Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Chemoembolization With or Without Sorafenib Tosylate in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01004978
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 30, 2009
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 29, 2009
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 30, 2009
Last Update Posted Date May 14, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 28, 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date September 1, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 26, 2018)
Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to progression or death without evidence of progression, assessed up to 16 months ]
All PFS analyses will use the multi-time point (for the vascular invasion at 4, 8 and 12 months, and the non-vascular invasion group at 8, 12 and 16 months) Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) test of Freidlin, et al. with an overall one-sided 0.025 type I error. The p-value from the one-sided multi-time point CMH test will be compared to the truncated O'Brien-Fleming boundary.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 29, 2009)
Progression-free survival
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 2, 2018)
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to death from any cause, or last known date of survival, assessed up to 4 years ]
    Analyses will use a one-sided logrank test stratified on vascular invasion (yes vs. no) and Child-Pugh Score (A vs. B7), using a one-sided overall type I error of 0.025. Critical values at interim analyses will be determined using a truncated version of the Lan-Demets error spending rate function corresponding to the O'Brien-Fleming boundary.
  • Incidence of adverse events, graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 29, 2009)
  • Overall survival
  • Toxicity
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Chemoembolization With or Without Sorafenib Tosylate in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase III Randomized, Double-Blind Trial of Chemoembolization With or Without Sorafenib in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) in Patients With and Without Vascular Invasion
Brief Summary This randomized phase III trial studies chemoembolization and sorafenib tosylate to see how well they work compared with chemoembolization alone in treating patients with liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, mitomycin, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Chemoembolization kills tumor cells by carrying drugs directly into blood vessels near the tumor and then blocking the blood flow to allow a higher concentration of the drug to reach the tumor for a longer period of time. Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether giving chemoembolization together with sorafenib tosylate is more effective than chemoembolization alone in treating patients with liver cancer.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To compare progression-free survival (PFS) of chemoembolization alone to sorafenib (sorafenib tosylate) in combination with chemoembolization.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare overall survival (OS) of chemoembolization alone to sorafenib in combination with chemoembolization.

II. To evaluate extra-hepatic versus intra-hepatic patterns of failure. III. To determine the rates of toxicity related to sorafenib in combination with chemoembolization.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To analyze the pharmacogenetic and pharmacokinetic properties of sorafenib including angiogenesis, monooxygenases, polymorphisms and multidrug resistance (MDR).

II. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)-American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) secondary imaging objective: site versus (vs.) central evaluation of PFS.

III. To determine the inter-reader concordance for response characterization at four and eight months by the European Association for the Study of Liver (EASL) criteria.

IV. To determine the value of objective tumor response at four and eight months by the EASL criteria to predict PFS (by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST]) and OS.

V. To evaluate the effects of intra-hepatic vs. extra-hepatic progression on OS.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive sorafenib tosylate orally (PO) twice daily (BID) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning within 2 weeks after a stable dose of sorafenib tosylate is reached, patients undergo transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) comprising doxorubicin hydrochloride, mitomycin C, and cisplatin (closed to accrual as of 10/1/2010); conventional chemoembolization comprising doxorubicin hydrochloride only; or chemoembolization comprising doxorubicin-eluting beads. Treatment with TACE repeats approximately every 4 weeks for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive placebo PO BID in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning within 2 weeks after a stable dose of placebo is reached, patients undergo TACE as in Arm I.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY: After completion of chemoembolization, patients receive sorafenib tosylate or placebo as in Arm I and II in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    Undergo TACE
    Other Names:
    • Abiplatin
    • Blastolem
    • Briplatin
    • CDDP
    • Cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum
    • Cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum
    • Cis-diamminedichloro Platinum (II)
    • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum
    • Cis-dichloroammine Platinum (II)
    • Cis-platinous Diamine Dichloride
    • Cis-platinum
    • Cis-platinum II
    • Cis-platinum II Diamine Dichloride
    • Cismaplat
    • Cisplatina
    • Cisplatinum
    • Cisplatyl
    • Citoplatino
    • Citosin
    • Cysplatyna
    • DDP
    • Lederplatin
    • Metaplatin
    • Neoplatin
    • Peyrone''s Chloride
    • Peyrone''s Salt
    • Placis
    • Plastistil
    • Platamine
    • Platiblastin
    • Platiblastin-S
    • Platinex
    • Platinol
    • Platinol- AQ
    • Platinol-AQ
    • Platinol-AQ VHA Plus
    • Platinoxan
    • Platinum
    • Platinum Diamminodichloride
    • Platiran
    • Platistin
    • Platosin
  • Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
    Undergo TACE
    Other Names:
    • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
    • ADM
    • Adriacin
    • Adriamycin
    • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
    • Adriamycin PFS
    • Adriamycin RDF
    • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
    • Adriamycine
    • Adriblastina
    • Adriblastine
    • Adrimedac
    • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
    • DOX
    • DOXO-CELL
    • Doxolem
    • Doxorubicin HCl
    • Doxorubicin.HCl
    • Doxorubin
    • Farmiblastina
    • FI 106
    • FI-106
    • hydroxydaunorubicin
    • Rubex
  • Drug: Doxorubicin-Eluting Beads
    Undergo TACE
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Drug: Mitomycin
    Undergo TACE
    Other Names:
    • Ametycine
    • Jelmyto
    • MITO
    • Mito-C
    • Mito-Medac
    • Mitocin
    • Mitocin-C
    • Mitolem
    • Mitomycin C
    • Mitomycin-C
    • Mitomycin-X
    • Mitomycine C
    • Mitosol
    • Mitozytrex
    • Mutamycin
    • Mutamycine
    • NCI-C04706
  • Other: Pharmacological Study
    Correlative studies
  • Other: Placebo Administration
    Given PO
  • Drug: Sorafenib Tosylate
    Given PO
    Other Names:
    • BAY 43-9006 Tosylate
    • BAY 54-9085
    • Nexavar
    • sorafenib
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Arm I (sorafenib tosylate and TACE)
    Patients receive sorafenib tosylate PO BID in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning within 2 weeks after a stable dose of sorafenib tosylate is reached, patients undergo TACE comprising doxorubicin hydrochloride, mitomycin C, and cisplatin (closed to accrual as of 10/1/2010); conventional chemoembolization comprising doxorubicin hydrochloride only; or chemoembolization comprising doxorubicin-eluting beads. Treatment with TACE repeats approximately every 4 weeks for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Cisplatin
    • Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
    • Drug: Doxorubicin-Eluting Beads
    • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    • Drug: Mitomycin
    • Other: Pharmacological Study
    • Drug: Sorafenib Tosylate
  • Active Comparator: Arm II (placebo and TACE)
    Patients receive placebo PO BID in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning within 2 weeks after a stable dose of placebo is reached, patients undergo TACE as in Arm I.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Cisplatin
    • Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
    • Drug: Doxorubicin-Eluting Beads
    • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    • Drug: Mitomycin
    • Other: Pharmacological Study
    • Other: Placebo Administration
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 29, 2009)
400
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Estimated Primary Completion Date September 1, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma by at least one criterion listed below:

    • Histologically confirmed
    • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT) consistent with liver cirrhosis AND at least one solid liver lesion > 2 cm with early enhancement and delayed enhancement washout regardless of alpha-feto protein levels (AFP)
    • AFP > 400 ng/mL AND evidence of at least one solid liver lesion > 2 cm regardless of specific imaging characteristics on CT or MRI
  • Patients must have hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) limited to the liver; there must be no clinical or radiographic evidence of extrahepatic HCC
  • Portal lymphadenopathy IS permitted for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) - as lymphadenopathy is commonly associated with hepatitis unrelated to malignancy
  • Staging CT of the chest and CT or MRI of the abdomen and pelvis must have been completed within 4 weeks of study registration
  • Patients must have measurable disease constituting < 50% of liver parenchyma within 4 weeks of registration
  • Patients may not have ascites detectable on physical examination
  • Patients must not be candidates for curative resection, orthotopic liver transplantation, or radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
  • Patients may have been treated with RFA in the past, but no sooner than 4 weeks before study registration
  • Patients may have undergone previously attempted curative liver resection
  • Patients may NOT have been previously treated with brachytherapy such as yttrium-90 microsphere
  • Patients may NOT have been previously treated with sorafenib, chemoembolization, or systemic chemotherapy including cytotoxic agents or molecularly targeted agents
  • Branch portal vein invasion by tumor is permitted but patients with main portal vein invasion by tumor are not eligible
  • Patients must have Child-Pugh score of A or B7 within 4 weeks prior to study registration
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/dL
  • Alkaline phosphatase < 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • Platelet count >= 50,000/mm^3
  • Patients must not have any evidence of bleeding diathesis or active gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Patients must have no clinical signs of heart failure and meet New York Heart Association functional classification I or II defined as:

    • Class I - patients with no limitation of activities; they suffer no symptoms from ordinary activities
    • Class II - patients with slight, mild limitation of activity; they are comfortable with rest or with mild exertion
  • Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
  • Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Patients must not be known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • Patients must not have other uncontrolled intercurrent illnesses excluding HBV or HCV, including, but not limited to: uncontrolled hypertension, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or psychiatric illness/addictive disorders that would limit compliance with study requirements

    • Uncontrolled hypertension is defined as optimally treated baseline blood pressure that exceeds 150/90 mm Hg
  • Patients must not be taking cytochrome P450 enzyme inducing drugs
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • Patients must not have an allergy to iodine or gadolinium contrast that cannot be safely controlled with premedication
  • Patient must be able to swallow pills, as study medications cannot be crushed
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01004978
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NCI-2011-01981
NCI-2011-01981 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
ECOG-E1208
10-00544
CDR0000657952
E1208 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
E1208 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10CA021115 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Al B Benson ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date February 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP