COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Effect and Safety Study of GP/FP Regimens in Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01528618
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2016 by Li Zhang, Sun Yat-sen University.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 8, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Li Zhang, Sun Yat-sen University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 31, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 8, 2012
Last Update Posted Date January 12, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE October 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 9, 2016)
Progression free survival (PFS) assessed by independent image committee and the investigators [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 4, 2012)
Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 4, 2012)
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Number of Participants with Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Quality of life [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Effect and Safety Study of GP/FP Regimens in Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized, Multicenter Phase III Clinical Trial Comparing Gemcitabine and Cisplatin With 5-Fluorouracil and Cisplatin in the Treatment of Recurrent or Metastatic Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC)
Brief Summary The present study will be a randomized, control, multicenter phase III study of recurrent or metastatic (R/M) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with Gemcitabine (Gemzar, Lilly) and cisplatin regimen (GP) or 5-Fluorouracil plus cisplatin regimen (FP). The population consists of recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) that failed the radical radiotherapy or chemotherapy-naïve advanced NPC (stage IV). The effectiveness and side effects will be evaluated according to Standard WHO response criteria and NCI-CTC AE V3.0.
Detailed Description

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is most commonly seen in Southeast Asia, especially in southern and southeastern China ,where the incidence rate has been documented between 10 and 150 cases per 100,000 population per year. NPC is a radiosensitive tumor, and radiotherapy is considered to be the treatment of choice for most cases. The 5-year survival rate (all stages) is around 50% .In other words, more than half of the NPC cases will eventually fail radiotherapy and reasons of the failure are both local relapse and remote metastasis.

For these advanced or metastatic NPC, chemotherapy is the most important therapeutics,and they are relatively responsive to chemotherapy compared to other head and neck cancers. The backbone of the treatment for recurrent/metastatic (R/M) NPC is cisplatin containing regimen, which is also regarded as the standard regimen for other squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN). The FP regimen is widely used in R/M NPC patients now and its response rate is around 40%-65%,but the response period is usually short and the adverse reaction is frequent and badly tolerant, which influent the treatment compliance seriously. What's more, the catheters and pumps are necessary for continuous infusion of 5-Fluorouracil, which add to the cost, immobility and inconvenience of the treatment.

Preclinical and clinical data show synergistic activity between gemcitabine and cisplatin without overlapping toxicity. Several clinical trials enrolling a minority of advanced NPC patients suggest GP regimen has promising effectiveness and well tolerated side effects, and they indicated a potential possibility that the GP regimen comes to the standard first line choice instead of the FP regimen

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: gemcitabine and cisplatin
    The GP regimen consists of gemcitabine at a dose of 1,000 mg/m2 by intravenous (i.v.) infusion over 30 min on day 1 and day 8, and cisplatin 80 mg/m2 by i.v. infusion for 4 h on day 1 only
    Other Name: GP
  • Drug: 5-Fluorouracil and cisplatin
    The FP regimen consists of 5-Fluorouracil 1,000 mg/m2/day which was administered as a continuous intravenous infusion for 96 hours after completion of the cisplatin on days 1( 80 mg/m2 i.v. infusion for 4 h)
    Other Name: FP
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: gemcitabine and cisplatin
    gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 over 30 to 60 minutes on days 1, 8, and plus cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1, every 3 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: gemcitabine and cisplatin
  • Active Comparator: 5-Fluorouracil and cisplatin
    5-Fluorouracil 4,000 mg/m2 CIV over 96 hours and plus cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1, every 3 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: 5-Fluorouracil and cisplatin
Publications * Zhang L, Huang Y, Hong S, Yang Y, Yu G, Jia J, Peng P, Wu X, Lin Q, Xi X, Peng J, Xu M, Chen D, Lu X, Wang R, Cao X, Chen X, Lin Z, Xiong J, Lin Q, Xie C, Li Z, Pan J, Li J, Wu S, Lian Y, Yang Q, Zhao C. Gemcitabine plus cisplatin versus fluorouracil plus cisplatin in recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2016 Oct 15;388(10054):1883-1892. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31388-5. Epub 2016 Aug 23. Erratum in: Lancet. 2016 Oct 15;388(10054):1882.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 4, 2012)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically proven NPC diagnosis
  • Elder than 18 years old are inclusive
  • Recurrence or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma with evidence of unsuitable for local treatment
  • Amenable to regular follow-up
  • Subjects with at least one measurable lesion (Tumor lesions that are situated in a previously irradiated area could not be considered measurable).
  • Performance status: 0-1(ECOG)
  • WBC > 4.0X109/L, PLT > 100X109/L, with normal hepatic function(AST, ALT < 2.5 x upper limit of normal , and bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal), with normal renal function (Creatinine < 1.5 x upper limit of normal)
  • No chemotherapy or radical radiotherapy received within 6 months prior to enrollment
  • Life expectancy over twelve weeks
  • Signed and dated informed consent before the start of specific protocol procedures
  • Ability to comply with trial requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient suitable for local treatment (eg. radiotherapy)
  • Active clinically serious infections (> grade 2 NCI-CTC version 3.0)
  • Patient with central nervous system metastasis
  • Patient life threatening medical condition
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding patients. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within 7 days of the start of treatment. Both men and women enrolled in this trial must use adequate barrier birth control measures during the course of the trial and two weeks after the completion of trial.
  • Performance status ≥ 2
  • With a pre-existing peripheral neuropathy (National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI CTC] grade ≥ 2)
  • Serious concurrent illness
  • Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from the cancer being evaluated in this study EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors[Ta, Tis & T1] or any cancer curatively treated > 3 years prior to study entry.
  • Patient refusing participation
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE China
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01528618
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE GEM20110714
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Li Zhang, Sun Yat-sen University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sun Yat-sen University
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: li zhang, doctor Sun Yat-sen University
PRS Account Sun Yat-sen University
Verification Date January 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP