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A Phase 3 Trial of Brentuximab Vedotin(SGN-35) Versus Physician's Choice (Methotrexate or Bexarotene) in Participants With CD30-Positive Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (ALCANZA Study) (ALCANZA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01578499
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 17, 2012
Results First Posted : March 16, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Seagen Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 27, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 17, 2012
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 9, 2017
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE March 16, 2018
Last Update Posted Date January 5, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE June 11, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date May 31, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 29, 2019)
Percentage of Participants Achieving an Objective Response That Lasts at Least 4 Months (ORR4) [ Time Frame: Each Cycle until disease progression, death End of treatment (Median overall follow-up 38.8 months) ]
ORR4 was determined by an Independent Review Facility (IRF) based on Global Response Score (GRS) which consisted of a skin assessment by the investigator using the modified severity-weighted assessment tool (mSWAT), nodal and visceral radiographic assessment by an IRF and for the participants with mycosis fungoides (MF) only, detection of circulation Sezary cells. Participants whose first response occurred after the start of subsequent anticancer therapy were excluded. Response Criteria was based on International Society for Cutaneous Lymphomas (ISCL), United States Cutaneous Lymphoma Consortium (USCLC) and Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force (CLTF) of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Consensus guidelines (Olsen, 2011).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 13, 2012)
Proportion of patients achieving an objective response that lasts at least 4 months [ Time Frame: Change in response at the end of 21 day cycles: 3,6,9,12, and 15; at EOT; then every 12 weeks for a minimum of 24 months, and thereafter every 6 months until disease progression or study closure for up to 3 years post treatment ]
To determine ORR, lasting at least 4 months, with brentuximab vedotin in patients with CD30+ MF or pcALCL compared to that achieved with therapy in the control arm
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 29, 2019)
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving a CR [ Time Frame: Each Cycle until disease progression, death or data cutoff (Median overall follow-up 38.8 months) ]
    Complete Response (CR) was determined by the IRF based on Global Response Score (GRS) which consisted of a skin assessment by the investigator using the modified severity-weighted assessment tool (mSWAT), nodal and visceral radiographic and for the participants with mycosis fungoides (MF) only, detection of circulation Sezary cells. Response Criteria was based on ISCL, USCLC and CLTF of the EORTC Consensus guidelines (Olsen, 2011).
  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Until disease progression, death or data cutoff (Median PFS follow-up of 38.8 months) ]
    PFS was assessed by the IRF and is defined as the time from randomization until disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Disease progression was based on ISCL, USCLC and CLTF of the EORTC Consensus guidelines (Olsen, 2011).
  • Maximum Change From Baseline in Symptom Domain Score of the Skindex-29 Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline up to End of Treatment (Week 52) ]
    Skindex-29 is a 29-item dermatology-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The Skindex-29 incorporates a 28-day recall period and consists of 3 domains: symptoms, emotions, and functioning. The domain scores and an overall score are expressed on a 100-point scale, from 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating lower levels of health- HRQoL. A negative change (reduction) from Baseline indicates improvement.
  • Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Until disease progression, death or data cutoff (Median follow-up 38.8 months) ]
    Duration of response was assessed by the IRF in participants with confirmed response [CR or Partial Response (PR)] and is defined as the time between first documentation of response and disease progression. Response Criteria was based on ISCL, USCLC and CLTF of the EORTC Consensus guidelines (Olsen, 2011).
  • DOR of Skin Response [ Time Frame: Until disease progression, death or data cutoff (Median follow-up 38.8 months) ]
    Duration of skin response (CR and PR) was assessed by the investigator and is defined as the time between the first skin response to progressive disease in skin. Per mSWAT, CR is defined as 100% clearance of skin lesions. PR is defined as 50%-99% clearance of skin disease from Baseline; No new tumors in participants without tumors at Baseline -MF; No new tumors-primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (pcALCL).Progressive disease is defined as ≥ 25% increase in skin disease from baseline, or loss of response: in those with CR or PR, increase of skin score of greater than the sum of nadir plus 50% baseline score, or new tumors in participants without tumors at baseline (MF).
  • Event-Free Survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization until disease progression, death or data cutoff (Median follow-up 36.8 months) ]
    EFS was assessed by the IRF and is defined as the time from randomization until any cause of treatment failure: disease progression, discontinuation of treatment for any reason, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Disease progression was based on ISCL, USCLC and CLTF of the EORTC Consensus guidelines (Olsen, 2011).
  • Cmax: Maximum Observed Concentration for Brentuximab Vedotin [ Time Frame: Day 1 pre-dose and 30 minutes after infusion in Cycles 1 and 3 ]
  • Ctrough: Observed Concentration at the End of a Dosing Interval for Brentuximab Vedotin [ Time Frame: Day 1 pre-dose of Cycles 2 and 4 ]
  • Cmax: Maximum Observed Concentration for Monomethyl Auristatin (MMAE) for Brentuximab Vedotin [ Time Frame: Day 1 pre-dose and 30 minutes after infusion ended in Cycles 1 and 3 ]
  • Ctrough: Observed Concentration at the End of a Dosing Interval for MMAE for Brentuximab Vedotin [ Time Frame: Day 1 pre-dose of Cycles 2 and 4 ]
  • Number of Participants With Antitherapeutic Antibodies (ATA) to Brentuximab Vedotin [ Time Frame: Baseline up to End of Treatment (Week 52) ]
    Blood was collected and evaluated for ATA and neutralizing ATA in all participants who received brentuximab vedotin to assess immunogenicity.
  • Change From Baseline in the Skindex-29 Questionnaire Total Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycles 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, at End of Treatment (EOT) and during posttreatment long treatment follow-up (LTFU) - (Median follow-up 38.8 months) ]
    Skindex-29 is a 29-item dermatology-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The Skindex-29 incorporates a 28-day recall period and consists of 3 domains: symptoms, emotions, and functioning. The domain scores and an overall score are expressed on a 100-point scale, 0 to 100 with higher scores indicating lower levels of health- HRQoL. A negative change (reduction) from Baseline indicates improvement.
  • Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy General Questionnaire (FACT-G) Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycles 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, at EOT and during posttreatment (LTFU) - (Median follow-up 38.8 months) ]
    FACT-G is a 27-item general cancer QOL instrument completed by participants receiving cancer treatment. FACT-G incorporates a 7-day recall period and contains 4 primary subscales: Physical Well-Being (PWB; sum of 7 items, point range 0-28); Social/Family Well-Being (SWB, sum of 7-items, point range 0-28); Emotional Well-Being (EWB; sum of 6-items, point range 0-24); Functional Well-Being (FWB; sum of 7-items, point range 0-28); Fact-G total score=sum of PWB, SWB, EWB, FWB, point range 0-108. Higher scores for the total scales and subscales indicate better quality of life. A negative change (reduction) from Baseline indicates improvement.
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: First dose of study drug through 30 days after last dose of study drug (Up to 450 days) ]
    AEs and SAEs were assessed according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 4.03. An Adverse Event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a drug; it does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. A SAE is any AE that results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of an existing hospitalization, results in significant disability or incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect or is a medically important event.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 13, 2012)
  • Proportion of patients achieving complete response (CR) [ Time Frame: At the end of 21 day cycles: 3,6,9,12, and 15; at EOT; then every 12 weeks for a minimum of 24 months, and thereafter every 6 months until disease progression or study closure for up to 3 years post treatment ]
    To determine CR rate with brentuximab vedotin compared to that achieved with therapy in the control arm
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: At the end of 21 day cycles: 3,6,9,12, and 15; at EOT; then every 12 weeks for a minimum of 24 months, and thereafter every 6 months until disease progression or study closure for up to 3 years post treatment ]
    To determine PFS with brentuximab vedotin compared to that achieved with therapy in the control arm
  • Changes in symptom domain per Skindex-29 questionnaire [ Time Frame: Day 1 of 21 day cycles: 1,2,4,6,8,10,12,14, and 16; At EOT 30 days after the last dose, and during post treatment follow-up (for up to 3 years post treatment) ]
    To determine burden of symptoms during treatment with brentuximab vedotin compared to that achieved with therapy in the control arm
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase 3 Trial of Brentuximab Vedotin(SGN-35) Versus Physician's Choice (Methotrexate or Bexarotene) in Participants With CD30-Positive Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (ALCANZA Study)
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized, Open-Label, Phase 3 Trial of Brentuximab Vedotin(SGN-35) Versus Physician's Choice (Methotrexate or Bexarotene) in Patients With CD30-Positive Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to determine objective response rate (ORR), lasting at least 4 months (ORR4), with brentuximab vedotin in participants with cluster of differentiation antigen 30 positive (CD30+) cutaneous T-cell lymphoma [mycosis fungoides (MF) and primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (pcALCL) ]compared to that achieved with therapy in the control arm.
Detailed Description

The drug being tested in this study is called brentuximab vedotin. Brentuximab vedotin is being tested to treat people who have CD30+ cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (mycosis fungoides and primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma). This study will look at the overall response of people who took brentuximab vedotin compared to people who took methotrexate or bexarotene as standard care.

The study enrolled 131 patients. Participants will be randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of the two treatment groups-which will remain undisclosed to the participant and study doctor during the study (unless there is an urgent medical need):

  • Methotrexate 5 to 50 mg or Bexarotene 300 mg/m^2 (as per physician's choice)
  • Brentuximab vedotin 1.8 mg/kg

This multicenter trial is being conducted worldwide. The overall time to participate in this study is approximately 6 years. Participants will make multiple visits to the clinic every 12 weeks for a minimum of 24 months after the end of treatment (EOT) visit, and then every 6 months until death, study closure, or 6 years after enrollment of the last participant.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Mycosis Fungoides
  • Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin
    Brentuximab vedotin intravenous injection.
    Other Name: SGN-35
  • Drug: Methotrexate
    Methotrexate tablets.
  • Drug: Bexarotene
    Bexarotene tablets.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Brentuximab vedotin
    Brentuximab vedotin 1.8 mg/kg, intravenous over approximately 30 minutes, once on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle and may continue as monotherapy for up to a total of 16 cycles (48 weeks).
    Intervention: Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin
  • Active Comparator: Methotrexate or Bexarotene
    Methotrexate 5 to 50 mg, tablets, orally, once weekly (dose adjustment is guided by patient response and toxicity) or Bexarotene 300 mg/m^2, tablets, orally, once daily with meals for up to 48 weeks.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Methotrexate
    • Drug: Bexarotene
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 19, 2018)
131
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 13, 2012)
124
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 6, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date May 31, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Voluntary consent form
  • Male or female participants 18 years or older with diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (MF) or primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (pcALCL)
  • Participants with pcALCL who have received prior radiation therapy or at least 1 prior systemic therapy; participants with MF who have received at least 1 prior systemic therapy
  • Histologically confirmed CD30+ disease by central laboratory assessment and pathology review
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
  • Female participants who are post menopausal, surgically sterile, or agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception or agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the participant
  • Male participants who agree to practice effective barrier contraception or agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the participant
  • Clinical laboratory values as specified in protocol
  • A 3-week washout period is required from previous treatments (with the exception of a 12-week washout for antibody-directed or immunoglobulin-based immune therapy, or other monoclonal antibody therapies), unless it is not in the best interest of the patient in the opinion of the investigator. Individual cases should be discussed with the project clinician before enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A concurrent diagnosis of systemic ALCL, or other non Hodgkin lymphoma (excluding LyP) or Sezary syndrome or B2 disease
  • Participants with cardiovascular conditions specified in protocols
  • Participants with history of another primary malignancy not in remission for at least 3 years
  • Known active cerebral/meningeal disease, including signs or symptoms of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML);
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection
  • Oral retinoid therapy for any indication within 3 weeks of study entry
  • Corticosteroid therapy within 3 weeks or immunosuppressive chemotherapy or any antibody-directed or immunoglobulin-based immune therapy (e.g., immunoglobulin replacement, other monoclonal antibody therapies) within 12 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • Female participants who are lactating and breastfeeding or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period or a positive urine pregnancy test on Day 1 of any cycle
  • Previous receipt of brentuximab vedotin Please note that there are additional inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study center will determine if you meet all of the criteria.

Site personnel will explain the trial in detail and answer any question you may have if you do qualify for the study. You can then decide whether or not you wish to participate. If you do not qualify for the trial, site personnel will explain the reasons.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia,   Austria,   Belgium,   Brazil,   France,   Germany,   Italy,   Poland,   Spain,   Switzerland,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01578499
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE C25001
2010-024215-14 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda provides access to the de-identified individual participant data (IPD) for eligible studies to aid qualified researchers in addressing legitimate scientific objectives (Takeda's data sharing commitment is available on https://clinicaltrials.takeda.com/takedas-commitment?commitment=5). These IPDs will be provided in a secure research environment following approval of a data sharing request, and under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Supporting Materials: Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Supporting Materials: Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Access Criteria: IPD from eligible studies will be shared with qualified researchers according to the criteria and process described on https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/. For approved requests, the researchers will be provided access to anonymized data (to respect patient privacy in line with applicable laws and regulations) and with information necessary to address the research objectives under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
URL: https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/
Responsible Party Takeda ( Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. )
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Collaborators  ICMJE Seagen Inc.
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Medical Monitor Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
PRS Account Takeda
Verification Date December 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP