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Tissue Engineered Nasal Cartilage for Regeneration of Articular Cartilage (Nose2Knee)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01605201
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Deutsche Arthrose-Hilfe
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 22, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 24, 2012
Last Update Posted Date August 27, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE August 29, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date August 15, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 23, 2012)
  • 1-Safety for the patient [ Time Frame: until 24 months ]
    Safety will be assessed by the incidence of adverse reactions and adverse events. Expected postoperative complications also occurring in the standard procedure are: pain, swelling and hematoma, casually post-anesthetic nausea, vomiting or fever.
  • 2- Stability of the graft [ Time Frame: until 24 months ]
    It will be assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) technique at 6, 12 and 24 months indicating if the graft is in place and if there are signs of complications. Parameters to be evaluated are: filling of the defect, integration of the border zone to the adjacent cartilage, intactness of the subchondral lamina, intactness of the subchondral bone, and relative signal intensities of the repair tissue compared to the adjacent native cartilage.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2013)
Subjective pain relief [ Time Frame: until 24 months ]
Subjective relief of pain for the patient will be assessed using the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) Cartilage Injury Evaluation Package which includes the pre- and postsurgical evaluation of general medical conditions, pain, activity level as well as functional and morphological status.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 23, 2012)
Subjective pain relief [ Time Frame: until 24 months ]
Subjective relief of pain for the patient will be assessed using the ICRS Cartilage Injury Evaluation Package which includes the pre- and postsurgical evaluation of general medical conditions, pain, activity level as well as functional and morphological status.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Tissue Engineered Nasal Cartilage for Regeneration of Articular Cartilage
Official Title  ICMJE Tissue Engineered Nasal Cartilage for Regeneration of Articular Cartilage in the Knee After Traumatic Injury - a Phase I Clinical Trial-
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and feasibility of implanting an engineered cartilage graft obtained by culturing expanded autologous nasal chondrocytes within a collagen type I/III membrane into the cartilage defect on the femoral condyle and/or trochlea of the knee after a traumatic injury.
Detailed Description

Articular cartilage injuries are a prime target for regenerative techniques, since spontaneous healing is poor and untreated defects predispose to osteoarthritis. Common current strategies such as arthroscopic debridement, microfracture, autologous osteochondral grafting, use of allografts and autologous chondrocytes implantation (ACI) still have drawbacks such as long and complex rehabilitation times, technically challenging operation techniques, defect-size limitations, donor-site morbidity, limited graft material and high costs. Furthermore many techniques show unsatisfactory long term results due to inferior quality of repair tissue as compared to native cartilage or have yet to prove the cost versus benefit. These drawbacks could be overcome by using a tissue engineered nasal cartilage graft, thereby reducing donor site morbidity without introducing additional risk of complication or technically challenging techniques.

This study is a phase I, prospective, uncontrolled, investigator initiated clinical trial involving 25 patients, with the objective of demonstrating safety and feasibility in the use of engineered nasal cartilage grafts for repair of articular cartilage. The specific surgical target of the trial is the repair of one or two full-thickness cartilage defects from 2 cm2 to 8 cm2 (per lesion, not exceeding a total of 8 cm2 for all lesions) due to traumatic injury on the femoral condyle and/or trochlea of the knee.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Cartilage Lesion
  • Degenerative Lesion of Articular Cartilage of Knee
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: Tissue engineered cartilage graft
Autologous nasal chondrocytes expanded in vitro and cultured in a collagen type I//III scaffold
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Implantation of cartilage graft
Intervention: Biological: Tissue engineered cartilage graft
Publications * Mumme M, Barbero A, Miot S, Wixmerten A, Feliciano S, Wolf F, Asnaghi AM, Baumhoer D, Bieri O, Kretzschmar M, Pagenstert G, Haug M, Schaefer DJ, Martin I, Jakob M. Nasal chondrocyte-based engineered autologous cartilage tissue for repair of articular cartilage defects: an observational first-in-human trial. Lancet. 2016 Oct 22;388(10055):1985-1994. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31658-0.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 12, 2017)
18
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 23, 2012)
10
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 15, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date August 15, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Size of the defect on the femoral cartilage:one or two symptomatic lesion(s) grade III-IV from 2 cm2 to 8 cm2 at the femoral condyle and/or trochlea
  • Other:
  • Age: 18-55 years
  • Written informed consent by the patient

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Defect:

    • Lesions smaller than 2cm2 or greater than 8cm2
    • Total area of all lesions bigger than 8cm2
    • Lesions other than on the femoral condyle and/or trochlea
    • Any evidence of the following diseases in the target joint: septic arthritis; inflammatory joint disease; gout; recurrent episodes of pseudogout; Paget disease of bone; ochronosis; acromegaly; hemochromatosis;Wilson disease; primary osteochondromatosis; heritable disorders; collagen gene mutations
    • Presence of a clinically relevant cartilage lesion on the patella (second lesion)
    • Patellofemoral cartilage lesion
    • Presence of relevant complex knee injuries affecting bone and/or ligaments
    • Osteochondritis dissecans: recent (within 1 year before baseline); depth of lesion >0.5 cm; subchondral sclerosis
    • Advanced osteoarthritis (as defined by Radiographic Atlas of Osteoarthritis, grade 2-3)
    • Varus or valgus malalignment exceeding 5° (kissing lesions out)
  • Medical history:

    • gravidity (Pregnancy)
    • breast feeding
    • presence of multiple severe allergies (including porcine collagen, streptomycin and penicillin)
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Current diagnosis of osteomyelitis
    • Any clinically significant or symptomatic vascular or neurologic disorder of the lower extremities
    • A blood result showing liver enzymes (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase) of more than 2 times the upper limit of normal or any other result that in the clinical investigator's mind is clinically important
    • C-reactive protein level greater than 10 mg/L
    • Uncontrolled diabetes
    • Renal insufficiency
    • Previous pacemaker implantation
    • Any concomitant painful or disabling disease of the spine, hips, or lower limbs that would interfere with evaluation of the afflicted knee
    • Mosaicplasty (osteochondral autograft transfer system)
    • Microfracture performed less than 1 year before baseline
    • Received hyaluronic acid intra-articular injections into the afflicted knee within the last 6 months of baseline Meniscal transplant (previous/present)
    • Meniscal suture with meniscal arrows ipsilaterally (present or previous if not resorbed)
    • Taking specific osteoarthritis drugs, such as chondroitin sulfate, diacerein, n-glucosamine, piascledine, and capsaicin, within 2 weeks of the baseline visit
    • Corticosteroid therapy by systemic or intra-articular route within the last month of baseline or intramuscular or oral corticosteroids within the last 2 weeks of baseline
    • Chronic use of anticoagulants
    • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis, or syphilis
    • Malignancy
    • Alcohol and drug (medication) abuse
    • Poor general health condition as judged by investigator
    • Body mass index >35 kg/m2
    • Medication:chronic treatment with steroids or growth factors (immunomodulatory drugs)
  • Other:

    • Participation in concurrent clinical trials
    • Participation in a previous clinical trial within 1 year
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Switzerland
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01605201
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 92/11
TpP-I-2012-001 ( Other Identifier: Swissmedic )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Collaborators  ICMJE Deutsche Arthrose-Hilfe
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Marcel Jakob, Prof. Dr. University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
PRS Account University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Verification Date August 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP