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Measuring the Feasibility and the Effects of Chair Massage on Pain and Discomfort in the Cardiac Sonographer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00975026
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 11, 2009
Last Update Posted : January 5, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Deborah Engen, Mayo Clinic

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 10, 2009
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 11, 2009
Last Update Posted Date January 5, 2012
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 10, 2009)
Assess the ease and feasibility of providing chair massage therapy in a busy echocardiography exam setting. Compare and contrast the level of pain and discomfort in cardiac sonography staff with three groups over three different time frames. [ Time Frame: 10 Weeks ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 10, 2009)
  • Assess the impact on co-workers as massage therapy is provided during the workday and its effects on workflow. [ Time Frame: 10 Weeks ]
  • Compare the level of fatigue, stress, anxiety, and relaxation in cardiac sonography staff in each of the 3-arms of the study. [ Time Frame: 10 Weeks ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Measuring the Feasibility and the Effects of Chair Massage on Pain and Discomfort in the Cardiac Sonographer
Official Title  ICMJE Measuring the Feasibility and the Effects of Chair Massage on Pain and Discomfort in the Cardiac Sonographer - A Pilot Study
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to determine whether the effects of chair massage and/or chair massage with stretching may reduce musculoskeletal pain and discomfort related symptoms associated with the job duties of a cardiac sonographer.
Detailed Description

Staff performing echocardiography exams work in a physically demanding environment. The physical and psychosocial demands of the work environment place a significant amount of stress on the physical well being of the employee. The nature of the work involved includes repetitive movements and static holds while applying intense pressure. These compounded by a challenging ergonomic work environment, often leads to physical tension, pain, and fatigue. Staff and patient characteristics, in particular obesity, present greater ergonomic challenges. In this setting, optimal ergonomics can be difficult to achieve. Repetitive actions in an ergonomically challenging environment can have an accumulative effect that can lead to injury.

Massage therapy has been noted to decrease levels of anxiety and fatigue which is essential to maintaining efficient care in a dynamic environment. Repetitive use, typically leads to shortened, tight muscles that fatigue over time. Once the massage therapy has released the connective tissue tension and restored muscle imbalances, exercise focused on core, trunk strength and those muscles which oppose the repetitively used muscles can further assist the therapeutic benefits of massage.

The cardiac sonographer is usually sitting and reaching forward or to the side, and the musculoskeletal imbalances show up primarily superior to the hips. Massage Therapy research for alleviating musculoskeletal symptoms has been with the use of table massage whereas chair massage research has focused on gaining physiological benefits. Chair massage therapy impacts the head, back, neck shoulders, arms and hands so does impact the areas of musculoskeletal imbalance of the cardiac sonographer. In addition, a massage chair is easy to set up, does not need a great deal of space, and can be provided in semi-private area, as the participant remains clothed. Chair massage literature to date has focused more on physiological responses and albeit positive, not as much on musculoskeletal responses.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Overuse Injury
  • Repetitive Strain Injury
Intervention  ICMJE Procedure: Massages ± Stretches
Chair Massage
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Massages
    Chair massage for 30 minutes once a week.
    Intervention: Procedure: Massages ± Stretches
  • Active Comparator: Massages + Stretches
    Chair massage for 30 minutes once a week in addition to stretching exercises, to be done twice daily for 20 minutes.
    Intervention: Procedure: Massages ± Stretches
  • No Intervention: No Intervention
Publications * Engen DJ, Wahner-Roedler DL, Nadolny AM, Persinger CM, Oh JK, Spittell PC, Loehrer LL, Cha SS, Bauer BA. The effect of chair massage on muscular discomfort in cardiac sonographers: a pilot study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2010 Sep 16;10:50. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-10-50.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 10, 2009)
45
Original Actual Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cardiac Sonographer that, per their job descriptions, are performing echocardiography exams during the weeks of the massage therapy pilot study.
  • Men and Women age 18-65 able to give informed consent.
  • Able to speak and understand English
  • 8-hour per day shift schedule, Monday through Friday

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals that decline to participate in the study.
  • Individuals being treated for an acute musculoskeletal symptom.
  • Individuals currently on work restrictions.
  • Undergoing treatments for malignancy
  • Pregnancy (due to this being chair massage)
  • Recent head, neck, shoulder or back surgeries
  • Pins or joint fusion of the head or neck
  • Current sinus infections, earaches, or vascular migraines
  • Students
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00975026
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 08-005517
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Deborah Engen, Mayo Clinic
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Mayo Clinic
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Deborah J. Engen, O.T. Mayo Clinic
PRS Account Mayo Clinic
Verification Date January 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP