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Safety and Efficacy Study of Autologous Bone Marrow Derived Stem Cell Treatment in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01363401
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 1, 2011
Results First Posted : July 20, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Corestem, Inc.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 30, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 1, 2011
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 8, 2015
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE July 20, 2016
Last Update Posted Date October 9, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 2, 2017)
The Difference in the Changes of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale - Revised (ALSFRS-R) Between Treatment Groups and Control Groups. [ Time Frame: baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9) ]
ALSFRS-R is ordinal rating scale questionnaire (rating 0-4 for each question, 4 is most functional, 0-48 total) of 12 functional activities. The most functional total score is 48. ALSFRS-R was evaluated at baseline and week 28.(The first injection was performed at 0 week) ALSFRS-R total score variation baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 30, 2011)
Changes in ALSFRS-R score [ Time Frame: Week 12, -8, -4, 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 ]
After a lead-in period for 12 weeks, the patients of a test group will be treated with 'HYNR-CS inj' twice at an interval of 26 days. After treatment, patients will be followed up for progression rate, all patients will be assessed every 4 weeks using the ALSFRS-R(ALS functional rating scale-revised) score.
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01363401 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 2, 2017)
  • Change in Appel Scale [ Time Frame: baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9) ]
    To evaluate the disease change, Appel scale will be assessed. Appel scale is a test tool, which is devised to evaluate the functional condition and variation of ALS(Lou Gehrig's disease) patients (rating 6 to between 30 and 36 points for each of 5 functional conditions, 30-164 total). The higher the total score presents more severe disability. This was done at Visit 1, Visit 5 and Visit 9 (week -12,0,16). The first injection was performed at 0 week(Visit 5) Appel scale total score variation baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9)
  • Change in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) (Percent of Predicted Normal) [ Time Frame: baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9) ]
    Secondary efficacy was measured by comparing the rate of decline of mean FVC by treatment group. FVC which is a clinical scale to observe variation in patient's respiratory competence, was conducted at Visit 1, Visit 5 and Visit 9. (week -12,0,16) The first injection was performed at 0 week. FVC variation baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9)
  • Change in SF-36 (The Short Form (36) Health Survey is a 36 Item) [ Time Frame: baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9) ]
    The SF-36 consists of eight scaled scores, which are the weighted sums of the questions in their section. Each scale is directly transformed into a 0-100 scale on the assumption that each question carries equal weight. The lower the score presents more severe disability. The higher the score presents less disability. This was measured at Visit 5 and Visit 9. (week 0,16) The first injection was performed at 0 week. The score variation baseline(Visit 5) and week 16(Visit 9)
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 30, 2011)
  • Change in Appel Scale [ Time Frame: week -12,0,16 ]
    To evaluate the disease progression rate, Appel scale will be assessed.
  • Change in FVC [ Time Frame: week -12,0,16 ]
    To check the change of patient's respiration ability, FVC(Forced Vital Capacity) will be evaluated.
  • Change in SF-36 [ Time Frame: week 0, 16 ]
    To evaluate quality of life, SF-36 will be assessed.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Safety and Efficacy Study of Autologous Bone Marrow Derived Stem Cell Treatment in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Official Title  ICMJE An Open-label, Phase I/II Trial for Safety and Efficacy Study of Autologous Bone Marrow Derived Stem Cell Treatment in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells("HYNR-CS inj"), through intrathecal delivery for the treatment in patients with ALS.

This study consists of 2 steps. First step is a safety study of the intrathecal(IT) injection of "HYNR-CS inj" in 8 patients with ALS. In this phase 1 study, AE, laboratory test, physical examination, vital signs, Electrocardiogram, and Chest X-Ray examination were evaluated in terms of safety.

Second step is to compare the efficacy and safety between test group and control group of total 64 patients with ALS.

Detailed Description

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor neuron loss. Despite of many trials for disease-modifying, no treatment has so far changed natural course of disease.

We have performed the pre-clinical and clinical studies using autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells in ALS. We could get the evidence that autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells have dose-dependent effects on SOD1 mice via intrathecal injection. In our results of clinical trial, intrathecal injection of autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells could slow down disease progression and might be used as a disease modifying strategy in patients with ALS.

This study was designed as a single center, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, 2-stage study, and targeted at patients diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(Lou Gehrig's disease). The study consisted of Stage-1 study for safety evaluation and Stage-2 study for efficacy and safety evaluation of the study drug, and at Stage 1, 7 subjects eligible for the inclusion/exclusion criteria received safety evaluation for 28 days of study drug administration in twice under the protocol, and then followed Stage 2. To decide whether the study can be proceeded in 2 stages, ADR(CTCAE Version 3.0, ≥grade 3) should not appear in initial 7 subjects.

Data obtained from subjects of this study were analyzed into three: Safety Analysis, ITT(Intent-To-Treat) Analysis, and PP(Per Protocol) Analysis. However, in case of phase 1, only safety analysis was conducted, and in case of phase 2, all of safety, ITT, and PP analyses were conducted.

For ITT Analysis, all the subjects whose data on primary efficacy endpoint could be obtained following the administration of investigational drug were analyzed in analysis among subjects who were administered the investigational drug once at least. Also, Modified ITT Analysis, including 7 subjects at Stage 1, was carried out.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • ALS
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: HYNR-CS inj
    Intrathecal injection with 1ml/10kg of body weight at an interval of 26 days.
  • Other: Control group
    No treatment of HYNR-CS inj
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Test group
    Treatment group with HYNR-CS inj.
    Intervention: Biological: HYNR-CS inj
  • Experimental: Control group
    No treatment with HYNR-CS inj.
    Intervention: Other: Control group
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 8, 2016)
72
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 30, 2011)
71
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients between 25 and 75 years old
  • Patients who have both signs of lower motor neuron(LMN) and upper motor neuron(UMN) degeneration by clinical, electrophysiological or neuropathologic examination
  • Patients diagnosed as 'Probable' or 'Definite' ALS according to the World Federation of Neurology El Escorial criteria
  • Patients who have taken Rilutek at stable background dose from 3 months ago at least before screening entry
  • Patients whose duration of disease is within 5 years from the first diagnosis
  • Patients with ALSFRS-R score within 31 to 46 at screening
  • Patients who can visit to a hospital by walk personally or by protector's help
  • Patients who provide the written consent by oneself or his/her legal representative

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who doesn't appropriate to the diagnostic criteria of ALS
  • Patients who are diagnosed as primary lateral sclerosis(PLS) or progressive muscular atrophy(PMA)
  • Patients suspected of adverse effect after stem cell injection(patients suspected of malignant tumor, risk group of psychogenic shock, patients with serious hypertension)
  • Patients with ALSFRS-R score below 30 at screening
  • Patients performed ventilator or tracheostomy at screening
  • Patients performed gastrostomy at screening
  • Patients unable to assess the efficacy of this clinical trial due to unattainable PFT(Pulmonary Functional Test) or patients with suspected 40% or less of FVC at screening
  • Patients with finding of myocardial infarction or angina pectoris according to ECG, patients who have been performed Stenting or Bypass operation at screening
  • Patients who have taken any other drug for clinical trial within the past 3 months at screening entry
  • Patients with epilepsy
  • Patients with severe renal dysfunction(serum creatinine≥2.0mg/dl)
  • Patients with severe liver dysfunction(ALT, AST, bilirubin≥upper limit of normal X 2)
  • Pregnant woman, lactating woman, female patients who has a pregnancy planning or who doesn't agree with adoption of contraception methods proper medically, male patients who doesn't agree with adoption of contraception methods proper to his partner during participating this study
  • Patients with hemorrhagic tendency at screening
  • Patients with virus infection at screening
  • Patients with a known history of hypersensitivity/allergy to penicillin and streptomycin
  • Patients with previous stem cell therapy
  • Patients diagnosed with cancer
  • Patients who have taken any drug thag can effect to bone marrow function
  • Patients with any other neurological disease except ALS
  • Patients with psychotic diseases
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 25 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Korea, Republic of
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01363401
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE HYNR_CS_ALS201
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Corestem, Inc.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Corestem, Inc.
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Seung Hyun Kim, M.D., Ph.D. Hanyang University
PRS Account Corestem, Inc.
Verification Date September 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP