Autoimmunity in Neurologic Complications of Celiac Disease
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00692861|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 6, 2008
Last Update Posted : December 16, 2019
|First Submitted Date||June 5, 2008|
|First Posted Date||June 6, 2008|
|Last Update Posted Date||December 16, 2019|
|Study Start Date||June 2, 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures
||Antibodies to synapsin I.|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures
||Antibody characterization and HLA association|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Autoimmunity in Neurologic Complications of Celiac Disease|
|Official Title||The Role of Autoimmunity in Neurologic Complications of Celiac Disease|
This study, done in collaboration with Cornell University in New York, will explore the potential role of the body s immune response to gluten in ataxia. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that is triggered by the ingestion of wheat gluten and related proteins in genetically susceptible individuals. Some people with celiac disease also develop ataxia, which is a loss of muscle coordination, leading to imbalance. The cause of the associated ataxia is not well understood, but it is suspected to be related to the immune response towards gluten in these patients. Preliminary results indicate that antibodies in people with celiac disease can react with brain proteins, which might have a role in the associated neurologic deficits. The aim of this study is to characterize the immune response in the ataxia that is associated with celiac disease.
People 18 years of age and older with 1) ataxia and no celiac disease, 2) ataxia plus celiac disease and 3) matched healthy control subjects will be enrolled at the NIH. People with celiac disease only will be enrolled at Cornell University.
All participants have a blood sample drawn for various tests of immune function as well as genetic tests. Healthy volunteers also have a history and physical examination if they have not had one done at NIH in the past year. Some patients may require additional clinical evaluations for clinical or diagnostic reasons.
Objective: To understand the role of the immune system in the neurologic complications of celiac disease (CD) or gluten sensitivity (GS).
Study population: We plan to study 15 patients with CD and ataxia, 15 patients with hereditary ataxia, and 30 healthy matched controls.
Design: Four groups of patients will be enrolled into the study. The first group will consist of patients with CD and ataxia, the second group will consist of CD patients without neurological manifestations, the third group will consist of patients with hereditary cerebellar ataxia without CD, and the final group will consist of healthy 30 race matched volunteers. The second group will not be recruited at the NIH. Standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) techniques will used to assess the presence of synapsin I in the groups of patients. Using affinity assays, cross-reactivity of antibodies to gliadin and synapsin 1 will be evaluated. Antibody epitope mapping will be performed on those antibodies that cross-react with synapsin 1 and gliadin. HLA class II genotypic and phenotypic frequencies will be assessed and compared with the matched volunteers as an exploratory measure to look for genetic risk and protective factors in this group of patients.
Outcome measures: our outcome measures are as follows:
A. To determine whether there is an association between antibody reactivity to synapsin I and neurological deficits of CD/GS.
B. To characterize the cross-reactive antibodies in patients by determining subclass and affinity
C. To map the epitope(s) of synapsin I that are targeted in patients with cross-reactive antibodies
D. To explore HLA association in the subset of patients with CD and ataxia
|Study Design||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Study Completion Date||January 3, 2014|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
We plan to evaluate serum and blood from patients with gluten sensitivity (including both biopsy-proven CD, and biopsy-negative cases with high anti-gliadin antibody titer) accompanied by cerebellar ataxia. Serum samples will be acquired prior to initiation of a gluten-free diet. Therefore, several inclusion criteria exist based on the study group:
INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH CD PLUS CEREBELLAR ATAXIA:
INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH HEREDITARY CEREBELLAR ATAXIA WITHOUT CD:
INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR MATCHED-CONTROLS:
Final diagnosis of CD will strictly follow the modified criteria of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (ESPGAN) and recommendations of the recently held National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference on Celiac Disease. Assessment and diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia will be made by magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, clinical examination and genetic testing for spinocerebellar ataxias and Friedreich s ataxia. Additional routine testing will be done if necessary to exclude other causes.
Healthy and disease control groups will be evaluated for CD and for neurological deficits. Only symptom-free, antibody-negative individuals will be recruited into these control groups. Exclusion of neurological deficits and psychiatric illness in healthy and disease control subjects will be by history and neurological examination.
For all groups, if other neurological and psychiatric diagnoses are present, the individual will not qualify to participate in this study.
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR ALL GROUPS:
|Ages||18 Years to 100 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||080153
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor||National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||January 3, 2014|