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MostCare Versus Echo-Doppler for Cardiac Output Measurement (PRAM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01678950
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 5, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sabino Scolletta, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date August 31, 2012
First Posted Date September 5, 2012
Last Update Posted Date June 25, 2014
Study Start Date June 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: June 24, 2014)
cardiac output [ Time Frame: comparison of monitoring systems ]
comparison of cardiac output monitoring systems
Original Primary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title MostCare Versus Echo-Doppler for Cardiac Output Measurement
Official Title Comparison Between MostCare and Echo-Doppler for Cardiac Output Measurement: an Observational Study
Brief Summary Recently, an uncalibrated minimally invasive Pulse-code Modulator (PCM) has been developed: the MostCare system. This monitoring system is powered by Pressure Recording Analytical Method (PRAM), which is based on the mathematical analysis of the arterial pressure profile changes. It allows beat-to-beat Stroke Volume (SV) assessment from the pressure signal recorded invasively in radial, brachial, or femoral arteries. The most innovative features of this method are: 1) the lack of a calibration requirement, 2) the analysis of the arterial wave signal is performed at 1000 Hz, 3) a dedicated arterial catheter-transducer is unnecessary. MostCare is powered by PRAM (Pressure Recording Analytical Method) algorithm. The investigators primary end-point was to evaluate the relationship between Cardiac Output (CO) measured by MostCare with CO calculated with Echo-Doppler in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients under different clinical conditions. As a secondary end-point the investigators evaluated the relationship between CO measured by MostCare with CO obtained with thermodilution techniques (standard bolus thermodilution or transpulmonary thermodilution, i.e. PiCCO system). This is a prospective multicentre observational study.
Detailed Description

(*) Study design

A. MostCare system data acquisition Before each CO measurement, the arterial pressure catheter and transducer quality will be assessed as follows: easy aspiration of 5 ml of blood easily re-injected without resistance; visual assessment of the quality of the arterial waveform contour; adequate response to the flush test (square wave). If necessary, the best position for the signal quality will be checked by extending the wrist and manipulating the catheter. For each determination of Echo-Doppler (and ThD-CO when applicable), a corresponding value for MostCare must be obtained by averaging the individual beats over the same time necessary to obtain the Echo-doppler-CO (and ThD-CO when applicable) measurements.

B. Echo-Doppler data acquisition (transoesophageal - TOE - or transthoracic - TTE - echo) Echo-Doppler-CO will be measured using the standard formula CSA x VTI (cross sectional area x velocity time integral x heart rate in ml/min). 2D measurement of the aortic annulus diameter allows calculation of the flow CSA which is then multiplied by the VTI (velocity time integral) of the Pulsed Doppler flow velocity profile across the aortic valve to determine the SV.

Other hemodynamic variables as an ancillary part of the study will compare shortening fraction (SF) or EF fraction from Echocardiography with CCE and dp/dt.

C. Thermodilution data acquisition (ThD-CO) (when applicable) Data coming from ThD pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) or a CVC + femoral artery catheter (transpulmonary thermodilution, PiCCO system) will be collected from the monitor itself or the system for patient monitoring used in the units.

For standard PAC-ThD-CO, five consecutive injections of 10 ml of 5% glucose cold solution will be randomly injected during respiratory cycle over a 5-min period. Thermodilution-CO (or PiCCO-CO) will be calculated as the average of the five measurements. All these 5 measurements will be collected.

MostCare, Echo-doppler (and Thermodilution when applicable) Change in ventilator parameters, sedation drugs, or fluid infusions or vasopressor dose will not be allowed during the acquisition time.

(*) Study timing and procedure

For each patient CO determinations will be performed as follows:

Mandatory measurements:

• Baseline: (MostCare + Echo-doppler simultaneously, and MostCare + Echo-doppler + Thermodilution when applicable) = single comparison between techniques.

Recorded but not mandatory measurements (fitting to the therapeutic protocol used in each center):

• Pre- and post- treatment (fluid challenge, vasoactive drugs and inotropics changes) (MostCare + Echo-doppler simultaneously, and MostCare + Echo-doppler + Thermodilution when applicable) = dynamic comparison between techniques (two measures). This will allow a sub-analysis of CO (the trend of CO) changes, validity of trend, for both SV and CO before and after a therapeutic intervention.

Data to be collected:

Patient: demographic, anthropometric, pre-medical history, indication(s) for ICU admission; (cardiovascular diseases and cardiac function, respiratory diseases, etc...), severity scores (SAPS II, SOFA, ….).

All patients enrolled will be analysed in intention-to-treat even data recording failed. In this case, that would be a limit if any, for the tested technique.

Hemodynamic MostCare: SV, HR, CO, CCE, ∆P/∆T, ABPs, ABPd, ABPm. Other hemodynamic data: CVP, PaoP, SvO2, lactate,... Echocardiography: stroke volume, heart rate, cardiac output. Other hemodynamic variables are allowed to be collected by Echo according to the centre protocols and the experience of each centre.

Cardiac and vasoactive drugs dose or infusion rate will be collected: dobutamine, dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, nitrates, beta-blockers, ACE-I,ecc.

Ventilatory: mechanical ventilation settings: mode of ventilation (CPAP, BiPAP, VC, PC), pressure support (if applicable), peak and plateau pressure, PEEP level, FiO2 oxygenation (SaO2, PaO2,…) ICU stay and outcome: morbidity (number and type of complications), length of stay, mortality.

(*) Statistical analysis and methodology, number of patients to be enrolled, duration of the study:

Collected data will be copied on an excel file to be properly independently analyzed with a statistical software. Correlation tests (Spearman or Pearson), Student paired t-test, and Bland-Altman analysis will be applied. A minimum of 30 patients per centre will be enrolled in the study in a period of 18 months.

This "minimum number" of patients is mandatory as: 1) the enrollment of 30 patients per centre eliminates the potential bias that may occur when few data come from a single centre, 2) minimum 300 patients enrolled represents a suitable number to obtain the "statistical power" necessary to validate the comparison between the different methods, and 3) further analysis and comparisons in subgroup of patients having similar clinical settings can be performed.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Patients in Intensive Care Unit, under different clinical conditions
Condition Cardiac Output Measurement
Intervention Not Provided
Study Groups/Cohorts Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Completed
Actual Enrollment
 (submitted: June 24, 2014)
Original Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: September 4, 2012)
Actual Study Completion Date June 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients equipped with a standard arterial catheter-line (femoral or radial artery) for invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring.
  • Patients requiring an echocardiographic evaluation - Transthoracic Echocardiographic Evaluation (TEE)or Transesophageal Echocardiographic Evaluation (TOE) - as a routine need or in the context of Acute Cardiocirculatory failure with suspected implication of cardiac dysfunction or Acute Respiratory failure and suspicion of cardiac failure.
  • *When a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC, standard bolus thermodilution, ThD) is used or a central venous catheter linked with a femoral artery catheter to measure the transpulmonary thermodilution (PiCCO system: Continuous pulse contour cardiac analysis), the comparison will be done as a secondary end point of the protocol.

    • The point n.3 is optional

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Related to MostCare:

pathologies that could affect the quality and reliability of the arterial signal (aortic valve pathologies, aortic aneurysms) and arrhythmias that generate hemodynamic instability (i.e., variations in mean BP measurements > 10%); poor quality of the arterial pressure signal after a standard flush test (i.e., over-damped or under-damped arterial trace).

  • Related to Echo-Doppler: non-feasibility to obtain a fulfilled quality of the images.
  • Patients younger than 18.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries France,   Italy,   Spain,   United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT01678950
Other Study ID Numbers PRAM2012
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Responsible Party Sabino Scolletta, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese
Study Sponsor Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators Not Provided
PRS Account Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese
Verification Date June 2014