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Evaluating an Ebola and a Marburg Vaccine in Uganda

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00997607
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 19, 2009
Last Update Posted : January 28, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 16, 2009
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 19, 2009
Last Update Posted Date January 28, 2013
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 16, 2009)
  • Safety of Ebola vaccine, as seen in local and systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms, laboratory measures of safety, and adverse and serious adverse experiences [ Time Frame: Measured at 11 or more visits over 2 years ]
  • Safety of Marburg vaccine, as seen in local and systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms, laboratory measures of safety, and adverse and serious adverse experiences [ Time Frame: Measured at 11 or more visits over 2 years ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 16, 2009)
  • Immunogenicity of Ebola vaccine, as seen in ELISA antigen-specific assays for antibodies, intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) assay, and an ELISPOT antigen-specific assay for T cell responses [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and Week 12 ]
  • Immunogenicity of Marburg vaccine, as seen in ELISA antigen-specific assays for antibodies, intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) assay, and an ELISPOT antigen-specific assay for T cell responses [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and Week 12 ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Evaluating an Ebola and a Marburg Vaccine in Uganda
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase IB Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of an Ebola DNA Plasmid Vaccine, VRC-EBODNA023-00-VP, and a Marburg DNA Plasmid Vaccine, VRC-MARDNA025-00-VP, in Healthy Adults in Kampala, Uganda
Brief Summary This study will test two new vaccines, one for Ebola and one for Marburg virus, to see if they are safe, if they have side effects, and if they create an immune response in people who receive them.
Detailed Description

The Ebola and Marburg viruses are both filoviruses known to induce hemorrhagic fever—a set of symptoms characterized by sudden onset, aching, fever, and bleeding in the internal organs. Both filoviruses are associated with high mortality rates, and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) lists them as Category A bioterrorism agents because of their potential for a major public health impact. Vaccines for both viruses are under development using a prime-boost strategy that involves multiple injections over a period of time to confer long-lasting immunity. Preliminary research supports the vaccines' safety. This study will test these experimental vaccines for the Ebola and Marburg viruses, first administered separately and then together, to ensure they are safe and do not have side effects.

Participation in this study will entail 11 study visits over 2 years. The study will have two parts, to be completed sequentially, and three groups. In part one, participants will be randomly assigned to the first group, which will receive the experimental Ebola DNA vaccine, or the second group, which will receive the experimental Marburg DNA vaccine. In part two, the third group will receive both the Ebola and the Marburg vaccines, one shot in each arm. One fifth of the participants in each group will be controls and receive placebo injections. All vaccines and placebos will be delivered via an intramuscular injection at three time points: at study entry, after 4 weeks, and after 8 weeks.

Participants will complete study assessments at 12 points in time: at baseline and at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, 32, 52, 78, and 104. At each assessment, changes in health and medications will be recorded and blood will be drawn. Participants will also complete a diary card daily for 5 days after receiving each injection. In it, they will record their temperature and any skin changes at the injection site.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Ebola Virus Disease
  • Marburg Virus Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Ebola vaccine
    4 mg of Ebola DNA plasmid vaccine, VRC-EBODNA023-00-VP, delivered via intramuscular injection on Weeks 0, 4, and 8
  • Biological: Marburg vaccine
    4 mg of Marburg DNA plasmid vaccine, VRC-MARDNA025-00-VP, delivered via intramuscular injection on Weeks 0, 4, and 8
  • Other: Placebo injection
    4 mg of saline injection delivered at Weeks 0, 4, and 8
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Ebola vaccine only
    Participants will receive only the Ebola vaccine or a placebo injection.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Ebola vaccine
    • Other: Placebo injection
  • Experimental: Marburg vaccine only
    Participants will receive only the Marburg vaccine or a placebo injection.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Marburg vaccine
    • Other: Placebo injection
  • Experimental: Ebola and Marburg vaccine
    Participants will receive both the Ebola and Marburg vaccines, one in each arm or placebo injections.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Ebola vaccine
    • Biological: Marburg vaccine
    • Other: Placebo injection
Publications * Kibuuka H, Berkowitz NM, Millard M, Enama ME, Tindikahwa A, Sekiziyivu AB, Costner P, Sitar S, Glover D, Hu Z, Joshi G, Stanley D, Kunchai M, Eller LA, Bailer RT, Koup RA, Nabel GJ, Mascola JR, Sullivan NJ, Graham BS, Roederer M, Michael NL, Robb ML, Ledgerwood JE; RV 247 Study Team. Safety and immunogenicity of Ebola virus and Marburg virus glycoprotein DNA vaccines assessed separately and concomitantly in healthy Ugandan adults: a phase 1b, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Lancet. 2015 Apr 18;385(9977):1545-54. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)62385-0. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 16, 2009)
108
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Available for clinical follow-up through Week 104
  • Willing to have photo taken for identification purposes
  • Willing to be taken home at enrollment visit and allow home visits if appointments are not kept
  • Completes an Assessment of Understanding (AoU) prior to enrollment by answering 9 out of 10 questions at least once in 3 attempts
  • In good general health without clinically significant medical history
  • Has a physical examination and laboratory results without clinically significant findings within the 28 days prior to enrollment
  • Female participants of reproductive potential must have a negative result on a human choriogonadotropin (β-HCG) pregnancy test
  • Female participants must either be incapable of becoming pregnant or agree to take appropriate precautions that pregnancy will not occur during the first 24 weeks of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to become pregnant during the first 24 weeks after enrollment
  • History of Ebola or Marburg virus exposure
  • Occupational health risk of exposure to the Ebola or Marburg virus known to be higher than that of the general population
  • Has received any of the following substances:

    • Investigational Ebola or Marburg vaccine in a prior clinical trial
    • Blood products within 120 days prior to HIV screening
    • Immunoglobulin within 60 days of prior to HIV screening
    • Live attenuated vaccines within 30 days prior to initial study vaccine administration
    • Investigational research agents within 30 days prior to initial study vaccine administration
    • Medically indicated subunit or killed vaccines (such as influenza, pneumococcal, or allergy treatment with antigen injections) within 14 days of study vaccine administration
    • Current anti-tuberculosis prophylaxis or therapy
    • Immunosuppressive medications, cytotoxic medications, inhaled corticosteroids, or long-acting beta-agonists within 12 weeks of enrollment, except in the following cases: use of corticosteroid nasal spray for rhinitis, topical corticosteroids for an acute uncomplicated dermatitis; or a short course (duration of 10 days or less, or a single injection) of corticosteroids for a non-chronic condition (based on investigator clinical judgement) at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment in this study
  • History of serious adverse reactions to vaccines such as anaphylaxis, urticaria (hives), respiratory difficulty, angioedema, or abdominal pain
  • Presence of idiopathic urticaria within the past 2 years
  • History of autoimmune disease or immunodeficiency
  • History of unstable asthma; asthma that required emergent care, urgent care, hospitalization or intubation during the past 2 years; or asthma that requires the use of oral or parenteral corticosteroids
  • History of diabetes mellitus (type I or II), with the exception of a history of gestational diabetes
  • History of thyroidectomy or thyroid disease that required medication within the past 12 months
  • History of hereditary angioedema (HAE), acquired angioedema (AAE), or idiopathic forms of angioedema
  • History of hypertension that is not well controlled by medication or blood pressure that is more than 145/95 mm Hg at enrollment
  • Presence of a bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor (e.g., factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions), significant bruising or bleeding difficulties with intramuscular injections or blood draws, or routine use of anticoagulant medications
  • Presence of active malignancy, treated malignancy for which there is not reasonable assurance of sustained cure, or malignancy that is likely to recur during the period of the study
  • History of a seizure or seizure disorder
  • Asplenia, functional asplenia, or any condition resulting in the absence or removal of the spleen
  • Allergic reaction to aminoglycoside antibiotics
  • Presence of a psychiatric condition that precludes compliance with the protocol
  • History of psychoses, bipolar disorder, disorder requiring lithium, or suicide plan or attempt within 5 years prior to enrollment
  • Any medical, psychiatric, social condition, occupational reason, or other responsibility that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a subject's ability to give informed consent
  • Evidence of syphilis based on history, exam, and rapid plasma reagin (RPR) test results
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Uganda
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00997607
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE RV 247
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Hannah Kibuuka, MBChB, MMed, MPH Makerere University
PRS Account National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Verification Date January 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP