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Role of Heme Oxygenase in the Pathogenesis of Hepatocellular Injury in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00842205
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2009 by Charles University, Czech Republic.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : February 12, 2009
Last Update Posted : February 12, 2009
IGA MZ, Czech Republic
Information provided by:
Charles University, Czech Republic

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 11, 2009
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 12, 2009
Last Update Posted Date February 12, 2009
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 11, 2009)
1. the relation between HO activity and basic virologic and histologic parameters in chronic HCV patients. 2. changes of HO activity within antiviral treatment 3. relation of HO gene polymorphisms to the course of disease [ Time Frame: from HCV transmission in each individual patient to the time of liver biopsy and begining of antiviral treatment ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 11, 2009)
Relation of HO gene polymorphisms and UGT1A1*28 polymorphism. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Role of Heme Oxygenase in the Pathogenesis of Hepatocellular Injury in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection
Official Title  ICMJE Role of Heme Oxygenase in the Pathogenesis od Hepatocellular Injury in Chronic HCV Infection
Brief Summary In the presented project, the role of heme oxygenase 1 and 2 in the procesess associated with fibroproduction in the chronic HCV infection will be studied. Heme oxygenase expression will be evaluated by the techniques of molecular genetics and immunohistochemistry, both in the liver tissue and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. These parameters will be correlated with basic virological and clinical characteristics of the chronic HCV infection. The investigators' expected results may help in understanding the mechanisms of fibroproduction in chronic HVC infection and, therefore, contribute to explain individual differences in the development of chronic HCV infection.
Detailed Description Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a single stranded positive RNA virus belonging to the Flaviviridae family. HCV is a major cause of chronic hepatitis and progressive liver fibrosis leading to cirrhosis. Currently, the mechanisms responsible for hepatocellular injury are not fully understood. Oxidative damage has been hypothesized to play a role in HCV-induced liver disease, with reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated from HCV-infected hepatocytes and infiltrating immune cells. Persistence of recurrent hepatocellular injury leads to wound-healing process in which oxidative stress, inflammatory response mediated by immune cells and/or cytokines, and activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) contribute to cascade of fibrogenesis. HCV can infect peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with chronic HCV infection . PBMC play key roles both in innate and adaptive antigen-specific immunity and they constitute critical components of the immune response.Heme oxygenase (HO) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the heme catabolic pathway. It cleaves pro-oxidant heme into equimolar amounts of carbon monoxide (CO), free iron, and biliverdin, which is rapidly metabolized to bilirubin by biliverdin reductase.The human HO-1 gene is located at chromosome 22q12 and a variable number of tandem repeat polymorphism (VNTR) was identified in the proximal promoter region. It is suggested that these highly polymorphic (GT)n repeats could alter the transcriptional activity. In recent years, enhanced HO enzymatic activity has been reported - probably through its formation of bioactive products - to possess antioxidant, cytoprotective, and neurotransmitter activity and to play a role in anti-inflammatory functions . AIMS: AIM 1.To characterize HO expression in liver biopsies in patients with chronic hepatitis C comparing to expression in patients with other types of hepatitis (esp. autoimmune) and to normal liver tissue. To investigate the relationship between HO expression and hepatitis C virus concentration, duration of infection, level of fibrosis and inflammation, ALT, AST activities, bilirubin levels, response to the standard treatment and a level of apoptosis. AIM 2. To characterize HO expression in PBMC in patients with chronic hepatitis C before, in the week 12 and after the standard treatment (PEG-IFN+RBV). To correlate HO expression in PBMC with viral concentration in sera and a response to the standard treatment.AIM 3. To investigate HO polymorphisms in patients with chronic hepatitis C. AIM 4. To investigate UGT1A1 28 polymorphism which is responsible for benign hyperbilirubinemia. Expected results: 1. This study could elucidate a relationship between development of liver fibrosis and inflammation and HO expression. 2. This project may, for the first time, show the relationship between chronic HCV infection and regulation of HO expression in PBMC. 3.This project will answer the question whether genetic predisposition, length polymorphism in HO promoter responsible for its lower transcriptional activity, could be a risk factor for fibrosis/cirrhosis development in patients infected with hepatitis C virus. UGT1A1 28 polymorphism is connected with low prevalence of diseases in which the oxidative stress is increased. We suggest that HCV infected persons might have low prevalence of this polymorphism or this polymorphism might be connected to low efficacy of antiviral treatment in these persons.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Condition  ICMJE
  • Chronic HCV Infection
  • Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: pegylated interferon
    peg-IFN alfa 2a 180ug s.c. QW or peg-IFN alfa 2b 1.5 ug/kg s.c. QW
    Other Names:
    • Pegasys
    • Pegintron
  • Drug: Ribavarin
    ribavirin 1000-1200mg p.o. daily 48weeks or ribavirin 100-1200mg p.o. daily 48 weeks
    Other Names:
    • Copegus
    • Rebetol
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: 1 HCV positive pts

    Patients with chronic HCV infection undergoing liver biopsy followed by antiviral treatment.

    peg-IFN alfa 2a 180ug s.c. QW + ribavirin 1000-1200mg p.o. daily 48weeks or peg-IFN alfa 2b 1.5 ug/kg s.c. QW + ribavirin 100-1200mg p.o. daily 48 weeks

    • Drug: pegylated interferon
    • Drug: Ribavarin
  • No Intervention: 2 Other liver disease
    pts. with NASH (or other liver disease) undergoing liver biopsy.
Publications * Urbánek P, Leníček M, Muchová L, Subhanová I, Dušek L, Kaspříková N, Hrabal P, Bruha R, Vítek L. No association of promoter variations of HMOX1 and UGT1A1 genes with liver injury in chronic hepatitis C. Ann Hepatol. 2011 Oct-Dec;10(4):445-51.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 11, 2009)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • chronic HCV infection
  • must undergo liver biopsy
  • must undergo antiviral treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • liver sample not obtained
  • blood samples for HCV testing not obtained in specified time points during antiviral therapy
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Czech Republic
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00842205
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE IGA MZ CR NR9412-3
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Petr Urbanek, Doc. MUDr., CSc, Dept of Internal Medicine, 1st Medical Faculty Charles University and Central Military Hospital Prague, Czech Republic
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Charles University, Czech Republic
Collaborators  ICMJE IGA MZ, Czech Republic
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Charles University, Czech Republic
Verification Date February 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP