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The Relationship Between Uric Acid and Inflammatory Markers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01323335
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 25, 2011
Last Update Posted : July 5, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute on Aging (NIA) )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 24, 2011
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 25, 2011
Last Update Posted Date July 5, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE March 31, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date January 31, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 24, 2011)
Effects of uric acid on inflammatory markers
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE The Relationship Between Uric Acid and Inflammatory Markers
Official Title  ICMJE The Relationship Between Uric Acid and Inflammatory Markers
Brief Summary


- Uric acid is a substance found in the blood that may contribute to certain chronic medical conditions and disorders, such as diabetes, insulin resistance, and high blood pressure. High uric acid concentrations have been associated with stroke and heart disease, as well as chronic heart failure. In particular, researchers are interested in determining the relationship between uric acid and inflammatory markers, or chemicals in the blood that can indicate inflammation and other problems with the body.


  • To study the specific effects of changes in uric acid in the body.
  • To determine whether uric acid contributes to inflammation in the body.


- Healthy individuals between 50 and 75 years of age.


  • This study will involve four visits: a screening visit, two study visits, and a followup visit.
  • At the screening visit, participants will have a physical examination, blood and urine tests, and an electrocardiogram. Participants will be divided into two groups based on the existing amount of uric acid in their blood.
  • Within 7 days of the screening visit, participants will have a full-day study visit with a magnetic resonance imaging scan, followed by a high-fat meal and further blood samples collected over the following 8 hours.
  • At least 2 days after the first study visit, participants will have the second study visit, which will require a 2-night stay at the National Institutes of Health. Participants will have a metabolism test, and will receive the following infusions based on the groups they were assigned to at the screening visit.
  • Group A (low uric acid) will receive either uric acid or a placebo.
  • Group B (moderate to high uric acid) will receive either Rasburicase (a drug that reduces the amount of uric acid in the blood) or a placebo.
  • After the infusions and related blood tests, participants will have a high-fat meal with further blood and urine samples.
  • Approximately 2 weeks after the second study visit, participants will have a final followup visit with additional blood and urine tests to determine whether the levels of uric acid in the blood have returned to normal.
Detailed Description

Uric acid (UA) is a terminal product of purine metabolism with strong antioxidant properties. UA has sizeable concentrations in biologic fluids only in humans and primates because they have a non-functional mutation of the enzyme uricase that, in other animals, transforms UA to allantoin. It has been hypothesized that this mutation has emerged evolutionarily because through this mechanism, humans can counteract the excessive oxidative stress that occurs in many critical pathologic conditions. Partially in contrast with this theory, high levels of UA have been associated with a number of negative health outcomes, including cardiovascular as well as all-cause mortality. Although it is possible that the UA elevation is merely a marker of critical health because it is an inducible antioxidant, researchers have questioned whether UA has beneficial or detrimental effect on health status. For example, we recently demonstrated that higher UA levels are cross-sectionally associated with higher levels of pro-inflammatory markers, and predict the increase in inflammatory markers over a 3-year follow-up. Understanding whether UA exerts a protective or detrimental effect on health is important in deciding whether mild hyperuricemia should or should not be aggressively treated.

Unfortunately, observational studies cannot fully address this question. In fact, we cannot exclude that the cross-sectional and longitudinal association between UA, inflammatory markers and negative health outcomes, may simply reflect the fact that UA is an inducible antioxidant that is produced in response to increasing oxidative stress. To verify the hypothesis that UA activates inflammation, we plan to conduct two complementary randomized controlled trials, each one including 10 treated and 10 control subjects. In the first trials, subjects with low UA will be administered 500 mg of UA intravenously. In the second trials, subjects with moderately elevated UA will be administered a single acute dose of Rasburicase. Then inflammatory markers will be measured at multiple points in time, for a total of 32 hours. We hypothesize that an acute increase in the circulating levels of UA will be followed by increasing levels of inflammatory markers. At the same time, an acute reduction of UA levels will be followed by a progressive reduction of inflammatory markers. This study should provide information that will help clinicians to decide whether to or not to treat mild hyperuricemia.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Condition  ICMJE Healthy Volunteers
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: IV Uric Acid
  • Drug: IV Rasburicase
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 4, 2018)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 24, 2011)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 31, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date January 31, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE
  • Age 50-75 years
  • BMI 23-30 kg/m(2)
  • Estimated GFR >60 mL/min
  • Blessed mental score equal to or less than 3
  • Ability to fully participate in an informed consent process
  • For Trial A (UA versus Placebo): all participants should have UA<6 mg/dL
  • For Trial B (Rasburicase versus Placebo): all participants should have UA 6.0-10 mg/dL


  • History of hypersensibility or intolerance to Rasburicase and/or to Lithium
  • Chronic Kidney Disease.
  • History of kidney stones.
  • History of asthma, atopic allergies, hemolytic or methemoglobinemia reactions
  • History of unstable angina, cardiac arrhythmia, stroke or myocardial infarction within 3 months, open-heart surgery within 6 months of the study enrollment
  • History of drug or alcohol dependence, or positive urine toxicology
  • Past or present positive test for HBV, HCV or HIV (base on blood test).
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD-deficiency)
  • History of gout
  • Last menstruation occurred less than 1 year ago
  • Unintentional or intentional weight loss of 5 kg in the previous 6 months
  • Alcohol daily intake >30 grams (more than 2 beers daily, more than 2 glass of wine or cocktail daily)
  • Current smokers or former smokers (stopped smoking less than 1 year before)
  • Blood pressure > 150/90 mmHg
  • Diabetes mellitus on dietary or pharmacological treatment
  • Hb <11.5 g/dL in women or < 12.5 g/dL in men
  • Acute infection/inflammation (CRP>5 mcg/mL) for Trial A: UA versus Placebo, CRP >10mcg/L for Trial B: -Rasburicase versus Placebo, or any clinical overt chronic infections including periodontal disease.
  • Active liver disease or liver function tests greater than 2 times upper normal limit
  • Self reported inflammatory joints or autoimmune diseases
  • Treatment over the last 3 months with Allopurinol, Rasburicase
  • Treatment over the last 3 months with Warfarin, Dicumarol, Theophylline, Statins
  • Necessity of daily treatment with NSAID
  • Current hormone replacement
  • Ongoing glucocorticoids, corticosteroids, including prednisone and/or cortisone injections or inhalations. (topical steroid cream use and occasional corticosteroid administration over the last 3 months is acceptable)
  • Current daily antioxidants or/and multivitamin supplementation or over the last month
  • Life-threatening diseases including malignancies
  • Recent Blood Donation (last 56 days)
  • Any other reason that based on the PI's judgment requires exclusion from this study
  • Inability to obtain venous access.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 50 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01323335
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 999909322
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute on Aging (NIA) )
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Luigi Ferrucci, M.D. National Institute on Aging (NIA)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date January 31, 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP