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Multi-Site Evaluation of Second Step (SSTP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01792167
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2014 by Dorothy Espelage, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 15, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 18, 2014
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dorothy Espelage, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 7, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 15, 2013
Last Update Posted Date March 18, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 13, 2013)
aggression perpetration [ Time Frame: pre (fall 2010), three posts (spring 2011, 2012, 2013) ]
Using University of Illinois Fight Scale (Espelage & Holt, 2001)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 13, 2013)
sexual violence [ Time Frame: pre (fall 2010), 3 posts (spring 2011, 2012, 2013) ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Multi-Site Evaluation of Second Step
Official Title  ICMJE Multi-site Evaluation of Second Step: Student Success Through Prevention (Second Step - SSTP) in Preventing Bullying and Sexual Violence
Brief Summary This study is a large-scale, randomized longitudinal evaluation of Second Step: Student Success Through Prevention (Second Step - SSTP), a middle school intervention (Committee for Children, 2008), which targets the shared underlying risk and protective factors for bullying, sexual harassment, and dating aggression. This program is unique in its emphasis on the role of peer group norms, attitudes, and behavior in the initiation and maintenance of bullying and other forms of violence. Because of this, this investigation will involve a direct test via social network analysis the extent to which peer norms or shifts in peer attitudes are impacted by the intervention. Bullying is conceptualized as including verbal, physical, relational, and cyber-aggression. Sexual violence is conceptualized as including sexual harassment, sexual coercion in dating relationships, and homophobic teasing. Thirty-six schools were drawn from four school districts in Illinois and one large district in Wichita, Kansas and randomly assigned to Second Step - SSTP or a control condition. Second Step -SSTP program draws from the risk/protective factors model and social-cognitive theories of aggression. Lessons focus on the outcomes of bullying, relational aggression, sexual harassment, dating relationships, and substance use. Risk factors targeted include inappropriate classroom behavior, favorable attitudes toward aggression and substance abuse, deviant peer affiliation, peer rejection, and impulsiveness are targeted as risk factors. Targeted protective factors include empathy, problem-solving skills, school connectedness, assertiveness and adoption of conventional norms. The P3R: Stories of Us - Bullying program, composed of a series of film-based education will be used in the control schools. All 6th graders at each school will be recruited and followed for the three year study period. Students and teachers will complete self-report and nomination tasks. Growth curve analysis via hierarchical linear modeling (HLM; Bryk & Raudenbush, 1992) will be utilized to assess change in the major dependent variables (bullying, sexual harassment perpetration, dating aggression), structural equation modeling will test for mediators across the study period, and social network analysis will be instrumental in identifying peer norms and attitudes.
Detailed Description Seven outcome measures were evaluated including bullying perpetration, peer victimization, physical fighting, homophobic name calling (victimization and perpetration), and sexual violence (victimization and perpetration). Given that students in the intervention received only one-year (15 lessons; 50 minutes/week) of the developmentally-sequenced three-year curriculum, it was hypothesized that the strongest intervention effect would be seen for overt physical aggression, followed by more subtle effects for bullying and peer victimization outcomes. Because students were not introduced to concepts of prejudice, bias, and sexual violence (referred to sexual harassment) until the 7th and 8th grade curriculum, it was hypothesized that no significant intervention effects would emerge for these constructs at this point in time.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE Aggression
Intervention  ICMJE Behavioral: Second Step Curriculum
social emotional learning program for 6th-8th graders. 15 50 minutes lessons in 6th grade, 13 50 minute lessons in 7th and 8th grade. covers empathy, perspective taking, anger management, impulse control, problem-solving, alcohol and drug prevention, sexual harassment, prejudice, bully prevention, bystander intervention
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Second Step
    Second Step Curriculum
    Intervention: Behavioral: Second Step Curriculum
  • No Intervention: Stories of Us
    Stories of Us was provided to schools
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 13, 2013)
Original Actual Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Enrolled at one of our participating schools

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 11 Years to 15 Years   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01792167
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 1U01CE001677( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UIUC 10147 ( Other Identifier: Institutional Review Board )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Dorothy Espelage, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Collaborators  ICMJE Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Dorothy L Espelage, Ph.D. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
PRS Account University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Verification Date March 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP