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Epothilone in Recurrent Glioblastoma Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00397072
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 8, 2006
Last Update Posted : April 17, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Antonio Silvani, Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 7, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 8, 2006
Last Update Posted Date April 17, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 16, 2014)
Progression Free Survival at six months (PFS-6). [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 7, 2006)
Progression Free Survival at six months (PFS-6).
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00397072 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 16, 2014)
  • Response rates (CR +PR) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Secondary end-points
  • Safety evaluation according to CTC-AE [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Median Survival Time (MST) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 7, 2006)
  • Secondary end-points: Response rates (CR +PR), Median Survival Time (MST).
  • Safety evaluation.
  • Treatment toxicity will be assessed using CTCAE, Version 3.0, except for neurological toxicity that will be assessed also by means of
  • the Scottish Gynaecological Cancer Trials Group (SGCTG) Neurotoxicity Score and electromyography.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Epothilone in Recurrent Glioblastoma Patients
Official Title  ICMJE Phase II Study: Systemic Treatment With iv ZK219477-Epothilone in Recurrent Glioblastoma Patients
Brief Summary The purpose of this single arm phase II study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of ZK 219477 in the treatment of temozolomide pre-treated, recurrent GBM patients.
Detailed Description

Malignant gliomas remain among the most devastating cancers, and especially for recurrent GBM no standard treatment has been established to date.

ZK 219477 is a fully synthetic analogue of Epothilone B, a naturally occurring cytotoxic substance. ZK 219477 inhibits microtubule depolymerization, causing cell cycle blockage in G2/M phase and induction to apoptosis. This mechanism of action is similar to that of taxanes (paclitaxel and docetaxel), but epothilones retain activity against multi-drug resistance (MDR) tumours. ZK 219477 demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo considerable anti-tumour activity against a wide range of malignancies, and it is now about to enter phase II studies in a number of selected indications. In pre-clinical model ZK 219477 has demonstrated anti-tumorigenic activity for gliomas tumours both in vitro and in vivo.

ZK 219477 has the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier, a fundamental characteristic for a potential GBM chemotherapy. In a preclinical PK study, similar concentrations of ZK 219477 were detected in plasma (1.2 μg/ml) and brain (0.9 μg/g) after 10 min after i.v. application in scid mice. The AUC brain/AUC plasma was about 0.8, indicating a free access to the brain (Hoffmann J et al. 2004, European Journal Cancer Supplement 2, N 8, p. 159, Abstract 521, ref.17). ZK 219477 produced strong antiproliferative activity in the human glioma cell line U373 inoculated subcutaneous in nude mice (2 mg/kg and 9 mg/kg) as well as paclitaxel (8 mg/kg), but on the contrary of paclitaxel, only ZK 219477 demonstrated antitumour activity against U373 implanted in nude mice (9 mg/kg): 8 complete response out 9 treated mice.

Of interest for GBM indication, ZK 219477 is not metabolized by liver cytochrome P450, which is induced by phenytoin and other anti-convulsion drug, commonly used in post-surgery GBM patients.

The purpose of this single arm phase II study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of ZK 219477 in the treatment of pre-treated, recurrent GBM patients. Aim of the study: The purpose of this single arm phase II study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of ZK 219477 in the treatment of pre-treated, recurrent GBM patients. An optional PK study will be performed in selected patients.

Study Design: Open, monocentric, not randomised, single arm, phase II study. Study medication: ZK 219477 epothilone B analog. Study Population: 15 recurrent glioblastoma patients previously treated by surgery, conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ. The 15 patients for this study, represent the first stage of recruitment according to the statistical design.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically proven (at diagnosis) GBM
  • Age between 18 and 70 years
  • KPS ≥ 70
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Presence of at least one bi-dimensionally measurable lesion on gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced MRI, indicating progressive or recurrent disease at least 8 weeks after standard external-beam radiotherapy
  • Recurrence or progression after treatment with radiotherapy and temozolomide. Also patients with residual disease after surgery for recurrent GBM will be included
  • Adequate bone marrow reserve (leukocytes ≥ 3,500/ml, ANC ≥ 1,500/ml, platelets ≥100,000/ ml); normal baseline liver (serum bilirubin ≤ 20 /mol/ L), renal (serum creatinine <150 /mol/L) and cardiac function
  • Absence of infectious disease, debilitating chronic diseases, and known psychiatric disorders
  • Corticosteroid dose stable for at least 1 week
  • Adequate recovery from previous surgery, radiation and chemotherapy
  • Negative pregnancy test at enrolment in females of child-bearing potential
  • Agreement to use highly effective contraception methods in adults of reproductive potential
  • Fully informed written consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ZK219477
  • Uncontrolled inter current illness including, but not limited, to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure,unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • HIV-infection
  • Any prior treatment with epothilones, other tubulin-targetting as taxanes (e.g. paclitaxel, docetaxel) and vinca alkaloids (e.g.vincristine, vinblastine, vinorelbine)
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Any concurrent malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Active infection
  • Breast-feeding
  • Subjects who have received an experimental drug or have participated in a clinical trial within 3 months prior to screening
  • Employees of the investigator or study centre with direct involvement in the proposed study or other studies under the direction of that investigator or study centre

Treatments:

Treatment will be administered on an inpatient basis. ZK 219477 will be administered as an i.v. infusion of 3 hours duration at a dose of 16 mg/m2 BSA every three weeks.

Two dose reductions are allowed in order to manage toxicities: 12 mg/m2 and 9 mg/m2.

Evaluation criteria:

Efficacy evaluation. Primary end-point: Progression Free Survival at 6 months (PFS-6). Secondary end-points: Response rates (CR +PR), Median Survival Time (MST). Safety evaluation. Treatment toxicity will be assessed using CTCAE, Version 3.0, except for neurological toxicity that will be assessed also by means of the Scottish Gynaecological Cancer Trials Group (SGCTG) Neurotoxicity Score and electromyography.

Statistics:

A group-sequential design will be used with the chance of remaining alive and free of progression at 6 months, called "response", as primary endpoint. The null hypothesis of a response rate ≤ 10% will be tested based on the binomial distribution of the response endpoint at a nominal significance level of 0.10 (one-sided). If the observed response rate in the 15 patients is < 20%, the null hypothesis will be accepted and study failure will be concluded. If the observed response rate is ≥ 20% (i.e., at least three out of the 15 patients show a response after 6 months), then consideration would be given to studying further. If the observed response rate amounts to at least 5 out of the initial 15 patients, the null hypothesis will be rejected and the study may be stopped after the first stage. Secondary end-points: PFS and MST will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

Response, age, KPS, number of surgical procedures performed, previous low grade, and time between end of radiotherapy and start of chemotherapy will be considered variables possibly related to TTP and the time interval between start of chemotherapy and death from any cause (MST). Descriptive statistics with these classified time-to-event variables as subgroups will be provided

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Glioblastoma
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: ZK 219477
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: ZK-EPO
administered iv for 3 h every 21 days; dose reductions to 12 or 9 mg/m2 ZK-EPO were allowed in order to manage any treatment-related toxicity.
Intervention: Drug: ZK 219477
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 16, 2014)
15
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 7, 2006)
16
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date March 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age between 18 and 70 years
  • KPS ≥ 70
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Presence of at least one bi-dimensionally measurable lesion on gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced MRI, indicating progressive or recurrent disease at least 8 weeks after standard external-beam radiotherapy
  • Recurrence or progression after treatment with radiotherapy and temozolomide. Also patients with residual disease after surgery for recurrent GBM will be included
  • Adequate bone marrow reserve (leukocytes ≥ 3,500/ml, ANC ≥ 1,500/ml, platelets ≥100,000/ ml); normal baseline liver (serum bilirubin ≤ 20 /mol/ L), renal (serum creatinine <150 /mol/L) and cardiac function
  • Absence of infectious disease, debilitating chronic diseases, and known psychiatric disorders
  • Corticosteroid dose stable for at least 1 week
  • Adequate recovery from previous surgery, radiation and chemotherapy
  • Negative pregnancy test at enrolment in females of child-bearing potential
  • Agreement to use highly effective contraception methods in adults of reproductive potential
  • Fully informed written consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ZK219477
  • Uncontrolled inter current illness including, but not limited, to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • HIV-infection
  • Any prior treatment with epothilones, other tubulin-targetting as taxanes (e.g. paclitaxel, docetaxel) and vinca alkaloids (e.g. vincristine, vinblastine, vinorelbine)
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Any concurrent malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Active infection
  • Breast-feeding
  • Subjects who have received an experimental drug or have participated in a clinical trial within 3 months prior to screening
  • Employees of the investigator or study centre with direct involvement in the proposed study or other studies under the direction of that investigator or study centre
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Italy
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00397072
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE ZK219477IV
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Antonio Silvani, Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Amerigo Boairdi, MD Istituto Nazionale Neurologico Carlo Besta
PRS Account Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta
Verification Date April 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP