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Trial record 4 of 12 for:    dry mouth | Recruiting Studies | NIH

Dexamethasone to Prevent Oral Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00391170
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 23, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 20, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 23, 2006
Last Update Posted Date February 8, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE October 17, 2006
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 22, 2018)
Proportion with >= Grade 3 oral GVHD [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
endpoint will be the proportion of subjects that develop clinically significant (severity score 3 or higher) oral chronic GVHD after threemonths
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 20, 2006)
Incidence of chronic oral GVHD
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00391170 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 26, 2018)
effects of topical dexamethasone on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
will include oral cavity specific quality of life as measured by OHIP-14 questionnaire, oral discomfort levels, improvement in general quality of life scores, and severity of oral chronic GVHD as measured by the site- specific GVHD scoring system
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 20, 2006)
Quality of life, systemic absorption of oral dexamethasone, effect on adrenocortical function.
Current Other Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Other Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Dexamethasone to Prevent Oral Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease
Official Title  ICMJE Pilot Study of Topical Dexamethasone 0.01% Solution for Prevention of Oral Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease
Brief Summary

This study will determine if a dexamethasone mouth rinse can reduce the risk of developing oral chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) in patients who have undergone a bone marrow (stem cell) transplant procedure. cGVHD is a common complication of stem cell transplantation, resulting from the donor cells attacking the transplant recipient's tissues. In oral cGVHD, the tissues in the mouth are damaged, causing painful mouth sores. Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that is commonly used to treat inflammation. It is the only corticosteroid available that can be used as a mouth rinse.

Patients 12 years of age or older who have received a stem cell transplant may be eligible to participate if they are enrolled within 70 to 90 days of their transplant. Candidates are screened with a medical history and oral exam.

Participants are randomly assigned to receive either the dexamethasone rinse or a placebo (a solution that looks and tastes like the dexamethasone rinse but has no active medication). They undergo the following procedures:

Treatment with the study solution. Patients rinse their mouth with the dexamethasone solution or placebo three times a day for 3 months.

Clinic visits before starting treatment and at 1, 2 and 3 months after starting the study drug for the following procedures:

  • Oral exam (before starting treatment and at each visit).
  • Photographs of the mouth (before starting treatment and at 3 months).
  • Biopsy from inside the cheek (before starting treatment). The inside of the cheek is numbed and a small piece of tissue is removed for examination by a pathologist.
  • Saliva sample collection (before starting treatment).
  • Blood draw (before starting treatment and at each visit).
  • Quality-of-life questionnaires (before starting treatment and at 3 months).
  • Questionnaire to assess level of dry mouth and mouth pain (before starting treatment and at each visit).
  • Review of medications (at each visit).
  • ACTH stimulation test to evaluate adrenal gland function (at 3 months). Patients are given an injection of a drug called "ACTH" or "cosynthropin," which is a version of a hormone normally produced by the pituitary gland. Blood samples are drawn before the injection and at 30 and 60 minutes after the injection to measure levels of the hormone cortisol.

After treatment ends, participants are contacted by telephone every month for 6 months to report any symptoms of cGVHD, and they return to the clinic at 6 months for a final evaluation.

Detailed Description

Prevention of oral chronic graft verusu host disease (GVHD) by topical agents is an attractive strategy because it would potentially avoid the adverse effects associated with systemic immunosuppression. Topically administered dexamethasone solution is a commonly used agent for the prophylaxis of oral inflammatory conditions including GVHD. However, the efficacy and systemic effects of topically administered dexamethasone solution are unknown. We therefore propose this trial designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical dexamethasone solution for prevention of oral chronic oral GVHD in stem cell transplant recipients.

This pilot phase II study will follow a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, parallel group design. Consenting subjects who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at the NIH Clinical Center and the surrounding transplant clinics will be randomized 50/50 to receive dexamethasone 0.01% solution or placebo as an oral rinse for 3 months starting 90-100 days post-transplant. Subjects will be evaluated monthly after the start of intervention. Diagnostic and research evaluations will include a complete oral examination, oral mucosal biopsy prior to the beginning of the intervention (day -7) and at the time of development of oral chronic GVHD or at the completion of intervention in the absence of clinical GVHD. We will measure serum dexamethasone levels and perform short cosyntropin (ACTH stimulation) test at the end of the 3-months of intervention or onset of clinically significant GVHD.

The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of topical dexamethasone 0.01% solution used as an oral rinse for prevention of oral chronic GVHD. Our primary endpoint will be the proportion of subjects that develop clinically significant (severity score 3 or higher) oral chronic GVHD after three months.

Secondary objectives will include the impact of oral chronic GVHD on the quality of life, characterization of the changes in tissue and salivary biomarkers associated with development of oral graft versus host disease, and measures of the effects of topical dexamethasone on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. Secondary outcomes will include oral cavity specific quality of life as measured by OHIP-14 questionnaire, oral discomfort levels, improvement in general quality of life scores, and severity of oral chronic GVHD as measured by the site-specific GVHD scoring system.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Graft vs Host Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Topical Dexamethasone
    dexamethasone 0.01%
  • Other: Placebo
    Placebo
Study Arms
  • Experimental: Active
    Dexamethasone 0.01%
    Intervention: Drug: Topical Dexamethasone
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Placebo oral rinse
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 2, 2016)
82
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 20, 2006)
100
Estimated Study Completion Date December 31, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. History of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation within 60-90 days of enrollment.
    2. Age 12 or older.
    3. Ability to rinse and expectorate study medication rather than swallow it.
    4. Ability and willingness to come to Clinical Center for follow-up appointments and at the time of development of symptoms/signs suggestive of oral GVHD.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Clinically significant oral chronic GVHD at the time of the screening.
  2. Active viral or fungal infection involving oral cavity not resolving by day 90.
  3. Platelet count less than 20,000/ml at the time of the screening appointment.
  4. Life expectancy less than 4 months at the time of enrollment.
  5. Documented hypersensitivity to dexamethasone.
  6. Pregnancy or lactation.
  7. Inability to understand the investigational nature of the study.
  8. Inability to provide informed consent.
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 12 Years to 110 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Sara E Hauffe (301) 402-3595 sara.hauffe@nih.gov
Contact: Joseph A Clara, M.D. (301) 312-3731 joseph.clara@nih.gov
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00391170
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 070005
07-H-0005
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Joseph A Clara, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date January 24, 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP