented, the index lesion to be treated does not require further documentation (i.e., biopsy)
  • ≥ One primary painful metastatic site. The most painful site that need treatment first will be elected as index lesion site for evaluation of response. Additional less painful metastatic sites may be present. Patients who elect to have another course of RT treatment on different metastatic sites after the initial treatment are allowed.
  • Worst pain in the last 24 hours must be ≥ 4 on a 0-10 numeric scale.
  • Index lesion causing clinical or radiographic evidence of partial spinal cord or cauda equina compression/effacement is allowed.
  • Have developed pain or have persistent pain while on a stable chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, target therapy or bisphosphonate therapy regimen is allowed. There will be no change of chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or bisphosphonate therapy for 4 weeks before and after radiotherapy
  • ECOG performance status 0-3
  • Life expectancy ≥ 3 months
  • Patients with impending fracture of weight bearing bone or patients with symptoms of spinal cord compression should have surgical opinion before the start of radiotherapy. Patient should not be able to be enrolled in this study if surgery is scheduled.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Index lesion involves the skull
  • Index lesion has evidence of a pathologic fracture, impending fracture need immediate surgery are not eligible. Those patients had received decompression surgery are not eligible.
  • Has undergone prior radiotherapy at the index lesion
  • Those who chemotherapy or systemic treatment will be changed during study period.
  • Patients had history of metal implant inside or outside irradiation field are not eligible .
  • Patients had history of pacemaker insertion due to arrhythmia are not eligible.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 21 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Taiwan
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01842048
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 20120305D
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital
Verification Date October 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP