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Chemotherapy Followed by gp100 Lymphocytes and Aldesleukin to Treat Melanoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00665470
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 24, 2008
Results First Posted : January 22, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Udai Kammula, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 23, 2008
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 24, 2008
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 12, 2012
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE January 22, 2013
Last Update Posted Date October 19, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 12, 2012)
  • Response [ Time Frame: 30 months ]
    Response is assessed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Complete response (CR) is a disappearance of all target lesions. Partial response (PR) is at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum LD. Progression (PD) is at least a 20% increase in the sum of LD of target lesions taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more lesions. Stable disease (SD) is neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD taking as references the smallest sum LD.
  • Toxicity as Assessed by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) V3.0 [ Time Frame: 16 months ]
    Here is the number of participants with adverse events. For a detailed list of participants with adverse events, see the adverse event module.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 23, 2008)
  • Response
  • Toxicity as assessed by NCI CTCAE v3.0
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 23, 2008)
Survival of infused cells
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Chemotherapy Followed by gp100 Lymphocytes and Aldesleukin to Treat Melanoma
Official Title  ICMJE Phase II Study in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Using a Non-Myeloablative Lymphocyte Depleting Regimen of Chemotherapy Followed by Infusion of gp100 Reactive Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes (PBL) and High or Low Dose Aldesleukin
Brief Summary

Background:

This study uses a new experimental procedure for treating melanoma that uses the patient's own lymphocytes (type of white blood cell), which are specially selected to target and destroy their tumor.

Objectives:

To determine whether this experimental treatment can cause the patient's tumor to shrink.

To test the safety of the treatment and its effects on the immune system.

Eligibility:

Patients with metastatic melanoma 18 years of age and older for whom standard treatments are not effective or who cannot take high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2).

Patients must have the tissue type human leukocyte antigens (HLA-A)0201.

Design:

Workup: Patients have scans, x-rays, laboratory tests, and other tests as needed.

Patients have leukapheresis (a procedure for collecting lymphocytes that is similar to collecting whole blood) to collect cells for laboratory treatment and later reinfusion.

Chemotherapy: Patients have low-dose chemotherapy for 1 week to prepare the immune system to receive the cultured lymphocytes.

Cell infusion and IL-2 treatment: Patients receive the lymphocytes by infusion through a vein and then either high-dose IL-2 infused through a vein or low-dose IL-2 injected under the skin. High-dose IL-2 is given as infusions through a vein every 8 hours for up to 15 doses. Low-dose IL-2 is given as injections under the skin daily for 5 days, followed by a 2-day rest, with this regimen repeated for a total of 5 weeks.

Recovery: Patients rest for 1 to 2 weeks to recover from the effects of chemotherapy and IL-2.

Tumor biopsy: Patients may be asked to have a biopsy (removal of a small piece of tumor) after receiving treatment to look at the effects of treatment in the tumor.

Follow-up: After treatment is completed, patients return to the clinic for physical examinations, review of side effects, laboratory tests and scans every 1 to 6 months until the disease worsens.

Retreatment: Patients whose tumor did not grow after treatment or showed evidence of shrinking may be able to be retreated if their tumor begins to grow. They receive the same regimen of chemotherapy, lymphocyte infusion and IL-2 treatment....

Detailed Description

Background:

  • Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) transfer studies in patients with metastatic melanoma following lymphodepletion have resulted in 50% objective response rates with a 10-15% rate of complete responses.
  • Pre-clinical and clinical studies of adoptive immunotherapy have suggested that effective lymphocytes for transfer have high avidity for the target antigen, undergo limited in vitro antigen and IL-2 stimulation, and have high expression of cluster of differentiation 27+ (CD27+).
  • We have developed a novel in vitro strategy using high throughput polymerase chain reaction (PCR) screening to rapidly isolate low frequency antigen specific cluster of differentiation 8+ (CD8+) T cells from the peripheral blood repertoire that have these characteristics, and that recognize the gp100:154-162 epitope, an abundantly expressed melanoma antigen, presented by human leukocyte antigens (HLAA2) on the tumor surface.
  • The current proposed transfer of gp100:154-162 reactive lymphocytes administered in conjunction with a lymphodepleting preparative regimen and aldesleukin would represent a significantly novel approach to adoptive immunotherapy.

Objectives:

  • To determine whether gp100:154-162 reactive cluster of differentiation 4+ (CD4+) T cell depleted lymphocytes infused in conjunction with the administration of high-dose aldesleukin or low-dose aldesleukin may result in clinical tumor regression in patients with metastatic melanoma receiving a non-myeloablative lymphoid depleting preparative regimen.
  • To evaluate the safety of the treatment in patients receiving the non-myeloablative conditioning regimen, cell transfer, and high-dose or low-dose aldesleukin.
  • To determine the survival in patients, of infused cells following the administration of the non-myeloablative regimen, using analysis of the sequence of the variable region of the T cell receptor or flow cytometry (fluorescence activated cell sorting-FACS).

Eligibility:

-Patients with refractory metastatic melanoma who are greater than or equal to 18 years of age, are HLA-A2+, who have gp100:154-162 reactive peripheral blood lymphocytes available and are physically able to tolerate non-myeloablative chemotherapy. Patients must be refractory to prior high dose aldesleukin treatment if they are medically eligible to receive it. Patients who can tolerate high-dose aldesleukin will receive it with cell infusion; those who cannot tolerate high-dose will receive low-dose aldesleukin.

Design:

  • Patients will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen consisting of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day X 2 days intravenous (IV)), fludarabine (25 mg/m^2/day IV X 5 days).
  • Patients will receive intravenous adoptive transfer of gp100:154-162 reactive peripheral blood lymphocytes (minimum 1 X 10^9) and up to a maximum of 3 X 10^11) lymphocytes) followed by high-dose intravenous (IV) aldesleukin (720,000 IU/kg/dose every 8 hours for up to 15 doses) or low-dose subcutaneous (SQ) aldesleukin (125,000 IU IL-2/kg/dose for 5 days for 6 weeks with 2 days rest per week).
  • A complete evaluation of evaluable lesions will be conducted 4-6 weeks after the last dose of aldesleukin in the high dose arm and 2-4 weeks after the last dose of aldesleukin in the low dose arm. Patients will be enrolled into two cohorts. The cohort receiving high dose aldesleukin will be conducted using a small optimal two-stage Phase II design, initially 21 patients will be enrolled, and if two or more of the first 21 patients has a clinical response (partial response (PR) or complete response (CR)), accrual will continue to 41 patients, targeting a 20% goal for objective response. For the cohort who will receive low dose aldesleukin, the study will be conducted as a Minimax two-stage phase II trial. Initially 12 evaluable patients will be enrolled to this cohort, and if 1 or more the first 12 have a response, then accrual would continue until a total of 21 patients, targeting a 20% goal for objective response.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Skin Cancer
  • Metastatic Melanoma
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Aldesleukin

High-dose aldesleukin intravenous (IV) over 15 minutes every 8 hours beginning within 24 hours after peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) infusion and continuing for up to 5 days (maximum of 15 doses).

Receive low-dose aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) once daily 5 days a week for up to 6 weeks

Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Cohort I - high dose Aldesleukin
    Patients receive high-dose aldesleukin intravenous (IV) over 15 minutes every 8 hours beginning within 24 hours after peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) infusion and continuing for up to 5 days (maximum of 15 doses).
    Intervention: Drug: Aldesleukin
  • Experimental: Cohort II - low dose Aldesleukin
    Beginning within 24 hours after peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) infusion, patients receive low-dose aldesleukin subcutaneous (SC) once daily 5 days a week for up to 6 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Aldesleukin
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 14, 2012)
10
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 23, 2008)
65
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date April 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

-INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Measurable metastatic melanoma. The diagnosis of metastatic melanoma and positivity for gp100 will be confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology of the the National Cancer Institute (NCI).
  2. Patients must be refractory to high dose aldesleukin treatment if they are medically eligible to receive it. Patients with noncutaneous melanoma are not required to be refractory to high dose aldesleukin.
  3. gp100:154-162 reactive peripheral blood lymphocytes derived from a

    leukapheresis.

  4. HLA-A*0201 positive.
  5. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
  6. Willing to practice birth control during treatment and for four months after receiving the preparative regimen.
  7. Life expectancy of greater than three months.
  8. Willing to sign a durable power of attorney.
  9. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document.
  10. Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0 or 1 for the high dose aldesleukin cohort or ECOG 0, 1 or 2 for the low dose aldesleukin cohort.
  11. Hematology:

    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm^3 without support of filgrastim
    • Normal white blood cell (WBC) (greater than 3000/mm^3).
    • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl
    • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3.
  12. Serology:

    • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
    • Seronegative for hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
  13. Chemistry:

    • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than less or equal to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal.
    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl.
    • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3 mg/dl.
  14. Negative pregnancy test in women of child bearing potential because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus.
  15. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients' toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less (except for toxicities such as alopecia or vitiligo). Patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures within the past 3 weeks, as long as all toxicities have recovered to grade 1 or less or as specified in the eligibility criteria in Section 2.1.1.
  16. Six weeks must have elapsed since prior cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (anti-CTLA4) antibody therapy to allow antibody levels to decline.
  17. Patients who have previously received anti-CTLA4 antibody and experienced treatment must have a normal colonoscopy with normal colonic biopsies.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy on the fetus or infant.
  2. Systemic steroid therapy required.
  3. For patients receiving high dose IL-2 only: Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other active major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, as evidenced by a positive stress thallium or comparable test, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease.
  4. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease).
  5. Opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
  6. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.
  7. The following patients will be excluded from the high-dose IL-2 arm (but will be eligible for the low-dose arm):

    1. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms
    2. Any patient known to have an left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than or equal to 45%.
    3. Documented LVEF of less than or equal to 45% tested in patients with:

      • Clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second or third degree heart block
      • Age greater than or equal to 60 years old
    4. Documented forced expiratory volume 1 (FEV1) less than or equal to 60% predicted tested in patients with:

      • A prolonged history of cigarette smoking (20 pk/yrs of smoking)
      • Symptoms of respiratory dysfunction
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00665470
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 080104
08-C-0104
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Udai Kammula, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Joohee Sul, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date September 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP