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Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Floxuridine, Gemcitabine Hydrochloride, and Radiolabeled Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Liver Metastases in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Previously Treated With Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00645710
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 28, 2008
Results First Posted : March 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 28, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 27, 2008
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 28, 2008
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 21, 2018
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE March 28, 2019
Last Update Posted Date March 28, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 11, 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date February 7, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 6, 2019)
  • Number of Participants With at Least One Dose Limiting Toxicity [ Time Frame: 4 weeks from start of treatment, up to 2 years. ]
    Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) defined as any treatment-related grade grade 3 nonhematologic toxicity not reversible to grade 2 or less within 24 hours, or any grade 4 toxicity.Up to three cycles of therapy were allowed with DLTs determined based on first cycle tolerance. Toxicity was graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria version 2.0.
  • Recommended Phase II Dose [ Time Frame: 4 weeks from start of treatment, up to 2 years. ]
    The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of HAI FUdR in combination with intravenous gemcitabine and 90Y-DTPA-cT84.66 is based on toxicities observed during the first cycle and is defined as the highest dose tested in which fewer than 33% of patients experience an attributable DLT to the study drug, when at least 6 patients are treated at that dose and are evaluable for toxicity. Dose escalations proceeded according to a standard 3+3 design.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2008)
  • Maximum tolerated dose of floxuridine
  • Dose-limiting toxicity
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 6, 2019)
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Estimated using the product-limit method of Kaplan and Meier. Event defined as death due to any cause.
  • Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Estimated using the product-limit method of Kaplan and Meier. Progression is defined as a 25% increase in the sum of products of measurable lesions over the smallest sum observed, or appearance of any lesions that had disappeared, or appearance of any new lesion/site.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2008)
  • Sites of recurrence (liver or distant sites)
  • Progression-free survival at 2 years
  • Duration of progression-free survival
  • Overall survival
  • Correlation of proteomic parameters with clinical response and toxicities
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Floxuridine, Gemcitabine Hydrochloride, and Radiolabeled Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Liver Metastases in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Previously Treated With Surgery
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I/II Trial of Radioimmunotherapy (Y-90 cT84.66), Gemcitabine and Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Fudr for Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma to the Liver
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as floxuridine and gemcitabine hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Hepatic arterial infusion uses a catheter to carry cancer-killing substances directly into the liver. Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies can find tumor cells and carry tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Giving hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine together with gemcitabine hydrochloride and radiolabeled monoclonal antibody therapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of floxuridine when given as a hepatic arterial infusion together with gemcitabine hydrochloride and radiolabeled monoclonal antibody therapy and to see how well it works in treating liver metastases in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and associated toxicities of concurrent hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) fluorodeoxypyrimidine (FUdR)/Decadron and intravenous gemcitabine combined with intravenous yttrium-90 (^90Y) chimeric T84.66 (cT84.66) in colorectal cancer patients after hepatic resection or maximum surgical debulking (to < 3 cm) of liver metastases.

II. To study the feasibility and toxicities of such adjuvant therapy following resection and/or ablation of liver metastases.

III. To evaluate the biodistribution, clearance and metabolism of ^90Y and ^111In (indium-iii) chimeric T84.66 administered intravenously.

IV. To estimate radiation doses to whole body, normal organs, and tumor through serial nuclear imaging.

V. To correlate proteomic profiles pre and post-therapy with toxicities and anti-tumor effects.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of floxuridine followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive floxuridine as a continuous hepatic arterial infusion on days 1-14 and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 9 and 11. Patients also receive yttrium Y 90 anti-CEA monoclonal antibody cT84.66 IV over 25 minutes on day 9. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients may receive an additional course of floxuridine in combination with systemic therapy at the discretion of the treating physician.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 3 and 6 months.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Liver Metastases
  • Recurrent Colon Cancer
  • Recurrent Rectal Cancer
  • Stage IV Colon Cancer
  • Stage IV Rectal Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • dFdC
    • dFdCyd
    • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
    • gemcitabine
    • Gemzar
    • LY-188011
  • Drug: floxuridine
    Given via hepatic arterial infusion
    Other Names:
    • 5-FUDR
    • FdUrD
    • floxuridin
    • fluorodeoxyuridine
    • fluoruridine deoxyribose
    • FUdR
  • Genetic: proteomic profiling
    Correlative studies
  • Other: matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry
  • Other: liquid chromatography
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: LC
  • Radiation: yttrium Y 90 anti-CEA monoclonal antibody cT84.66
    Given IV
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Other: mass spectrometry
    Correlative studies
  • Other: pharmacological study
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: pharmacological studies
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Arm I

Patients receive floxuridine as a continuous hepatic arterial infusion on days 1-14 and gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 9 and 11. Patients also receive yttrium Y 90 anti-CEA monoclonal antibody cT84.66 IV over 25 minutes on day 9. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients may receive an additional course of floxuridine in combination with systemic therapy at the discretion of the treating physician.

Interventions:
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
  • Drug: floxuridine
  • Genetic: proteomic profiling
  • Other: matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry
  • Other: liquid chromatography
  • Radiation: yttrium Y 90 anti-CEA monoclonal antibody cT84.66
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Other: mass spectrometry
  • Other: pharmacological study
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 16, 2018)
16
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 27, 2008)
28
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 7, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date February 7, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion

  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status of >= 60%; this must be met pre-surgery and pre-study therapy
  • Patients must have histological confirmation of colorectal carcinoma and present with potentially resectable or abatable metachronous or synchronous hepatic metastases
  • Patients must have colorectal tumors that produce CEA as documented by either immunohistochemistry or by an elevated serum CEA
  • Prior radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or chemotherapy must have been completed at least four weeks prior to start of FUdR/RIT therapy on this study (6 weeks if mitomycin-C or nitrosoureas were part of last therapy) and patients must have recovered from all expected side effects of the prior therapy
  • Laboratory values must be met pre-surgery and pre-study therapy
  • Hemoglobin > 10 gm % (patients may be transfused to reach a hemoglobin > 10 gm %)
  • WBC > 4000/ul
  • Absolute granulocyte count of > 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelets > 150,000/ul
  • Patients may have history of prior malignancy for which the patient has been disease-free for five years with the exception of basal or squamous cell skin cancers or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Patients must have no prior history of radiation therapy to the liver
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 (unless reversibly obstructed due to the metastatic tumor)
  • Serum creatinine of < 2.0
  • Patients must have evidence of intrahepatic metastases involving < 60% of the functioning liver
  • Patients cannot have evidence of extrahepatic disease with the following exceptions: patients known to have a resectable "anastomotic" or local recurrence of their tumor; patients who undergoing their initial surgery for resection of their primary colorectal carcinoma can have potentially resectable porta hepatis and/or mesenteric lymph node involvement in addition to liver metastases; patients who have disease extension from the liver metastasis that can be resected en bloc (e.g., diaphragm, kidney, and abdominal wall); patients who have minimal, potentially resectable to less than 3 cm extrahepatic disease
  • The pre-operative eligibility checklist must be completed
  • If a patient has previously received murine or chimeric antibody, then serum anti-antibody testing must be negative (This must be met pre-surgery if possible)
  • Serum HIV testing and hepatitis B surface antigen and C antibody testing must be negative
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to entry and while on study must be practicing an effective form of contraception (This must be met pre-surgery and pre-study therapy)
  • Patients must have resectable or abatable liver metastases as determined by the attending surgeon
  • Colorectal carcinoma must be confined to the liver except as noted above
  • Patients with limited extrahepatic disease as defined (primary, lymph node, or anastomotic recurrence) must have disease resected or debulked to less than 3 cm in greatest dimension
  • To receive study therapy, patients must be at least 3 weeks post-surgery but no more than 16 weeks post surgery and without evidence of post-operative complications, such as infection or poor wound healing
  • Patients must have < 40% liver resected at the close of completion of the hepatic resection

Exclusion

  • Patients that have received radiation therapy to greater than 50% of their bone marrow
  • Patients with any nonmalignant intercurrent illness (example cardiovascular, pulmonary, or central nervous system disease) which is either poorly controlled with currently available treatment or which is of such severity that the investigators deem it unwise to enter the patient on protocol shall be ineligible
  • Biopsy-proven chronic active hepatitis
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00645710
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 04122
NCI-2010-01229
CDR0000590335 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party City of Hope Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE City of Hope Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Wong City of Hope Medical Center
PRS Account City of Hope Medical Center
Verification Date February 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP