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A Study to Evaluate the Incidence of Gastric Ulcers Following Administration of Either PA32540 or Enteric Coated Aspirin 325 mg in Subjects Who Are at Risk for Developing Aspirin-Associated Ulcers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00961350
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 18, 2009
Results First Posted : January 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
POZEN

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 17, 2009
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 18, 2009
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 22, 2015
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE January 21, 2016
Last Update Posted Date February 18, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE October 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 15, 2015)
Number of Participants With Gastric Ulcer Confirmed by Endoscopy(EC) Aspirin 325 mg [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
The primary efficacy endpoint was the number of subjects with gastric ulcers at any time throughout 6 months of treatment. An ulcer was defined as a mucosal break of at least 3 mm in diameter (measured by close application of open endoscopic biopsy forceps) with unequivocal crater depth. A subject is considered to have completed the study if all scheduled assessments up through the 6 month visit have been performed or if the endpoint of gastric ulcer confirmed by endoscopy has been reached.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 17, 2009)
To demonstrate that PA32540 causes fewer gastric ulcers in subjects at risk for developing aspirin-associated gastric ulcers compared to enteric coated (EC) aspirin 325 mg [ Time Frame: Subjects will return at one and three months for safety assessments, an endoscopy and additional study drug. ]
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00961350 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 15, 2015)
  • The Number of Participants With Gastric and/or Duodenal Ulcers [ Time Frame: 6 Months ]
    The Number of Participants with Gastric and/or Duodenal Ulcers throughout 6 months of treatment.
  • The Number of Subjects With "Treatment Success" [ Time Frame: 6 Months ]
    Those Subjects Without Gastric Ulcers and Without Upper Gastrointestinal (UGI) Adverse Events leading to discontinuation.
  • The Number of Participants Discontinuing From the Study Due to NSAID-Associated Upper GI Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The Number of Participants Discontinuing from the Study Due to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-Associated Upper GI Adverse Events during the treatment period
  • The Number of Participants With Heartburn Resolution at 6 Months, ie no Heartburn Symptoms During the Last 7 Days Prior to the Visit [ Time Frame: 6 Months ]
    Subjects were asked whether heartburn symptoms within the 7 days prior to the visit were:
    • none: no symptoms
    • mild: awareness of symptom, but easily tolerated
    • moderate: discomforting symptom sufficient to cause interference with normal activities (including sleep)
    • severe: incapacitating symptom, with inability to perform normal activities (including sleep) Heartburn was defined as a burning feeling rising from the stomach or lower part of the chest towards the neck.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 17, 2009)
To demonstrate that PA32540 causes fewer gastric and/or duodenal ulcers in subjects at risk for developing aspirin-associated ulcers compared to enteric coated (EC) aspirin 325 mg [ Time Frame: Subjects will return at one and three months for safety assessments, an endoscopy and additional study drug. ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study to Evaluate the Incidence of Gastric Ulcers Following Administration of Either PA32540 or Enteric Coated Aspirin 325 mg in Subjects Who Are at Risk for Developing Aspirin-Associated Ulcers
Official Title  ICMJE A 6-Month, Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel-Group, Controlled, Multi-Center Study to Evaluate the Incidence of Gastric Ulcers Following Administration of Either PA32540 or Enteric Coated Aspirin 325 mg in Subjects Who Are at Risk for Developing Aspirin-Associated Ulcers
Brief Summary Primary: To demonstrate that PA32540 causes fewer gastric ulcers in subjects at risk for developing aspirin-associated gastric ulcers compared to enteric coated (EC) aspirin 325 mg.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Gastric Ulcer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: PA32540
    PA32540 tablets contain 325 mg enteric coated (EC) aspirin and 40 mg immediate-release omeprazole
    Other Name: YOSPRALA
  • Drug: EC Aspirin 325
    The comparator aspirin 325 mg enteric coated tablet (PA32540 minus omeprazole)
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: PA32540
    PA32540 tablets contain 325 mg enteric coated (EC) aspirin and 40 mg immediate-release omeprazole
    Intervention: Drug: PA32540
  • Active Comparator: EC Aspirin
    The comparator aspirin 325 mg enteric coated tablet (PA32540 minus omeprazole)
    Intervention: Drug: EC Aspirin 325
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 10, 2012)
530
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 17, 2009)
500
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion criteria:

  1. A. Male or non-pregnant, non-breastfeeding females who have been on daily aspirin 325 mg for at least three months and who are expected to use daily aspirin 325 mg for at least six months (Daily is defined as "at least 5 days per week"):

    AND, who are

    • 55 years of age and older; or
    • 18 - 54 years of age and have a history of a documented gastric or duodenal ulcer within the past five years.
  2. A. Aspirin use should be for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events as defined as follows:

    Have been diagnosed with or have had a history of

    • MI (myocardial infarction that has been confirmed or suspected)
    • Ischemic stroke
    • TIA (transient ischemic attack)

    Or have established, clinically significant coronary and other atherosclerotic vascular disease (meaning at high risk for surgical intervention or for MI, TIA, stroke, if left untreated), including:

    • Angina (stable or unstable)
    • Peripheral arterial disease
    • Atherosclerotic aortic disease
    • Carotid artery disease Or have had
    • CABG (coronary artery bypass graft)
    • PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention with or without stent)
    • Carotid endarterectomy
  3. A. If female, subjects are eligible if they are of

    1. non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant); or,
    2. childbearing potential, have a negative pregnancy test at screening, and at least one of the following applies or is agreed to by the subject:

      • Female sterilization or sterilization of male partner
      • Hormonal contraception by oral route, implant, injectable, vaginal ring
      • Any intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate is less than 1% per year
      • Double barrier method (2 physical barriers or 1 physical barrier plus spermicide)
      • Any other method with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate is less than 1% per year 4. Able to understand and comply with study procedures required and able and willing to provide written informed consent prior to any study procedures being performed

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Baseline endoscopy showing any gastric, esophageal or duodenal ulcer at least 3 mm in diameter with depth
  2. Positive test result for H. pylori at screening 3A. Have had a revascularization procedure (i.e., Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty, or carotid endarterectomy) less than six months prior to screening

4. Unstable hypertension as judged by the Investigator 5. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as judged by the Investigator 6. Unstable cardio- or cerebrovascular disease such that it would endanger the subject if they participated in the trial 7. Clinically significant valvular disease 8. Congestive heart failure or other cardiovascular symptoms according to New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification III or IV (Appendix 3) 9. History of hypersensitivity to omeprazole or to another proton pump inhibitor 10. History of allergic reaction or intolerance to aspirin and/or a history of aspirin-induced symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and/or nasal polyps 11. History of serious UGI event, such as bleeding, perforation, or obstruction 12. Gastrointestinal disorder or surgery leading to impaired drug absorption 13. Presence of chronic or uncontrolled acute medical illness, e.g. gastrointestinal disorder (esophageal stricture, severe esophagitis, long-segment Barrett's esophagus, signs and symptoms of gastric outlet obstruction), thyroid disorder and/or infection that would endanger a subject if they were to participate in the study 14. Schizophrenia, uncontrolled bipolar disorder, or severe depression 15. History of alcoholism or drug addiction within a year prior to enrollment in the study 16. Severe hepatic dysfunction (i.e. cirrhosis or portal hypertension) 17. Blood coagulation disorder, including use of systemic anticoagulants such as warfarin or other vitamin K antagonists 18. Any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the subject at risk or influence the results of the study 19. Use of any excluded concomitant medication (see Section 9.2) 20. Screening laboratory ALT or AST value > two times the upper limit of normal 21A. History of renal insufficiency 22. Other than noted specifically, any screening laboratory value that is clinically significant in the Investigator's opinion and would endanger a subject if the subject was to participate in the study 23. Use of an investigational treatment in the 4 weeks before screening 24. History of malignancy, treated or untreated, within the past five years, with the exception of successfully treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin 25. Previous participation in another PA32540 clinical research study 26. Subjects, who are employees of the research facility, immediately related to the Principal Investigator, or are in some way under the supervision of the Principal Investigator.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 55 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00961350
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE PA32540-301
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party POZEN
Study Sponsor  ICMJE POZEN
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account POZEN
Verification Date January 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP