Comparing Two Different Myeloablation Therapies in Treating Young Patients Who Are Undergoing a Stem Cell Transplant for High-Risk Neuroblastoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00567567|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 5, 2007
Results First Posted : June 27, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2019
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||December 4, 2007|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||December 5, 2007|
|Results First Submitted Date ICMJE||January 20, 2017|
|Results First Posted Date ICMJE||June 27, 2017|
|Last Update Posted Date||May 1, 2019|
|Actual Study Start Date ICMJE||November 5, 2007|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||February 27, 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00567567 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Comparing Two Different Myeloablation Therapies in Treating Young Patients Who Are Undergoing a Stem Cell Transplant for High-Risk Neuroblastoma|
|Official Title ICMJE||Phase III Randomized Trial of Single vs. Tandem Myeloablative Consolidation Therapy for High-Risk Neuroblastoma|
|Brief Summary||This randomized phase III trial compares two different high-dose chemotherapy regimens followed by a stem cell transplant in treating younger patients with high-risk neuroblastoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving combination chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving these treatments before a peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps kill any tumor cells that are in the body and helps make room in the patient?s bone marrow for new blood-forming cells (stem cells) to grow. After treatment, stem cells are collected from the patient's blood and stored. High-dose chemotherapy and radiation therapy is then given to prepare the bone marrow for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by the high- chemotherapy. It is not yet known which regimen of high-dose chemotherapy is more effective for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma undergoing a peripheral blood stem cell transplant.|
I. To improve the 3-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of high-risk neuroblastoma patients through treatment with a tandem consolidation of thiotepa/cyclophosphamide followed by carboplatin/etoposide/melphalan (CEM) as compared to single CEM consolidation.
II. To improve the rate of end-induction complete response and very good partial response, compared to historical controls, by use of a topotecan-containing induction regimen.
III. To improve the 3-year local control rate, compared to historical controls, by increasing the local dose of radiation to the residual primary tumor for patients with less than a gross total resection.
I. To evaluate the pharmacogenetic relationship of cyclophosphamide metabolizing enzymes (CYP2B6, CYP2C9, and GSTA1 genotypes) with toxicity and response following dose-intensive cyclophosphamide and topotecan induction chemotherapy.
II. To determine if resection completeness is predictive of a) local control rate; or b) EFS rate in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.
III. To prospectively describe the complications related to efforts at local control (surgery and radiation therapy) in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma.
IV. To describe the neurologic outcome of patients with paraspinal primary neuroblastoma tumors.
V. To determine the variability of 13-cis-retinoic-acid pharmacokinetics and relationship to pharmacogenomic parameters and determine if pharmacokinetics and/or genetic variations correlate with EFS or systemic toxicity as follows: a) To determine the variability of 13-cis-retinoic-acid pharmacokinetics and relationship to pharmacogenomic parameters. b) To determine if 13-cis-retinoic-acid pharmacokinetic levels are predictive of the EFS rate or associated with systemic toxicity following 13-cis-retinoic acid. c) To determine if pharmacogenomic variations are predictive of the EFS rate or associated with systemic toxicity following 13-cis-retinoic acid.
VI. To evaluate total topotecan pharmacokinetics and correlate with patient specific data for use in an ongoing topotecan population pharmacokinetic analysis.
VII. To evaluate the presence and function of T cells capable of recognizing neuroblastoma by assessing: a) if T cells recognizing the neuroblastoma antigen, survivin, circulate at diagnosis; b) if these T cells can be expanded using autologous antigen presenting cells (APCs); c) if these T cells will kill neuroblastoma cells as detected in functional assays; and d) if the presence and activity of anti-neuroblastoma immunity is decreased by stem cell transplantation.
VIII. To characterize the recovery of T- cell numbers after myeloablative consolidation and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) and assess the impact of tandem myeloablative consolidation on T- cell recovery.
IX. To characterize minimal residual disease burden using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) evaluation of a panel of neuroblastoma specific transcripts in patient bone marrow and peripheral blood following induction chemotherapy and after single versus tandem myeloablative chemotherapy and to evaluate impact on EFS.
X. To evaluate the EFS and overall survival (OS) rate for patients 12-18 months with Stage 4, MYCN nonamplified tumor with unfavorable histopathology or diploid DNA content or with indeterminant histology or ploidy and patients who are greater than 547 days of age with Stage 3, MYCN nonamplified tumor AND unfavorable histopathology or indeterminant histology following treatment with single myeloablative transplant.
COURSES 1 AND 2: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes and topotecan hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5 and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) or IV beginning on day 6 and continuing until blood counts recover. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses. Patients undergo peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization and harvest after course 2.
COURSES 3 AND 5: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1-4, etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 1-3, and G-CSF SC or IV beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses. Patients undergo surgical resection of soft tissue disease after course 5 (or after course 6 if medically necessary).
COURSES 4 AND 6: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 6 hours on days 1-2, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 24 hours on days 1-3, vincristine IV on days 1-3, and G-CSF SC or IV beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.
Patients are then stratified by initial stage of disease and MYCN status, biologic characteristics, and response to induction chemotherapy (complete response/very good partial response vs partial response vs mixed response/no response). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms. Patients 12?18 months old (i.e., 365-547 days) with stage IV, MYCN nonamplified tumor with unfavorable histopathology or diploid DNA content or with indeterminant histology or ploidy AND patients who are 547 days of age with stage III, MYCN nonamplified tumor AND unfavorable histopathology or indeterminant histology will be nonrandomly assigned to Arm A. Patients begin consolidation chemotherapy no later than 8 weeks after the start of induction course 6.
ARM A (single myeloablative consolidation): Patients receive melphalan IV over 15-30 minutes on days -7 to -5, etoposide IV over 24 hours and carboplatin IV over 24 hours on days -7 to -4, and G-CSF SC or IV beginning on day 0 and continuing until blood counts recover. Patients undergo autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT) on day 0.
ARM B (tandem myeloablative consolidation): Patients receive thiotepa IV over 2 hours on days -7 to -5, cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -5 to -2, and G-CSF SC or IV beginning on day 0 and continuing until blood counts recover. Following clinical recovery from initial myeloablative therapy, patients also receive melphalan, etoposide, and carboplatin as in Arm A. Patients undergo autologous PBSCT on day 0.
RADIOTHERAPY: Patients undergo external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to primary site of disease as well as to MIBG-avid sites seen at pre-transplantation (i.e., end-induction) evaluation between 28-42 days post-transplant. Additional radiotherapy is administered to residual tumor at primary site.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients are encouraged to enroll onto Children?s Oncology Group (COG)-ANBL0032 following assessment of tumor response after completion of the consolidation phase and radiotherapy. Beginning on day 60 post-transplantation patients receive oral isotretinoin twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo blood and tissue sample collection periodically for the following analyses; correlation between peak serum concentration level and the existence of polymorphisms, event-free survival, and toxicity rates; pharmacogenomics for uridine diphosphate (UDP) glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A1 (UGT1A1), UGT2B7, CYP2C8 and CYP3A7 alleles; topotecan systemic clearance; survivin-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) detected using peptide/major histocompatibility complex (MHC) tetramers in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2+ patients; interferon (IFN)-gamma production in enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays to APCs loaded with tumor ribonucleic acid (RNA), survivin RNA, or control RNA; response of APC-stimulated CTL response to neuroblastoma cells; rate of T cell recovery; and proportion of patients with neuroblastoma detected in bone marrow and peripheral blood using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC).
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for 5 years and then annually for 5 years.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Phase 3|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Arms ICMJE||
|Publications *||Park JR, Kreissman SG, London WB, Naranjo A, Cohn SL, Hogarty MD, Tenney SC, Haas-Kogan D, Shaw PJ, Kraveka JM, Roberts SS, Geiger JD, Doski JJ, Voss SD, Maris JM, Grupp SA, Diller L. Effect of Tandem Autologous Stem Cell Transplant vs Single Transplant on Event-Free Survival in Patients With High-Risk Neuroblastoma: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2019 Aug 27;322(8):746-755. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.11642.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Actual Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Enrollment ICMJE
|Actual Study Completion Date ICMJE||February 27, 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||February 27, 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages ICMJE||up to 30 Years (Child, Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Switzerland, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00567567|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||ANBL0532
NCI-2009-01065 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
ANBL0532 ( Other Identifier: Childrens Oncology Group )
ANBL0532 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180886 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10CA098543 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Children's Oncology Group|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Children's Oncology Group|
|Collaborators ICMJE||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|PRS Account||Children's Oncology Group|
|Verification Date||April 2019|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP