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Treatment Algorithm to Reduce the Use of Vancomycin in Adults With Blood Stream Infection (Bacteremia)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01191840
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2010
Results First Posted : December 12, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 28, 2010
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 31, 2010
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 12, 2017
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE December 12, 2017
Last Update Posted Date January 5, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date March 4, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 12, 2017)
  • Cure Rate [ Time Frame: Test of cure 2 (up to approximately 42 days) ]
    To compare the cure rate at Test of Cure evaluation, between the proposed treatment algorithm and the standard of care therapy.
  • Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Test of cure 2 (up to approximately 42 days) ]
    Number of Participants that reported a Serious Adverse Event
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events Leading to Study Drug Withdrawal [ Time Frame: Test of cure 2 (up to approximately 42 days) ]
    Number of Participants with an Adverse Event leading to study drug withdrawal
  • Number of Participants That Changed From Vancomycin to Another Study Antibiotic Due to an Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Test of cure 2 (up to approximately 42 days) ]
    Patient changes from vancomycin or a protocol-approved study antibiotic to another protocol-approved study antibiotic due to AE associated with study drug
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 30, 2010)
  • Compare cure rate between algorithm and standard of care therapy [ Time Frame: 28-42 days after last dose of antibiotics ]
    To compare the cure rate at Test of Cure evaluation, between the proposed treatment algorithm and the standard of care therapy.
  • Evaluate safety of algorithm-based therapy [ Time Frame: 28-42 days after last dose of antibiotic ]
    To evaluate the safety of algorithm-based therapy as an alternative to current standard of care.
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01191840 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 12, 2017)
Antibiotic Days by Treatment Group [ Time Frame: Test of cure 2 (up to approximately 42 days) ]
This will be analyzed by evaluating the difference in antibiotic days by treatment group and calculating 95% confidence intervals around the difference in antibiotic days among study patients randomized to algorithm-based treatment vs. among study patients randomized to standard treatment.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 30, 2010)
Antibiotic Days by Treatment Group [ Time Frame: 28-42 days after last dose of antibiotic ]
This will be analyzed by evaluating the difference in antibiotic days by treatment group and calculating 95% confidence intervals around the difference in antibiotic days among study patients randomized to algorithm-based treatment vs. among study patients randomized to standard treatment.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Treatment Algorithm to Reduce the Use of Vancomycin in Adults With Blood Stream Infection
Official Title  ICMJE A Multi-Center, Randomized, Open-Label, Comparative Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of a Treatment Algorithm to Reduce the Use of Vancomycin in Adult Patients With Blood Stream Infections Due to Staphylococci
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to accurately determine the length of appropriate drug treatment for staphylococcal blood stream infection. The study seeks to address important information about the management of staphylococcal blood stream infections.
Detailed Description

To demonstrate that the clinical efficacy of algorithm-based therapy of patients with staphylococcal blood stream infection is noninferior to current standard of care.

PP (per protocol) population: randomized patients EXCLUDING those that: Received a PENS antibiotic -Did not undergo removal of intravascular catheter suspected to be infected. Note that patients with simple CoNS bacteremia may retain the catheter; all other patients should have their catheter(s) removed. -Had blood stream infection with a vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus; or a staphylococcus resistant to protocol-identified alternative drugs if these were used -Discontinued study medication prematurely for reasons other than clinical failure -Did not undergo final TOC assessment -Did not comply with all Patient Inclusion Criteria -Violated any Patient Exclusion Criteria

  • Died within 3 days of randomization
  • Were classified as non-evaluable

PPE Population: Patients from the PP population who did not have complicated staphylococcal infection.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Bacteremia
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Vancomycin
Duration
Other Names:
  • Nafcillin
  • Oxacillin
  • Cloxacillin
  • Daptomycin
  • Cefazolin
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Algorithm-determined therapy
    Intervention: Drug: Vancomycin
  • Active Comparator: Standard of Care
    Intervention: Drug: Vancomycin
Publications * Holland TL, Raad I, Boucher HW, Anderson DJ, Cosgrove SE, Aycock PS, Baddley JW, Chaftari AM, Chow SC, Chu VH, Carugati M, Cook P, Corey GR, Crowley AL, Daly J, Gu J, Hachem R, Horton J, Jenkins TC, Levine D, Miro JM, Pericas JM, Riska P, Rubin Z, Rupp ME, Schrank J Jr, Sims M, Wray D, Zervos M, Fowler VG Jr; Staphylococcal Bacteremia Investigators. Effect of Algorithm-Based Therapy vs Usual Care on Clinical Success and Serious Adverse Events in Patients with Staphylococcal Bacteremia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018 Sep 25;320(12):1249-1258. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.13155.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 7, 2017)
509
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 30, 2010)
500
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 4, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date March 4, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Provide signed and dated informed consent. The patient's legally authorized representative (LAR) can provide a signed informed consent for the patient if allowed by local Institutional Review Board/Ethics Committee (IRB/EC) policy.
  2. Is ≥ 18 yrs of age.
  3. If the subject has an intravenous catheter in place then the subject and his/her primary health care provider must agree to have the catheter removed within 5 days of the initial blood culture draw with the exception of those subjects who meet criteria for simple CoNS bacteremia as defined in Table 1. The catheter may be retained in those subjects with simple CoNS bacteremia.
  4. Has blood stream infection defined as at least one blood culture positive for S. aureus or CoNS. In most cases, vancomycin(or other study drug alternative) will have been started prior to randomization. Enrollment windows depend on speciation and clinical classification as follows:

    1. identification of CoNS and classification as simple per Table 1-must be randomized within 3 calendar days of the start of treatment effective for the baseline infecting pathogen
    2. identification of CoNS and classification as uncomplicated per Table 1 must be randomized within 4 calendar days of the start of treatment effective for the baseline infecting pathogen
    3. identification of S. aureus - must be randomized within 12 calendar days of the start of treatment effective for the baseline infecting pathogen
  5. This criterion has been removed
  6. Women of child bearing potential must have a negative urine and/or serum pregnancy test.
  7. All patients of reproductive potential must be abstinent or agree to use double-barrier contraception while receiving study (algorithm based or Standard of Care) therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has known or suspected new complicated staphylococcal infection at the time of enrollment.
  2. Weigh ≥ 200 kg.
  3. Has non-removable intravascular foreign material at the time a positive blood culture was drawn (e.g., intracardiac pacemaker or cardioverter/defibrillator wires, hemodialysis access grafts, cardiac prosthetic valve, valvular support ring). Exception: coronary stents, inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in place > 6 weeks, patients with pacemakers whose baseline infecting pathogen is a CoNS, vascular stents in place for > 6 weeks, non-hemodialysis grafts in place >90 days and hemodialysis grafts not used within past 12 months and not previously infected are eligible for randomization. Arthroplasties and other extravascular devices, e.g. synthetic hernia repair mesh, and non-arthroplasty orthopedic prostheses including pins or plates, are acceptable as long as there are no signs or symptoms of foreign material-related infection at the time of randomization.
  4. This criterion has been removed
  5. Has a moribund clinical condition such that there is a high likelihood of death or cardiac surgery during the next three days.
  6. Has shock or hypotension (supine systolic blood pressure < 80 mmHg) or oliguria (urine output < 20 mL/h) unresponsive to fluids or pressors within four hours.
  7. Has received an investigational antibacterial agent with anti-staphylococcal activity within 30 days prior to randomization.
  8. Has a documented history of significant allergy or intolerance to all protocol-approved antibiotics anticipated to be effective for their infection.
  9. Has an infecting pathogen with confirmed reduced susceptibility to vancomycin (Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) > 2 µg/mL) if known. Note: If reduced susceptibility to vancomycin is discovered after enrollment, the patient will be treated with daptomycin (if pathogen is susceptible). Patient will remain in study as appropriate and be evaluated in the Intent to Treat (ITT) analysis, but will be excluded from Protocol Population (PP) analyses.
  10. For S. Aureus patients, is severely neutropenic (absolute neutrophil count < 0.100x103/mm3) or is anticipated to develop severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count < 0.100x103/ mm3) during the study treatment period due to prior or planned chemotherapy. CoNS patients with neutropenia are eligible to be enrolled.
  11. This criterion has been removed
  12. Has previously known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection with a nadir CD4+ count of <100 cells/mm3 within the past 12 months
  13. Is considered unlikely to comply with study procedures or to return for scheduled post-treatment evaluations.
  14. Is pregnant or trying to get pregnant, nursing, or lactating.
  15. Has known or suspected septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, pneumonia or other metastatic focus of infection. CoNS patients with pneumonia and not being treated or anticipated to start treatment with antibiotics effective for the baseline infecting pathogen can be included
  16. Has polymicrobial blood stream infection including at least one non-staphylococcal species, except AFTER consultation with the Clinical Medical Monitor at DCRI. Note that it is possible that a subject may not have a known polymicrobial bloodstream infection at the time of randomization, but additional pathogen(s) can subsequently be isolated from the initial blood culture. These patients will be eligible to remain in the trial. Please also note that patients with S. aureus plus CoNS will follow the treatment pathway for S. aureus.
  17. This criterion has been removed.
  18. Is hemodialysis dependent or has end stage renal disease (Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) < 30 cc/min).
  19. Developed Staphylococcus aureus blood stream infection within 72 hours of percutaneous coronary revascularization
  20. Received of any of the following antibiotics for 7 or more of the 10 calendar days immediately preceding the calendar day that the initial positive blood culture was drawn:

    1. If methicillin susceptibility of the isolate is unknown at the time of enrollment: vancomycin; daptomycin; telavancin; tigecycline; linezolid (in either oral or IV administration); quinupristin/dalfopristin; piperacillin/tazobactam; penicillin; nafcillin; oxacillin; cloxacillin; cefazolin, ceftriaxone, ceftaroline, dalbavancin, oritavancin, tedizolid, and levofloxacin or equivalent fluoroquinolone (in either oral or IV administration) Note: ciprofloxacin is not an exclusion criteria.
    2. If the staphylococcal isolate is known to be methicillin resistant: vancomycin; daptomycin; telavancin; tigecycline; linezolid (in either oral or IV administration), quinupristin/dalfopristin, dalbavancin, oritavancin, tedizolid, and ceftaroline.

    Note: patients who have developed bacteremia after at least 7 days of prophylaxis with oral antibiotics have by definition failed prophylaxis and the oral antibiotic can be deemed non-effective for the index bacteremia. Oral antibiotics that have failed as prophylaxis in this manner will not be considered exclusionary or count towards the number of antibiotic days but must be stopped upon randomization

  21. Has previously participated in this study.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Spain,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01191840
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE Pro00025497
DMID Protocol Number: 09-0080 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: HHSN272200900023C )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Duke University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Duke University
Collaborators  ICMJE National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Vance Fowler, MD Duke University
PRS Account Duke University
Verification Date December 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP