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Kineret (Anakinra), in Adult Patients With Colchicine-Resistant Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01705756
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 12, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 21, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prof.Avi Livneh, Sheba Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 27, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 12, 2012
Last Update Posted Date July 21, 2017
Study Start Date  ICMJE November 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2012)
Number of patients with less than a mean of one FMF attack per month [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
Total number of FMF attacks in abdominal, thoracic, skin or joint locations during the observational period (4 months) as recorded in the patient diary, devided by 4 for each patient will result in number of attacks per one month. The number of patients with less than 1 attack per month will be compared between the 2 study groups
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01705756 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2012)
Number of serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
Secondary endpoint is defined as total number of serious adverse events per 4 months in each study group. SAE is defined as an adverse event that meets one or more of the following criteria/outcomes:
  • Death
  • Life-threatening (i.e., at immediate risk of death)
  • In-patient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization
  • Persistent or significant disability/incapacity
  • Congenital anomaly/birth defect
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Kineret (Anakinra), in Adult Patients With Colchicine-Resistant Familial Mediterranean Fever
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Kineret (Anakinra), in Adult Patients With Colchicine-Resistant Familial Mediterranean Fever
Brief Summary

FMF is the most common periodic fever with a worldwide patient population estimated as 150,000, mainly located in the Eastern Mediterranean basin. colchicine is the established therapy of choice ,however, around 20.000 patients worldwide fail to respond or cannot tolerate therapeutic doses, thereby suffering from recurrent debilitating, severe, painful attacks of peritonitis, pleuritis and synovitis and are at risk to die from reactive amyloidosis .Mutation-induced reduction in pyrin/ marenostrin activity is thought to underlie the disease by leading to NALP3 inflammasome activation ,and thereby to IL-1β related burst of inflammation.

The IL-1 receptor antagonist Kineret (Anakinra), seems to be the most appropriate response to the uncontrolled IL-1β elevation. Indeed, an increasing number of reports over the last few years indicate a good response to Kineret (Anakinra), in colchicine-resistant FMF ,also in children ,however, no controlled study has thoroughly evaluated the efficacy and safety of this treatment.

Study outline:

The study aims to run at the FMF centre in Sheba Medical Center, covering more than 10,000 patients. The study will evaluate the effect of recombinant IL-1 receptor antagonist, Kineret (Anakinra), on the frequency of FMF attacks in patients that, despite maximum tolerable dose of colchicine, present with more than one attack per month.

The study is designed as a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. 50 patients will be randomised to treatment with either Kineret (Anakinra), or placebo treatment for 4 months.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Familial Mediterranean Fever
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Kineret
Patients randomized to active drug will receive Kineret(Anakinra), 100 mg prefilled syringes for subcutaneous injection, once a day for 4 months. The syringes will arrive relabeled from the supplier (SOBI) to Sheba Medical Center. They will be stored at the PI's store room in a temperature controlled refrigerator.
Other Name: Anakinra
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: Vehicle
    •Patients randomized to placebo will receive syringes identical to active drug (100 mg prefilled syringes for subcutaneous injection) filled with drug vehicle
    Intervention: Drug: Kineret
  • Experimental: Kineret (Anakinra)
    Patients randomized to active drug will receive Kineret (Anakinra), 100 mg prefilled syringes for subcutaneous injection, once a day for 4 months. The syringes will arrive relabeled from the supplier (SOBI) to Sheba Medical Center. They will be stored at the PI's store room in a temperature controlled refrigerator.
    Intervention: Drug: Kineret
Publications * Ben-Zvi I, Kukuy O, Giat E, Pras E, Feld O, Kivity S, Perski O, Bornstein G, Grossman C, Harari G, Lidar M, Livneh A. Anakinra for Colchicine-Resistant Familial Mediterranean Fever: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2017 Apr;69(4):854-862. doi: 10.1002/art.39995.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 20, 2016)
25
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 11, 2012)
50
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

A subject must fulfil the following criteria in order to be included in the study:

  1. FMF diagnosed as per the Tel-Hashomer criteria -(Criteria for the diagnosis of familial Mediterranean fever. Arthritis Rheum.1998 Aug; 41(8):1516-7-Livneh A, Langevitz P, Zemer D, Zaks N, Kees S, Lidar T, Migdal A, Padeh S, Pras M).
  2. 18-65 years of age
  3. Verified as mutations in both alleles of the MEFV gene, thus including homozygous and compound heterozygous patients
  4. Patient compliant with maximum tolerable dose of colchicine (up to 3 mg/day)
  5. At least one FMF attack per month in chest, abdomen or joints (definition of attack see above)
  6. Adequate contraception for sexually active male and female patients

Exclusion Criteria:

The presence of any of the following will exclude a subject from inclusion in the study:

  1. Patient pregnant at enrolment visit
  2. Prior or existing malignancy
  3. Active infection
  4. Manifest renal failure with Creatinine clearance <30mL/min as determined by the equation Creatinine clearance (ml/min) = (140-age) x Wight (Kg) /72 x serum creatinine (mg/dcl) For women one should multiply the results by 0.8
  5. Live vaccinations last three months before enrolment
  6. Sociopsychological state threatening compliance with the treatment protocol
  7. Alcohol or substance abuse
  8. Concomitant medication with biological or anti-rheumatic disease-modifying drugs or systemic steroids
  9. Any prior use of IL-1 inhibitory drugs
  10. Associated disease that could interfere with clinical assessment:

    1. Rheumatic disorder
    2. Systemic disease, e.g. autoimmune or other autoinflammatory disorder, diabetes, hypertension, vasculitis, Behçet's disease
    3. Gastrointestinal disorder, e.g. Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome
    4. Cardiovascular disorder, e.g. post myocardial infarction, angina
    5. Pulmonary disorder, e.g. COPD, pulmonary hypertension
    6. Any other condition which in the opinion of the investigator makes the subject unsuitable for inclusion
  11. Enrolment in another concurrent clinical study, or intake of an investigational drug, within three months prior to inclusion in this study
  12. Failure or refusal to cooperate with given instructions

    -

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Israel
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01705756
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SHEBA-11-8557-AL-CTIL
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Prof.Avi Livneh, Sheba Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sheba Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Avi Livneh, professor Sheba Medical Center, Tel- Hashomer, Ramat- Gan, Israel.
PRS Account Sheba Medical Center
Verification Date July 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP