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TAK-875 (Fasiglifam) in Combination With Sitagliptin in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01829464
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Due to potential concerns about liver safety (See Detailed Description))
First Posted : April 11, 2013
Results First Posted : June 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 1, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 9, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 11, 2013
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 24, 2015
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE June 1, 2016
Last Update Posted Date June 1, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 24, 2016)
Change From Baseline in HbA1c at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
The change in the value of HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound) collected at Week 24 relative to baseline.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 9, 2013)
Change from Baseline in Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
The change from Baseline to Week 24 in HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound).
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 24, 2016)
  • Percentage of Participants With HbA1c <7% [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
  • Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The change between the fasting plasma glucose values collected at Week 24 relative to baseline.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 9, 2013)
  • Percentage of participants with HbA1c <7% at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    HbA1c (the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin as a percent of the absolute maximum that can be bound).
  • Change from baseline in fasting plasma glucose at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The change between the fasting plasma glucose values collected at Week 24 relative to baseline.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE TAK-875 (Fasiglifam) in Combination With Sitagliptin in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Daily Oral Fasiglifam 25 mg and 50 mg Compared to Placebo When Used in Combination With Sitagliptin in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of TAK-875 (fasiglifam) in combination with sitagliptin on glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes.
Detailed Description

The drug being tested in this study is called TAK-875 (fasiglifam). Fasiglifam is being tested to treat people who have type 2 diabetes mellitus and are currently taking sitagliptin (with or without metformin). This study will evaluate glycemic control in people who take fasiglifam plus sitagliptin compared with placebo plus sitagliptin.

The study will enroll approximately 390 patients. Participants will be randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of the three treatment groups-which will remain undisclosed to the patient and study doctor during the study (unless there is an urgent medical need; all participants will be on 100 mg sitagliptin and may or may not be on metformin background treatment):

  • fasiglifam 25 mg
  • fasiglifam 50 mg
  • Placebo (dummy inactive pill) - this is a tablet that looks like the study drug but has no active ingredient All participants will be asked to take one tablet at the same time each day throughout the study.

This multi-centre trial will be conducted in North America and Latin America. The overall time to participate in this study is approximately 38 weeks. Participants will make 15 visits to the clinic.

Due to potential concerns about liver safety, on balance, the benefits of treating patients with fasiglifam (TAK-875) do not outweigh the potential risks.

For this reason, Takeda has decided voluntarily to terminate the development activities for fasiglifam.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Diabetes
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Placebo
    TAK-875 placebo-matching tablets
  • Drug: TAK-875
    TAK-875 tablets
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    TAK-875 placebo-matching tablets, orally, once daily and sitagliptin 100 mg, tablets, orally for up 24 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: TAK-875 25 mg
    TAK-875 25 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and sitagliptin 100 mg, tablets, orally for up to 24 weeks
    Intervention: Drug: TAK-875
  • Experimental: TAK-875 50 mg
    TAK-875 50 mg, tablets, orally, once daily and sitagliptin 100 mg, tablets, orally for up to 24 weeks
    Intervention: Drug: TAK-875
Publications * Shavadia JS, Sharma A, Gu X, Neaton J, DeLeve L, Holmes D, Home P, Eckel RH, Watkins PB, Granger CB. Determination of fasiglifam-induced liver toxicity: Insights from the data monitoring committee of the fasiglifam clinical trials program. Clin Trials. 2019 Jun;16(3):253-262. doi: 10.1177/1740774519836766. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 23, 2014)
90
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 9, 2013)
390
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. In the opinion of the investigator, the participant is capable of understanding and complying with protocol requirements.
  2. The participant or, when applicable, the participant's legally acceptable representative signs and dates a written, informed consent form and any required privacy authorization prior to the initiation of any study procedures.
  3. The participant is male or female and aged 18 years or older with a historical diagnosis of T2DM.
  4. The participant meets one of the following criteria:

    • The participant has an HbA1c between 7.5% and 10.5%, inclusive and has been taking a stable dose of sitagliptin 100 mg for at least 8 weeks, with or without metformin, prior to the Screening Visit. A participant who is taking metformin must have received a stable daily dose (≥1500 mg or documented maximum tolerated dose [MTD]) for at least 8 weeks before Screening. This participant will enter the 2-week single-blind Placebo Run-In Period according to Study Schedule A, or;
    • The participant has an HbA1c between 7.5% and 10.5%, inclusive and has been taking any other DPP-IV inhibitor (with or without metformin) for at least 8 weeks prior to the Screening Visit. A participant who is taking metformin must have received a stable daily dose (≥1500 mg or documented MTD) for at least 8 weeks before Screening. This participant will enter the 8-week Switching Period according to Study Schedule B. Following this 8-week period, the participant must qualify for all Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria prior to entering the 2-Week Placebo Run-in Period by completing the Week ( 3) procedures including having an HbA1c level between 7.5% and 10.5%.

    Note: An enrollment cap may be applied to ensure no more than approximately 20% of randomized participants are receiving a DPP-IV inhibitor without metformin at baseline.

  5. The participant has had no treatment with antidiabetic agents other than DPP-IV inhibitors and metformin within 2 months prior to Screening (Exception: if a participant has received other antidiabetic therapy for ≤7 consecutive days within the 2 months prior to Screening).
  6. The participant has a body mass index (BMI) ≤45 kg/m2 at Screening.
  7. Participants regularly using other, non-excluded medications must be on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to screening. However, PRN (as needed) use of prescription or over-the-counter medication is allowed at the discretion of the investigator.
  8. A female participant of childbearing potential who is sexually active with a nonsterilized male partner agrees to routinely use adequate contraception from signing of the informed consent throughout the duration of the study and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug.
  9. The participant is able and willing to monitor glucose with a home glucose monitor and consistently record his or her own blood glucose concentrations and complete participant diaries.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has received any investigational compound within 30 days prior to Screening or has received an investigational antidiabetic drug within 3 months prior to Screening.
  2. Has been randomized into a previous TAK-875 study.
  3. Is an immediate family member, study site employee, or is in a dependent relationship with a study site employee who is involved in conduct of this study (eg, spouse, parent, child, or sibling; biological or legally adopted) or may consent under duress.
  4. Donated or received any blood products within 12 weeks prior to Screening or is planning to donate blood during the study.
  5. Has a hemoglobin ≤12 g/dL (≤120 gm/L) for males and ≤10 g/dL (≤100 gm/L) for females at the Screening Visit.
  6. Has a systolic blood pressure ≥160 mm Hg or diastolic pressure ≥95 mm Hg at Screening (If the participant meets this exclusion criteria, the assessment may be repeated once at least 30 minutes after the initial measurement and a decision will be made based on the second measurement).
  7. Has history of cancer that has been in remission for <5 years prior to Screening. (Exception: A history of basal cell carcinoma or stage 1 squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is allowed.)
  8. Has alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels >2.0x the upper limit of normal (ULN) at Screening.
  9. Has a total bilirubin level greater than the ULN at Screening. Exception: if a participant has documented Gilbert's Syndrome, they will be allowed with an elevated bilirubin level per the investigator's discretion.
  10. Has a serum creatinine ≥1.5 mg/dL (≥133 μmol/L) [males] and ≥1.4 mg/dL (≥124 μmol/L) [females] and/or estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 mL/min/1.73m^2 at Screening.
  11. Has uncontrolled thyroid disease.
  12. Has a history of laser treatment for proliferative diabetic retinopathy within 6 months prior to Screening.
  13. Has had gastric banding or gastric bypass surgery within one year prior to Screening.
  14. Has a known history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV), or Hepatitis C virus (HCV).
  15. Had coronary angioplasty, coronary stent placement, coronary bypass surgery, myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, clinically significant abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG), cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within 3 months prior to or at Screening.
  16. Has a history of pancreatitis.
  17. Has a history of hypersensitivity, allergies or has had an anaphylactic reaction(s) to any component of TAK-875 as well as sitagliptin.
  18. Has a history of drug abuse (defined as illicit drug use) or a history of alcohol abuse within 2 years prior to Screening.
  19. Received excluded medications prior to the Screening Visit or is expected to receive excluded medications.
  20. If female, is pregnant (confirmed by laboratory testing, ie, serum/urine human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), in females of childbearing potential) or lactating or intending to become pregnant before, during, or within 1 month after participating in this study; or intending to donate ova during such time period.
  21. Is unable to understand verbal or written English or any other language for which a certified translation of the approved informed consent is available.
  22. Has any other physical or psychiatric disease or condition that in the judgment of the investigator may affect life expectancy or may make it difficult to successfully manage and follow the participant according to the protocol.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Argentina,   Peru,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01829464
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE TAK-875_303
U1111-1124-2270 ( Registry Identifier: UTN (WHO) )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Takeda
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Takeda
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Medical Director, MD Takeda
PRS Account Takeda
Verification Date April 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP