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A Study of the Effectiveness of Armodafinil to Treat Cancer-Related Fatigue in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01160380
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 12, 2010
Results First Posted : November 6, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Cephalon
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oncotherapeutics

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 7, 2010
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 12, 2010
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 22, 2014
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE November 6, 2014
Last Update Posted Date November 6, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 5, 2014)
  • BFI Score [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 28 and Day 56 ]
    Survey measuring fatigue. The scale contains 9 items; range=0-90 (0-10 per item). Mild = 1-3 Moderate = 4-7 Severe = 8-10
  • Trail Making Test B Score (TMT-B) [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 28 and Day 56 ]
    Cognitive test that gives a measure of various aspects of cognitive performance. Used to measure cognitive fatigue. The test consists of 25 circles containing 13 sequential numbers (1-13) and 12 sequential letters (A-L) positioned. The test evaluates the time to correctly order letters and numbers; low times = better performance.
  • Symbol Digit Modalities Test Score (SDMT) [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 28 and Day 56 ]
    Test to evaluate neurocognitive functions (attention, visual scanning and motor speed). The test consists of a key =9 graphic symbols numbered 1 to 9 and the test =120 graphic symbols to be matched with its number. The test evaluates the number of correct matches within 90 seconds. Higher scores= better performance
  • Digit Span Test Score [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 28 and Day 56 ]
    Test evaluates working memory and attention. The test consists of repeat numeric sequences of 2 to 9 numbers forward or backwards and evaluates the number of items from a sequence correctly named. Higher scores = better performance.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2010)
  • Brief Fatigue Index (BFI) Score [ Time Frame: 10 Weeks ]
    Survey measuring fatigue
  • Trail Making Test B Score [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    Cognitive test that gives a measure of various aspects of cognitive performance. Used to measure cognitive fatigue.
  • Symbol Digit Modalities Test Score [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    Cognitive test measuring cognitive ability: used to measure cognitive fatigue.
  • Digit Span Test Score [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    Cognitive test of memory ability. Used to test for cognitive fatigue
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01160380 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 5, 2014)
  • Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Fatigue (FACIT-F) Score [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 28 and Day 56 ]
    Survey addressing fatigue and patient happiness, coping, etc. Used to assess quality of life. The test consists of 40 items, each item with a response scale of 0-4. Higher scores denote better status Items are added to provide the total score (range 0-160).
  • Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) Score [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 28 and Day 56 ]
    Survey used to assess depression and anxiety. The test consists of 14 items (7 for anxiety and 7 for depression); there are 4 possible answers for each statement. Each item on the questionnaire is scored from 0-3 and this means that a person can score between 0 and 21 for either anxiety or depression. Higher scores= more anxiety or depression.
  • Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) Score [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 28 and Day 56 ]
    Survey assessing sleep patterns. The test consists of 8 items. The response scale range is 0-24 (range 0-3 per item: 0-No chance to falling asleep; 3-high chance of falling asleep). Interpretation: 0-No chance to falling asleep; 10+ above average chance daytime sleepiness
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2010)
  • Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Fatigue Score [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    Survey addressing fatigue and patient happiness, coping, etc. Used to assess quality of life.
  • Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Score [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    Survey used to assess depression and anxiety in patients
  • Epworth Sleepiness Scale Score [ Time Frame: 8 Weeks ]
    Survey assessing sleep patterns in the patients.
  • Vital Signs [ Time Frame: 14 Weeks ]
    pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and body temperature
  • ECOG performance [ Time Frame: 14 Weeks ]
    Used to assess safety and tolerability.
  • Clinical laboratory [ Time Frame: 14 Weeks ]
    Hematology, serum chemistry. Used to assess safety and tolerability
  • Adverse Event Assessment [ Time Frame: 14 Weeks ]
    Monitoring for adverse events and their severity to assess safety and tolerability.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study of the Effectiveness of Armodafinil to Treat Cancer-Related Fatigue in Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase III Study of Armodafinil for the Treatment of Cancer-Related Fatigue for Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of armodafinil for the treatment of cancer-related fatigue in adult patients with multiple myeloma. The study consists of a screening period, followed by a 56-day treatment phase, and a final assessment to occur 28 days after the end of the last treatment.
Detailed Description

This is a Phase III, multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study to evaluate the efficacy of armodafinil at a dosage of 150 mg/day for the treatment of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in adult patients with multiple myeloma. The study consists of a screening period, followed by a 56 day treatment phase, and a final assessment to occur 28 days after the end of the last treatment.

The screening period will occur within 14 days before baseline, where "baseline" refers to day 1 when assessments will be made before drug administration. During this period, a medical history will be obtained along with a complete physical examination including vital sign measurements and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status. Clinical laboratory tests including hematology, clinical chemistry (blood urea nitrogen [BUN], serum creatinine, total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase [AST] and alanine aminotransferase [ALT]), electrolytes (potassium, sodium, chloride and calcium), random glucose, total protein, albumin, and urinalysis will also be performed during the screening period as well as serum pregnancy tests for women of childbearing potential.

During the screening period, patients will also be assessed for the presence of cancer-related fatigue using the International Classification for Disease Tenth Edition (ICD-10) diagnostic criteria and the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI). Only those patients showing evidence of cancer-related fatigue will be enrolled in the study. The criteria for inclusion for any given patient consist of meeting the International Classification for Disease Tenth Edition (ICD-10) criteria for cancer-related fatigue and a score ≥ 4 on the BFI. ICD-10 CRF classification will be established using a standard interview guide.

Patients eligible for the study will be randomized to either receive armodafinil at an initial fixed dosage of 150 mg/day (Group A) or a placebo (Group B) during the first 28 days of the treatment phase. On day 29, patients randomized to receive placebo will then cross over to receive armodafinil at a dosage of 150 mg/day until day 56. Group A patients randomized to receive armodafinil will continue their current treatment with the drug until day 56. The duration of the treatment phase is 56 days.

Assessments for CRF will be conducted on day 1 (baseline) prior to drug treatment, and after drug administration on days 15, 28, 43, and 56. These assessments will be conducted as verbal interviews, paper-and-pencil surveys, paper-and-pencil tests, and electronic tests as appropriate per assessment.

During the treatment phase, each patient will also have clinical laboratory tests performed on days 1, 15, 28, 43 and 56 to monitor for potential toxicity. Additional procedures performed at these visits will include monitoring for adverse events, review of concomitant medications and other support therapies (e.g., growth factors and transfusion), ECOG performance status, vital signs measurements, and physical examinations.

Twenty-eight days after the last dose of study drug, patients are to complete a final assessment (herein referred to as the end-of-treatment visit). Procedures to be conducted at this visit include measurement of vital signs, a complete physical examination, assessment of adverse events, a review of concomitant medications, assessment of ECOG performance status, hematology and clinical chemistry laboratory tests including electrolytes, total protein and albumin. Patients who withdraw from the study before the completion of the 56 day cycle will still have all end-of-treatment assessments performed 28 days after their last dose of study drug.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Condition  ICMJE
  • Fatigue
  • Multiple Myeloma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: armodafinil
    Armodafinil taken at 150 mg daily. Taken as three 50 mg tablets.
    Other Name: Nuvigil
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo taken at 150 mg daily. Taken orally as three 50 mg tablets.
    Other Name: sugar-pill
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Armodafinil
    The patients receive armodafinil for all 56 days of the study.
    Intervention: Drug: armodafinil
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo-First
    These patients receive a placebo for the first 28 days of the study. They are then crossed over and receive armodafinil for the final 28 days of the study (days 29-56).
    Interventions:
    • Drug: armodafinil
    • Drug: Placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2010)
50
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has been diagnosed with multiple myeloma based on standard criteria
  • The patient is diagnosed with cancer-related fatigue based on ICD-10 diagnostic criteria
  • The patient shows signs of severe fatigue as evidenced by a Brief Fatigue Inventory score of at least 4
  • The patient is a man or woman aged 18 years or older at the time of informed consent
  • The patient has given voluntary written informed consent before any study-related procedure is performed which is not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to their future medical care
  • Women of child bearing potential must use a medically accepted method of contraception and must agree to continue use of this method for the duration of the study and for 30 days after participation in the study.
  • Men must agree to use an acceptable method of contraception throughout the study and for 90 days after last dose study drug
  • The patient must be willing and able to comply with study restrictions
  • The patient must have an ECOG performance status not greater than 2
  • The patient must have a life-expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • The patient must meet the following laboratory criteria within 14 days of enrollment:

    • Platelet count greater than 50 x 109/L
    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 0.5 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin greater than 8 g/dL
    • AST and ALT not greater than 3.0 x the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Serum bilirubin not greater than 2.0 x ULN
    • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance of at least 10 mL/minute

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has been concurrently diagnosed with clinically significant depression
  • The patient is concurrently enrolled in another investigational study that does not apply to the specific treatment of multiple myeloma
  • The patient is receiving an investigational agent (non-FDA-approved) for any reason within 28 days of starting treatment on this study
  • The patient has previously received armodafinil
  • The patient has received modafinil or a psychostimulant within 14 days of enrollment
  • The patient has received a blood transfusion within 14 days of enrollment
  • The patient has impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases
  • The patient has other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical or psychiatric conditions including abnormal laboratory values, that could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol
  • The patient has known positivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or C; baseline testing for HIV and hepatitis B or C is not required
  • The patient has undergone major surgery within 28 days of enrollment or has not recovered from side effects of such therapy (Kyphoplasty is not considered to be a major surgery; however, the investigator is to discuss enrollment of a patient with a recent history of kyphoplasty with Oncotherapeutics' medical monitor)
  • The patient has a significant history of noncompliance to medical regimens or unwilling or unable to comply with the instructions given to him or her by the study staff
  • The patient has a history of skin reactions and/or known sensitivity attributable to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to modafinil, armodafinil, or the inactive ingredients in armodafinil including lactose monohydrate, starch, microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose, sodium, magnesium stearate or povidone
  • The patient is a pregnant or lactating woman. Any women becoming pregnant during the study will be withdrawn from the study
  • The patient is male whose sexual partner is a woman of childbearing potential not using effective birth control
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01160380
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE C10953/6270
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Oncotherapeutics
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Oncotherapeutics
Collaborators  ICMJE Cephalon
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: James Berenson, MD James R. Berenson MD, Inc.
PRS Account Oncotherapeutics
Verification Date October 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP