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Open-label Study to Compare Hospitalization Rates of Schizophrenic Patients Treated With Oral Antipsychotics Versus IM Depot Aripiprazole (ARRIVE- EU)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01509053
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : January 12, 2012
Results First Posted : January 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 13, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 12, 2012
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 26, 2013
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE January 16, 2014
Last Update Posted Date March 4, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2013)
Comparison of Inpatient Psychiatric Hospitalization Rates [ Time Frame: Retrospective period Months 4-6; Prospective period Months 4-6 ]
The comparison of inpatient psychiatric hospitalization rates (proportion of patients with ≥1 inpatient psychiatric hospitalizations) between the retrospective period Months 4-6 (Weeks-12 to -24) while on oral standard of care antipsychotic treatment and the prospective period Phase B Months 4-6 (Weeks 12 to 24) after the switch to aripiprazole IM depot.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 9, 2012)
The comparison of inpatient psychiatric hospitalization rates [ Time Frame: Retrospective period Months 4-5; Prospective period Months 4-6 ]
Outcome measure: The comparison of inpatient psychiatric hospitalization rates (proportion of patients with ≥1 inpatient psychiatric hospitalizations) between the retrospective period Months 4-6 (Weeks-12 to -24) while on oral standard of care antipsychotic treatment and the prospective period Phase B Months 4-6 (Weeks 12 to 24) after the switch to aripiprazole IM depot. Subjects have the option of entering the extension phase of the study and continuing with injections every 26-30 days until the drug is either commercially available, or December 2014.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2013)
  • Change From Baseline in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The PANSS consisted of 3 subscales with a total of 30 symptom constructs each rated on a 7-point scale where 1=absence of symptoms to 7=extremely severe symptoms. The Positive Subscale consisted of 7 positive symptom constructs with a possible subscale score of 7 to 49, the Negative Subscale consisted of 7 negative symptom constructs with a possible subscale score of 7 to 49 and the General Psychopathology Subscale consisted of 16 symptom constructs for a possible subscale score of 16 to 112. The PANSS Total Score ranged from 30 (best) to 210 (worst; indicating more severe symptoms). A Negative change from Baseline indicated improvement.
  • Change From Baseline in PANSS Positive and Negative Subscale Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The PANSS Positive Subscale consisted of 7 symptom constructs rated on a 7-point scale where 1=absence of symptoms to 7=extremely severe symptoms. The total score on the Positive Subscale ranged from 7 to 49 with a higher score indicating more severe symptoms. The PANSS Negative Subscale consisted of 7 symptom constructs rated on a 7-point scale where 1=absence of symptoms to 7=extremely severe symptoms. The total score on the Negative Subscale ranged from 7 to 49 with a higher score indicating more severe symptoms. A Negative change from Baseline indicated improvement.
  • Clinical Global Impression of Severity (CGI-S) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The severity of illness for each participant was rated using the CGI-S scale. The investigator answered the following question: "Considering your total clinical experience with this particular population, how mentally ill is the patient at this time?" using an 8-point scale where 0=not assessed to 7=among the most extremely ill patients.
  • Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The participant's overall improvement was rated for each participant using the CGI-I scale. The investigator rated the participant's total improvement by answering the following question: "Compared to his/her condition at baseline (prior to randomization), how much has the patient changed?" using an 8-point scale where 0=not assessed, 1=very much improved to 7=very much worse. Lower scores indicated improvement.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 9, 2012)
  • PANSS total score [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Week 24 ]
  • PANSS positive and negative subscale scores [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Week 24 ]
  • CGI-S score [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Week 24 ]
  • CGI-I score [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Open-label Study to Compare Hospitalization Rates of Schizophrenic Patients Treated With Oral Antipsychotics Versus IM Depot Aripiprazole
Official Title  ICMJE Open-label Study to Assess Hospitalization Rates in Adult Schizophrenic Patients Treated With Oral Antipsychotics for 6 Months and IM Depot Aripiprazole for 6 Months, Respectively, in a Naturalistic Community Setting, Europe, Canada and Asia
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to compare retrospective hospitalization rates of schizophrenic patients treated with oral antipsychotics to prospective hospitalization rates of these patients treated with IM depot aripiprazole.
Detailed Description Nonadherence to antipsychotic medications remains a frequent cause of relapse among patients with schizophrenia, increasing hospitalization rates, hospitalization days, and hospitalization costs. Among hospitalized adults, schizophrenia is the fourth most commonly diagnosed illness and has the seventh longest mean duration of hospital stay in the US. Frequent relapses and hospitalization can affect quality of life in these patients. Long-acting injections (intramuscular depot) antipsychotic medication is a means to treatment adherence and increased quality of life for patients with schizophrenia.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Schizophrenia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Aripiprazole (Abilify®) IM Depot Injection

    400 mg IM depot injection every 26-30 days. Dosage may be adjusted at the investigator's discretion to 300 mg.

    Number of injections: 6. Participants have the option of entering the extension phase of the study and continuing with injections every 26-30 days until the drug is either commercially available, or December 2014.

    Other Name: ABILIFY®
  • Drug: Oral aripiprazole
    Oral aripiprazole tablets 10-15 mg/day (up to 30 mg/day).
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Aripiprazole IM depot injection
Patients who had no history of tolerability to oral aripiprazole received 10-15 mg/day (up to 30 mg/day) oral aripiprazole for 1 to 4 weeks to determine tolerability in the Tolerability Assessment Phase prior to receiving treatment with aripiprazole IM Depot. In the Open-label Aripiprazole IM Depot Phase, participants received aripiprazole intramuscular (IM) Depot 400 mg injection (dosage could be adjusted to 300 mg at the investigator's discretion) monthly in the clinic for a total of 6 injections + concomitant oral aripiprazole 10-15 mg/day for the first 14 days. Participants at the investigator's discretion were eligible to continue to receive aripiprazole IM depot (400 or 300 mg) injection monthly in the Open-label Aripiprazole IM Depot Extension phase. Oral aripiprazole was available as rescue medication if necessary.
Interventions:
  • Drug: Aripiprazole (Abilify®) IM Depot Injection
  • Drug: Oral aripiprazole
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 5, 2012)
30
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 9, 2012)
500
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who are able to provide written informed consent. If the Institutional Review Board (IRB) requires consent by a legally acceptable representative in addition to the subject, all required consents must be obtained prior to any protocol-required procedure.
  • Male and female subjects 18 to 65 years of age, inclusive
  • Current diagnosis of schizophrenia as defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) criteria and a history of the illness for at least 1 year (12 months)
  • Subjects who in the investigator's judgment would benefit from extended treatment with a long-acting injectable formulation
  • Subjects who have at least 1 inpatient psychiatric hospitalization in the 2 years (24 months) prior to screening, but have been managed as outpatients for the 4 weeks prior entering the study
  • Subjects must have been on oral antipsychotic treatment for the full 7 months prior to the screening phase Subjects who have shown response to previous antipsychotic treatment.
  • Subjects who understand the nature of the trial and are able to follow the protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prisoners or subjects who are compulsorily detained (involuntarily incarcerated), or have been incarcerated in the past 7 months for any reason must not be enrolled into this trial.
  • Subjects who may require potent CYP2D6 or CYP3A4 inhibitors or CYP3A4 inducers during the trial.
  • Any subject who requires or may need any other antipsychotic medications during the course of the trial, other than allowed rescue medication.
  • Subjects who are known to be allergic, intolerant, or unresponsive to prior treatment with aripiprazole or other quinolinones.
  • Subjects with a history of hypersensitivity to antipsychotic agents.
  • Subjects deemed intolerant of receiving injectable treatment.
  • Subjects who have received electroconvulsive therapy within the last 7 months prior to screening.
  • Subjects with a history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome or clinically significant tardive dyskinesia as assessed by the investigator.
  • Subjects with a current DSM-IV-TR diagnosis other than schizophrenia, including schizoaffective disorder, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, delirium, dementia, amnestic or other cognitive disorders. Also, subjects with borderline, paranoid, histrionic, schizotypal, schizoid, or antisocial personality disorder.
  • Subjects requiring hospitalization for any psychiatric reason during the 4 weeks prior to signing the Informed Consent Form (ICF) or during the screening period.
  • Subjects without at least 1 inpatient psychiatric hospitalization in the last 2 years (24 months) prior to screening.
  • Subjects who have met DSM-IV-TR criteria for any significant substance use disorder within 3 months prior to screening.
  • Subjects who are considered treatment-resistant to antipsychotic medication other than clozapine.
  • Treatment with long-acting injectable antipsychotics in which the last dose was within 7 months prior to screening.
  • Subjects who have not been treated with oral antipsychotics for 7 months prior to screening.
  • Subjects who have a significant risk of committing suicide
  • Subjects who have a history or evidence of a medical condition that would expose them to an undue risk of a significant adverse event or interfere with assessments of safety or efficacy during the course of the trial
  • Sexually active males and females who will not commit to utilizing birth control during the trial and for up to 180 days following the trial.
  • Abnormal laboratory or physical examination results indicating a condition which may interfere with the results of the study or pose a safety risk to the subject.
  • Subjects who have previously enrolled in an aripiprazole IM depot clinical study or who have participated in any clinical trial with an investigational agent within the past 30 days.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Belgium,   Bulgaria,   Canada
Removed Location Countries France,   Germany,   Italy,   Korea, Republic of,   Poland,   Spain,   Taiwan,   United Kingdom,   United States
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01509053
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 31-11-284
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Tim Peters-Strickland Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
PRS Account Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
Verification Date February 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP