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Efficacy of a Post-Rehabilitation Exercise Intervention

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00592813
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 14, 2008
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2013
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alan Jette, Boston University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 2, 2008
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 14, 2008
Last Update Posted Date April 23, 2013
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date September 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 30, 2011)
The specific aim that this project will address is whether: Participation in the SFL program will improve function and disability outcomes in participants 6-months after they are discharged from rehabilitation services. [ Time Frame: baseline, 6-month and 9-month follow up ]
performance based function is assessed using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and self-reported function is assessed using the AM-PAC
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 11, 2008)
The specific aim that this project will address is whether: Participation in the SFL program will improve function and disability outcomes in participants 6-months after they are discharged from rehabilitation services. [ Time Frame: baseline, 6-month and 9-month follow up ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 30, 2011)
  • Changes in function and disability at 6-month follow-up will be correlated with changes in all three proposed intermediary variables: muscle strength, balance, and self-efficacy. [ Time Frame: baseline, 6-month and 9-month follow up ]
  • At 9-month follow-up the SFL program will continue to have a significant impact on participants' function and disability compared to the control group. [ Time Frame: baseline, 6-month and 9-month follow up ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 11, 2008)
  • Changes in function and disability at 6-month follow-up will be correlated with changes in all three proposed intermediary variables: muscle strength, balance, and self-efficacy. [ Time Frame: baseline, 6-month and 9-month follow up ]
  • 2. The SFL program will significantly improve health-related quality of life among participants at 6-month follow-up. [ Time Frame: baseline, 6-month and 9-month follow up ]
  • At 9-month follow-up the SFL program will continue to have a significant impact on participants' function and disability compared to the control group. [ Time Frame: baseline, 6-month and 9-month follow up ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Efficacy of a Post-Rehabilitation Exercise Intervention
Official Title  ICMJE Efficacy of a Post-Rehabilitation Exercise Intervention
Brief Summary

Background:

Many people who have suffered a hip fracture are discharged from rehabilitation services with significant residual functional limitations and disability. We believe that a home-based exercise program that incorporates cognitive-behavioral techniques to increase exercise adherence and promote the return to daily activities could extend the benefits of formal rehabilitation for patients who have suffered a hip fracture.

Specific Aims:

We will conduct a 5-year multi-site randomized controlled trial in patients who have suffered a recent hip fracture and have completed all rehabilitation services. The specific aim that this project will address is whether:

Participation in the Strong for Life (SFL) program will improve function and disability outcomes in participants 6-months after they are discharged from rehabilitation services.

This study will also investigate the following secondary hypotheses:

  1. Changes in function and disability at 6-month follow-up will be correlated with changes in all three proposed intermediary variables: muscle strength, balance, and self-efficacy.
  2. The SFL program will significantly improve health-related quality of life among participants at 6-month follow-up.
  3. At 9-month follow-up the SFL program will continue to have a significant impact on participants' function and disability compared to the control group.

Target population:

The target population will be people aged 60 years or more who have suffered a recent traumatic hip fracture, have one or more residual functional limitations and have completed all inpatient, outpatient or homecare rehabilitation services.

Intervention:

We will use an enhanced version of the Strong for Life program. This home-based exercise program will include both resistance exercises using Thera-bands that will be shown on a video/DVD and weight-bearing exercises that are progressed using a step and/or a weighted vest. A cognitive-behavioral program that is customized for people recovering from hip fracture is being developed that will focus on promoting exercise adherence, decreasing fear of falling and increasing the return to daily activities in the patient's home and community.

Design:

A randomized controlled clinical trial will be implemented to measure the efficacy of the Strong for Life program. An attention-control intervention will be provided to all participants assigned to the control group. The outcome evaluation points are:

  • T0: baseline, at the point of discharge from formal rehabilitation;
  • T2: 6-month outcome assessment
  • T3: 9-month follow-up

Outcomes:

The primary outcomes will be function measured by both self-report (AM PAC) and physical performance measures (SPPB). Secondary outcomes include disability, self-efficacy, balance, strength, cognition, and reaction time. Adherence to the exercise program and adverse events will also be monitored.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Hip Fracture
  • Disability
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Behavioral: Enhanced Strong for Life

    The program contains 5 minutes of warm-up, 25 minutes of strengthening, and 5 minutes of cool-down exercises. The SFL program is contained on a 35 minute videotape. Subjects are instructed to increase resistance when they can perform 10 repetitions of a movement pattern without significant fatigue or loss of proper execution. Subjects are instructed to move within a comfortable range of motion.

    Participants will be taught the SFL program during two home visits conducted by a physical therapist. On the first visit, the exercise techniques will be taught, modified as needed based on individual needs and practiced as necessary until proper technique is attained. Each participant will be given written guidelines for how to progress resistance of the program, how to modify the exercises and how to complete bimonthly exercise calendars.

  • Behavioral: cardiovascular nutrition education
    administered as an attention control intervention using home visits, phone calls and mail-outs of information
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: 1
    Intervention: Behavioral: Enhanced Strong for Life
  • Placebo Comparator: cardiovascular education (attention control)
    Intervention: Behavioral: cardiovascular nutrition education
Publications * Latham NK, Harris BA, Bean JF, Heeren T, Goodyear C, Zawacki S, Heislein DM, Mustafa J, Pardasaney P, Giorgetti M, Holt N, Goehring L, Jette AM. Effect of a home-based exercise program on functional recovery following rehabilitation after hip fracture: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Feb 19;311(7):700-8. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.469.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 22, 2013)
232
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 11, 2008)
230
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE November 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date September 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a primary diagnosis of hip fracture;
  • Aged 60 years and above;
  • Have functional limitation (i.e., as determined by limitation in at least one of 9 functional tasks listed in the SF-36 physical function scale, excluding vigorous activities);
  • Have recently been discharged from rehabilitation services;
  • Be able to understand and communicate in English;
  • Be able to safely and independently stand with or without the aid of a mobility device, without needing any assistance or supervision from another person;
  • Have received written clearance from their primary care physician documenting no contra-indications for participating in the study;
  • Be able to provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have serious cognitive deficits (i.e., a Mini-Mental State Examination score of less than 20)85;
  • Have severe depression (i.e., a score of 20 or greater on the Geriatric Depression Scale)86;
  • Have a terminal illness with survival expected to be less than 1 year;
  • Have significant pulmonary or cardiovascular contraindications or pre-existing conditions that preclude participating in an exercise program;
  • Legally blind;
  • Currently receiving rehabilitation therapy;
  • Live outside of the study's catchment area in the Boston metropolitan area and eastern Massachusetts.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00592813
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NINR 1R01NR010815-01A2
1R01NR010815-01A2 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Alan Jette, Boston University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Boston University
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
  • Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Alan M Jette, PhD Health & Disability Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Nancy Latham, PhD Health & Disability Research Institute
PRS Account Boston University
Verification Date April 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP