Cell Collection to Study Eye Diseases
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01432847|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2011
Last Update Posted : September 17, 2021
|First Submitted Date||September 10, 2011|
|First Posted Date||September 13, 2011|
|Last Update Posted Date||September 17, 2021|
|Actual Study Start Date||September 7, 2011|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures
||Creation of iPS cells from at least 1 type of somatic tissue collected from participants, differentiation of iPS cells into RPE and/or neural retinal The creation of iPS cells from at least one type of somatic tissue collected from participants. [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Cell Collection to Study Eye Diseases|
|Official Title||Generation of Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) Cell Lines From Somatic Cells of Participants With Eye Diseases and From Somatic Cells of Matched Controls|
- Best Vitelliform Dystrophy (Best disease), Late-Onset Retinal Degeneration (L-ORD), and Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) all affect the retina, the light sensing area at the back of the eye. Doctors cannot safely obtain retinal cells to study these diseases. However, cells collected from hair follicles, skin, and blood can be used for research. Researchers want to collect cells from people with Best disease, L-ORD, and AMD, and compare their cells with those of healthy volunteers.
- To collect hair, skin, and blood samples to study three eye diseases that affect the retina: Best disease, L-ORD, and AMD.
This study will establish a repository of biospecimens to generate induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which will be used to determine molecular mechanisms for potentially blinding eye diseases including but not limited to: Best Vitelliform Dystrophy (Best Disease); Late-Onset Retinal Degeneration (L-ORD); Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD); Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA); Joubert syndrome; X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (RP); oculocutaneous albinism; Stargardt s with ABCA4 gene mutations; Waardenburg syndrome, coloboma, Enhanced S-Cone syndrome (ESCS), Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Type 7 (SCA7) and eye diseases associated with MITF, PAX2, or PAX6 gene mutations. Skin fibroblasts, saliva, hair keratinocytes, and/or blood cells may be collected from participants with retinal diseases and from age, gender and ethnicity-matched healthy participants.
Although research involving multiple different ocular cell types from these patients may be performed, the vast majority of the work will be centered on the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and neural retina. RPE and/or neural retinal cells generated from the iPS cells of participants with retinal diseases and healthy volunteers will be used to analyze molecular mechanisms involved in disease initiation and progression. In addition, the iPS cell-derived ocular cells will be used to perform high throughput (HTP) drug screens aimed at suppressing the molecular phenotypes of the disease and to identify potential therapeutic agents for these diseases.
Objectives: The primary objective of this study is to generate participant-iPS cells that can be differentiated into ocular cell types, to be used to study the molecular mechanisms of and to develop treatments for ocular conditions. This objective will be carried out in three phases. First, this study will establish a repository of fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and/or blood cells collected from participants with eye diseases and from matched controls without any eye diseases. Second, the somatic cell repository will be used to generate iPS cells, which will be differentiated into RPE, neural retinal and/or other ocular cells. These cells will be used to elucidate molecular pathways that have led to disease pathogenesis. In the third phase, the participant-specific ocular cells will be used to perform high throughput drug screens to identify novel potential therapeutic compounds. The cells obtained in this protocol may be genetically modified, may be transplanted into animals in the laboratory, and, if used in the development of cell-based therapies, may be transplanted into humans. Transplantation into humans will be done as a part of a different study.
Study Population: We plan to recruit 465 participants with ocular conditions including but not limited to: degenerative retinal diseases, optic atrophy, microphthalmia/anophthalmia, ciliopathy, and other ocular developmental or degenerative conditions, and 465 healthy volunteers without any eye disease. If possible, unaffected siblings and relatives of participants with eye diseases will be included as healthy volunteers.
Design: In this basic science, research-oriented study, skin, saliva, hair, and/or blood samples may be collected from affected participants with the eye diseases and/or genetic mutations under study, and from control participants matched for age, gender and ethnicity. The sample collection procedures will incur only minimal risk to adult participants. Offsite minor participants will not undergo the skin biopsy. This study will typically require only one visit by each participant. Participants may be requested to return if their initial sample(s) did not produce adequate cells for study in the laboratory. Participants who were previously enrolled to provide samples for research-grade iPS cell generation may return for an additional visit to provide samples for clinical-grade iPS cell generation, if eligible. The skin fibroblast, keratinocyte, and/or blood samples will then be used to generate participant-specific iPS cells, and these cells will then be differentiated into RPE, neural retinal and/or other ocular cell types. iPS cells may not be made from all samples. The investigators will use the samples for research studies aimed at identifying molecular and signaling pathways underlying disease onset and progression and for developing potential therapeutic treatments for the eye diseases under study.
Outcome Measures: The outcome measures for this study include the creation of iPS cells from at least one of the three types of somatic tissues collected from each participant, the differentiation of iPS cells into RPE, neural retinal cells and/or other ocular cells, and the identification of molecular and physiological phenotypes in these cells that may be linked to the onset or progression of the ocular conditions being studied. This analysis may lead to the discovery of therapeutic interventions for these diseases. There are no specific participant-based clinical outcomes for this protocol. Participants will, in general, be seen only once for this protocol, as they will be ascertained and/or receiving standard care under the NEI Ocular Natural History Protocol (16-EI-0134) or other NEI protocols. In rare cases, participants may be requested to return to the clinic if their initial sample(s) did not produce adequate cells for study in the laboratory.
|Study Design||Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Non-Probability Sample|
|Study Population||465 participants with ocular conditions and 465 participants without any ocular disease|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Original Estimated Enrollment
|Study Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
To be eligible, participants must meet the following inclusion criteria.
A participant is not eligible if any of the following exclusion criteria are present.
ADDITIONAL CRITERIA FOR CLNICAL-GRADE CELL LINE GENERATION:
The additional eligibility criteria must be met for participants donating samples for the generation of clinical-grade cell lines.
|Ages||1 Year and older (Child, Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||110245
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) )|
|Study Sponsor||National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||January 28, 2021|