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Safety and Efficacy Study of Pirfenidone to Treat Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis(IPF)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01504334
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2012 by Zuojun Xu, Beijing Kawin Technology Share-Holding Co., Ltd..
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : January 5, 2012
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zuojun Xu, Beijing Kawin Technology Share-Holding Co., Ltd.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 30, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 5, 2012
Last Update Posted Date February 7, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 3, 2012)
Changes in forced vital capacity (FVC) [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
Changes in FVC from 48 weeks to baseline
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 3, 2012)
  • Changes in lung function (including arterial blood gas analysis) [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Lung function will be assessed as improved/stabilized/exacerbated from 48 weeks to baseline.
  • Acute Exacerbation during the whole treatment procedure(frequency and severity) [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    The following clinical deterioration symptoms within a month that cannot be explained by other reasons will be assessed as acute exacerbation:
    1. Aggravated dyspnea;
    2. Newly discovered chest interstitial lung abnormality by radiograph/HRCT, without pneumothorax or pleural effusion;
    3. PaO2 decreases ≥10mm Hg,heart failure or pulmonary embolism excluded.
    Acute Exacerbation can be assessed if 1 and 2 appear or 1 and 3 appear.
  • Progression-free time [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Progression of disease during the whole study period is defined as follows:
    1. Progressive dyspnea (objective evaluation);
    2. FVC absolute value progressively and constantly decreases compared with baseline value;
    3. DLCO absolute value (after hemoglobin calibration) progressively and constantly decreases compared with baseline value;
    4. Fibrosis progressive deterioration by HRCT examination;
    5. Acute Exacerbation;
    6. Death caused by respiratory failure.
  • 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT ): Changes in 6 minute walk distance (6MWD) and SpO2 from 48 weeks to baseline [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Method: The walking test is conducted in a corridor 33 meters long. The patient is instructed to "walk from end to end, covering as much ground as they can in the allotted time". The total distance ambulated in meters during the 6-minute walk test and the number of rest stops is recorded. 6MWD, weight, heart rate, BP, SpO2, and a self-reported rating of perceived exertion [modified Borg RPE scale rating (0 to 10 scale)] is recorded after the walk.
  • Borg RPE scale rating improvement rate during the whole study period [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Patient percentage whose Borg RPE scale rating improves more than 1 level.
  • Lung interstitial change observed by HRCT [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Changes in HRCT lung interstitial evaluation score from 48 weeks to baseline
  • Life quality: assessed by St. George respiratory questionnaire (SGRQ). [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    Life quality will be assessed as improved if SGRQ single or total score increased >4% when completing the trial; Life quality will be assessed as stabilized if SGRQ single or total score changes within the range of 4% when completing the trial; Life quality will be assessed as exacerbated if SGRQ single or total score decreased >4% when completing the trial.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Safety and Efficacy Study of Pirfenidone to Treat Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis(IPF)
Official Title  ICMJE A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial for the Safety and Efficacy of Pirfenidone in the Treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)
Brief Summary

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive form of lung disease characterized by fibrosis of the supporting framework (interstitium) of the lungs. By definition, the term is used only when the cause of the pulmonary fibrosis is unknown ("idiopathic"). Microscopically, lung tissue from patients shows a characteristic set of histologic/pathologic features known as usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). UIP is therefore the pathologic counterpart of IPF.Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by radiographically evident interstitial infiltrates predominantly affecting the lung bases and by progressive dyspnea and worsening of pulmonary function. No therapy has been clearly shown to prolong survival. The current strict definition of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis provides a new focus for basic and clinical research that will improve insight into the pathogenesis of this disorder and stimulate the development of novel therapies.

Pirfenidone has proven antifibrotic and anti-inflammatory properties in various in vitro systems and animal models of pulmonary fibrosis, although its precise mechanism of action remains unclear. It attenuates fibroblast proliferation, production of fibrosis-associated proteins and cytokines, and the increased biosynthesis and accumulation of extracellular matrix in response to cytokines such as transforming growth factor-β. It is also shown to slow tumor cell proliferation by inhibiting fibroblast growth factor, epidermal growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor.

Pirfenidone has not been widely approved for clinical use in China, in this study, safety and efficacy were evaluated to see if pirfenidone has a significant advantage over placebo in terms of improving lung function and life quality etc. (see primary and secondary criteria) or slows down the deterioration of lung function in Chinese subjects diagnosed with IPF.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Pirfenidone
    Pirfenidone(200mg)tablets will be taken 3 times a day during the whole study process. For the first week, 1 tablet will be taken each time. For the second week, 2 tablets will be taken each time. From the third week to the 48th week, 3 tablets will be taken each time. Base drug Acetyl Cysteine Tablets(600mg)will be taken once a day, 1 tablet each time from the first to the 48th week.
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo(without active ingredient) tablets will be taken 3 times a day during the whole study process. For the first week, 1 tablet will be taken each time. For the second week, 2 tablets will be taken each time. From the third week to the 48th week, 3 tablets will be taken each time. Base drug Acetyl Cysteine Tablets(600mg)will be taken once a day, 1 tablet each time from the first to the 48th week for both groups.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Pirfenidone(200mg)
    Pirfenidone(200mg)tablets will be taken 3 times a day during the whole study process. For the first week, 1 tablet will be taken each time. For the second week, 2 tablets will be taken each time. From the third week to the 48th week, 3 tablets will be taken each time. Base drug Acetyl Cysteine Tablets(600mg)will be taken once a day, 1 tablet each time from the first to the 48th week.
    Intervention: Drug: Pirfenidone
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo (without active ingredient)
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Publications * Huang H, Dai HP, Kang J, Chen BY, Sun TY, Xu ZJ. Double-Blind Randomized Trial of Pirfenidone in Chinese Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Oct;94(42):e1600. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000001600.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 3, 2012)
80
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent signed;
  2. 18-75 years of age;
  3. Clinically or multidisciplinarily diagnosed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis(see 2011 guidance );
  4. Resting state PaO2≥50mg, FVC%≥45% normal predicted value and DLCO≥30% normal predicted value.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Allergic to pirfenidone;
  2. Dyspnea symptoms relieved in the past 6 months;
  3. Patients in acute exacerbation phase;
  4. Diabetic patients whose fasting venous glucose >11.1 mmol/L;
  5. Patients with malignant tumor and hemorrhagic diseases;
  6. Patients with serious underlying pulmonary disease;
  7. Patients with serious heart disease(NYHA class Ⅲ-Ⅳ), liver disease(ALT or AST 2 times above the upper level of normal value range), kidney disease(Cr above the upper level of normal value range);
  8. Patients who has taken Acetylcysteine in the past 3 months;
  9. Patients who has taken Prednisone>15mg/day(or other equivalent amount of glucocorticoid) and/or Immunosuppresants in the past 3 months;
  10. Patients who has taken interferon, penicillamine, colchine or other agents for the treatment of IPF;
  11. Pregnant or lactating women;
  12. Participated in other clinical trials in the past 1 month;
  13. The investigator assessed as inappropriate to participate in this clinical trial.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE China
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01504334
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE KAWIN-001
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Zuojun Xu, Beijing Kawin Technology Share-Holding Co., Ltd.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Beijing Kawin Technology Share-Holding Co., Ltd.
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Xu Zuojun, MD Peking Union Medical College Hospital
PRS Account Beijing Kawin Technology Share-Holding Co., Ltd.
Verification Date February 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP