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Trial record 46 of 335 for:    DABIGATRAN

Validation of a Novel Dabigatran Based Peri-Operative Bridging Anticoagulation Protocol for Patients on Chronic Warfarin Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01810237
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (No patients recruited)
First Posted : March 13, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sudeep Shivakumar, Nova Scotia Health Authority

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 28, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 13, 2013
Last Update Posted Date January 31, 2017
Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 12, 2013)
Validation of a novel Dabigatran Based Peri-Operative Bridging Anticoagulation Protocol for Patients on Chronic Warfarin Therapy [ Time Frame: 1 Year. ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01810237 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Validation of a Novel Dabigatran Based Peri-Operative Bridging Anticoagulation Protocol for Patients on Chronic Warfarin Therapy
Official Title  ICMJE Validation of a Novel Dabigatran Based Peri-Operative Bridging Anticoagulation Protocol for Patients on Chronic Warfarin Therapy
Brief Summary

Research Questions:

  1. Does using dabigatran bridging result in consistent therapeutic anticoagulation? What percentage of patients will become subtherapeutic on warfarin once dabigatran is stopped?
  2. What is the incidence of bleeding events with the use of dabigatran overlapped with warfarin for bridging?
  3. What is the cost benefit of using dabigatran instead of dalteparin for bridging anticoagulation?
Detailed Description

Subject Selection:

The study population will include low risk patients on long-term warfarin therapy for venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) followed by the hematology anticoagulation clinic. Low risk will be defined as status greater than 12 months post thromboembolic event.

The inclusion criteria include: (1) Low risk status as defined above, (2) Chronic warfarin therapy of at least 12 months duration with target INR of 2.0-3.0. Patients will be excluded from the study if one or more of the following are met: (1) increased risk of bleeding: bleeding requiring transfusion in last 12 months, history of hemorrhagic stroke or intracranial hemorrhage, recent gastrointestinal bleeding {<6 months}, history of a bleeding disorder, (2) Pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant or breastfeed, (3) inhibitors allergy/sensitivity to dabigatran etexilate, (4)Creatinine Clearance < 30 mls/min, (5) Concomitant treatment with strong P-glycoprotein (6) Known thrombophilia including Factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin gene mutation, antithrombin deficiency, protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency, and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, and (7) inability to provide written informed consent.

Research Plan:

Patients will be identified by performing a manual search of the anticoagulation clinic database to identify patients on long-term warfarin therapy (>12 months). The results will be gleaned to identify patients who meet the inclusion criteria listed above.

Patients will then be contacted via phone by one of the anticoagulation clinic personnel who will be known to the patient and familiar with their history. If the patient is interested in participating in the study they will be asked to come in for an assessment to elucidate whether they meet inclusion criteria as described above. The coordinator will discuss the study principles, goals, and risks. If they are interested in the study informed consent will be obtained by the study coordinator, If they are not interested in participating in the study they will be excluded.

All patients enrolled in the study will undergo a planned sham surgery bridging protocol. This will take place for all patients over a 2 week period, which is the study period

On day -5, patients will stop taking their warfarin. They will have a baseline CBC, INR, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), and thrombin time (TT) drawn. They will have an INR, aPTT and TT drawn daily for the duration of the study period, except the sham surgery day and the following day, until Day +5 post the sham surgery day or longer until the INR is = 2. If INR = 2 by Day -2 after stopping the warfarin, Vitamin K will be adminstered orally to help reversing the INR to normal. When the INR falls to <2.0, dabigatran will be started at a therapeutic dose of 150 mg orally twice daily. This will continue until the sham surgery day,. On the evening of the sham surgery day, warfarin will be restarted at twice the patient's maintenance dose to a maximum of 10 mg orally. Dabigatran will be decreased to a prophylactic dose of 150 mg orally daily. Warfarin dosing will be adjusted for each patient based on the day +2 INR. Dabigatran prophylaxis will continue until the INR is greater or equal to 2.0, at which point it will be discontinued and warfarin maintained. The INR will be checked the day after dabigatran is discontinued.

Basic demographic information will be collected from the study participants including age and sex. Patient's weight, medical history, current medications, and indication for long-term warfarin therapy will be recorded.

Safety Reporting The study will closely follow laboratory testing as it relates to coagulation status (INR, pTT, PTT, and CBC). All serious adverse events will be captured and appropriately assessed by the Principal Investigator as to causality and expectedness.

An adverse drug reaction is any noxious and unintended response to the study drug that is caused by administration of the drug. Lack of efficacy is not considered an adverse drug reaction. Untoward medical occurrences will be considered adverse drug reactions if a causal relationship between the event and the study drug cannot be ruled out.

An adverse event considered "serious" if it meets any of the following criteria:

  • Results in death,
  • Is life-threatening,
  • Requires in-patient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization,
  • Results in persistent or significant disability / incapacity,
  • Is a congenital anomaly / birth defect, or
  • Is an important medical event that may not be immediately life-threatening or result in death or hospitalization but may jeopardize the patient or may require intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed in the definition above.

Should any serious unexpected adverse drug reactions occur, it will be reported to Health Canada in accordance with the Regulations Amending the Food & Drug Regulations (1024 - Clinical Trials), Section C.05.014.

  • Where it is neither fatal nor life-threatening, within 15 days after becoming aware of the information
  • Where it is fatal or life-threatening, immediately where possible and, in any event, within 7 days after becoming aware of the information, and
  • Within 8 days after having informed Health Canada of the ADR, submit as complete a report as possible which includes an assessment of the importance and implication of any findings.

All serious unexpected adverse drug reactions (and other safety events as applicable) will be reported to the Capital Health Research Ethics Board.

Analysis of data:

To address our primary objective, investigators will look at the percentage of patients in our cohort of 40 who have normal INR, on day 0 (sham surgery day) and thus would be ready to proceed with surgial intervention. Simple statistics will be used to calculate this percentage.

For patients who do not have corrected INR on day 0, and thus would have surgery delayed, a multivariate analysis to elucidate which factors contribute to insufficient normalization of bleeding tests will be performed.

Perioperative bridging anticoagulation with dabigatran and warfarin has not been studied previously, and investigators do not know the significance of the overlap on the INR. It is possible that patients will be under-anticoagulated in the post-operative period. An exploratory analysis will be performed to see if this is the case.

Lastly, a cost analysis will be performed comparing this dabigatran based bridging protocol with our current standard of care, a dalteparin based bridging protocol.

Confidentiality:

Patient information will be maintained in paper copy in the office of Dr. Sudeep Shivakumar in a locked cabinet. Only members of the study team will have access to this information. For the purposes of data-analysis, this information will be entered into a database within the CDHA firewall and will be password protected. Patients will be given a study identification number and therefore no identifiable information will be kept in the database. The study team will keep a list of screened and enrolled patients with corresponding study identification number. t

Once data analysis has been completed this information will be stored at the Capital Health Centre for Clinical Research in the Research Archive Room and then at an offsite storage facility leased by Capital Health (Iron Mountain, Hammonds Plains) for 25 years as per ICH-GCP Guidelines.

Drs. Shivakumar, McCurdy, Sharif, Anderson, and Shawwa are bound by physician-patient confidentiality.

Harms:

There is a theoretical risk of bleeding in this study, although exceedingly low.

There is a theoretical risk of bleeding when restarting warfarin while on prophylactic dabigatran. Bleeding laboratory parameters will be followed daily, except the day of Sham surgery and day 1, and this will allow us to detect any abnormalities in coagulation testing.

Lastly, there is a risk of allergy/sensitivity to Dabigatran.

Benefits:

There are three main benefits of this study:

  1. Dabigatran offers an oral alternative to subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin. Subcutaneous injections can be painful and intimidating for many patients. An oral alternative is painless and easy to administer.
  2. An increasing number of patients are being managed with dabigatran outside the context of clinical trials. No prior studies have evaluated dabigatran in the peri-operative setting and specifically the re-institution of warfarin.
  3. LMWH regimens are very costly. Using the protocols as outlined above, the average cost per bridge in the LMWH regimen is $225.00 CDN whereas with Dabigatran it is $18.00 CDN, savings of $207.00 CDN per patient.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE Venous Thromboses
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Dabigatran.
Dabigatran will be used instead of LMWH for anticoagulation bridging.
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Dabigtran instead of LMWH for perioperative bridging.
Intervention: Drug: Dabigatran.
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Withdrawn
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 4, 2015)
0
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 12, 2013)
40
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Low risk status VTE
  • Chronic warfarin therapy of at least 12 months duration with target INR of 2.0-3.0

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Increased risk of bleeding: bleeding requiring transfusion in last 12 months, history of hemorrhagic stroke or intracranial hemorrhage, recent gastrointestinal bleeding {<6 months}, history of a bleeding disorder
  • Pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant or breastfeed
  • Inhibitors allergy/sensitivity to dabigatran etexilate
  • Creatinine Clearance < 30 mls/min
  • Concomitant treatment with strong P-glycoprotein
  • Known thrombophilia including Factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin gene mutation, antithrombin deficiency, protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency, and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
  • Inability to provide written informed consent
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01810237
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SS001
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Sudeep Shivakumar, Nova Scotia Health Authority
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Nova Scotia Health Authority
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Nova Scotia Health Authority
Verification Date January 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP