This study will treat children and adults who have documented deficiencies of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation including disorders of the following enzymes: Carnitine-Acylcarnitine Translocase (CATR), Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase I and II (CPT I, CPT II), Very-Long Chain Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD), L-3-Hydroxy-Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase (LCHAD), Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase type 9 (ACAD9) and Mitochondrial Trifunctional Protein (TFP) with triheptanoin oil. This study is also open to patients with any type of glycogen storage disease, pyruvate carboxylase deficiency, or Barth Syndrome.
Symptoms often persist with standard diet including supplementation with medium chain triglyceride oil. Preliminary data shows triheptanoin to reverse many of the clinical symptoms not well controlled by standard diet.
On study entry, clinical and laboratory assessments will be carried out with the subject on their usual home diet. A complete history and physical exam will be performed. An echocardiogram must be obtained within the past year or it will be performed on the day of study entry. Following analysis of their diet and a negative pregnancy test, subjects will receive a modified diet containing triheptanoin (up to 2 grams/kg/24 hours for most subjects; subjects who experience cardiomyopathy may receive doses up to 4 grams/kg/24 hours), or continued on their previously established triheptanoin dose; not to exceed RDA for fat, substituted for their MCT oil and/or natural fat. This will be given by g-tube or orally divided into 2 or more doses. The dose will be adjusted on the basis of safety laboratory monitoring at specific time points and for adverse symptoms. The remainder of their diet will be modified to maintain appropriate caloric intake and balance. Total calories appropriate for RDA will be prescribed.
Study subjects will continue the triheptanoin-supplemented diet for a period of 12 months and then be able to continue into an indefinite extension phase in this compassionate use study. Laboratory evaluations will take place at two, six, and twelve months, as well as every 12 months in the extension phase. Laboratory tests may be completed at a local lab and the results forwarded to the PI for review between visits in Pittsburgh. Patients will monitor their weight at home on a monthly basis. Interim metabolic evaluations will be arranged as needed on a clinical basis with the study PI or the subject's home metabolic physician. Following the initial 12 months of the protocol, subjects will be placed on a continuing schedule for maintenance of triheptanoin therapy with a yearly follow up visit for an undeterminable period of time. Echocardiograms must be completed on an annual basis and sent to the study PI to review.
Travel to Pittsburgh, PA at the start of the study and annually is the responsibility of the subjects. Additionally, there may be study costs that insurance will not cover and subjects will be responsible for covering them. Examples of out-of-pocket study costs subjects may incur in addition to travel expenses including the following: necessary laboratory testing and echocardiograms. The study medication will be provided free of charge.